Grammar Translation Method

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Grammar Translation Method

  1. 1. Gramatical Translation MethodPresented by: RafsanjanySemester / Unit : VI / 1Method Of Teaching
  2. 2. Definitiona method of foreign or secondlanguage teaching which makesuse of translation and grammarstudy as the main teaching andlearning activities."
  3. 3. Grammar Translation is a way of studying a language that approachesthe language first through detailed analysis of its grammar rules,followed by application of this knowledge to the task of translatingsentences and texts into and out of the target language...Reading and writing are the major focus; little or no systematicattention is paid to speaking and listening.Vocabulary selection is based solely on the reading texts used, andwords are taught through bilingual word lists, dictionary study, andmemorization.The sentence is the basic unit of teaching and language practice. Muchof the lesson is devoted to translating sentences into and out of thetarget language, and it is this focus on the sentence that is a distinctivefeature of this method.GrammarrulesTargetLanguageTranslation
  4. 4. Application: Typical Techniques (1) Translation of a Literary Passage (2) Reading Comprehension Questions (3) Antonyms/Synonyms (4) Fill-in-the-blanks (5) Memorization (6) Use Words in Sentences (7) Composition
  5. 5. Objectives of GTM To be able to read literature written inthe target language To be able to translate from onelanguage to another To develop reading and writing skill
  6. 6. Advantages of GTMAn effective way for application ofgrammar and sentence structureFew demands on teachersLeast stressful for students
  7. 7. Disadvantage of GTMWrong idea of what language isLess learners’ motivationCreate frustration for learners
  8. 8. THANK YOUFORYOUR ATTENTION

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