Gramatical Translation MethodPresented by: RafsanjanySemester / Unit : VI / 1Method Of Teaching
Definitiona method of foreign or secondlanguage teaching which makesuse of translation and grammarstudy as the main teaching andlearning activities."
Grammar Translation is a way of studying a language that approachesthe language first through detailed analysis of its grammar rules,followed by application of this knowledge to the task of translatingsentences and texts into and out of the target language...Reading and writing are the major focus; little or no systematicattention is paid to speaking and listening.Vocabulary selection is based solely on the reading texts used, andwords are taught through bilingual word lists, dictionary study, andmemorization.The sentence is the basic unit of teaching and language practice. Muchof the lesson is devoted to translating sentences into and out of thetarget language, and it is this focus on the sentence that is a distinctivefeature of this method.GrammarrulesTargetLanguageTranslation
Application: Typical Techniques (1) Translation of a Literary Passage (2) Reading Comprehension Questions (3) Antonyms/Synonyms (4) Fill-in-the-blanks (5) Memorization (6) Use Words in Sentences (7) Composition
Objectives of GTM To be able to read literature written inthe target language To be able to translate from onelanguage to another To develop reading and writing skill
Advantages of GTMAn effective way for application ofgrammar and sentence structureFew demands on teachersLeast stressful for students
Disadvantage of GTMWrong idea of what language isLess learners’ motivationCreate frustration for learners