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 The first English settlement was made at Jamestown,
Virginia, in 1607. Desire for religious freedom was the
reason that ...
 The colonists advocated the principle of "no taxation
without representation". Yet the British government
still declared...
The Boston Tea Party
In order to protest against the tax on
tea, a group pf colonists boarded a ship
in Boston harbour and...
All men are
created equal.
They have a right
to life, liberty and
the pursuit of
happiness.
 In 1776 the representatives of the colonies issued the
Declaration of Independence.
 In 1783 with the Treaty of Versail...
All the thirteen colonies were
located on the Atlantic coast.
Delaware
Pennsyvania
New Jersey
Georgia
Connecticut
Massachu...
The original flag had only 13 stars to
represent the first colonies.
There are 50 stars in the flag today to
represent the...
In 1860 the slavery question divided
America. The new President Lincoln was
against slavery and his party wanted to
abolis...
The “western fever” began in C19 and
led the pioneers to leave their farms in
the East in search of better and cheaper
lan...
President Wilson hesitated at first, but
the Usa entered the conflict in 1917 after
the sinking of the passenger ship
“Lus...
In the first 20 years of C20
over twelve million
immigrants arrived in
America, mainly from Italy,
Ireland and Central Eur...
 After the crash of New York Stock Exchange in 1929, all
the world entered a period of serious economic crisis.
When Roos...
 During the second world war, the country reached new
levels of prosperity, as a consequence of the necessity
for America...
The attack on Pearl Harbour (the
Hawaii operation as it was called) was
meant as a preventive action in order to
keep the ...
 A great defender of black people, M.L. King was a
clergyman and a leader in the African-American civil
rights movement. ...
 Io ho sempre davanti a me un sogno. E’ un sogno
profondamente radicato nel sogno americano, che un
giorno questa nazione...
 Io ho davanti a me un sogno, che un giorno perfino
lo stato del Mississippi, uno stato colmo dell’arroganza
dell’ingiust...
In 2009 the first black
American president
was elected, Barack
Obama.
In the picture, Mount
Rushmore,
representing four
pr...
 Green day “21 guns”
 Conosci il valore di ciò per cui lotti
Quando non vale la pena di morire ?
Ti toglie il fiato
e se...
 Quando sei alla fine della strada
Ed hai perso il controllo di tutto
Ed i tuoi pensieri ti opprimono
Quando la ragione t...
 Hai provato a vivere con le tue forze
Quando bruciasti completamente la casa e la dimora ?
Sei rimasto in piedi troppo v...
American history
American history
American history
American history
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American history

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A brief history of the USA (A1 level)

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American history

  1. 1.  The first English settlement was made at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Desire for religious freedom was the reason that led the Pilgrim Fathers to leave England , in order to escape from the religious persecution of James I Stuart. On board the "Mayflower" they landed in in New England in 1620.  Life in the new colony was hard and half of the Pilgrim Fathers died during the first winter. Yet they were helped by some Native Americans who taught them how to grow corn and have a good harvest.  Hence the celebration of Thanksgiving, that originally lasted three days. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November throughout the States.
  2. 2.  The colonists advocated the principle of "no taxation without representation". Yet the British government still declared its right to tax the colonies and the king George III had no intention of negotiating. So war broke out in 1775. The colonists were poor and badly organised, since the army was largely composed of volunteer farmers.  In 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4th: this marked the birth of the USA.
  3. 3. The Boston Tea Party In order to protest against the tax on tea, a group pf colonists boarded a ship in Boston harbour and threw all its cargo of tea onto the water. This event, ironically called the “Boston Tea Party”, was the beginning of the revolution. War broke out in 1775 with George Washington as commander-in-chief of the American forces.
  4. 4. All men are created equal. They have a right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
  5. 5.  In 1776 the representatives of the colonies issued the Declaration of Independence.  In 1783 with the Treaty of Versailles the colonies gained independence from Great Britain.  Yet the British Empire found a new land to conquer: India.
  6. 6. All the thirteen colonies were located on the Atlantic coast. Delaware Pennsyvania New Jersey Georgia Connecticut Massachusetts Maryland South Carolina New Hampshire Virginia New York North Carolina Rhode Island
  7. 7. The original flag had only 13 stars to represent the first colonies. There are 50 stars in the flag today to represent the 50 states.
  8. 8. In 1860 the slavery question divided America. The new President Lincoln was against slavery and his party wanted to abolish it, but the Southern States did not agree and separated from the Union, thus creating a Confederation (South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas). In 1861 the Civil War began. The industrialised North had a better and larger army and defeated the South. Slavery was finally abolished with the Emancipation Proclamation, that freed 3 million slaves.
  9. 9. The “western fever” began in C19 and led the pioneers to leave their farms in the East in search of better and cheaper land. This movement westwards was also a story of violence against the Indians. The pioneers introduced irrigation and crops in the great American desert. The Mormons were able to transform the area of the Salt Lake Desert into a prosperous community. Then they reached California. After the discovery of gold in 1848, a real flood of immigrants went there in the hope of finding great wealth.
  10. 10. President Wilson hesitated at first, but the Usa entered the conflict in 1917 after the sinking of the passenger ship “Lusitania”, in order to grant peace and democracy in the world. As it was necessary to supply the allied countries, with food and equipment, the war period saw a considerable increase in the national output.
  11. 11. In the first 20 years of C20 over twelve million immigrants arrived in America, mainly from Italy, Ireland and Central Europe. All of them passed through Ellis Island, an immigration station in upper New York Bay, where they were inspected before entering the country. These decades were a period of economic development, but also of confusion and Prohibition.
  12. 12.  After the crash of New York Stock Exchange in 1929, all the world entered a period of serious economic crisis. When Roosevelt was elected in 1933, his first concern was to put an end to depression by means of a programme of reforms called the “New Deal”.  He created new jobs advocating the buiding of new schools, airports and highways.  He provided insurance against sickness and old age.  Public housing projects were started.
  13. 13.  During the second world war, the country reached new levels of prosperity, as a consequence of the necessity for American industry to supply the Allies.  But the fall of France, the entry of Italy into the war and the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbour changed American opinion.  The USA joined the Allies in 1941. Roosevelt died in 1945 and the final act of the war was conducted by Truman.
  14. 14. The attack on Pearl Harbour (the Hawaii operation as it was called) was meant as a preventive action in order to keep the American fleet from influencing the war in Asia. This attack came as a profound shock to American people. Domestic support for isolationism disappeared and the USA took an active part in the war.
  15. 15.  A great defender of black people, M.L. King was a clergyman and a leader in the African-American civil rights movement. In 1963, during the march on Washington, he delivered the famous speech “I have a dream”. One year later he received the Nobel Prize for peace, for his work to end racial segregation and discrimination through civil disobedience and non- violent means.  He was assassinated in 1968.
  16. 16.  Io ho sempre davanti a me un sogno. E’ un sogno profondamente radicato nel sogno americano, che un giorno questa nazione si leverà in piedi e vivrà fino in fondo il senso delle sue convinzioni: noi riteniamo ovvia questa verità, che tutti gli uomini sono creati uguali. Io ho davanti a me un sogno, che un giorno sulle rosse colline della Georgia i figli di coloro che un tempo furono schiavi e i figli di coloro che un tempo possedettero schiavi, sapranno sedere insieme al tavolo della fratellanza.
  17. 17.  Io ho davanti a me un sogno, che un giorno perfino lo stato del Mississippi, uno stato colmo dell’arroganza dell’ingiustizia, colmo dell’arroganza dell’oppressione, si trasformerà in un’oasi di libertà e giustizia. Io ho davanti a me un sogno, che i miei quattro figli piccoli vivranno un giorno in una nazione nella quale non saranno giudicati per il colore della loro pelle, ma per le qualità del loro carattere. Ho davanti a me un sogno, oggi!
  18. 18. In 2009 the first black American president was elected, Barack Obama. In the picture, Mount Rushmore, representing four previous presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodor Roosevelt. Thedreamwas fulfilled
  19. 19.  Green day “21 guns”  Conosci il valore di ciò per cui lotti Quando non vale la pena di morire ? Ti toglie il fiato e senti che stai soffocando ? il peso del dolore supera l'orgoglio ? E cerchi un posto per nasconderti? Qualcuno ha spezzato il tuo cuore? sei in rovina Uno, 21 colpi deponi le armi Rinuncia alla lotta Uno, 21 colpi Alza le mani al cielo tu ed io
  20. 20.  Quando sei alla fine della strada Ed hai perso il controllo di tutto Ed i tuoi pensieri ti opprimono Quando la ragione trasforma la tua anima La tua fede marcia su vetri infranti E la sbornia non passa Nulla viene eretto per durare sei a pezzi Uno, 21 colpi deponi le armi Rinuncia alla lotta Uno, 21 colpi Alza le mani al cielo tu ed io
  21. 21.  Hai provato a vivere con le tue forze Quando bruciasti completamente la casa e la dimora ? Sei rimasto in piedi troppo vicino al fuoco? Come un bugiardo che cerca il perdono da una pietra Quando è il momento di vivere e lasciar morire E non hai un'altra possibilità Qualcosa è morto in questo cuore sei a pezzi. Uno, 21 colpi, deponi le armi Rinuncia alla lotta Uno, 21 colpi Alza le mani al cielo tu ed io.

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