Equity In Education


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The policy implications of the concept of equity in education

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Equity In Education

  1. 1. IEP policy workshop Y2K1 Péter Radó Equity in Education The policy implications
  2. 2. Equity in Education <ul><li>Why should we be concerned about inequalities? (Values and rationale) </li></ul><ul><li>Who are we talking about? (Disadvantages and school failure) </li></ul><ul><li>What are we talking about? (Equity in education) </li></ul><ul><li>Transition and policies. (Context and policies) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy level intervention. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Equity in Education <ul><li>Competing values </li></ul><ul><li>Egalitarian policies - The same for all </li></ul><ul><li>Elitist policies - Quality for those who deserve it </li></ul><ul><li>Free market policies - Quality for those who can afford it </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic policies - Quality for all </li></ul>
  4. 4. Equity in Education <ul><li>The rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Investment to human capital </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening social cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of social safety costs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Equity in Education <ul><li>The dimensions of disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>socio-economic status </li></ul><ul><li>place of residence </li></ul><ul><li>individual abilities </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>gender </li></ul>
  6. 6. Equity in Education <ul><li>Children falling behind (participation) </li></ul><ul><li>Children dropping out from basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Children completing basic education but not enrolled till the end of compulsory schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Children completing special schools for disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Children dropping out from secondary education without certification </li></ul><ul><li>Children completing low value traditional vocational training programs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Equity in Education <ul><li>Children falling behind (learning outcomes) </li></ul><ul><li>The achievement of students in international comparison </li></ul><ul><li>The profile of poor achievers </li></ul><ul><li>The comparative achievement of students belonging to the target groups </li></ul>
  8. 8. Equity in Education
  9. 9. Equity in Education <ul><li>The signs of selectivity </li></ul><ul><li>The growing private sector for those who can afford it </li></ul><ul><li>The system of elite public schools </li></ul><ul><li>High enrollment in special schools of disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalized segregation of Roma </li></ul><ul><li>Low value added “repositories” in vocational training </li></ul><ul><li>Unfair streaming of students </li></ul>
  10. 10. Equity in Education <ul><li>Quality in terms of equity </li></ul><ul><li>Education that is open to the entire target group </li></ul><ul><li>Education that is differentiated, that takes into account the individual educational needs of each children </li></ul><ul><li>Education that adapts to the needs of different target groups </li></ul><ul><li>Education that adapts to the changing needs of individual persons and the society as a whole </li></ul>
  11. 11. Equity in Education
  12. 12. Equity in Education <ul><li>The trade-off myth </li></ul><ul><li>Equity versus decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>Equity versus liberalization </li></ul><ul><li>Equity versus choice </li></ul><ul><li>Equity versus cost-efficiency </li></ul>
  13. 13. Equity in Education <ul><li>“Transition compatible” policy tools </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of the students’ achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Information system that identifies the target groups </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted allocation of extra resources </li></ul><ul><li>Extra support to under-performing schools </li></ul><ul><li>Reconsidering educational objectives (reform of process and output regulation) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Equity in Education <ul><li>“Transition compatible” policy tools </li></ul><ul><li>INSET </li></ul><ul><li>Investment to the initial phase of education </li></ul><ul><li>Building local co-operation networks of services </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-discrimination regulation and monitoring </li></ul>
  15. 15. Equity in Education <ul><li>First steps of policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying educational disparities in terms of resources, the quality of the teaching-learning process and learning outcomes. (Analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying disparities that are politically or ethically incorrect, identifying target groups of the policy. (Public discussion) </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the policy. (Planning) </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate the policy with stakeholders. (Consulting) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Equity in Education <ul><li>Possible developments </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting research and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Generating and shaping public and professional discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling good practices </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the systemic conditions </li></ul>