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Technology Life Cycle With Mobile Generation Example


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How a technology created, develop, implemented, promoted,
& degraded

Published in: Technology, Business
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Technology Life Cycle With Mobile Generation Example

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY LIFE CYCLE Submitted By:Anuradha Nitesh Rai Rahul Kumar Shilpa Aggarwal
  2. 2. Technology Life Cycle • The technology life cycle describes the commercial gain of product through the expense of research and development phase and financial return during its vital life. • It is concerned with the time and cost of developing the technology.
  3. 3. Application of TLC in Cellular(Mobile) Industry
  4. 4. 0G Zero Generation of Mobile Phone • Early predecessors of cellular phones included radio communications from ships and trains. • The race to create truly portable telephone devices began after World War II, with developments taking place in many countries. • The advances in mobile telephony have been traced in successive generations from the early "0G" services like the Bell System - Mobile Telephone Service and its successor, Improved Mobile Telephone Service. • These '0G' systems were not cellular and could support few calls, and were very expensive.
  5. 5. 1G First Generation of Mobile Phone • The first handheld mobile cell phone was demonstrated by Motorola in 1973. • The first commercial automated cellular network was launched in Japan by NTT in 1979. • These '1G' systems could support far more calls but still used analog technology. • Basic Mobility • Basic Services • Incompatibility • Analog System
  6. 6. 2G Second Generation of Mobile Phone • In 1991, the second generation (2G) digital cellular technology was launched in Finland by Radiolinja on the GSM standard, which sparked competition in the sector as the new operators challenged the incumbent 1G network operators. • Advanced mobility (Roaming) • More services (Data presence) • Towards global solution • Digital system
  7. 7. 3G Third Generation of Mobile Phone • Ten years later, in 2001, the third generation (3G) was launched in Japan by NTT DoCoMo on the WCDMA standard. • This was followed by 3.5G, 3G+ or turbo 3G enhancements based on the high-speed packet access (HSPA) family, allowing UMTS networks to have higher data transfer speeds and capacity. • Global radio access • High data speed
  8. 8. 4G Fourth Generation of Mobile Phone • The industry began looking to dataoptimized 4th generation technologies, with the promise of speed improvements up to 10-fold over existing 3G technologies. • IP based mobility • Very high data speed • Complete telecom/Datacom convergence
  9. 9. 5G Fifth Generation of Mobile Phone • 5G (5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems) is a term used in some research papers and projects to denote the next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G standards. • 5G is also referred to as beyond 2020 mobile communications technologies. 5G does not describe any particular specification in any official document published by any telecommunication standardisation body. • Although updated standards that define capabilities beyond those defined in the current 4G standards are under consideration, those new capabilities are still being grouped under the current 4G standards. • Li-Fi, or light fidelity, is a 5th generation visible light communication network. Li-Fi uses light-emitting diodes to transmit data, rather than radio waves like Wi-Fi.
  10. 10. THANK YOU