BAINBRIDGE ISLAND <ul><li>Form of Government </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor – Council </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></...
Starting Point <ul><li>Assume everyone has honorable intentions </li></ul><ul><li>“ It ain’t what you  don’t know </li></u...
Some Simple Truths <ul><li>It is impossible to get  politics  out of any form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>The success...
THE CHOICE: Form of Government <ul><li>can be decided only by the electorate (the citizens choose the form of government) ...
Basic Forms  of Municipal Government <ul><li>Really “Strong” Mayor-Council </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor-Council </li></ul><ul><...
 
 
 
 
COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Intended as a “reform” model in 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Staunton, Virginia </li>...
<ul><li>Mayor is elected </li></ul><ul><li>Competency & experience </li></ul><ul><li>not qualifying prerequisites </li></u...
2 1 ELECTORS ELECTORS MAYOR COUNCIL CITY ADMINISTRATOR City Dept. directors and employees City Administrator selected by/w...
COUNCIL-MANAGER MODEL <ul><li>Providing complex local government operations with a strong collaborative combination of: </...
COUNCIL – MANAGER MODEL <ul><li>Political power: </li></ul><ul><li>Governance, policy </li></ul><ul><li>setting and repres...
The City Manager <ul><li>Appointed “hired” by City Council </li></ul><ul><li>2. Highly professional – well trained: </li><...
<ul><li>Bound by the  Council’s  direction and policies . </li></ul><ul><li>Is the CEO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prepares bud...
<ul><li>6. Promotes ethical and transparent government . </li></ul><ul><li>7. Is a member of ICMA, abides by its Code of E...
ROLE OF MAYOR MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM Ceremonial Head of  City Ceremonial Head of City Chief Executive Pre...
The City Manager Form of Government <ul><li>The most popular model in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Continues to expand in ci...
<ul><li>●  Good track record: </li></ul><ul><li>* Over 50% of cities with triple-A bond rating (2003 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><...
 
 
MAYOR-COUNCIL COUNCIL-MANAGER Is not an “ either or” proposition
Every Successful Community Needs: <ul><li>Strong/good political leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Sound policy development </li...
MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM Bainbridge Island May 19 The citizens who vote will make the choice.
DISCUSSION <ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>
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Bainbridge Island Government

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Bainbridge Island Government

  1. 1. BAINBRIDGE ISLAND <ul><li>Form of Government </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor – Council </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Council – Manager </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Presenter: Carl Neu </li></ul>March 31, 2009
  2. 2. Starting Point <ul><li>Assume everyone has honorable intentions </li></ul><ul><li>“ It ain’t what you don’t know </li></ul><ul><li> that gets you into trouble. </li></ul><ul><li> It’s what you know for sure </li></ul><ul><li> that just ain’t so ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Twain </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of argument should not be victory, but progress. (Fortune cookie quote) </li></ul><ul><li>May 19 Election </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some Simple Truths <ul><li>It is impossible to get politics out of any form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>The success of any form of government depends upon the character, integrity, and competencies of people. (Electors, Electeds, and Appointees) </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE CHOICE: Form of Government <ul><li>can be decided only by the electorate (the citizens choose the form of government) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basic Forms of Municipal Government <ul><li>Really “Strong” Mayor-Council </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor-Council </li></ul><ul><li>Council-Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Town Meeting </li></ul>
  6. 10. COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Intended as a “reform” model in 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Staunton, Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Response to public’s frustration over: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>power, ethics, and corruption issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conflict over “who runs the city”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>too much emphasis on politics, power and control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>too little emphasis on providing good public services in a professional and well-managed manner. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>Mayor is elected </li></ul><ul><li>Competency & experience </li></ul><ul><li>not qualifying prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>City Manager is appointed </li></ul><ul><li>Competency, experience & evaluation of performance are prerequisites. </li></ul>COUNCIL-MANAGER CEO MAYOR-COUNCIL CEO
  8. 12. 2 1 ELECTORS ELECTORS MAYOR COUNCIL CITY ADMINISTRATOR City Dept. directors and employees City Administrator selected by/works for Mayor MAYOR COUNCIL CITY ADMINISTRATION City Dept. directors and employees City Administrator selected by and works for Council “ Council-Administrator Model 1 in 4 cities with population> 10,000 (Higher in smaller cities) ? MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM 2 Variations
  9. 13. COUNCIL-MANAGER MODEL <ul><li>Providing complex local government operations with a strong collaborative combination of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>political leadership and representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good policy development and execution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>highly professional management of municipal operations and service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transparency and accountability to the electorate/public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sound fiscal stewardship </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. COUNCIL – MANAGER MODEL <ul><li>Political power: </li></ul><ul><li>Governance, policy </li></ul><ul><li>setting and representation </li></ul>Role of Elected Council (Mayor and other members of Council Execution of policy and oversight of day-to-day operations Role of professionally-trained and skilled Manager who is responsible to “The Council” and can be terminated for poor performance. A partnership for total city performance
  11. 15. The City Manager <ul><li>Appointed “hired” by City Council </li></ul><ul><li>2. Highly professional – well trained: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>may have degrees in public administration, business administration, political science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>● nearly 67% have masters or higher degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Provides policy recommendations and information to Council </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Bound by the Council’s direction and policies . </li></ul><ul><li>Is the CEO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prepares budgets for council approval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>oversees all municipal operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recruits, hires, fires staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provides monitoring and assessment of long-term consequences of council policies and decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promotes inclusion and building consensus among diverse interests </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>6. Promotes ethical and transparent government . </li></ul><ul><li>7. Is a member of ICMA, abides by its Code of Ethics that requires “a deep sense of social responsibility as a trusted public servant ”. </li></ul>
  14. 18. ROLE OF MAYOR MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM Ceremonial Head of City Ceremonial Head of City Chief Executive Presiding Officer of Council May/May Not Preside at Council Member of Council Policy Initiator Facilitator May have veto authority Usually no veto authority Elected by votes Elected by voters or by Council
  15. 19. The City Manager Form of Government <ul><li>The most popular model in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Continues to expand in cities of all sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to the mayor-council model produces: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>greater performance efficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sounder finances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stronger management of operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>better focus on and pursuit of long-term goals through strategic planning </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>● Good track record: </li></ul><ul><li>* Over 50% of cities with triple-A bond rating (2003 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>* 60% recognized with All American City Award (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* 83% of Top-10 cities in four population categories recognized for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ best use of technology” to improve operations and services </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Use the Council-Manager Model </li></ul><ul><li>☻ Does not automatically produce good government that comes from the commitment needed from elected and administrative officials and the electorate to make </li></ul><ul><li>whatever form of government the voters choose work structurally, professionally, politically, ethically </li></ul><ul><li>& responsibly! </li></ul>
  17. 23. MAYOR-COUNCIL COUNCIL-MANAGER Is not an “ either or” proposition
  18. 24. Every Successful Community Needs: <ul><li>Strong/good political leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Sound policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Professionally sound execution of policy and operational performance </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to ethical & transparent municipal government </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence in its elected and appointed public officials </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to translate vision and strategy into results </li></ul><ul><li>Active citizen engagement. </li></ul>
  19. 25. MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM COUNCIL-MANAGER FORM Bainbridge Island May 19 The citizens who vote will make the choice.
  20. 26. DISCUSSION <ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>

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