PREPARED BY…….<br />RAGHUVARAN C<br />GROWTH OF STOCK MARKET IN INDIA<br />
Stock markets refer to a market place where investors can buy and sell stocks. The price at which each buying and selling transaction takes is determined by the market forces<br />Introduction<br />
<ul><li>One of the oldest stock markets in Asia, the Indian Stock Markets have a 200 years old history.
18th Century-East India Company was the dominant institution and by end of the century, business in its loan securities gained full momentum.
1830's-Business on corporate stocks and shares in Bank and Cotton presses started in Bombay. Trading list by the end of 1839 got broader.</li></ul>contd…...<br />History of the Indian Stock Market<br />
<ul><li>1850's-Rapid development of commercial enterprise saw brokerage business attracting more people into the business.
1862-63-The number of brokers increased to about 200 to 250.
1875-“The Bombay Stock Exchange" was established in Bombay.
1908“-The Calcutta Stock Exchange Association" was formed.
1920- "The Madras Stock Exchange" was transacted with 100 brokers. Contd…..</li></ul>History of the Indian Stock Market<br />
<ul><li>1940-Uttar Pradesh Stock Exchange Limited and Nagpur Stock Exchange Limited was established
1944-Establishment of "The Hyderabad Stock Exchange Limited"</li></ul>History of the Indian Stock Market<br />
Bangalore Stock Exchange Limited was registered in 1957 and got recognition only by 1963. Most of the other Exchanges were in a miserable state till 1957 when they applied for recognition under Securities Contracts (Regulations) Act, 1956. The Exchanges that were recognized under the Act<br />Post Independance Scenario<br />
At present, there are 21 recognized stock exchanges in India, which does not include the OTCEI and NSEIL.<br />
This age-old trading mechanism in the Indian stock markets used to create many functional inefficiencies. Lack of liquidity and transparency, long settlement periods and benami transactions are a few examples that adversely affected investors. In order to overcome these inefficiencies, OTCEI was incorporated in 1990 under the Companies Act 1956. OTCEI is the first screen based nationwide stock exchange in India created by UTI, ICICI, IDBI,SBICapital Markets,IFCI, General Insurance Corporation and its subsidiaries and Canra Bank Financial Services.<br />Over The Counter Exchange of India (OTCEI)<br />
"Emerge as the premier Indian stock exchange by establishing global benchmarks"<br />Bombay Stock Exchange(BSE) Vision<br />
<ul><li> Bombay Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Asia What is now popularly known as the BSE was established as "The Native Share & Stock Brokers' Association" in 1875.
Over the past 135 years, BSE has facilitated the growth of the Indian corporate sector by providing it with an efficient capital raising platform.</li></ul>Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)<br />
<ul><li> Today, BSE is the world's number 1 exchange in the world in terms of the number of listed companies (over 4900).
It is the world's 5th most active in terms of number of transactions handled through its electronic trading system.
It is in the top ten of global exchanges in terms of the market capitalization of its listed companies (as of December 31, 2009).</li></ul>Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)<br />
<ul><li> The companies listed on BSE command a total market capitalization of USD Trillion 1.28.
BSE is the first exchange in India and the second in the world to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certification.
It is also the first Exchange in the country and second in the world to receive Information Security Management System Standard BS 7799-2-2002 certification for its BSE On-Line trading System (BOLT). </li></ul>Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)<br />
The National Stock Exchange (NSE) is a stock exchange located at Mumbai, India. It is the 9th largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization and largest in India by daily turnover and number of trades, for both equities and derivative trading. NSE has a market capitalization of around US$1.59 trillion.<br />National Stock Exchange (NSE)<br />
<ul><li> NSE was incorporated in November 1992.
In April 1993, it was recognized as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.</li></ul>The NSE is one of the few exchanges in the world trading all types of securities on a single platform,<br />National Stock Exchange (NSE)<br />
which is divided into three segments,<br /><ul><li> Wholesale Debt Market (WDM),
Futures & Options Market(F&O).</li></ul>Each segment has experienced a significant growth throughout a few years of their launch. WDM annual growth of over 36% ,CM increased by even 61% during the same period.<br />National Stock Exchange (NSE)<br />