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Physiology Selection book helps a student make his study exam oriented

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Physiology Selection book helps a student make his study exam oriented

  1. 1. PHYSIOLOGY SELECTION BOOK FORFIRST YEAR MBBSSelection book helps a student make his study exam oriented. The important topics and the majority ofquestions that come for university exams will be listed in a selection book. Thus a student can learn withspecial importance those portionsOrder of Importance: > > > > >GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY1. STARLINGS HYPOTHESIS2. MEMBRANE POTENTIALBLOOD1. FUNCTIONS OF BLOOD2. ERYTHROPOIESIS - FULL - ESSAY3. FACTORS INFLUENCING ERYTHROPOIESIS (-IMP : ERYTHROPOIETIN)4. RED CELL INDICES5. ESR6. HEME - HEME INTERACTION7. FATE OF Hb.8. THALASSEMIA9. ANAEMIA - ESSAY10. POLYCYTHEMIA11. ARNETH COUNT12. NEUTROPHIL, EOSINOPHIL, BASOPHIL13. FUNCTIONS OF WBC14. CELL MEDIATED IMMUNITY - ESSAY15. HUMORAL IMMUNITY - ESSAY16. AIDS17. COAGULATION OF BLOOD ESSAY (IMP - INTRINSIC PATHWAY)18. FIBRINOLYTIC MECHANISM19. HAEMOPHILIA20. PURPURA21. VAN WILLEBRANDS DISEASE22. ANTI COAGULANTS23. FUNCTIONS OF PLASMA PROTEINS24. ABO SYSTEM25. LANDSTEINERS LAW26. BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING27. Rh INCOMPATABILITY
  2. 2. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM 1. SARCOMERE 2. SARCOTUBULAR SYSTEM 3. EXCITATION - CONTRACTION COUPLING 4. FRANK - STARLINGS LAW 5. STAIRCASE PHENOMENON 6. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF HEAR MUSCELS- ESSAY 7. ORIGIN AND COURSE OF CARDIA IMPULSE 8. CARDIAC CYCLE - ESSAY 9. HEART SOUNDS 10. BARORECEPTOR REFLEX 11. SINO AORTIC MECHANISM 12. BEZOLD - JARISCH REFLEX 13. BAIN BRIDGE REFLEX 14. CARDIAC OUTPUT 15. CAPACITANCE VESSELS 16. NEURAL CONTROL - ESSAY 17. CHEMICAL CONTROL 18. REGULATION OF BP 19. ARTERIAL PULSE 20. CORONORY CIRCULATION 21. CEREBRAL CIRCULATION 22. CUTANEOUS CIRCULATION 23. TRIPLE RESPONSE 24. NORMAL ECG - ESSAY 25. WPW SYNDROME 26. CARDIOVASCULAR SHOCK 27. HEART BLOCK (IMP - STOKES ADAMS SYNDROME)RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 1. PULOMONARY BLOOD SUPPLY 2. COMPLIANCE 3. PRESSURE - VOLUME CURVE 4. SURFACTANT 5. ANATOMICAL & PHYSIOLOGICAL DEAD SPACES 6. VENTILATION - PERFUSION RATIO 7. RESPIRATORY CENTRE - ESSAY 8. HERING - BREUR REFLEX 9. PERIPHERAL CHEMORECEPTORS 10. NEURAL CONTROL OF RESPIRATION
  3. 3. 11. CHEMICAL CONTROL OF RESPIRATION - ESSAY 12. OXYGEN DISSOCIATION CURVE 13. BOHR EFFECT 14. MYOGLOBIN 15. CARBONDIOXIDE TRANSPORT - ESSAY (IMP - CHLORIDE SHIFT) 16. CARBONIC ANHYDRASE 17. HYPOXIA - ESSAY 18. ARDS 19. ACCLIMATIZATION 20. CYANOSIS 21. PERIODIC BREATHING 22. DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS 23. ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION 24. SPIROMETER 25. LUNG VOLUME & CAPACITANCE GRAPHMUSCLES 1. SARCOMERE 2. MECHANISM OF CONTRACTION 3. RIGOR MORTIS 4. EXCITATION CONTRACTION COUPLING 5. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION 6. END PLATE POTENTIAL 7. MYESTHENIA GRAVIS 8. MOTOR UNIT 9. ISOTONIC 7 ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION 10. AFTER LOAD AND PRE - LOAD 11. TETANUS & CLONUS 12. ALL OR NONE LAWNERVOUS SYSTEM 1. FORMATION OF MIXED SPINAL NERVE 2. DEGENERATION OF NERVE FIBRE 3. AXON FLOW 4. NEUROGLIA 5. ACTION POTENTIAL 6. SYNAPSE 7. SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION 8. SYNAPTIC INHIBITION 9. THE REFLEX ARC
  4. 4. 10. SUMMATION11. SUBLIMINAL FRINGE12. NEUROTRANSMITTER & PATH OF PAIN13. REFERRED PAIN14. DERMATOMES15. LEMINISCAL SYSTEM16. ANTEROLATERAL SYATEM17. SENSORY SORTEX18. SPINO-CEREBELLAR TRACTS19. CILIARY BODY20. GLAUCOMA21. REDUCED EYE22. ACCOMODATION23. COMMON ERRORS OF REFRACTION24. PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF VISION25. COLOUR VISION26. DARK ADAPTATION27. COLOUR BLINDNESS28. CENTRAL CONNECTIONS OF RETINA / OPTIC PATH29. LIGHT REFLEX30. ACCOMODATION REFLEX31. ARGYLL ROBERTSON PUPIL32. FUNCTIONS OF MIDDLE EAR33. ORGAN OF CORTI34. CENTRAL CONNECTINS OF COCHLEA35. MECHANISM OF HEARING36. ENDOLYMPHATIC POTENTIAL37. OLFACTION38. TASTE SENSATION - CENTRAL CONNECTIONS39. FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF PYRAMIDAL SYSTEM40. UMN & LMN LESIONS41. TONE42. MUSCLE SPINDLE43. EXTRA PYRAMIDAL SYSTEM44. DECEREBRATE RIGIDITY45. EQUILIBRIUM46. BASAL GANGLIA - FULL47. PARKINSONISM48. CEREBELLUM - FULL49. FUNCTIONS OF CEREBELLUM50. SEMI CIRCULAR CANAL51. UTRICLE AND SACULE52. FUNCTIONS OF VESTIUBULAR APPARATUS53. ACETYL CHOLINE54. ADRENAL MEDULLA55. PHOECHROMOCYTOMA
  5. 5. 56. FUNCTIONS OF HYPOTHALAMUS 57. THERMOREGULATION 58. THIRST AND DRINKING BEHAVIOUR 59. SLEEP (REM & NREM) 60. FUNCTIONS OF THALAMUS 61. THALAMIC SYNDROME 62. FUNCTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL ARES 63. CONDITIONED REFLEX 64. FUNCTIONS OF CSF 65. BLOOD - BRAIN BARRIER 66. TABES DORSALIS 67. ALZHEIMERS DISEASE 68. COMPLETE TRANSECTION OF SPINAL CORD 69. HEMI SECTION / BROWN SEQUARD SYNDROMEDIGESTIVE SYSTEM 1. NERVE SUPPLY OF G.I. TRACT AND REFLEXES 2. FUNCTIONS OF SALIVA 3. CONTROL OF SALIVARY SECRETION 4. FUNCTIONS OF GASTRIC JUICE 5. MECHANISM OF SECRETION OF HCL 6. CONTROL OF SECRETION OF GASTRIC JUICE - ESSAY 7. VASOVAGAL REFLEX 8. ACTIONS OF GASTRIN 9. ZOLLINGER - ELLISON SYNDROME (ZES) 10. SHAM FEEDING 11. PAVLOVS POUCH 12. PANCREATIC JUICE - FULL ESSAY 13. SECRETION OF BICARBONATE 14. CONTROL OF PANCREATIC SECRETION 15. SECRETIN & CCK - PZ 16. COMPOSITION OF BILE 17. FUNCTIONS OF GALL BLADDER 18. FUNCTIONS OF BILE 19. ENTEROHEPATIC CIRCULATION 20. JAUNDICE - FULL 21. ABSORPTION OF CARBOHYDRATE 22. ABSORPTION OF FAT 23. STEATORRHEA 24. DEGLUTITION (IMP - 2ND PHASE) 25. ACHALASIA 26. HUNGER CONTRACTIONS 27. GASTRIC EMPTYING 28. VOMITTING 29. MOVEMENTS OF SMALL INTESTINE - ESSAY
  6. 6. 30. MMC 31. FUNCTIONS OF SMALL INTESTINE 32. MAJOR G.I.HORMONES & FUNCTIONSMETABOLISM 1. BLOOD SUGAR AND ITS REGULATION - ESSAY 2. FUNCTIONS OF LIVERENDOCRINOLOGY 1. MECHANISM OF ACTION OF HORMONES 2. THYROID HORMONES SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONS - ESSAY 3. CONTROL OF THYROID SECRETION 4. HYPOTHYROIDISM (MYXEDEMA & CRETINISM) 5. HYPERTHYROIDISM 6. CALCIUM METABOLISM 7. FUNCTIONS OF PTH 8. TETANY 9. SUPRARENAL CORTEX - ESSAY 10. CUSHINGS SYNDROME 11. ADDISONS SYNDROME 12. HORMONES OF PITUTORY - MCQS 13. FUNCTIONS & CONTROL OF ACTH 14. GIGANTISM & ACROMEGALY 15. PROLACTIN 16. ADH 17. OXYTOCIN 18. INSULIN - FULL - ESSAY 19. GLUCAGON - FUNCTIONS 20. HISTAMINE 21. BLOOD - TESTIS BARRIER 22. SPERMATOGENESIS 23. ROLE OF SERTOLIC CELLS 24. SEMEN 25. ACTIONS OF TESTOSTERONE 26. OVARIAN CYCLE - ESSAY 27. LH 28. DETECTION OF OVULATION 29. MENSTRUAL CYCLE & HORMONAL CONTROL - ESSAY 30. PROGESTERONE 31. SAFE PERIOD 32. FETO PLACENTAL UNIT 33. HORMONES PRODUCED BY PLACENTA
  7. 7. 34. PREGNANCY TESTS 35. FOETAL CIRCULATION 36. HORMONAL CONTROL OF BREAST DEVELOPMENT & LACTATIONRENAL PHYSIOLOGY 1. NEPHRON 2. JUXTA GLOMERULAR APPARATUS 3. JUXTA MEDULLARY NEPHRON 4. GFR - FULL - ESSAY 5. TRANSPORT MAXIMUM 6. NA+ REABSORPTION 7. WATER REABSORPTION 8. GLUCOSE REABSORPTION 9. COUNTER - CURRENT SYSTEM - ESSAY 10. ACID - BASE BALANCE 11. CLEARANCE TESTS 12. DIURETICS 13. MICTURITION (IMP - REFLEXES) 14. AUTOMATIC BLADDER 15. SWEAT GLANDS 16. URINARY ACIDIFICATION 17. RENIN - ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM 18. ANATOMY SELECTION BOOK FOR FIRST YEAR MBBS - Order of Importance: > > > > > 19. A) UPPER LIMB 20. 1) BREAST FULL ESSAY - IMP - LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE OF BREAST 2) PECTORAL FASCIA 3) PECTORALIS MAJOR 4) SERRATUS ANTERIOR 5) THE AXILLA - FULL ESSAY 6) CLAVIPECTORAL FASCIA 7) BRACHIAL PLEXUS - FULL ESSAY 8) AXILLARY ARTERY 9) BRANCHES OF AXILLARY ARTERY - -2nd PART RELATIONS
  8. 8. 10) AXILLARY LYMPH NODES 11) CUTANEOUS NERVE SUPPLY FOR UPPER LIMB 12) CEPHALIC VEIN 13) BASILIC VEIN 14) MEDIAN CUBITAL VEIN 15) DELTOID 16) ROTATOR CUFF 17) INTERMUSCULAR SPACES 18) AXILLARY NERVE 19) ANASTOMOSIS AROUND SCAPULA 20) BICEPS BRACHI 21) BICIPITAL APONEUROSIS 22) MUSCULO-CUTANEOUS NERVE 23) BRACHIAL ARTERY 24) ANASTOMOSIS AROUND ELBOW JOINT 25) CUBITAL FOSSA - FULL ESSAY 26) RADIAL NERVER - ESSAY 27) PRONATOR TERES 28) ULNAR BURSA 29) RADIAL ARTERY 30) ULNAR ARTERY 31) MEDIAN NERVE - ESSAY 32) ULNAR NERVE - ESSAY 33) FLEXOR RETINACULUM 34) PALMAR APONEUROSIS 35) ADDUCTOR POLLICIS 36) LUMBRICALS 37) SUPERFICIAL PALMAR ARCH 38)DEEP PALMAR ARCH 39) SPACES OF HAND IMP - MID PALMAR SPACE 40) EXTENSOR RETINACULUM 41) SUPINATOR 42) POSTERIOR INTEROSSEUS NERVE 43) SHOULDER JOINT - FULL ESSAY 44) RADIO ULNAR JOINT 45) INTEROSSEUS MEMBRANE 46) PRONATION AND SUPINATION21. B) THORAX22. 1) DIAPHRAGM AND OPENINGS IN DIAPHRAGM 2) ANGLE OF LOUIS 3) NUCLEUS PULPOSSUS 4) INTERVERTEBRAL DISCS 5) NERVES AND VESSELS OF THORACIC WALL - ESSAY - TYPICAL INTERCOSTAL NERVE - INTERCOSTAL ARTERIES
  9. 9. 6) INTERNAL THORACIC ARTERY 7) THE AZYGOUS VEIN 8) HEMI AZYGOUS VEIN 9) THORACIC SYMPATHETIC TRUNK 10) PLEURA - RECESSES - LIGAMENTS 11) ROOT OF THE LUNG - RIGHT - LEFT 12) IMPRESSION ON MEDIASTERNAL SURFACE OF LUNG - RIGHT - LEFT 13) BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENT - ESSAY - FIGURE 14) MEDIASTINUM - FULL - ESSAY IMP - POSTERIOR MEDIASTINUM 15) SEROUS PERICARDIUM - FULL IMP - SINUSES OF PERICARDIUM 16) BASE OF THE HEART 17) RIGHT ATRIUM - ESSAY 18) CONDUCTING SYSTEM OF HEART 19) ARTERIES SUPPLYING THE HEART - ESSAY 20) VEINS OF THE HEART 21) SUPERIOR VENACAVA 22) AORTA - FULL 23) OESOPHAGUS - CONSTRICTIONS 24) THORACIC DUCT23. C) LOWER LIMB24. 1) CALCANEUS 2) INTER TROCHANTERIC LINE 3) LUMBAR PLEXUS 4) GREAT SAPHENOUS VEIN - ESSAY 5) PRE - PATELLAR BURSA 6) FASCIA LATA - FULL 7) FEMORAL TRIANGLE - FULL ESSAY
  10. 10. 8) FEMORAL SHEATH - FEMORAL CANAL - FEMORAL HERNIA 9) FEMORAL ARTERY 10) SARTORIUS 11) ILIACUS & PSOAS MAJOR 12) ADDUCTOR CANAL 13) OBTURATOR NERVE 14) GLUTEUS MAXIMUS AND MEDIUS (STRUCTURES UNDER COVER) 15) GLUTEUS MINIMUS 16) TROCHANTERIC ANASTOMOSIS 17) CRUCIATE ANASTOMOSIS 18) POPLITEAL FOSSA - ESSAY 19) TIBIAL NERVE 20) SCIATIC NERVE 21) ANASTOMOSIS OF THE BACK OF THIGH 22) SUPERIOR EXTENSOR RETINACULUM 23) INFERIOR EXTENSOR RETINACULUM 24) ANTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY 25) DORSALIS PEDIS ARTERY 26) FLEXOR RETINACULUM 27) POPLITEUS 28) TIBIALIS POSTERIOR 29) PLANTAR APONEUROSIS 30) INTEROSSEII OF FOOT 31) MEDIAL PLANTAR NERVE 32) VENOUS DRAINAGE - ESSAY 33) LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE 34) HIP JOINT - ESSAY 35) KNEE JOINT - ESSAY IMP - LIGAMENTS LOCKING & UNLOCKING OF KNEE 36) SUB - TALAR JOINT 37) SPRING LIGAMENT 38) INVERSION AND EVERSION OF FOOT 39) ARCHES OF FOOT - FULL - ESSAY25. D) ABDOMEN26. 1) SUPERFICIAL FASCIA 2) RECTUS ABDOMINIS 3) INGUINAL LIGAMENT 4) CONJOINT TENDON 5) CREMASTER MUSCLE 6) PYRAMIDALIS 7) RECTUS SHEATH - ESSAY
  11. 11. 8) FASCIA TRANSVERSALIS9) INGUINAL CANAL10) SPERMATIC CORD - STRUCTURES11) INGUINAL HERNIA12) LAYERS OF SCROTUM13) TESTIS- DEVELOPMENT- COVERINGS OF TESTIS- DESCENT OF TESTIS14) TRANSPYLORIC PLANE15) PERITONEUM16) GREATER OMENTUM17) MESENTRY18) MESOAPPENDIX19)TRANSVERSE MESOCOLON20) EPIPLOIC FORAMEN21) LESSER SAC22) SUB PHRENIC SPACES23) PERITONEAL FOSSA24) STOMACH - FULL ESSAY25) DUODENUM & ITS DEVELOPMENT-IMP - 2nd PART26) MECKELS DIVERTICULUM27) CAECUM28) ILEOCAECAL VALVE29) COELIAC TRUNK30) PORTAL VEIN & ITS ANASTOMOSES31) GALL BLADDER - FULL ESSAY32) SPLEEN - ESSAY33) PANCREAS AND ITS DEVELOPMENT34) LIVER AND ITS DEVELOPMENT35) KIDNEY36) UTERUSIMP - SUPPORTS OF UTERUS- DEVELOPMENT37)SUPRA RENAL GLAND38) DIAPHRAGM & DEVELOPMENT39) CISTERNA CHYLI40) PSOAS MAJOR41) LUMBAR PLEXUS42) PERINEAL BODY43) ISCHIORECTAL FOSSA - ESSAY44) UROGENITAL DIAPHRAGM
  12. 12. 45) SUPERFICIAL & DEEP PERINEAL SPACE 46) PUDENDAL CANAL 47) PUDENDAL NERVE 48) URINARY BLADDER 49) MALE URETHRA 50) FALLOPIAN TUBE 51) PROSTRATE 52) RECTUM 53) ANAL CANAL - PILES 54) SACRAL PLEXUS 55) LEVATOR ANI 56) COCCYGEUS27. E) HEAD AND NECK28. 1) SCALP - ESSAY 2) FACIAL ARTERY 3) DANGEROUS AREAS OF FACE 4) LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE OF FACE 5) LACRIMAL APPARATUS 6) FASCIA COLLI - ESSAY IMP - CAROTID SHEATH 7) STERNOCLEIDO MASTOID 8) SUB ARACHNOID SPACE 9) LIGAMENTUM DENTICULATUM 10) FALX CEREBRI 11) TENTORIUM CEREBELLI 12) CAVERNOUS SINUSES - ESSAY 13) SPHIGMOID SINUS 14) HYPOPHYSIS CEREBRI - ESSAY 15) TRIGEMINAL GANGLION 16) MIDDLE MENINGEAL ARTERY 17) TENSONS CAPSULE 18) EXTRA OCCULAR MUSCLES - FULL - ESSAY 19) OPTHALMIC ARTERY 20) CILIARY GANGLION 21) ANSA CERVICALIS 22) PAROTID GLAND - ESSAY 23) FACIAL NERVE 24) MUSCLES OF MASTICATION 25) TEMPORAL FASCIA 26) MAXILLARY ARTERY 27) T.M. JOINT - ESSAY 28) OTIC GANGLION 29) DIGASTRIC
  13. 13. 30) HYOGLOSSUS 31) THYROID GLAND - FULL - ESSAY 32) CERVICAL PLEXUS 33) LYMPH NODES OF HEAD AND NECK 34) SCALENUS ANTERIOR 35) VERTEBRAL ARTERY 36) ATLANTO - AXIAL JOINT 37) SOFT PALATE - FULL 38) NASOPHARYNX 39) WALDEYERS LYMPHATIC RING 40) PALATINE TONSIL 41) KILIANS DEHISENCE 42) AUDITORY TUBE 43) NASAL SEPTUM 44) LATERAL WALL OF NOSE - ESSAY 45) PARA NASAL SINUSES 46) PTERYGO PALATINE GANGLION 47) CRICO THYROID 48) POSTERIOR CRICO ARYTENOID 49) TONGUE - FULL - ESSAY 50) TYMPANIC MEMBRANE 51) MIDDLE EAR 52) EAR OSSICLES & MUSCLES OF THE OSSICLES 53) CILIARY BODY 54) IRIS29. F) BRAIN30. 1) SUB ARACHINOID SPACE 2) SPINAL CORD - INTERNAL STRUCTURE (C/S) 3) FIGURES - 24.3 , 24.4 , 24.5 , 24.6 , 24.7 4) RED NUCLEUS 5) CEREBELLUM FULL ESSAY 6) FOURTH VENTRICLE - FULL IMP - FLOOR 7) SULCI 7 GYRI OF SUPERIO LATERAL SURFACE 8) SUB DIVISION OF MEDIAL SURFACE 9) FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF CEREBRAL CORTEX 10) BASAL NUCLEI 11) CORPUS STRIATUM 12) CORPUS CALLOSUM 13) INTERNAL CAPSULE 14) LATERAL VENTRICLE - FULL - ESSAY 15) BLOOD SUPPLY OF BRAIN & SPINAL CORD - FULL - ESSAY31. G) EMBRYOLOGY32. 1) SPERMATOGENESIS 2) FORMATION OF OVARIAN FOLLICLES
  14. 14. 3) CORPUS LEUTUM 4) PHASES OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE 5) FORMATION OF BLASTOCYSTS 6) FORMATION OF GERM LAYERS IMP - EXTRAEMBRYONIC MESODERM - EXTRA EMBRYONIC COELOM - INTRAEMBRYONIC MESODERM 7) FORMATION OF NOTOCHORD 8) FORMATION OF INTRA EMBRYONIC COELOM 9) ALLANTOIC DIVERTICULUM 10) FORMATION OF CHORIONIC VILLI 11) INTRA MEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION 12) ENDO CHONDRAL OSSIFICATION 13) METAPHYSIS 14) PHARYNGEAL ARCHES - FULL 15) DEVELOPMENT OF FACE AND ANOMALIES 16) TONGUE 17) ROTATION OF GUT 18) LIVER 19) GALL BLADDER AND BILIARY PASSAGE 20) PANCREAS 21) SPLEEN 22) DIAPHRAGM 23) FATE OF ATRIO VENTRICULAR CANAL 24) FORMATION OF INTER ATRIAL SPETUM 25) AORTIC ARCH 26) DEVELOPMENT OF PORTAL VEINS 27) FOETAL CIRCULATION 28) DEVELOPMENT OF KIDNEYS 29) DEVELOPMENT OF TESTIS IMP - DUCT SYSTEM OF TESTIS - DESCENT OF TESTIS 30) CEREBELLUM 31) HYPOPHYSIS CEREBRI 32) FATE OF GERM LAYER - FULL33. H) GENETICS34. 1) KARYOTYPING 2) DOWNS SYNDROME 3) KLEINFELTERS SYNDROME 4) TURNERS SYNDROME 5) DENVER CLASSIFICATION 6) EDWARDS SYNDROME 7) PATAUS SYNDROME

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