Pope John XXIII• Convoked the Second Vatican Council Ecumenical Council.• The 21st in the history of the Catholic Church and 93 years from the last one, in order to have an “aggiornamento.”• “Aggiornamento,” a renewal and updating of the Church, in the modern world.
October 11, 1962• The Council opened and attended by; 2,450 – Council Fathers from all parts of the world 1,000 – specialists in 12 pre-Council commissions 3 – secretariats since the official notice for the intended ecumenical council on January 25, 1959.
The four sessions of the Council1. October 11-December 8, 1962 – the first session was held under the saintly octogenarian Pope John XXIII.2. September 29-December 4, 19633. September 14-November 21, 19644. September 14-December 8, 1965 – were under his successor, Pope Paul VI.
The 16 Documents 4 ConstitutionsLumen Gentium (on the nature of theChurch)Dei Verbum (on divine revelation)Sacrosanctum Concilium (on the Liturgy)Gaudium et Spes (on the Church in themodern world)
9 DecreesChristus Dominus (on the pastoral office ofbishops)Presbyterorum Ordinis (on the ministry and lifeof priests)Optatam Totius (on the priestly formation)Perfectae Caritatis (on the renewal of religiouslife)Apostolicam Actuositatem (on the apostolateof the laity)
Orientalium Ecclesiarum (on the orientalCatholic Churches)Ad Gentes Divinitus (on the missionaryactivity of the Church)Unitatis Redintegratio (on ecumenism)Inter Mirifica (on the mass media of socialcommunication)
3 DeclarationsDignitatis Humanae (on religiousfreedom)Gravissimum Educationis (on Christianeducation)Nostra Aetate (on the relations of theChurch with non-Christian religions)
Pope John Paul II• The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) was approved and ordered published in 1992.• Reasons: – It is a statement of the Catholic Church’s faith and our Catholic doctrines attested to by Sacred Scripture, Apostolic Tradition, and the Magisterium. – It is to be a sure norm and an authentic reference text for teaching the faith, and so an effective and valid instrument for ecclesial communion. – It was in 1985, at the Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the 20th anniversary of Vatican II,
• Reasons: – that the desire was voiced for a universal catechism of all Catholic doctrine regarding both faith and morals that could be the point of reference fro the various regional or national catechisms. • The six-year work on the catechism was entrusted in 1986 to a commision of cardinals and bishops headed by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, assisted by many experts and the observations by the bishops of the whole world. • The result was the fruit of the collaboration of the whole episcopate of the Catholic Church.
• The CCC is not to replace, but to encourage and assist in the writing of local catechism.• In 2005, Pope Benedict XVI came out with the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, a faithful, concise, and clear synthesis of the CCC which allows both believers and non- believers to view panoramically the entire Catholic faith.
Four Parts of the CCC 1. The Creed: The Profession of Faith2. The Sacred Liturgy: The Celebration of the Christian Mystery 3. The Christian way of Life: Life in Christ 4. The Christian Prayer