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  1. 1. Introduction To HTML
  2. 2. Introduction  HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.  HTML was developed by Tim Berners-Lee.  HTML is maintained by World Wide Web Consortium(W3C).  HTML first introduced in 1991 as HTML tags.  Extended from SGML and extended to XHTML.
  3. 3. Why HTML??? ? HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language, as Hypertext refers to the process of linking text to data on the interne while markup means modification so HTML is a language that is used or that allow user to organize and improve the appearance of text on internet. HTML is used to create and design WebPages. Site authors use HTML to format text as titles and headings, to arrange graphics on a webpage, to link to different pages within a website, and to link to different websites. HTML is easy to learn and use.
  4. 4. HTML VERSIONS Year Version 1991 HTML 1995 HTML2.0 1997 HTML3.7 1998 HTML4.0 2008 HTML 5
  5. 5. HOW TO CREATE HTML DOCUMENT??? ?  Step 1: Open Notepad, Start All Programs  Accessories  Notepad o Step 2: Write HTML code in Notepad
  6. 6.  Step 3: Save the file with .html or .htm extension.  Step 4: Open the .html file with any of the Web browser.
  7. 7. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML Elements: An HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag. <p> This is Paragraph</p> <p> is opening tag and </p> is closing tag. *always close the opening tag.  HTML Attribute: Attributes provide additional information about an element. <a href="">This is a link</a> * Attribute values should always be enclosed in quotes.
  8. 8. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML Heading: Headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags. <h1> This is a Heading </h1> *The size of Heading decreases as we do from h1 to h6.  HTML Paragraphs: HTML documents are divided into paragraphs. <p>This is paragraph</p>  Formatting Tags: Tag Description <b> Defines bold text <i> Defines italic text <strong> Defines stronger text
  9. 9. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML Links:  The HTML <a> tag defines a hyperlink.  A hyperlink (or link) is a word, group of words, or image that you can click on to jump to another document. <a href="url">Link text</a>  HTML Image:  In HTML, images are defined with the <img> tag. <img src="url" alt="some_text"> *src stands for source and url have path of image stored in desktop.
  10. 10. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML Tables: • Tables are defined with the <table> tag. *A table is divided into rows (tr) and each rows are divided into data cells. Data cells have table data(td), and table border can be set by using <table border=“1”> tag.
  11. 11. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML List: List are of two type : Unorderd List <html> <body> <h4>An Unordered List:</h4> <ul> <li>Radhe</li> <li>Krishna</li> <li>Rajan</li> </ul> </body> </html> An Unordered List: •Radhe •Krishna •Rajan Ordered List <html> <body> <h4>An Ordered List:</h4> <ol> <li>Radhe</li> <li>Krishna</li> <li>Rajan</li> </ol> </body> </html> An Ordered List: 1. Radhe 2. Krishna 3. Rajan
  12. 12. HTML COMPONENTS  HTML Forms: * HTML forms are used to pass data to the server. HTML forms can contains elements like Textbox, Radio buttons ,submit buttons and more… . Forms are written under <form> tag . <form> Elements </form> Textbox: <form> First name: <input type="text" name="firstname"><br> Last name: <input type="text" name="lastname"> </form>  First name: Last name:
  13. 13. HTML COMPONENTS Password Field: <form> Password: <input type="password" name="pwd"> </form> Password: Radio Buttons: <form> <input type="radio" name=“city" value=“delhi">Male<br> <input type="radio" name=“city" value=“kolkata">Female </form> •Delhi •Kolkata Checkboxes: <form> <input type="checkbox" name="vehicle" value="Bike">I have a bike<br> <input type="checkbox" name="vehicle" value="Car">I have a car </form> I have a Bike I have a car Submit Button: <form> Username: <input type="text" name="user"> <input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form> Username: Submit
  14. 14. HTML WITH CSS AND JAVASCRIPT  HTML become more stylish and easy to use after combination of CSS(Cascading Style Sheet) and JavaScript.  CSS was introduced along with HTML 4.0 to provide better style.  JavaScript make HTML more dynamic and user interactive.
  15. 15. CSS IN HTML  CSS can be added to HTML in three ways: Inline  Internal  External  Inline: It is applied for single occurrence of events. For inline <style> tag is used. <p style="color:blue;margin-left:20px;">This is a paragraph.</p> Internal: it is used if one single document has a unique style. This is written inside <head> tag. <head> <style type="text/css"> body {background-color:yellow;} p {color:blue;} </style> </head> External: When one style is applicable to many pages then this style is used. <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=“filename.css"> </head>
  16. 16. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HTML AND XML HTML XML It is Client Site Scripting It is Server site Scripting All the tags are predefined User defined tags are available It cann’t be compiled It can be compiled It can display the web pages It cann’t be displayed It is not case sensitive It is case sensitive •HTML Hyper Text Markup Language •XML Extensible Markup Language
  17. 17. Thanks… .