9 (his) 29.6.11


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9 (his) 29.6.11

  1. 1. CAUSES BEHIND THE RISE OF HITLER The First W.W was comes to an end on the base of the Versailles treaty. But most of its agreements were harsh and humiliating peace. So the peoples in Germany was not satisfied in this agreement. Politically and Economically Weimar republic was a failure. Especially the crisis in the field of Economy, Polity and Society formed the background the the rise of Hitler in to power.
  3. 3. WHO WAS ADOLF HITLER (OR) NAZI PARTY PROJECTED HITLER AS A MESSIAH, A SAVIOUR AND DELIVER PEOPLE FROM DISTRESS Born in 1889 in Austria Spent his youth in poverty During the time of 1.W.W he joined the army Acted as messenger then became a corporal and earned the medal for bravery. The defeat of Germany horrified him and Versailles treaty made him furious. In 1919 he joined a small group- German Workers Party. Consequently he took over the charge of this organisation and renamed as Nationalist German Workers Party This party came to be known as Nazi party.
  4. 4.  He was a powerful speaker & charismatic leader. His passion and words influenced the people. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the V.T and restore the dignity of the German people. He promised employment, and secure future for the youth. He promised to weed out all the foreign influences and resist all foreign conspiracies against Germany. He devised a new style of politics. He tried to make a unity among the people. In 1923 he was arrested and imprisoned, in there he wrote his autobiography- Mein Kamph, considered the Bible of the Nazi Party. This influenced the people very much bcz their dignity and pride had been shattered, also they were in very misserable economic and political condition. So……..
  5. 5. ORIGIN OF NAZI PARTY In 1919 Hitler Hitler joined in a small group called German Workers party He subsequently took over the charge of the organisation and renamed in the National Socialist German Workers Party. This party came to be known as Nazi Party.
  6. 6. INITIAL ATTEMPT OF NAZIS (OR) HITLER 1923- planned to seize control of Bavaria, march to Berlin and capture power. It was failed and he was arrested. 1930 early- Nazis failed to mobilise the people. 1929- Great Depression, helped the Nazi party to mobilise the people. 1928- Nazis got only 2.6% votes in the Reichstag (German parliament) 1932- It had become the largest party got 37% votes. 1933- president Hindenburg offered the chancellorship, the highest position in the cabinet ministers.
  7. 7. ENABLING ACT It was passed on 3 March 1933. This Act established dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to Sideline parliament and rule. All political parties and trade unions were banned except the Nazi parties. The state established control over the Economy, Army, Media and Judiciary.
  8. 8. POLICE SYSTEM ---NAZI PARTY Special police system and security forces were created to control and order society in ways Nazis wanted. Green Uniform- Already existed police group.In addition to this they formed Storm Troopers- S A (it included) Gestapo- Secret State Police. S S- The protection Squads S D- Criminal Police & Security Service. The police forces acquired powers to rule with impunity,
  9. 9. PLAN OF HITLER What was the plans of Hitler after becoming the chancellor of Germany to consolidate the Nazi power (or) Explain the three fold plan of Hitler introduced for to bring all the powers under his control. (or) The ways and circumstances- Hitler from the position of Chancellor to president.
  10. 10. PLAN OF HITLER In 1933 Jan 30 president Hindenburg offered chancellorship, the highest position of cabinet ministers to Hitler. Having acquired the power, he dismantled the structures of democratic rule. In 1933 Feb 28, he suspended the civic rights like- freedom of speech, press and assembly, that had been granted by the Weimar republic. Then he turned his attention against the communists- most of whom where hurriedly packed off the newly established concentration camp. Enabling Act- (slide No.7) Police System- ( Slide No.8)
  11. 11. CONT…… The opposition leaders were imprisoned, sent to concentration camp or murdered. The third step was elimination of potential rivals in the Nazi party. The SA assumed the position of parallel army and threaten their position. Hitler realized the need of regular army to consolidate his power, 1943 June he ordered the murder of Roehm and key SA leaders. Over the next three days hundred of peoples were killed including former chancellor Von Schleicher. One month after president Hindenburg died and Hitler became the president of Germany.