Definition of acid
Any of a class of substances whose aqueous solutions
are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn
blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and
certain metals to form salts.
Substance that yields hydrogen ions when dissolved in
A substance that can act as a proton donor.
A substance that can accept a pair of electrons to form
a covalent bond.
Physical properties of acids
It has a sour taste.
It turns blue litmus to red.
It turns methyl orange to red.
Acids are electrolyte.
Strong acids destroy fabric.
Strong acids cause burn on skin.
Chemical properties of acids
An acid when reacts with a base, salt & water are produced. This
reaction is called neutralization
HCl + NaOH
NaCl + H2O
2. Reaction with carbonates
Acid and carbonates are combined to produce salt, water and carbon
MgCO3 + 2HCl
MgCl2 + CO2 + H2O
3. Reaction with Bicarbonates
Acid and bicarbonates are combined to produce salt, water and carbon
NaHCO3 + HCl
NaCl + CO2 + H2O
4. Reaction with Metals
Zn + 2HCl
Zncl2 + H2
Common signs and symptoms
Burning sensation in Mouth, Throat, Oesophagus, Stomach &
Abdomen followed by intense thirst;
Difficulty in swallowing;
Continuous retching & vomiting of shreddy blood, stained
Vomit may be acidic or alkaline;
Tongue swollen or shriveled;
Dyspnoea due to oedema of glottis;
Chilly ++ Sensitive to cold, drafts (cold in general) (Exception: Fluoric acid);
Over sensitive to external impressions;
Destruction, ulceration, Septicaemia;
Poor memory, lack of concentration and destruction of all thinking power;
Syphilitic qualities like :
Destructive qualities / activities
"Self" egoism and attention towards pleasure seeking inputs
Depression, listless, dejection
Doctrine of signature
As acid produces an irritability of fibers together with
weakness and prostration so same is the nature of people
from acid group of medicine…….
1. Acetic acid
Common name – glacial acetic acid
Physical makeup-pale, lean , person
with lax flabby muscles;
Face -pale waxy;
Sensitive to cold
All three miasms
Great burning thirst but no thirst in fever
According to kent Patients who have been weak for many years
Who have inherited
phthisis, emaciation, weakness, anemia, loss of
appetite, burning thirst n copious pale urine are a
combination called for acetic acid
Sensation of heat with pulsation, coming and going,
like orgasms, chlorosis in youngs girls, dropsical
conditions in general, bad effects from stings, bites
have been cured by this remedy
Great emaciation especially of the face, hands &
Skin dry and hot
red spot on left cheek and drenching night sweat
copious, exhausting with great thirst
confusion of mind; does not know her own children
Forgets what has recently happened
Constantly broods as if some thing is going to happen
in the abdomen there is great pain, distension, flatulence or
dropsy, sore to touch
Diarrhea, thin, bloody or pure blood, profuse bleeding from piles,
Violent burning pain in stomach and chest followed by coldness
of skin and cold sweat on forehead
copious watery urine;
it has cured diabetes, with sugar in the urine or without, where
there is great thirst, weakness and pallor and loss of flesh.
dropsy associated with diabetes and GIT disease.
weakness with seminal losses;
relaxed genitals and swollen feet;
uterine haemorrhage, copious menses or menstrual flow; scanty
menses with chlorosis.
Larynx and chest
weakness of larynx, croup, diptheria
it has cured many cases of laryngeal diptheria, hoarseness, with
pale mucous membranes
chronic dry hacking cough in sickly
According of Kent:
All substances abused as food become great remedies, such
as vinegar, coffee, common salt, etc. we should look to
them oftener than we do for the stubborn chronic cases.
Fumes of charcoal and gas
Lying on abdomen ameliorates:
In early months of pregnancy can lie comfortably on
Third to thirteen potency
Not to be repeated too often except in croup
2. Hippuricum acidum
Common name: Hippuric acid
Prover: Dr. Wm. B. Griggs
Sphere of action: External tissues of eyes & nasal pharynx;
Liver & mucous membranes;
Specially affect right side;
General muscular weakness.
pain over the right eyes;
dull constant pain;
< warm room.
Sore, raw, with dysphasia, halitosis;
menstrual flow for three weeks with complete relief of
muscular and joint pains
extending down the hips;
pain in the shoulder and extremities;
pain in the middle of the thigh .
papules looking like goose flesh on the chest.
3. Picric Acid
It exists as bright yellow glistening crystal. It has sour odour, but
it has a very bitter taste. It is one of the important medicines for
diseases of spinal origin.
Sphere of action:
It acts on spinal cord, blood, genito-urinary system and skin.
It causes degeneration of spinal cord with PARALYSIS. It
produces a fair picture of NERVOUS FRUSTRATION.
Suited to dark complexioned persons with dirty appearance
about knuckles; anaemic, cachetic persons, worn out persons,
who are overtaxed mentally and physically.
RELATION WITH HEAT AND COLD:
The patient is better by cold air and cold water.
Psoric, Sycotic and Syphilitic
Progressive weariness from a slight feeling of fatigue on
motion to complete paralysis.
Like all acids, profound weakness and debility run through
the whole drug.
Burning along spine and great weakness of spine and back,
softening of cord.
Brain fag: of literary or business people. slightest excitement,
mental exertion or over work brings on headache.
Headache: of students, teachers and over worked
businessmen, from grief or depressing emotions, occipitocervical region.
Ameliorated by: tight bandaging
Heaviness, numbness, formication and weakness are the
words which are the keynotes of this drug.
It is also a medicine for progressive pernicious anemia.
Priapism, with spinal disease there is violent and long lasting
erection. Penis is painfully distended. Great sexual desire with
emissions leading to impotency.
Small painful boils-especially in external auditory meatus; also
in other parts of the body.
Dr. Thery of Paris recommends picric acid very highly for
burns of first and second degree.
Aggravation from: Least mental exertion, motion, study, wet
Amelioration from: cold air and cold water
Anxious, furious, disposed to fight.
Headache better by vomiting.
Ringing in ears.
Ulcerative inflammation of mouth.
Tongue red or bluish red coated.
Loss of appetite
Persistent choking cough with copius expectoration.
Hoarseness, constriction of chest.
Fluor albus (leucorrhea), Debility.
As a spray in tonsilitis. According to Ringer, ten to fifteen
minims taken ten minutes before each meal will remedy
pyrosis and prevent fermentation and flatulence.It also
Homoeopathically, third attenuation.
5. Nitric Acid
It is a polycrest remedy for many diseases covering almost
all symptoms. Total 1425 symptoms are proven.
Sphere of action
It has a marked affinity for the margins of the outlet especially
of the throat, anus and mouth.
In addition, it affects glands, liver, prostate and salivary.
Thin persons of rigid fibres,dark complexion,black hair
and eyes,the brunette rather than blonde.
Person suffering with chronic disesase who take cold
easily and are easily disposed to diarrhea.
Old people with great weakness.
Thermal:- Chilly patient
Miasm:- all three miasms
Selects for its special seat of action the outlets of the body
where the mucous membrane and skin meet; these pain
as from splinters. Sticking pains.
Marked improvement of all symptoms while riding in a
Acts best on the dark complexioned and past middle life.
Syphilis, after abuse of Mercury.
Pains appear and disappear quickly.
Blisters and ulcers in mouth, tongue, genitals; bleed
Fissures, with pain during stool, as if rectum were torn.
All discharges very offensive, especially
urine, faeces, and perspiration.
Persons who have chronic diseases, and take cold easily
and disposed to diarrhoea.
Excessive physical irritability.
Cachexia, due to syphilis, scrofula, intermittent fever
with liver involvement and anaemia, etc.
Gravel ; arthritis.
Capillary bleeding after curettage.
Irritable, hateful, vindictive, headstrong.
Sensitive to noise,pain,touch,jar.
Fear of death.
Sensation of a band around head
Headache from pressure of hat; full feeling; worse from
Hair falls out.
Difficult hearing; better by riding in carriage or train.
Very sensitive to noise, as the rattle of wagons over
Cracking in ears when chewing.
Double vision; sharp, sticking pains.
Ulceration of cornea.
Gonorrhoeal ophthalmia, photophobia, constant
Green casts from nose every morning.
Coryza, with sore and bleeding nostrils.
Stitches, as of a splinter in nose.
Caries of mastoid. Nosebleed, with chest affections.
Chronic nasal catarrh, with yellow, offensive,
Nasal diphtheria, with watery and exceedingly
Bleeding of gums.
Painful pimples on the sides of the tongue.
Tongue clean, red and wet with center furrow.
Teeth become loose; gums soft and spongy.
Ulcers in soft palate, with sharp, splinter-like pains.
Salivation and fetor oris.
Pain into ears.
Hawks mucus constantly.
White patches and sharp points, as from splinters, on
Great hunger, with sweetish taste.
Longing for indigestible things-chalk, earth, etc.
Pain in cardiac orifice.
Dyspepsia with excess of oxalic acid, uric acid and
phosphates in urine and great mental depression.
Loves fat and salt.
Great straining, but little passes, Rectum feels torn.
Bowels constipated, with fissures in rectum.
Tearing pains during stools.
Violent cutting pains after stools, lasting for hours.
Haemorrhages from bowels, profuse, bright.
Haemorrhoids bleed easily.
Diarrhoea, slimy and offensive.
After stools, irritable and exhausted.
Colic relieved from tightening clothes.
Scanty, dark, offensive.
Smells like horse's urine.
Cold on passing.
Burning and stinging.
Urine bloody and albuminous.
Alternation of cloudy, phosphatic urine with profuse
urinary secretion in old prostatic cases.
Soreness and burning in glans and beneath prepuce.
Ulcers; burn and sting; exude, offensive matter.
External parts sore, with ulcers.
Leucorrhoea brown, flesh-colored, watery, or stringy,
Hair on genitals falls out. [Natr.m. , Zinc.]
Menses early, profuse, like muddy water, with pain in
back, hips and thighs.
Fetid foot-sweat, causing soreness of toes, with sticking
pain; chilblains on toes.
Sweating of palms, hands; cold, blue nails.
Offensive sweat in axillae at night.
Aphonia, with dry hacking cough, from tickling in larynx
and pit of stomach.
Soreness at lower end of sternum.
Short breath on going upstairs. Cough during sleep.
Warts, large jagged; bleed on washing.
Ulcers bleed easily, sensitive; splinter-like pains;
zigzag, irregular edges; base looks like raw flesh.
Black pores on face, papules worse on forehead.
Worse, evening and night, cold climate, and also hot
Better, while riding in carriage. [Reverse : Cocculus.]
As the nitric acid patient begins to improve skin
symptoms may appear for a time, a favourable
6. Tartaricum Acidum
Found in grapes, pineapple, sorrel and other fruits. It is an
antiscorbutic antiseptic stimulating the mucous and salivary
Dullness and lassitude
Pain in heels
Excessive thirst, continuous vomiting causes burning in the
throat and stomach.
Dyspepsia with copious secretion of mucus.
Pain around the umbilicus and in the region of loins.
Coffee ground in colour (worse at night) with a brown and dry
tongue and dark green vomiting.
Third trituration. The pure acid, 10-30 grains dissolved in
7. Carbolic Acid
Glacial carbolic acid
Carbolic acid is a great antiseptic and powerful irritant
Sphere of action:
It acts on nervous system, skin, all mucous membranes, especially
of mouth, throat, gastro-intestinal tract and urinary organs
There is no particular constitution for this drug. Persons of any
and every constitution are susceptible to this remedy. The patient
is however, VERY CHILLY, having SYPHILITIC and PSORIC
background and is of irritable temperament.
It acts primarily on nervous system and produces deadly
paralysis of respiratory centers' and various consequent reflex
symptoms. It causes much debility and weakness. It also
produces inflammation of the skin resulting in ulceration and
manifestation of all mucous membranes and gastro-intestinal
tract, in addition to vomiting, dysentery etc.
DEBILITY and WEAKNESS are persistently present throughout.
Pains come suddenly, last for a short time and disappear
Pains are burning, pricking and stitching.
The whole surface of body is bathed in cold sweat with
prostration and collapse.
Sensation of band around the forehead, with dull and heavy
Ulceration all over the body and in internal parts, such as
mouth, nose, throat, nostrils, rectum, vagina from which a
discharge comes out which is very offensive and putrid.
Great longing for whisky and tobacco.
It has cured cases of cancer of stomach and has apparently
cured epithelioma of cheeks and nose with hemorrhage.
Constipation with HORRIBLY OFFENSIVE BREATH.
In dysentery, stool contains scraping of intestine.
Carbolic acid 30 is of great help in uterine displacement with
or without discharge. COOPER regards it specific in influenza
in 3x potency for attack and 30 potency for resulting debility.
Aggravation from cold in general
In burns with ARSENIC and KREOSOTE.
In ulcers with unhealthy offensive discharge with
MERCSOL and SULPHUR.
Dilute cider vinegar either internally or externally, when acid
has been swallowed accidently or taken for suicidal purposes.
8. Gallicum Acidum
Should be remembered as a remedy in phthisis. It checks the
morbid secretions, give tone to the stomach and increases the
appetite. Passive hemorrhages when pulse is feeble and
capillaries relaxed, cold skin.
Wild delirium at night; very restless, jumps out of bed; sweats;is
afraid to be alone; is rude and abuses everyone.
Pain in the back of head and neck.
Photophobia with burning of lids.
Thick stringy discharge from the nose. Epistaxis.
Copious stools; anus feels constricted. Faint feeling after
stools. Mucoid discharges.
Kidneys painful, distress along the ureters upto the bladder.
Dull heavy pain in the bladder, directly over the pubis. Urine
loaded with thick, cream coloured mucus.
Pain in lungs; pulmonary hemorrhage; excessive
expectoration. Accumulation of mucus in the throat, in the
morning. Dry at night.
Compare: Arsenic; iodum; phosphorus
First trituration and pure acid, to grain doses.
9. Oxalic Acid
Dr. C. Hering
It is a constant constituent of vegetables, but poisonous
when taken internally and produces- gastro-enteritis, motor
paralysis, collapse, stupor and death.
Influences the spinal cord, and produces motor paralysis.
Pains very violent, in spots , worse, motion and thinking
Spasmodic symptoms of throat and chest.
Sense of heat.
Confusion and vertigo.
Headache, before and during stool.
Violent pain in epigastrium, discharge of flatus relieves.
Gastralgia, pyrosis, sensation of coldness below
Burning pain, extending upwards; slightest touch causes
Bitter and sour eructation, worse at night.
Cannot eat strawberries.
Pain in upper part and region of navel two hours after
eating, with much flatulence- Stitches in liver.
Burning in small spots in abdomen.
Diarrhoea from coffee.
Frequent and copious.
Burning in urethra and pain in glans when urinating.
Must urinate when thinking of it.
Urine contains oxalates.
Nervous aphonia with cardiac derangement.
Burning sensation from throat down.
Breathing spasmodic, with constriction of larynx and chest.
Left lung painful.
Paralysis of the tensors of vocal cord.
Dyspnoea; short, jerking inspirations.
Sharp pain through lower region of left lung, extending
down to epigastrium.
Palpitation and dyspnoea in organic heart disease; worse, when
thinking of it.
Heart symptoms alternate with aphonia, angina pectoris;
Praecordial pains which dart to the left shoulder.
Numb, weak, tingling.
Pains start from spine and extend through extremities.
Drawing and lancinating pains shooting down extremities.
Backache; numb, weak, Myelitis.
Wrist painful, as if sprained.
blue, cold, insensible.
Sensation of numbness.
Sensitive, smarting and soreness, worse shaving;
mottled, marbled in circular patches.
left side; slightest touch; light; shaving.
Aroused about 3 a.m. with gastric and abdominal
All conditions made worse by thinking about self
Sphere of action
respiratory and digestive tracts
gouty or the uremic or the lithaemic constitution
all three miasms
Rheumatic,gouty,or uric acid
Urine :- dark brown and the urinous odour, highly intesified
Urine smells strong like a horse
Inclined to dwell on unpleasent things
If saw anyone deformed, it made him shudder
Anxiety while sweating
Arthritis Vega:- affects all the joints, especially the knee,
cracking on motion
Enuresis nocturna of delicate children
Dribbling urine of old men with enlarged prostate
Sense of smell :-diminished
Pain of nasal bone
Extensive ulcerations of tongue, with deeply chapped or
Stool :-copious watery
This is true in summer diarrhea that has come on suddenly
Slightly elevated, wart like round surfaces around anus,cough
with expectoration of green mucus
Tearing, stitching in large joints of big toe, redness and swelling
of joints gout
< at night
Aggravation:- motion, open air, uncovering at
Amelioration:- by heat
11. Boricum acidum
Common name: Boracic acid
General characteristics: used as an antiseptic, disinfectant, since it arrests fermentation
and puterifaction ;
pain in the region of ureters, with a frequent urging to micturate;
Tongue dry, red & cracked;
FEMALE: Climacteric flushing;
vagina –cold as if packed with ice;
Skin: multiform erythema of the trunk and upper extremities;
Oedema of tissues around the eyes.
12. Lacticum Acidum
Problem in the breasts
Tuberculous ulceration of vocal cords
Fullness or lump in the throat like a puff ball. Keeps
swallowing. Constricted low down.
Tongue dry, parched. Thirst; voracious hunger. Canker,
copious salivation and water brash.
Nausea; morning sickness, especially in pale, anaemic women.
Hot, acrid eructation. Nausea; better, eating.
Burning, hot gas from the stomach to the throat, causing
profuse secretion of tenacious mucus, worse smoking.
Large quantities of urine passed, frequently.
Pain in the breasts, with enlargement of axillary glands, and
pain extends into hand.
Rheumatic pain in the joints, shoulders, wrists, knees with
much weakness. Trembling of the whole body while walking.
Limbs feel chilly.
Third to thirtieth potency. Six to ten drops in a small glass of
water in acute gastroenteritis.
13. Muriatic Acid
Like all acids it produces the peculiar debility and
irritability. It has 574 symptoms in Hahnemann’s Materia
Medica Pura. It irritates and corrodes the mucus membranes,
leading to ulceration. It causes low febrile condition and hence
becomes useful in cases of typhoid. It produces sour excretions
and make them acrid.
Prolapse of anus
Mouth and tongue affection
Sphere of action
Gastro intestinal tract
It is adapted to
Person with black hair, dark eyes and dark
Persons who are of irritable and peevish temperament
For chilly patients
Muriatic acid is psoric in its background.
Ailments are from sun’s heat.
Great debility, slides down in bed. Even the lower jaw hangs
down. His eyes close as soon as he sits down.
According to Clark: burning is great feature of its
symptomatology eg, ulcers, eruptions, piles, stomach and
Malignant affections mouth: Mouth studded with ulcers which
are deep perforating and having a black or dark base.
Offensive secretions and foul breath from mouth in fevers of
Patient cannot bear the thought or sight of meat.
Tongue – coated at edges, shrunken, dry, leather like and
paralysed; beefy tongue.
Pulse, especially in typhoid, intermits at every third beat.
Anus is very sensitive, with or without piles; sore
Piles protrudes while the person urinates.
Involuntary stools while passing urine.
Palpitation of heart is felt in the face.
Cannot bear the least touch not even of the bed
sheet on genitals.
Vertigo; worse lying on right side; occiput heavy as if filled with
Sound of voice is intolerable.
Pain as if brain were crushed.
Tongue, pale, swollen, dry, leathery, paralyzed.
Deep ulcers on tongue.
Hard lumps in tongue.
Epithelioma; edges bluish-red. [Carbol. ac.]
Gums and glands swollen.
Sordes on teeth.
Cannot bear sight or thought of meat.
At times, ravenous appetite and constant desire to drink.
Achlorhydria and fermentation of food.
Tendency to involuntary evacuations while urinating.
Haemorrhoids most sensitive to all touch ; even sheet of toilet
paper is painful.
Anal itching and prolapsus ani while urinating.
Haemorrhoids during pregnancy; bluish, hot with violent
Pulse rapid, feeble, and small. Intermits every third beat.
Menses appear too soon.
During menses, soreness of anus .
Ulcer in genitals.
Heat without thirst.
Typhoid types, stupid.
Pulse rapid and feeble.
Worse, in damp weather, before midnight.
Better, lying on left side.
14. Citric Acid
Common name:Citricum Acidum
Introduction:All forms of dropsy and swellings are benefited with
Citric acid and lemon juice, tablespoonful every 3-4
hours. Pain from cancer of tongue.
It is an important remedy for scurvy, scrobutus and
Given to relieve the pains of cancer.
Convulsions: epileptic, red face during convulsion.
Indolence- aversion to usual house work
15. Camphoric Acid
It is not a well proved drug, however, few clinical
symptoms are prominent.
16. Chromic Acid
Chromicum Acidum (CrCO3)
Drysdale and Dr. Henry Duffield
It is a powerful anticeptic which has been used for
disinfecting purposes to arrest fetid discharge and correct
fetid odors “foul smelling, bloody lochia” is an indication.
Diphtheria, post-nasal tumors, and epithelioma of the
tongue have been benefited by this drug.
Bloody, foul-smelling lochia.
Symptoms come and go suddenly, and return
periodically; offensive discharges.
Ulcer and scabs in nose.
Diphtheria; sore throat.
Tough mucus, with inclination to swallow it; worse, causing
Uneasiness in limbs.
Pain in shoulder-blades and back of neck.
Pain in knees and balls of feet.
Drawing pain in soles while walking.
17. Fluoric Acid
Fluoric acid is a colorless liquid obtained by distillation. It is a strong
irritant and causes burns. It is a DEEP and LONG ACTING remedy.
It is the constitutional remedy for warm blooded persons who are
worse from heat, warm room, warm air, and drinks
Sphere of action:
Make-up of the body:
Premature old age.
Young people too old.
Relation with heat and cold:
NEITHER HOT NOR CHILLY.
It indicates PENDULUM like character between heat and cold.
He is less affected by the excessive heat of summer or cold of
However, his troubles are aggravated by warmth and relieved by
Fluoric acid is especially suited to old people and complaints
of old age; of YOUNG PEOPLE WHO LOOK OLD and attain
premature old age.
Burning, unusual heat and acridity are the words that qualify
a great many symptoms..
Even the sweat is acrid.
PROFOUND WEAKNESS AND DEBILITY
Syphilitic gummatous ulcers
Beginning stage of gonorrhea
Feebleness of circulation
Necrosis and gangrene formation
Fistula of anus
Mental and nervous debility from vicious practices
Caries of spine
Sycotic disease: Deformed nails
Falling of hairs
Acrid discharge from ears
The patient is less affected by excessive heat of summer or
cold of winter
For vicious bone diseases,
fistula in ano
in calcareous degeneration
Ailments from:Syphilis, abuse of mercury or silica.
Remedies that precede well
In ascites of drunkards
In hip diseases
Coffea & staph:
In sensitive teeth
Silicea & symphytum:
In bone diseases
18. Hydrocyanicum Acidum
One of the most toxic agents known. Convulsions and paralysis
express the action of this remedy. Spasmodic constrictions in the
larynx, feeling of suffocation, pain and tightness in the chest,
palpitations, pulse weak, irregular. sinking sensation in the
Unconscious. Wild delirium. Fear of imaginary problems.
Fears everything - horses, wagons, house falling etc.
Violent, stupefying headache. Brain feels on fire. Pupils
motionless or dilated. Supra-orbital neuralgia, with flushing
on the same side of face.
Jaws clenched in rigid spasm. Froth in the mouth. Pale, bluish
Tongue cold. Drink rumbles through the throat and stomach.
Gastralgia;worse when stomach is empty. Great sinking in the
pit of the stomach. Pulsating pain in the precordial region.
Noisy and agitated breathing. Dry, spasmodic, suffocative
cough. Asthma with contraction of the throat. Whooping
cough. Paralysis of the lungs. Marked cyanosis; venously
Violent palpitations. Pulse weak, irregular. Cold extremities.
Torturing pain in chest. Angina pectoris.
Yawning with shivering. Irresistible drowsiness. Vivid,
Sphere of action: Muscles
Constitution: Adapted to old age people
Relation with heat and cold: Lack of vital heat
Feeling of laziness
Become easily annoyed by the smallest things
Sedative palliation for GIT tumor
Tired feeling with muscular weakness
after any exertion
Sore feeling all over
Restless at night
Difficulty in getting sleep
Tired feeling in the morning on getting up
Constriction in the pharynx
Sore throat with tightness in naso –pharynx
Tickling in throat
Back & extremities : Wrist tires easily from writing
Extreme weakness from climbing stairs
Stiffness of thigh & calves
Worse: At night
From standing upright
“according to Dr.Kuhl lactic acid has an anti-cancerous
preventive action and he recommends a special diet with an
additional lacto –fermented products”
cracking sensation with acute pains in the bones
agg by motion
3x to 30C
Tincture in headache
6th potency In rheutamism
20. Phosphoric Acid
Glacial Phosphoric Acid
Phosphoric acid is another of Hahnemann’s immortal legacies in
MM Pura. It is an invaluable remedy well deserving the name
“nerve tonic”, saves Dr. Hudges in his Pharmacodynamics.
Sphere of action:
It acts on brain, nerves, blood, kidneys, mucus membrane, sex
organs and bones
It produces both mental and physical debility but the mental
symptoms are first to develop.
The remedy runs from mental to physical, from brain to
It also produces hemorrhage, digestive disorders and
inflammation of bones.
It is best suited to persons of originally strong
constitution, who have become debilitated by LOSS OF
VITAL FLUIDS, sexual excess, violent acute
diseases, chagrin or long succession of moral
emotion, grief, care, or disappointed affection.
All three miasms
Mild disposition and yielding temperament.
Patient is listless, apathetic and indifferent to the affairs of his
own life; prostrated and stupefied with grief.
Patient trembles, legs are weak; so stumbles easily makes missteps.
Due to the bad effects of onanism, the patient is greatly
distressed by the culpability of the act.
Frequent profuse and debilitating emissions.
Chest feels weak from talking and coughing in phthisis or
from loss of vital fluids.
Pains in the back of limbs as if beaten.
Boring, drawing, digging pains in nerves of extremities,
necrosis in stump after amputations.
Painless and non-debilitating diarrhoea is the striking feature
of this remedy.
Urine contains excessive phosphate. Profuse urination at
night, of clear, watery urine.
Desire for warm food, something refreshing, juicy things, milk
Aversion to coition, coffee, wine, beer and alcohol.
Cannot collect his thoughts or find the right word.
Effects of grief and mental shock.
Delirium, with great stupefaction.
Worse, shaking or noise.
Pressure on top.
Dull headache after coition; from eye-strain.
Vertigo toward evening, when standing or walking.
Causation: Fear or from acids or cholera
Character: painless and non debilitating, yellow or
white, watery, passes involuntarily with flatus.
Causation: DM, DI, sexual
excess, onanism, shock, operations, etc.
Character: urine looks like milk, mixed with jelly like
bloody pieces, decomposes easily.
Profuse urination at night, urine is clear watery but it forms
a white cloud at once due to the presence of excessive
Constant urging to urinate or involuntary urination.
Few drops of white gleety discharge occur in the morning.
For DM of nervous origin, Phos-ac can be employed
Profuse sweat during night and morning.
Low types of fever, with dull comprehension and stupor.
It is an excellent remedy for typhoid or typhus. Given in 2nd
and 3rd week of typhoid.
Emissions at night and at stool. Seminal vesiculitis.
Sexual power deficient; testicles tender and swollen.
Prostatorrhoea, even when passing a soft stool.
Eczema of scrotum.
Oedema of prepuce, and swollen glans-penis.
From mentals affections, loss of vital fluids- especially
seminal, self abuse, sexual excess, talking.
Sitting, standing and warmth of bed.
Debility from loss of vital fluids:
Craves juicy things:
21. Tannic Acid
Digallic acid (C14H10O92H2O)
M. Cavarra and Wien
It is found in two forms- Gallo tannic acid derived from
nut-galls and Querci-tannic acid derived from healthy leaves
and bark of the oak. The former is most used. In olden days,
taken for diarrhoea
Pain and distension in abdomen.
Symptoms of ileus and vomiting of bilious substances.
It produces a state of leathery dryness of mouth and intestinal
canal. A condition like ileus and a very aggravated state of
Hemorrhage from nose and kidney.
Osmidrosis- corrects the foetor of perspiration.
Intestine can be felt like cylindrical enlargements.
Painless, bloody discharge with obstinate constipation.
22. Uric Acid
Uric acid has been used on inferential grounds in gouty
Burnette gave it in 5th and 6th potency.
It is most useful in cases where deposits persists, it
stirs them up and helps to eliminate them.
It is useful in gouty eczema where the eczema has been “the
skin outlet for the constitution”.
With uric acid 3X Mersch cured a case of lipoma situated on
the left side between abdomen and breast, “as large as a man’s
head, only lengthened”.
Relief was immediate; the tumor disappeared in a month.
Lotus Materia Medica
A pocket manual of Homoeopathic
- Dr. R. Murphy
Homoeopathic Materia Medica
-H C Allens
Systemic Materia Medica
-K N Mathur
Important and Neglected acid
- L K Nanda
Lectures on clinical Matria Medica
Dictionary of practical Materia Medica
Lectures on Homoeopathic Materia Medica
-J T Kent