1853 most difficult words

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1853 most difficult words

  1. 1. 1853 Most Difficult Words for GRE Word List with Meanings (but Without Sentence Fragments) By Raj Bapna www.MindMachineLab.comDear Friend, You now have in your hands a very valuable list of 1,853 most difficult wordsthat can give you an edge over others for your success in GRE. This is my gift to youwith my best wishes for your big success in GRE and in life. This list is taken from the vocab books of Vocab-Builder Mind Machine forGRE, which is a topper’s ultimate vocab system. This list is free to you. How to Use This Book The words are given in bold. The meaning is given after the equal sign (=)following a word. We have used the US spellings. The British spelling of a word,when different from the US spelling, is given in bracket after BRITISH as shown forthe word belabor below. belabor (BRITISH = belabour) = to assail verbally, to insist repeatedly or harp on The page numbers are listed on the top right side of each page as: Cassette 1 Side A-4 Here Cassette 1 Side A means that the words are on the Side A of Cassette1 and 4 means that the page number is 4 of this book Wishing you best of success in GRE for admission to top US college andworldwide opportunities for exciting career, great wealth, enriching travel, and familypride, Raj Bapna .Copyright 2005-2007. All rights reserved. Published by M ind M achine Lab, Udaipur
  2. 2. Cassette 1 Side A-2Casse tte 1 Side Aamphitheater (BRITISH = amphitheatre) = oval-shaped theateranathe ma = curse, banannul = cancel, nullifyanodyne = pain soothinganoint = consecrate, to apply oil, especially as a sacred riteanonymity = state of being anonymous, having no nameantediluvian = ancient, obsolete, pre historicantithesis = direct oppositeapathetic = unconcerned, indifferentaphasia = inability to speak or use wordsaphoris m = maxim, old sayingaplomb = poise, confidenceapocryphal = a doubtful authenticity, not genuine, fictionalapostate = one who abandons ones faithapotheosis = Deification, glorificationapprobation = praise, official approvalarchaic = Antiquated, from an earlier timearchipelago = group of islandsardor (BRITISH = ardour) = great emotion or passionarraign = indict, to call to court to answer a chargearrogate = seize without right, to demand or claim arrogantlyascendancy = powerful stateascribe = to attributeashen = resembling ashes, or deathly paleasinine = stupidaskance = to view with suspicion, scornfullyaskew = crooked, tiltedaspersion = slander, false rumor, damaging reportassail = attackassent = to express agreementassiduous = hard-working, diligent, persistentassuage = lessen (pain), to make less severe, easeastringent = causing contraction, severe, harshasunder = apart, into different partsatone = make amends for a wrongaugust = noble, dignified, awe-inspiring, venerableavow = declareawry = crooked, askew, amissaxiom = self-evident truth, premise, postulatebacchanal = orgy, drunkenly festivebaleful = hostile, malignant, harmful with evil intentionsbalk = hesitate, refuse, shirk, preventbanal = trite, overly commonbane = poison, nuisance, something causing ruinbastion = fort, fortification, strongholdbeguile = deceive, seduce, misleadbehemoth = monster, huge creaturebeleaguer = besiege, to harass, plagueberate = to scold harshly
  3. 3. Cassette 1 Side A-3bestial = beast-like, brutalbestow = to give as a gift, grantbevy = groupbicke r = quarrel, to have a petty argumentbilious = ill-temperedbilk = swindle, cheat, defraudblandish = to coax with flattering, grovelblight = decay, afflict, destroyblithe = Joyful, cheerful, or without appropriate thoughtbombast = pompous speechbourgeois = middle classbroach = bring up a topic of conversationbrusque = curt, rough and abrupt in mannerbulwark = fortificationburgeon = sprout or flourishburly = husky, brawnycabal = plot, a secret group seeking to overturn somethingcadaver = corpse, dead bodycajole = encourage, coax, flattercalumny = Slander, false and malicious accusationcanard = hoax, a liecandor (BRITISH = candour) = frankness, honesty of expressioncanvass = survey, examine thoroughlycapricious = fickle, impulsive, whimsical, without much thoughtcareen = swerve, to lean on one sidecastigate = criticize, punish, chastisecataclys m = catastrophe, disastercathartic = purgative, purifying, cleansingcatholic = universal, worldlycaucus = a small group within an organization or a meeting of such a groupcavil = quibble, raise trivial objectionscede = transfer ownership, to surrender possession of somethingcensorious = condemning speech, severely criticalchagrin = shame, embarrassment, humiliationchalice = goblet, cupchary = cautious, watchful, extremely shycherubic = sweet, innocentchicane ry = trickery, fraud, deceptionchide = scold, express disapprovalchime rical = imaginary, impossiblechole ric = easily angered, short-temperedcircumlocution = roundabout expressioncircumspect = cautious, warycircumvent = evade, avoid, to go aroundcitadel = fortress or strongholdclamor (BRITISH = clamour) = noisy outcrycleave = to split or separate, to stick, adhereclemency = forgiveness, merciful leniencycloister = refuge, to confine, secludecoalesce = combine, to grow togethercoddle = to pamper, baby, treat indulgently
  4. 4. Cassette 1 Side A-4cogent = well-put, convincing, logically forcefulcognate = from the same source, relatedcognomen = family name, any name, nicknamecolloquy = conferencecollusion = conspiracy, collaboration, complicitycommodious = spaciouscomplicity = guilt by association, knowing partnership in wrong doingcompunction = remorse, regretconcur = To agree
  5. 5. Cassette 1 Side B-5Casse tte 1 Side Bconflagration = large fire, big, destructive fireconfluence = flowing together, meeting of two streams, meeting placeconfound = bewilder, to baffle, perplexcongeal = solidify, as a liquid freezing, to become thick or solidconjecture = hypothesis, speculation, predictionconjure = summon, to evoke a spirit, cast a spellconsanguinity = related by blood, kinshipconsecrate = make holy, dedicate to a goal, to declare sacredconstrue = interpret or to explaincontinence = self-control, self-restraintcontrite = apologetic, deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrongcontusion = A bruiseconundrum = enigma, puzzle or problem with no solution, riddleconvivial = sociable, festive, fond of eating, drinking, and peopleconvoke = convene, summon, to call togethercoquette = woman who flirtscorroborate = to confirm, verifycoterie = small group, group of people with a common interest or purposecountenance = facial expression, to favor, supportcower = showing fear, to cringe in fearcrass = crude, unrefinedcraven = cowardlycredence = Belief, acceptance of something as true or realcreed = Belief or principlecringe = cower, to shrink in fearculpable = blameworthy, guilty, responsible for wrongcupidity = greedcurmudgeon = boor, cranky persondally = procrastinate, to act playfully or waste timedebase = to degrade, or lower in quality or staturedebauch = to corrupt, seduce from virtue or dutydebutante = a girl debuting into societydecadence = deterioration, decay (e.g. moral or cultural)decapitate = kill by beheadingdeciduous = shedding leaves, short-lived, temporarydecorous = seemly, proper, tasteful, socially correctdecry = castigate, to belittle, openly condemndeference = courteously yielding to another, respect, honordefile = pollute, to make unclean or dishonordeft = skillful, dexterousdefunct = extinct, no longer existing, deaddeleterious = harmful, destructive, detrimentaldeluge = a flood, to submerge, overwhelmdemagogue = An unprincipled politician, leaderdemean = to degrade, humiliate, humbledemur = take exception, to express doubts or objectionsdenigrate = defame, to slur or blacken someones reputationdepravity = immorality, sinfulnessdeprecate = belittle, disparage
  6. 6. Cassette 1 Side B-6deride = To ridicule, to mock, make fun ofdesecrate = profane, to abuse something sacreddesiccate = dehydrate, to dry completelydespondent = depressed, feeling discouraged and dejecteddesultory = without direction in life, at random, rambling, unmethodicaldiatribe = long denunciation, bitter verbal attackdichotomy = a division into two partsdidactic = instructionaldilettante = amateur, dabblerdisabuse = correct, to free from a misconceptiondisburse = pay outdisconsolate = inconsolable, unable to be consoled, extremely saddiscrete = separate, distinctdiscursive = rambling, wandering from topic to topicdisdain = to regard with scorn and contemptdisingenuous = deceptive, sly and craftydis jointed = disconnected, incoherent, being separateddisparage = belittle, speak disrespectfully aboutdisparate = various, dissimilar, different in kinddisparity = difference, contrast, dissimilaritydispirit = discourage, to dishearten, make dejecteddissipate = scatterdistend = swell, inflate, bloatdistraught = distressed, very worrieddocile = domesticated, trained, tamedotage = senility, mental declinedour = sullen and gloomy, stern and severedroll = amusing in a wrydulcet = melodious, pleasant soundingduplicity = deceit, treachery, dishonesty, double-dealingduress = coercion, imprisonmentebb = recede, to fade awayebullient = exuberant, full of enthusiasm and high spiritseclectic = joyfuledify = instruct morally and spirituallyefface = To obliterateeffrontery = insolenceeffulgent = brilliantelicit = provokeelucidate = make clear, clarifyemaciated = underfed, gauntembroil = involve, cause to fall into disorderemend = correctencomium = warm praiseencumber = burden, to hinder, restrict motionendemic = Peculiar to some specified country or peopleenervate = weaken, sap strength fromengender = generate, to produceenigmatic = puzzling, inexplicableenjoin = urge, order, commandennui = boredom, lack of interest and energy
  7. 7. Cassette 1 Side B-7enthrall (BRITISH = enthral) = mesmerize, to captivate, enchantentreat = plead, begepicure = gourmet, person with refined taste in food and wineepigram = saying, short, witty saying or poemepithet = name, appellation, phraseequine = pertaining to horseserode = wear away, to diminisherrant = wandering, mistakeneschew = avoid, to abstain fromespouse = to support or advocateestranged = alienated, separatedeuthanasia = mercy-killingevanescent = fleeting, very brief, short-livedevince = attest, demonstrate, to show clearly2
  8. 8. Cassette 2 Side A-8Casse tte 2 Side Aexacerbate = worsenexasperate = irritate, vexexecrable = very bad, abominable, utterly detestableexemplary = outstanding, serving as an exampleexhort = strongly urgeexhume = uncover, to remove from a graveexonerate = free from blameexorcise = to expel evil spiritsexpedient = advantageous, convenient, efficientexpiate = atone, make amends forexpunge = erase, eliminate completelyextenuate = To diminish the gravity or importance ofextol = praise highlyextraneous = not essential, unnecessaryextricate = Disentangle, freeexuberant = joyous, happyexude = emit, oozeexult = rejoicefacetious = joking, sarcastic, wittyfacile = very easyfallow = unproductive, unplowedfastidious = meticulous, careful with detailsfathom = understand, to measure the depth offatuous = inane, stupidfealty = Loyaltyfecund = fertile, fruitful, productivefeign = pretend, give a false impressionfetid = foul-smelling, putrid, stinkingfickle = always changing ones mindfidelity = Loyaltyfilch = steal something of little valuefilial = of a son or daughterfitful = irregularflagrant = outrageous, shamelessfledgling = just beginning, strugglingflippant = Having a light, pert, trifling dispositionflorid = ruddy, with too much decorationflout = to show disregard for the law or rulesfoible = weakness, minor faultfoist = palm off a fakefoment = instigatefortuitous = happening by luck, fortunatefoster = encouragefracas = noisy fightfraught = filledfrenetic = harried, neuroticfrond = bending treefulminate = denounce, menacefulsome = excessive, insincere
  9. 9. Cassette 2 Side A-9furtive = stealthygainsay = to denygargantuan = largegarner = gathergarrulous = talkative, loquacious, wordygauche = awkward, crudegenre = kind, categorygibe = heckleglib = insincere mannerglower = stare angrilygoad = encouragegossamer = thin and flimsygouge = overcharge, scoop outgrimace = expression of disgustgrovel = crawl, obeyguile = deceit, trickeryhackneyed = tritehapless = unluckyharangue = a pompous speechharbinger = forerunnerhaughty = arroganthedonis m = the pursuit of pleasure in lifeheinous = shocking, wickedhermetic = airtight, sealedhe w = to cut with an axhiatus = interruptionhone = sharpenillimitable = limitlessimbue = infuse, dye, wetimmure = build a wall aroundimpair = injureimpassive = calm, without feelingimpeccable = faultlessimpecunious = indigent, having no moneyimperious = domineeringimpertinent = insolent, rudeimperturbable = calmimpervious = Impenetrableimpetuous = quick to act without thinkingimplausible = unlikely, inconceivableimpolitic = unwiseimportune = urgent requestimpregnable = totally safe from attackimpugn = criticizeinadvertent = unintentionalinane = vacuous, stupidincandescent = brilliantincarcerate = to put in a jailincendiary = burning easily, flammableinchoate = just begunincipient = beginning to exist
  10. 10. Cassette 2 Side A-10incisive = keen, penetratingincognito = disguisedincommunicado = unable to communicate with othersincontrovertible = Indisputableinculcate = instill, indoctrinate, to teachincumbe nt = obligatory, requiredincursion = raidindict = charge with a crimeindigenous = Nativeindigent = very poorindolent = lazyindomitable = invincible, fearlessindubitable = unquestionableinexorable = relentless, inflexible
  11. 11. Cassette 2 Side B-11Casse tte 2 Side Binfallible = incapable of making a mistakeinfernal = hellishinfirmity = ailment, diseaseingrate = ungrateful personingratiate = pleasing, flattering, endearinginimical = adverse, hostile, unfriendlyinnocuous = Harmlessinnuendo = indirect and subtle criticisminscrutable = cannot be fully understoodinsinuate = to suggest, imply, say indirectlyinsipid = flat, dull, lacking flavorinsolent = insultinginsular = narrow-minded, isolatedinsupe rable = insurmountableinsurgent = rebelliousinsurrection = uprising, rebellioninter = buryinterdict = prohibitinterloper = intruder, meddler in others affairsinterminable = unendinginternecine = mutually destructiveintransigent = uncompromisingintrepid = fearlessinundate = floodinvective = verbal insultinveigh = to rail against, protest stronglyinveterate = habitual, chronic, long-standinginvidious = incurring ill-willirascible = irritableitinerant = Wandering, unsettledjaded = spent, bored with ones situationjuggernaut = unstoppable forcekismet = fateknell = sound of a funeral belllachrymose = tearfullampoon = satirize, to attack with satirelarceny = theft of propertylargess = generous donationlegerdemain = trickerylevity = Frivolity, humorlibertine = one without moral restraintlicentious = lewd, immorallimpid = transparent, clearly understoodlissome (BRITISH = lissom) = agile, supplelithe = moving and bending with easeloathe = abhor, hateloquacious = Talkativelugubrious = sad, sorrowfullurid = glowing, shocking
  12. 12. Cassette 2 Side B-12macabre = gruesomemachination = plot or schememaelstrom = whirlpool, agitated state of mindmalapropis m = comical misuse of a wordmalcontent = one who is forever dissatisfiedmalediction = cursemalefactor = evildoer, culpritmalodorous = fetid, foul-smellingmanifold = multiple, diversemartial = warlike, pertaining to the militarymartinet = strict disciplinarianmasochist = one who enjoys painmaudlin = weepy, sentimentalmave rick = a person who resists adherence to a groupmawkish = sickeningly sentimentalmeander = to wander aimlessly without directionmendicant = beggarme rcurial = changeable, volatile, quickmettle = courage, capacity for braveryminatory = threateningmirth = jollity, laughtermiscreant = one who behaves criminallymissive = letter or notemodicum = a small amountmollify = to calm or make less severemoot = disputable, previously decidedmordant = biting, sarcasticmores = moral standards, customsmoribund = near deathmote = speck, small particlemotley = diverse, many coloredmultifarious = diverse, many-sidedmunificent = generousmyriad = innumerablenascent = incipient, coming into existencenatal = related to birthnecromancy = sorcery, black magicNemesis = implacable foe, often victorious opponentneologism = new word or expressionneophyte = beginnernether = located under or belownettle = irritateniggardly = stingynoisome = harmful, stinkingnonentity = person of no significanceobdurate = unyieldingobeisance = homage, deferenceobfuscate = bewilder, muddle, to confuseoblique = indirectobliterate = destroyobloquy = slander, abusive language
  13. 13. Cassette 2 Side B-13obsequious = fawning, servile, overly submissiveobsequy = funeral ceremonyobstinate = stubbornobstreperous = noisy, unruly, troublesomeobtuse = stupid, dullocclude = block, to shutodious = despicable, hatefulonerous = burdensomeopprobrious = abusive, disgracefulordain = appointossify = hardenostensible = apparent, seemingostentatious = pretentious, showyoverweening = arrogant, forward3
  14. 14. Cassette 3 Side A-14Casse tte 3 Side Apacifist = one who opposes all violencepaean = a song of praisepalave r = babble, nonsensepall = to become dull or wearypalliate = to make less serious, easepallid = pale, sallow, lacking color or livelinesspalpable = touchable, obvious, realpaltry = scarce, pitifully small or worthlesspanache = flamboyance, flairpandemic = spread over a whole area or countrypanegyric = praisepanoply = full suit of armorparagon = model of excellence or perfectionpariah = outcastparley = conference, discussionparry = avert, ward off, reflectpartisan = supporterpathos = emotion, feeling of sadnesspatrician = aristocratpatrimony = inheritance or heritage derived from ones fatherpeccadillo = a minor faultpedagogue = dull, formal teacherpedant = a person who is too interested in formal rules and small unimportant detailspejorative = insulting, having bad connotationspellucid = transparent, easily understoodpenance = voluntary suffering to repent for a wrongpenchant = inclinationpenitent = repentantpensive = sadperdition = damnation, complete ruinpere mptory = dictatorialperennial = enduring, lastingperfidious = treacherous ( of a person )perfunctory = careless, done in a routine wayperipatetic = moving from place to placepernicious = destructivepert = flippant, boldpertinacious = perseveringpertinent = Relevant, applicablephilistine = barbarian, narrow-minded personphlegmatic = sluggish, someone who is calmpillory = punish by ridiculepique = sting, arouse interestpithy = concise, to the pointpittance = alms, trifleplacid = Serene, calmplatitude = trite remark, staleplebeian = common, vulgarplethora = overabundance
  15. 15. Cassette 3 Side A-15poignant = pungent, sharp, emotionally movingpole mic = a controversyportend = omenportly = large, dignifiedpotentate = sovereign, kingprattle = chatter, foolish talkprecept = principle, lawprecipice = cliff, edgeprecipitous = steepprecocious = advancedprecursor = forerunnerpredilection = inclination, preferencepremeditate = plan in advancepreponderance = predominancepreposterous = ridiculous, illogicalpresage = omen, indicate in advanceprivation = lack of usual necessities or comfortsprobity = integrity, complete honestyproclivity = inclination, tendencyprodigal = wastefulprodigious = marvelous, enormousprofligate = licentious, prodigal, corruptprogenitor = ancestorprogeny = childrenprognosis = forecastprognosticate = foretellprolix = long-winded, wordypromontory = headland, capepromulgate = publish, disseminatepropensity = inclinationpropinquity = nearness, kinshippropitiate = satisfy, to win overpropitious = auspicious, favorableprosaic = uninspired, flat, dullproscribe = prohibit, to condemnproselytize (BRITISH = proselytise) = recruit, convertprotean = changing readilyprotract = To prolong, extendprovident = having foresight, thriftyprude = puritanprudent = cautious, carefulprurient = exhibiting lewd desirespuerile = Childishpugnacious = combative, quarrelsomepulchritude = beautypunctilious = careful in observing rules of behavior or ceremonypungent = sharp smell or tastepurport = claim to bepusillanimous = cowardlyquaff = to drink heartilyquagmire = difficult situation
  16. 16. Cassette 3 Side A-16quandary = dilemma, difficultyquell = suppress, allayquerulous = complainingquibble = to argue about insignificant and irrelevant detailsquiescent = still, motionless, at restQuixotic = impractical, romanticraconteur = story tellerrampant = unbridled, ragingrancor (BRITISH = rancour) = resentment, dislikerant = rage, scoldrapacious = grasping, avaricious, greedyrapprochement = reconciliationraze = destroyrecalcitrant = resisting authority or control
  17. 17. Cassette 3 Side B-17Casse tte 3 Side Brecant = retract a statementrecidivism = habitual criminal activityrecondite = known to only a fewrecreant = coward, betrayer of faithrefractory = obstinateregal = royalrelegate = assign to an inferior positionrenege = break a promisereplete = completereprehensible = blameworthy, unacceptablereproach = blamereprobate = morally unprincipled personreprove = to criticize or correctrepudiate = to reject as having no authorityrequie m = rest, a mass for the deadrequite = to return in kindrescind = revoke, cancelrespite = interval or reliefresplendent = shining, splendidrestitution = act of compensating for loss or damagerestive = nervous, uneasyretort = quick replayretrench = reorganize, to regroupretrieve = reclaimretrograde = regressrevelry = merrymakingrevere = honorrevile = to criticize with harsh languagerevulsion = aversionribald = coarse, vulgarrife = widespread, abundantrisque = off-color, racyrostrum = stage for public speakingruminate = reflect uponrustic = ruralsacrosanct = sacredsagacious = wisesallow = sickly yellow in colorsanguine = cheerfulsapient = wise, shrewdsardonic = scornfulsaunte r = walk in a leisurely mannersavant = scholarschism = a division or separationscintilla = very small amountscintillate = sparklescoff = ridiculescurrilous = abusive, insultingsecular = worldly, nonreligious
  18. 18. Cassette 3 Side B-18sedition = treason, resistance to authoritysententious = concise, trying to appear wisesequester = to remove or set apartseraphic = angelic, pureserendipity = making fortunate discoveriesservile = slavish, obedientsimian = monkey likesimper = smile foolishly, smirksinecure = well paid position with little responsibilityskulk = sneak aboutslake = to calm down or moderatesloth = lazinessslovenly = sloppysobriety = composedsobriquet = nicknamesodden = soakedsojourn = trip, visitsolace = consolationsolecism = ungrammatical constructionsolicitous = considerate, concernedsoliloquy = A monologuesolstice = furthest pointsombe r (BRITISH = sombre) = Gloomysomnambulist = sleepwalkersomnolent = Sleepysoporific = sleep inducingsordid = foul, ignoble, dirty and unpleasantspawn = producespecious = false but plausiblesporadic = occurring irregularlysportive = playfulspurn = rejectsqualid = filthystaid = demure, sedate, boringsteadfast = loyal, immovablestentorian = extremely loudstigma = mark of disgracestilted = formal, stiff, unnaturalstoic = indifferent to pain or pleasurestolid = impassivestratagem = trickstricture = negative criticismstultify = inhibit, enfeeblestymie = hinder, thwartsuave = smoothsublimate = to repress impulsessublime = lofty, excellentsubte rfuge = cunning, rusesucculent = juicy, delicioussully = stainsupercilious = arrogant
  19. 19. Cassette 3 Side B-19supplant = replacesurly = rude, crasssurmise = to guesssurmount = overcomesurreptitious = secretivesustenance = supplying the necessities of lifeswarthy = dark (as in complexion)Sybarite = pleasure-seeker, lover of luxurysycophant = flatterer, flunkytaciturn = who does not talk muchtalon = claw of an animaltantamount = equivalenttawdry = gaudy, cheaptemerity = boldness4
  20. 20. Cassette 4 Side A-20Casse tte 4 Side Aample = enough, specious, abundantamplify = enlarge, increase, intensifyancillary = supplementary, subsidiary, subordinateanomaly = deviation from the rule, irregularityartifact (BRITISH = artefact) = an object made by human, of historical interestartisan = a skilled handicraftsmanauthoritarian = dictator, extremely strict, bossyautocrat = dictator or a high ranking government officerbifurcated = divided into two branches, forkedblatant = glaring, obvious, showybountiful = abundant, plentifulbrazen = bold, shameless, impudentbreach = breaking of a rule, agreement, or lawcaricature = cartoon, exaggerated portraitcarnivorous = meat-eatingcatalyst = something that causes change without being changedcentripetal = tending toward the centerchaotic = in utter disorderchauvinist = a man who thinks men are better than womencomplement = To make complete, perfectcomposure = Calmness of appearancecompress = to reduce, squeezeconstituent = electorate, component, partconstraint = something that limits what you can docorrelation = mutual relationship, associationcorrugate = to wrinkle or draw into foldsdepose = testify, to remove from a high positiondepreciate = To lessen the worth ofdeterminate = Definitely limited or fixed, conclusivedexterous = skillful, adroitdwindle = To diminish or become lessearthy = crudeentity = being, existenceequity = impartiality, justiceequivocal = Ambiguous, open to two interpretationseulogy = high praiseexotic = Foreign, romanticextemporaneous = unrehearsedfabricate = constructfallible = Capable of erringfelicitous = very appropriate, pertinentflair = a natural aptitudeflaunt = to show offflora = plantsfraudulent = Counterfeitfusion = union, coalitiongerminate = To begin to develop into an embryo or higher formheterogeneous = composed of unlike parts, differenthypothetical = theoretical, speculative
  21. 21. Cassette 4 Side A-21immune = Exempt, as from diseaseimprudent = unwiseinception = The beginninginconsequential = Valuelessindefatigable = never getting tiredindicative = suggestive, implyingindisputable = not disputed, unquestionedinfantile = childish, immatureingenuous = naïve and unsophisticatedinjurious = harmfulinnovate = to invent, modernizeintegrity = decency, honest, wholenessintermittent = starting and stoppingintrospective = looking within oneselfintrovert = To turn withininvoke = request assistance or protectioniota = A small mark or partirreverent = disrespectfuljaundice = disease of yellowish discoloration of skinlackluster (BRITISH = lacklustre) = dull, dreary, colorlesslaudable = Praiseworthylexicon = A dictionarylitigation = lawsuitlunar = related to the moonluscious = Rich, sweet, and deliciousmetaphor = figure of speech comparing two different thingsmicrocos m = The world on a small scalemigratory = Wandering from place to place with the seasonsmishap = Misfortunemne monic = related to memorymonotony = A lack of variationomnivorous = eating everythingopportunist = One who takes advantage of circumstancesorifice = a small openingovert = open to viewparadox = seemingly in contradictionparasite = one who lives at anothers expensepatent = the right to make or sell a new inventionpediatrician (BRITISH = paediatrician) = a child doctorperusal = reading carefullyplenitude = Abundancepolyglot = Speaking several tonguespropagate = To spreadreactionary = related to, or favoring reactionreciprocate = To give and take mutuallyregimen = government rule, systematic planrehabilitate = To restore to a former statusre miniscence = remembrance of past eventsrenegade = rebel, dissidentresilient = the quality of springing backretroactive = applying to an earlier time
  22. 22. Cassette 4 Side A-22sensual = related to the physical sensesstrident = rough, harsh, caustic, loudsubliminal = subconscious, imperceptiblesuperannuated = retired
  23. 23. Cassette 4 Side B-23Casse tte 4 Side Bsuperficial = shallow and phonysupple = Easily bentsynchronous = happening at the same timetainted = contaminated, corrupttalis man = an object supposed to bring good lucktheocracy = government by the prieststherapeutic = medicinaltortuous = with bends or turnstranscend = To surpasstrans mute = To change in nature or formtribute = a gift or statement showing respectturbulence = violent agitationunobtrusive = inconspicuous, not blatantvent = small opening, outletverisimilitude = appearance of being trueversatile = adaptable, all-purposevicarious = substitute, surrogateviscous = sticky, gluey, thickwarranty = guarantee of a products soundnesswax = increase, growweather = endure the effects of weather or other forcesyoke = join together, unitetemporal = limited by time, secular, not lasting forevertenacious = persistenttendentious = biasedtenet = doctrine, principletensile = capable of being stretchedtenuous = thin, insubstantialtepid = lukewarmterse = concise, brieftether = tie down, tie with a ropethrall = slavethwart = to block or prevent from happeningtimorous = fearful, timidtirade = scolding speechtoady = fawner, sycophanttorpid = lethargic, inactivetransient = fleeting, temporarytranslucent = clear, lucid, almost transparenttravesty = caricature, farce, parodytrenchant = incisive, penetratingtrepidation = feartrite = commonplace, insinceretruculent = fierce, savage, tending to argue a lottruism = self-evident truthtryst = meeting, rendezvoustumult = commotionturbid = muddy, cloudedturgid = Swollen, not flowing
  24. 24. Cassette 4 Side B-24turpitude = Depravity, eviltyro = beginnerumbrage = resentmentunctuous = insincereunkempt = messy in appearanceunsullied = spotlessusurp = seize, to appropriateusury = overcharge, lending money at illegal rates of interestvacillate = To wavervacuous = inane, empty, not showing intelligence or purposevapid = vacuous, insipidvenal = willing to do wrong for moneyvendetta = grudge, feudvenerable = respected because of ageverdant = green, lushvex = annoy, to irritatevicissitude = changing fortunesvie = competevignette = scene, decorative designvilify = defamevindicate = free from blamevirile = manlyvirulent = deadly, poisonousvitiate = spoil, ruinvitriolic = scathing, burningvociferous = adamant, clamoringvolition = free willvoluminous = bulky, extensive, or great quantitywallow = indulge, luxuriatewan = sickly palewane = dissipate, witherwary = guarded, carefulwelte r = confusion, hodgepodgewhet = stimulate, to sharpenwily = shrewd, cleverwinsome = charmingwizened = shriveledwraith = ghostwry = twisted, amusingzephyr = gentle breeze, west wind5
  25. 25. Cassette 5 Side A-25Casse tte 5 Side Aamphibian = creature that lives on land and wateranachronis m = Anything occurring or existing out of its proper timeangular = Sharp-cornered or sharp angledanthropomorphous = Nonhuman having or resembling human form or qualityapothegm = a short sayingappraise = assess, evaluate the valuearable = suitable for cultivationasperity = roughness of temperassay = to analyze or estimateaudit = formal examination of final recordsaugury = prophecy or prediction of eventsaver = to declare to be trueaversion = intense dislikeaviary = cage where birds are keptbanter = to tease playfully and in good humorbeatific = supremely happy, angelic, saintlybenighted = un enlightenedbenison = Blessingblanch = bleach, whiten, to take the color outbludgeon = to hit someone several times with a heavy objectbolster = To support or make something strongburnish = To make brilliant or shiningcanny = clever and able to think quickly, especially about money or businesscarnal = of the flesh, sensualcarp = to find faults, complain constantlycavalcade = a procession or sequencecelerity = quick moving or actingcession = Surrender, as of possessions or rightschamp = to chew noisilychastise = to criticize or punish someonechattel = piece of personal propertychurlish = rude, ungraciouscircumscribe = To confine within boundsclairvoyant = who can see the future, having ESPcollate = to sort or put in proper ordercomplaisant = Agreeable, friendlyconsequential = importantcontumacious = rebelliouscuisine = cookery, style of cookingculmination = climax, final stagecurator = in charge of a library or museumdaunt = to frighten, subduedeclivity = a place that declines or slopes downwardsderanged = insane, delirious, maniacalderivative = copied or adapted, not originaldescry = To discern, to discover or revealdiffidence = shyness, lack of confidencedirge = lament with music, funeral hymndiscomfit = To put to confusion, discomfort
  26. 26. Cassette 5 Side A-26discordant = harsh-sounding, badly out of tunedissimulate = to disguisedistaff = the female branch of a familydolt = a stupid persondomineer = to rule over something in a tyrannical waydoughty = brave, dauntlessdross = waste matter, worthless impuritiesdyspeptic = suffering from indigestion, gloomy and irritableeffluvium = noxious smellseffusive = expressing emotion without restraintelation = exhilaration, joyeloquence = fluent and effective speechemollient = cream for softening, making suppleensconce = to hide safely, settle comfortablyenunciate = verbalize, articulateepilogue = The close of a narrative or poemepitome = A simplified representationequestrian = one who rides on horsebackexcoriate = to denounceexculpate = to clear of blame or faultexpatiate = to discuss in detail, elaborateexpatriate = who does not live in ones own countryexpurgate = to purify by removing obscenitiesextrinsic = not inherent or essential, coming from withoutextrovert = an outgoing personfell = to chop, cut downfervid = fervent, passionatefetter = to restrain, to bindfinicky = meticulous, fussyfissure = a crack or breakflaccid = limp, flabby, weakflamboyant = Characterized by extravagancefluster = confuseforbearance = Patient endurance or toleration of offensesforte = A strong pointfractious = wayward, unruly, disorderlyfrenzied = feverishly fast, hecticfunereal = mournful, appropriate to a funeralgall = bitterness, nervegambol = Playful leaping or friskinggaunt = thin, emaciatedgustatory = relevant to the sense of tastinghallow = to make holyhoary = white, oldholocaust = widespread destructionignominious = Shamefulimpious = not devout in religionimplacable = doubtful, dubiousimprovident = lacking foresight or thriftincarnadine = blood-red in colorindenture = bound to another by contract
  27. 27. Cassette 5 Side A-27interstice = a small space between thingsiridescent = showing many colorsjettison = to throw overboard, abandonjingois m = extremely aggressive and militant patriotismlackadaisical = Listless, idlelanguor = Lassitude of body or depressionlapidary = relating to precious stoneslatitude = freedom from narrow limitationslionize = treat as a celebrityloiter = dawdle, loaflull = moment of calm
  28. 28. Cassette 5 Side B-28Casse tte 5 Side Bmaritime = Situated on or near the seamegalomania = mental state with delusions of wealth and powermendacious = Untrueme retricious = Alluring by false or gaudy showmolt = to shed hair, skin periodicallymonastic = related to monksmorbid = abnormally gloomynaiveté = a lack of worldly wisdomnihilism = a belief in nothing, extreme skepticismnomadic = moving from place to placenon sequitur = an irrelevant conclusionnuptial = relating to marriageobjurgate = to chide, scoldopalescent = iridescent, displaying colorsornithologist = scientist who studies birdsorotund = pompously saidpalette = board for mixing paintspastiche = imitation of anothers stylepatricide = murder of ones own fatherpeculation = theft of money or goodspedime nt = triangular gable on a roof or façadepenumbra = partial shadow in an eclipsepermeable = penetrablephilology = study of wordsplaintiff = injured person in a lawsuitplangent = plaintive, resounding sadlypolitic = expedient, prudent, well devisedpotable = suitable for drinkingpresentiment = sense of forebodingprimordial = existing at the beginning, rudimentarypummel = beat, attackputrid = dirty, rottenquintessence = The most essential part of anythingrams hackle = dilapidated, falling to piecesratiocination = reasoningraucous = Harsh soundingravenous = extremely hungryrectitude = moral uprightnessrefectory = dining hallre mediable = capable of being correctedre monstrate = to protest or objectretinue = group of attendantsrococo = ornate, highly decoratedroil = to disturb or cause disordersalubrious = healthyserenity = calm, peacefulnessserrated = toothed, with a zigzag edgesinuous = Curving in and outslough = to discard or shed
  29. 29. Cassette 5 Side B-29sluggard = lazy, inactive personsophist = person good at arguing deviouslysophomoric = immature and overconfidentstaccato = marked by abrupt, clear-cut soundssuccinct = Concisesynthetic = artificial, imitationthrenody = a sad poem or song, dirgetre mulous = trembling, fearfultundra = treeless plain found in Arctic or sub arctic regionsupbraid = to scold sharplyvagrant = An idle wanderervariegated = many-coloredvaunted = boasted, braggedveracious = truthful, accurateverity = Truthvernal = related to springwrangle = loud quarrel6
  30. 30. Cassette 6 Side A-30Casse tte 6 Side Aabase = lower, humiliateabash = humiliate, embarrassabdicate = give up power or positionabeyance = postponement, temporary suspensionabhor = detest, loatheabjure = renounce, to formally reject or abandonablution = cleansing, washingabortive = unsuccessful, interruptive while incompleteabrogate = cancel, to abolish by authorityabsolve = acquit, to forgive or free from blameabstruse = difficult to comprehendabut = touch, border onabysmal = deficient, sub paraccede = yield, express approval, agree toacclimate = accustom oneself to a climateacclivity = ascent, inclineaccolade = applause, praiseaccost = to approach and speak to someoneaccoute r (BRITISH = accoutre) = equipacme = summit, highest pointacquiesce = to agree, comply passivelyacrid = harsh, bitter, pungent, causticacrimonious = caustic, bitteractuate = induce, startacumen = sharpness of insightadamant = insistent, uncompromising, unyieldingadduce = offer as exampleadjunct = addition, something added, attached, or joinedadmonish = warn gently, caution, or reprimandadroit = skillful, accomplished, highly competentadulation = applause, high praiseadvent = arrivaladventitious = accidentalaegis = that which protectsaffect = influenceaffray = public brawlagape = openmouthed, wonderaggrandize = exaggerate, to make larger or greater in poweraghast = horrifiedalacrity = swiftness, speed, cheerful willingness, eagernessallay = to reassure; to lessen, ease, or sootheallege = assert without proofallegory = fable, symbolic representationalliteration = repetition of the same soundallude = refer to indirectlyamenable = agreeableamiss = wrong, out of placeamity = Friendshipamorous = strongly attracted to love; showing love
  31. 31. Cassette 6 Side A-31amorphous = shapelessamortize = to diminish by installment paymentsamuck = murderous frenzyanarchist = terroristanimadversion = critical remarkanimus = hateannals = historical recordsapocalyptic = ominous, doomedapoplexy = strokeappall (BRITISH = appal) = horrifyapparition = phantomappellation = title, nameapposite = aptapropos = Appropriatearbiter = judgearchetype = original modelargot = slangaria = operatic songarray = arrangementarroyo = gullyartifice = trickaseptic = sterileatelier = workshopavuncular = like an uncleazure = sky bluebadger = To pesterbadinage = banter, teasing conversationbagatelle = nonentity, triflebandy = discuss lightlybard = poetbaroque = ornatebask = take pleasure in, sunbauble = A trinket, triflebeatitude = state of blissbegrudge = resent, envybeholden = in debtbereft = deprived ofbeset = harass, surroundbesmirch = slander, sullybicame ral = having two legislative branchesbivouac = encampmentblase = bored with lifebode = portendbogus = forged, falsebrackis h = saltybucolic = rusticburlesque = farcecache = hiding placecadaverous = haggardcallow = inexperiencedcanine = pertaining to dogs
  32. 32. Cassette 6 Side A-32captious = fond of finding fault in otherscarafe = bottlecardinal = chief
  33. 33. Cassette 6 Side B-33Casse tte 6 Side Bcarrion = decaying fleshcascade = small waterfallcasuistry = clever argument to trick peoplecaute rize (BRITISH = cauterise) = to searchafe = abradechaste = pure, virginchasten = castigateciphe r = zerocleft = splitclique = a small groupcloven = splitcodicil = supplement to a willcogitate = pondercognizant = awarecohere = To stick togethercohort = an associatecomport = to conduct oneselfconch = spiral shellconcordat = Agreementcondescend = patronize, talk down to, to treat someone as though you are bettercondime nt = seasoningcondolence = sympathy for the family or friends of a person who has recently diedconiferous = bearing conesconsort = spousecontagion = infectious agentcontingent = conditionalcontort = twistcontrove rt = disputecordon = bond, chaincorollary = consequencecorpulent = fatcortege = processioncoruscate = sparklecovenant = agreement, pactcrestfallen = dejectedcrevice = crackcruet = small bottlecull = pick out, selectculve rt = draincurry = seek favor by flatterycynosure = celebritydank = dampdauntless = courageousdeadpan = expressionlessdebonair = sophisticated, affabledecant = pourdecrepitude = enfeeblementdefamation = slanderdeflect = turn aside
  34. 34. Cassette 6 Side B-34defray = paydeign = condescenddelirium = mental confusion, ecstasydelve = dig, explore (of ideas)demeanor (BRITISH = demeanour) = behaviordemented = derangeddemure = sedate, reserveddenizen = dwellerdenouement = resolutiondeposition = testimonydepredation = preying on, plunderderelict = negligentdesolate = forsakendesuetude = disusedialectic = pertaining to debatediminution = Reductiondisconcert = confusediscretion = prudencedishevel = mussdisinter = unearthdisinterested = Impartialdisputatious = fond of arguingdisquisition = elaborate treatisedissolute = profligate, immoraldissonance = Discorddistrait = preoccupied, absent-mindeddoggerel = poor versedolorous = gloomydregs = residue, riffraffdrone = speak in a monotonic voiceduenna = governessecclesiastical = churchlyeclat = brillianceeduce = draw forth, evokeeffete = worn outeffusion = pouring forthelegiac = sademblazon = imprint, brandembryonic = rudimentaryemeritus = retired, but retaining titleenamored (BRITISH = enamoured) = charmed, captivatedenclave = area enclosed within another regionengross = captivateepoch = eraescapade = adventureeviscerate = disembowelex officio = by virtue of positionexcision = removalexegesis = interpretationexigency = urgencyexiguous = scanty
  35. 35. Cassette 6 Side B-35expletive = oathextant = existingextirpate = seek out and destroyextrude = force outfacet = aspectfactious = causing disagreementfactitious = artificialfactotum = handymanfaux pas = false step, mistakefebrile = feverish, deliriousferment = turmoilferret = rummage throughfervor (BRITISH = fervour) = intensityfester = decay7
  36. 36. Cassette 7 Side A-36Casse tte 7 Side Afestive = joyousfete = to honorfiat = decreefirebrand = agitatorflagellate = whipflail = whipforay = raidfortitude = patience, couragefret = worryfritter = squanderfrivolity = playfulnessfruition = realization, completiongalvanize = excite to actiongamut = rangegarnis h = decorategenealogy = ancestrygenesis = beginninggenuflect = kneel in reverenceghastly = horribleglean = gathergnome = dwarf-like beinggorge = stuff, satiategory = bloodygrapple = strugglegrisly = gruesomeguffaw = laughtergusto = Keen enjoymentguttural = throatyhaggard = gaunthalcyon = serenehale = healthyhamper = obstructharbor (BRITISH = harbour) = give shelter, concealharridan = hag or an ugly old womanharry = harassheedless = carelesshegira = a journey to a more pleasant placehibernal = wintryhistrionic = overly dramatichomily = sermonhorde = grouphortatory = inspiring good deedshovel = shanty, cabinhoyden = tomboy, boisterous girlhubris = arrogancehummock = knoll, moundhumus = soilichthyology = study of fishidyllic = natural, picturesque
  37. 37. Cassette 7 Side A-37immolate = sacrificeimpale = pierceimpetus = stimulus, sparkimpinge = encroach, touchimponde rable = difficult to estimateimprimatur = sanctionimpunity = exemption from harmimpute = chargeinalienable = that which cannot be taken awayincantation = chantincapacitate = disableinclement = harshincriminate = accuseincubus = nightmareineffable = inexpressibleineluctable = inescapableinfidel = nonbelieverinflux = inflowinfraction = violationinimitable = peerlessiniquitous = unjust, wickedinopportune = untimelyinordinate = excessiveinsensate = without feelinginsouciant = nonchalantinsubordinate = disobedientintegument = a coveringinveigle = lureirresolute = hesitant, uncertainje june = barrenjostle = push, brush againstken = range of comprehensionknave = con manknead = massagelacerate = tear, cutlackey = servantlaity = laymenlambent = softly radiantlave = washlax = loose, carelesslectern = reading desklimn = portray, describelitany = listlitotes = understatement for emphasislout = goonlupine = wolf-likeluxuriant = lushmaim = injuremanacle = shacklemarauder = plunderermasticate = chew
  38. 38. Cassette 7 Side A-38matriarch = matronmaul = rough upmausoleum = tombmayhe m = mutilationmedley = mixturemelee = riotmellifluous = sweet soundingmenial = humble, degradingmete = distributemiasma = toxinmien = appearance, demeanorminion = subordinateminutiae = triviamire = marsh
  39. 39. Cassette 7 Side B-39Casse tte 7 Side Bmiscegenation = intermarriage between racesmiscellany = mixture of itemsmodish = chicmolten = meltedmonolithic = large and uniformmortify = humiliatemottled = spottedmountebank = charlatanmuffle = stifle, quietmulct = defraudmuse = pondermuster = to gather ones forcesnoncommittal = neutral, circumspectnonplus = bring to a halt by confusionnubile = marriageablenugatory = useless, worthlessoaf = awkward personobelisk = tall column, monumentobituary = eulogyoblation = offering, sacrificeobliquity = perversityodoriferous = pleasant odoroffal = inedible parts of a butchered animaloffertory = church collectionogle = flirtonus = burdenopprobrium = disgraceopus = literary work of musical compositionorison = prayerpaleontologist (BRITISH = palaeontologist) = one who studies fossilspalpitate = beat, throbpandemonium = din, commotionpander = cater to peoples baser instinctspantomime = mimepapyrus = paperparamour = loverparapet = rampart, defenseparoxys m = outburst, convulsionparsimonious = stingyparvenu = newcomer, social climberpasse = outmodedpastoral = rusticpeculate = embezzle, stealpedantic = bookishpell-mell = in a confused mannerpenurious = stingyperegrination = wanderingperforce = by necessityperigee = point when moon is nearest to the earth
  40. 40. Cassette 7 Side B-40perjury = lyingperoration = conclusion of an orationpetrify = calcify, shockpetty = trivialpetulant = irritable, peevishpicaresque = roguish, adventurouspied = mottled, brindledpiquant = tart-tasting, spicyplatonic = nonsexualplebiscite = referendumplumb = measurepolity = methods of governmentpoltroon = cowardportend = signify, augurprate = babblepreamble = introductionpreternatural = abnormalprim = formal, prudishprimogeniture = first-born childprimp = groomproboscis = snoutprod = urgeprofusion = overabundancepropellant = rocket fuelprophylactic = preventivepropound = proposeproscenium = platform, rostrumprosody = study of poetic structureprovender = dry food, fodderproviso = stipulationpuissant = strongpurblind = obtuse, dim-sightedpurgatory = limbo, netherworldpurloin = To stealpurvie w = range, understandingputative = reputedquail = shrink, cowerquaint = old-fashionedqualms = misgivingsquarry = prey, gamequay = wharfqueasy = squeamishquip = jokequirk = eccentricityquizzical = oddquorum = majority8
  41. 41. Cassette 8 Side A-41Casse tte 8 Side Arabid = mad, furiousraiment = clothingrankle = cause bitterness, resentmentrealm = kingdom, domainreconnaissance = surveillancerecrimination = countercharge, retaliationrecumbent = recliningredolent = fragrantredoubtable = formidable, steadfastredundant = repetitiousreek = smellrefraction = bending, deflectionregale = entertainre miss = Negligentre mnant = residue, fragmentre morse = guiltrend = to tear apartrender = deliver, providerendezvous = a meetingrendition = version, interpretationreparation = amends, atonementrepartee = witty conversationrepellent = causing aversionrepercussion = consequencerepine = fretreprieve = temporary suspensionreprimand = rebukereprisal = retaliationretaliate = revengeretribution = reprisalreverent = respectfulreverie = daydreamrigor = harshnessrime = white frostrisible = laughableroseate = rosy, optimisticroster = list of peoplerout = vanquishrubicund = ruddy, having healthy reddish colorruffian = brutal person, bullyrummage = huntruse = tricksacerdotal = priestlysalutary = good, wholesomesanctimonious = self-righteoussang-froid = coolness under firesanguinary = gory, murderoussapid = interestingsarcophagus = stone coffin
  42. 42. Cassette 8 Side A-42sartorial = pertaining to clothessate = satisfy fullysaturnine = gloomysatyr = demigod, goat-mansavoir-faire = tact, polishsavor (BRITISH = savour) = enjoyscarify = criticizescurry = move brisklyscuttle = to sinksebaceous = like fatseclusion = solitudesedulous = diligentseethe = fume, resentsemblance = likenesssenescence = old agesepulcher (BRITISH = sepulchre) = tombsequacious = eager to follow, ductileserried = saw-toothedshibboleth = passwordshoal = reefshre w = viragosidereal = pertaining to the starssinewy = fibrous, stringyskinflint = miserskittish = excitableskullduggery (BRITISH = skulduggery) = trickeryslande r = defamesleight = dexterityslithe r = slidesmattering = superficial knowledgesmirk = smug looksnivel = whinesolvent = financially soundsomatic = pertaining to the bodyspasmodic = intermittentspate = sudden outpouringspectral = ghostlysplenetic = peevishspry = nimblespume = foamstanza = division of a poemstoke = prod, fuelstratum = layerstupor = lethargysub rosa = in secretsubstantiate = verify
  43. 43. Cassette 8 Side B-43Casse tte 8 Side Bsubstantive = substantialsuccor (BRITISH = succour) = help, comfortsuccumb = yield, submitsuffuse = pervade, permeatesultry = swelteringsunder = splitsundry = varioussupernume rary = subordinatesuture = surgical stitchsylvan = rustictantalize = teasetaper = candletarn = small laketarry = lingertaurine = bull-liketaut = tight, stretchedtemperate = moderatetempo = speedtentative = provisionaltenure = status given after a period of timeterrapin = turtletesty = petulantthespian = actorthroes = anguishthrong = crowdtimbre = tonal quality, resonanceTitanic = hugetithe = donate one-tenthtitular = in name only, figureheadtocsin = alarm bell, signaltouchstone = standardtraduce = slandertravail = work, drudgerytribunal = courttroglodyte = cave dwellertruckle = yieldtutelage = guardianshiptyranny = oppressionunassuming = modestuncouth = uncultured, crudeundulate = surge, fluctuateuniformity = samenessunsavory (BRITISH = unsavoury) = distasteful, offensiveunscathed = unhurtunseemly = unbecoming, improperuntenable = cannot be achievedursine = bear-likeuxorious = a doting husbandvagary = whim
  44. 44. Cassette 8 Side B-44vainglorious = conceitedvalor (BRITISH = valour) = braveryvanguard = leading positionvassal = subjectvehement = adamantveneer = false front, façadevenial = excusableventuresome = bold, riskyviand = foodvictuals = foodvisage = facial expressionviscid = thick, gummyvitreous = glassyvituperative = abusivevotary = fan, aficionadovouchsafe = confer, bestowvulpine = fox-likewaggish = playfulwastrel = spendthriftwaylay = ambushwean = remove from nursing, break a habitwheedle = coaxwhimsical = capriciouswince = cringewinnow = separatewither = shrivelwont = customwrath = anger, furywreak = inflictwrest = snatchwrithe = contortyen = desireyore = long ago9
  45. 45. Cassette 9 Side A-45Casse tte 9 Side Aaberration = different from normal or usualabettor = encouragerabnegation = repudiation, self-sacrificeabominate = to hateabrade = to rub off a surfaceabstemious = Characterized by self denial or abstinenceaccretion = grow in size or increase in amountacerbity = bitterness of speech or temperacetic = related to vinegaracidulous = sour in taste or manneracquiescence = Passive consentacquittal = release from blame (as by a court)actuarial = calculatingacuity = sharpnessaddiction = compulsive, habitual needaddle = To make inefficient or unable to thinkadjuration = solemn urgingadjure = to request solemnlyadmonition = Genteelly point out mistakeagility = nimblenessagitation = excitement, uneasinessalimentary = supplying nourishmentallure = appeal, attractallusion = indirect referencealluvial = soil deposits left by riversamalgamate = To mix or join together to become oneamazon = female warriorambrosia = food of the Greek gods that provided immortal youth & beauty, anything sweet and pleasingandirons = metal supports in a fireplaceanneal = to gradually heat and cool in order to soften, reduce brittlenessannuity = An annual payment or incomeantecede = To precedeanthropoid = manlikeapiary = A place where bees are keptapogee = The climaxapothecary = One who keeps drugs for sale and puts up prescriptionsappurtenances = subordinate possessionsaquiline = like an eagle, bent, booked, curvedarcade = a roofed passage between shopsarchaeology = the study of ancient cultures by looking for and examining their buildings, toolsaromatic = fragrantarrant = Notoriously badasceticism = doctrine of self-denialassessment = estimationastronomical = enormously large or extensiveathwart = across, oppositionaureole = suns corona, haloauroral = pertaining to the aurora borealis
  46. 46. Cassette 9 Side A-46auscultation = act of listening to the heart or lungs to discover abnormalitiesausterity = quality of being self disciplinedbaffle = to frustrate or unable to understandbandanna = large, bright-colored handkerchiefbarb = sharp projection from fishhookbarrage = a lot of questions or criticismbarte r = to give in exchange rather than paying moneybassoon = reed instrument of the woodwind familybate = let down, restrainbawdy = indecent, obscenebedizen = dress with vulgar finerybedraggle = wet thoroughlybefuddle = confuse thoroughlybehoove = to be fit, to be rightbenignant = Benevolent in feeling, characterbereavement = state of being deprived of something valuable or belovedbete noire = aversionbetrothal = Engagement to marrybibulous = Fond of drinkingbigotry = discrimination, prejudiceblasphe mous = profane, impiousblazon = print or decorate something in a very noticeable wayblurt = to say something suddenly and without thinking, especially when you are excited or nervousbooris h = Rudebouillon = clear beef soupBowdlerize = To expurgate in editingbraggadocio = someone who boastsbrazier = An open pan or basin for holding live coalsbrindled = tawny or grayish with streaks or spotsbrittle = Fragilebrocade = rich, gaudy fabricbrooch = a piece of jewelry for women which is fastened onto clothes with a pinbuffoone ry = coarse jokes, etcbugaboo = bugbear, object of baseless terrorbumptious = full of offensive self-conceitbungle = to do something wrong in a very careless or stupid waybuskin = thick-soled half boot worn by actors of Greek tragedybuxom = plump, vigorous, jollycameo = when someone famous appears for a short time in a film or playcanker = any ulcerous sore, any evilcanto = part of an extended poemcaparison = showy harnesser, ornamentation for a horsecaprice = A whimcarillon = a set of bells capable of being playedcarmine = rich redcarousal = To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial mannercarte blanche = complete freedom to do what you wantcaryatid = sculptured column of a female figurecaste = one of the hereditary classes in Hindu societycatapult = slingshot
  47. 47. Cassette 9 Side A-47catechis m = book for religious instructioncensor = to prohibit publication by lawcentaur = mythical figure, half man and half horsecerebration = thoughtchaff = worthless products of an endeavorchas m = a long, deep, narrow hole in rock or icechiropodist = one who treats disorders of the feetchivalrous = courteous to ladies
  48. 48. Cassette 9 Side B-48Casse tte 9 Side Bciliated = having minute hairs, one-celled animalcirclet = small ring, bandclangor (BRITISH = clangour) = loud, resounding noiseclarion = shrill, trumpet like soundclavicle = collarboneclimactic = relating to the highest pointclime = region, climatecoadjutor = assistant, colleaguecockade = decoration worn on hatcoeval = living at the same time as contemporarycog = a spoke in a wheel, a small and unimportant personcohesion = consistencycolande r = utensil with perforated bottom used for strainingcollage = a picture made by sticking small pieces of paper or other materialscollie r = worker in coal mine, ship carrying coalcolossal = hugecomely = a woman who is attractive in appearancecomestible = something fit to be eatencomeuppance = rebuke, ones deserved fate or punishmentcomity = courteousness, civilityconclave = private meetingcondign = adequate, deservedly severeconnivance = pretence of ignorance of something wrong, assistance or permission to offendconnubial = related to marriage or matrimonycormorant = greedy, rapacious birdcornice = a decorative border around the walls of a room close to the ceilingcorsair = pirate shipcovetous = very desirous of something, avaricious, greedycoy = shy, modestcozen = cheat, hoodwink, swindlecrabbed = sour, peevishcredo = a set of beliefscrepuscular = pertaining to twilightcrone = hagcrotchet = a fancy, a whim, an eccentricitycul-de-sac = a blind alley, a trapdappled = spotteddastard = A base cowarddaub = to paint carelessly, to smeardawdle = to waste time by trifling, to move slowlydebenture = bond issued to secure a loandecollete = having a low-necked dressdecrepit = Enfeebled, as by old age or some chronic infirmitydeducible = derived by reasoningdefalcate = to misuse money put in trustdefection = desertiondeify = To regard as a goddeliquescent = capable of absorbing moisture from air and becoming liquiddelusion = Mistaken conviction
  49. 49. Cassette 9 Side B-49delusive = deceptive, raising vain hopesdemesne = domaindemolition = destructiondemoniacal = related to evil spirits, devilishdenotation = the exact literary meaning of a word, designation, definitiondepilate = remove hairderision = Ridiculedermatologist = one who studies the skin and its diseasesdescant = discuss fullydesideratum = that which is desireddespoil = to bereave, rob, plunder, strip of possessionsdespotism = Any severe and strict ruledetergent = cleansing agentdetonation = explosiondevolve = to roll down, to hand downdiade m = crowndint = means, effortdipsomaniac = a person having an uncontrollable desire for alcohol, inebriatedisapprobation = rejection, disapprovaldisavowal = Denialdishabille = in a state of undressdishearten = discourage, lose spiritdis member = cut into small partsdisport = amusedissuasion = advise againstdive rgent = Tending in different directionsdivination = The forecast of future events or discovery of what is lost or hiddendocket = a list of cases to be dealt withdoddering = shaky, infirm from old agedoff = take offdorsal = belonging to the back side, posterior, taildouse = to plunge into water, to extinguishdowdy = slovenly, untidydrudgery = Hard and constant work in any dull occupationdurance = confinementeclipse = The obstruction of Sun by moon, or of moon by eartheerie = weirdefflorescent = opening in flowerelusory = tending to deceive expectationselysian = relating to paradise, blissfulemanate = to express a feeling or quality through the way one looksemendation = corrections of errorsemetic = a medicine that causes vomitingemolument = salary or fees for a job, remuneration, pay scaleempyreal = celestial, fieryencomiastic = praising, eulogistic
  50. 50. Cassette 9 Side B-50 1 0 What is the Biggest Problem with Vocab and Why Even Serious, Hard Working Students Fail to Build Huge Vocab Required to Score High in GRE? Here it is: Becoming Familiar with New Uncommon and Unusual GRE Words is Easy, But Still Remembering Them After a Few Weeks is Extremely DifficultThe biggest problem is that though it is relatively easy to learn new words at home orin coaching classes, it is very very difficult to memorize the words and rememberafter a few weeks/months.Even the best coaching classes fail to put 4,000 to 4,500 words in the long-termmemory of your mind because they do not specialize in mind power and mindtechnologies. The best they can do, no matter how hard they work, is to prepare agood book offering you word lists and then motivate you to repeatedly read the wordlists in different ways many many times over several months and hope that youremember many of the words.But, you cannot blame the coaching institutes because it is not their fault. It is thenature of our mind, which is simply not capable of remembering many uncommonand odd words just by reading word lists a few times and you know there is not a lotof time to revise many many many times.If you are concerned or worried about memorizing vocab, you are not alone--almostevery student faces the same problem. Despite my hard work for over a year, I myselfgot only 20% in Verbal, though I got 97% in Quantitative in GRE (see my GREscore card below), so I know how one can feel.My wife, Dr Anju Bapna, who is a medical doctor, took GMAT exam in USA foradmission to MBA. To get a good score, she took classroom coaching in Californiafrom Kaplan, which is worlds number one coaching institute for GMAT training. Thefee was about $1,200. The Kaplan coaching proved ineffective and it totally failed to
  51. 51. Cassette 9 Side B-51help her improve vocab for the GMAT exam. She was just lucky to get admission toMBA she wanted. In fact, this coaching experience of her was what motivated me todevelop the Vocab-Builder Mind Machine on our return to India.“Vocab-Builder Mind Machine is Becoming More and More PopularAmong GRE, SAT, CAT, GMAT Aspirants Because Good Coaching Alone is Not Enough for Vocab”As you already know, Indian students tend to score high in Maths but low in Englishpart. The main reason for low score in Verbal is not knowing the vocab well whichmakes it much harder to answer questions correctly. Most of us in India are not sogood in English vocab even if we have studied in English schools.GRE is also like a competition, where you get percentile (meaning you are better thanso many of the students). So, you need to find various ways, both small and big, ifpossible unique and not-yet-common ways, to gain "unfair advantage" and get aheadof others and win the race.A competition is like a race where only certain number of students get success andremaining fail. Mind Machine is kind of like being on an airplane when others in therace are on bikes, cars or cycles. Guess who will win such an unfair race?The mind machine provides one way to gain such "unfair advantage" because it putswords into your mind effortlessly. You perhaps realize that toppers are not two timesas intelligent as others and that toppers don’t study two times as many hours as othersper day, but knowingly or unknowingly they use more mind power. “Using mindpower” is the missing link in our education system and that makes the differencebetween success and failure. "Vocab-Builder Mind Machine: New Way to Memorize Vocab for GRE" Vocab-Builder Mind Machine (GRE) It consists of Mind Machine Player, ten pencil cells, 30 vocab cassettes with 5,871 words and vocabulary books in 3 beautiful spiral-bound volumes.Now, the new Vocab-Builder Mind Machine makes it possible to memorize vocab:All you have to do is close your eyes, relax, and listen to Mind Machine Cassettes onMind Machine Player, and you memorize 3 to 7 times faster. In addition to
  52. 52. Cassette 9 Side B-52 memorizing words quickly, you also become better in English usage, pronunciation, and fluency, which builds self-confidence. B.E. (BITS Pilani), M.Tech. (IIT Kgp) Former Intel engineer in USAwww.MindPowerIndia.com/mindmachinelab/gre-exam-vocab-secrets.htm and www.MindMachineLab.com (visit for full details and discount price offer for Vocab-Builder Mind Machine for GRE)

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