• WHAT IS FISHING? INTR0DUCTI0N Fishing is the activity of trying to catchfish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Technique for catching fish include hand gathering , spearing, netting, angling and trapping.• WHAT IS INDUSTRY? Industry is the production of an economic good or service within an economy.
• All the industries coming under fishery termed as the FISHING INDUSTRIES. It start up with catching raw material till its final processing &marketting. It organised under Private, Corporate & CO- Oparative sector• At present the FISHING INDUSTRY of the country incudes the Main industry of catching Processing Transportation Distribution Marketting• Ancillary industries such as Fishing vessel construction Engines Fishing gear & fishing vessel component Refrigeration & cold storage
• The industries is cooperative plan of producers,consumers regulaters DIVIDED IN TWO WAYS— BASED ON NATURE ON SPECIFICATION BASED ON THE PURPOSEFISHERIES SECTOR Here are 3 principle industry sectors. the commercial sector the traditional sector the recreational sector
MAIN INDUSTRY• Directly connected to industry• involves the catching of raw material and till reaching the consumer hand• Involve catching of raw material• Majorly controlled by private or government sector also Traditional fishing industry Small partnership or limited companies Large business houses• Involves capital investment-from a few hundred to huge amount of capita• Operation and management, defers from simple to integrated fishing industries• Traditional sector still in unorganised state
Main Industries are comprise 3 more sectorA. PRIMARY INDUSTRYB. SECONDARY INDUSTRYC. TERTIARY INDUSTRY PRIMARY SECTORIt involves the Production of raw material<fish> from water body.Raw materials are available by two methods.It includes CULTURE FISHERIES & CAPTURE FISHERIES
CULTURE FISHERIES: Fishing and fishculture are popular parts of the culturaltradition for many people. It mainlyconcentrated on freshwater, brackishwater and mariculture. species culruredincludes shell fishes,finfishes andmollusca. RESERVOIRS-3.15 million ha PONDS AND TANKS-2.36 million haCAPTURE FISHERIES : fishing from aquatic resources likemarine, riverine, and estuarine system.RIVERS AND CANALS-0.19 million kmBRACKISH WATER-1.24million haIndias marine capture fish production ,increased from520,000 tonnes in 1950 to 3.15 million tonnes in 2007.
SECONDARY SECTORthe secondary sector includes the handling of fish, it also includeprocessing industry, pre-processing industry .etc. Various processingtechnologies are utilized by different plants. Fish processing is the processing of fish delivered bycommercial fisheries and fish farms. Fish processing can be subdivided in2 catagories: fish handling & fish products manufacturing. fish products Fish meal Fish glue Canned fish Frozen fish Export of fish and fishery product : 15,700tonnes(Rs3.92crore) in 1961-62 5.41 lakh tonnes(Rs7.621crore) in 2007-08
tertiARY SECTORIt involves transportational distribution of products and marketing.Tertiary industry is consumer ending sector, it also includes all activities.After the fish is caught and processed. Transportational involves 2 forms-LIVE(ornamental fishes), PROCESSED FISH.o PROCESSED FISH oORNAMENTAL oFISH MARKETTING FISH
ANCILLARY INDUSTRY• This industry is a supportive industry of main industry.• It provides all background support to the main industry.• It includes industries like— Boat building yards Repairing and servicing facilities Gear manufacturing industry Marine diesel engine manufacturing industry Icemaking industry
BASED ON THE PURPOSE Depending upon the nature of income and purpose , it is divided into 3- Subsistence fisheries Commercial fisheries Recreational fisheriesSUBSISTENCE FISHERIES• Includes all the activities involved in supporting livelihood of the fisherman• The effort is extended to such a level which is just enough to ensure nutritional security and some degree of financial support too• This include mainly capture practices(no investment involved)
• Culture practices are very minimum and include casual rearing in backyard pond etc• Income is characterized to support the fishermenCOMMERCIAL FISHERIES• It includes activities which generates a lot of profit• Contribute largely to national economy by providing valuable exports Rs. 12901 crores<2011>• Ensuring nutritional security to the country as a whole• The income is characterised with planned trading and marketing policies• Top producing countries are in order CHINA, PERU, JAPAN
RECREATIONAL FISHERIES• Harvesting fish for personal use, leisure and challenge• also called Sport fishing• The most common form of recreational fishing is done with a rod, reel, line, hooks and any one of a wide range of baits• eg. As opposed to profit or research• Its doesn’t includes sale or trade of all part of catch• It includes activities which generates profit by providing entertainment values to the willing customers