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POWER THEFT IDENTIFICATION AND
LOCATION DETECTION USING GSM
1
BY
D.VENKATESH (09K81A0214)
G.RADHA KRISHNA (09K81A0220)
MOH...
CONTENTS:
 About NSIC
 Introduction
 Block Diagram
 Components
 Working Principle
 Applications
 Advantages and Lim...
ABOUT NSIC:
 The National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC) was
established in 1955 by the Government of India....
INTRODUCTION:
 Power theft is at the centre of focus all over the world but power theft
in India has a significant effect...
WAYS OF POWER THEFT:
 The normal practice for power theft is to short the input and
output terminals
 To place a magnet ...
BLOCK DIAGRAM:
6
MICRO
CONTROLLER
8051
POWER
SUPPLY
BUZZER
TOUCH
SENSOR
MAX
232
LCD
GSM
COMPONENTS:
 GSM (Global System for Mobile communications)
 Microcontroller
 MAX232
 Touch sensor
 Liquid crystal dis...
GSM:
 GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a cellular
network, which means that mobile phones connect to it b...
MICROCONTROLLER:
 A microcontroller is a computer on a chip. It is an integrated chip that
is usually a part of an embedd...
MAX 232:
 A MAX232 chip has long been using in many microcontrollers
boards. It is a dual RS232 receiver / transmitter th...
TOUCH SENSOR:
 Touch Sensor Technologies designs and manufactures patented
digital switches for use in touch-sensitive Us...
LCD:
 A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat display device made up of
any number of color or monochrome pixels a...
POWER SUPPLY:
13
Power supply is a reference to a source of electrical power. A device or
system that supplies electrical ...
CAPACITORS:
 A capacitor or condenser is a passive electronic component
consisting of a pair of conductors separated by a...
RESISTORS:
 A resistor is a two-terminal electronic component that produces a
voltage across its terminals that is propor...
VOLTAGE REGULATOR:
 A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically
maintain a constant voltage ...
BUZZER:
 A buzzer or beeper is a signaling device, usually electronic, typically
used in automobiles.
17
WORKING PRINCIPLE:
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:
18
PRACTICAL KIT:
19
APPLICATIONS:
 The system can be incorporated for almost all types of users.
 The concept is well suited especially for ...
ADVANTAGES:
 The proposed system provides the solution for some of the main
problems faced by the existing Indian grid sy...
LIMITATIONS:
 Wide range of frequencies is required to facilitate large
number of users. To overcome this, carrier levels...
CONCLUSION:
 The project of ours is aimed at reducing the heavy power and
revenue loss that occur due to power theft by t...
THANK YOU
24
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  1. 1. POWER THEFT IDENTIFICATION AND LOCATION DETECTION USING GSM 1 BY D.VENKATESH (09K81A0214) G.RADHA KRISHNA (09K81A0220) MOHD.SHAKIR (09K81A0239) U.SHRAVAN KUMAR (09K81A0258)
  2. 2. CONTENTS:  About NSIC  Introduction  Block Diagram  Components  Working Principle  Applications  Advantages and Limitations  Conclusion 2
  3. 3. ABOUT NSIC:  The National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC) was established in 1955 by the Government of India.  NSIC provides diversified support through its wide spectrum of programs to TSC to cater to their different needs related to multi- products and multi-locations markets. 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION:  Power theft is at the centre of focus all over the world but power theft in India has a significant effect on the Indian economy, as this figure is considerably high.  The present thesis, Microcontroller Based Power Theft Identifier, introduces the concept of preventing the illegal usage of the electrical power. 4
  5. 5. WAYS OF POWER THEFT:  The normal practice for power theft is to short the input and output terminals  To place a magnet on the wheel in case of old meters.  Bogus seals and tampering of seals.  Disturbing electronic common reference point of measurement. 5
  6. 6. BLOCK DIAGRAM: 6 MICRO CONTROLLER 8051 POWER SUPPLY BUZZER TOUCH SENSOR MAX 232 LCD GSM
  7. 7. COMPONENTS:  GSM (Global System for Mobile communications)  Microcontroller  MAX232  Touch sensor  Liquid crystal display (LCD)  Power supply  Capacitors  Resistors  Voltage regulator  Buzzer 7
  8. 8. GSM:  GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a cellular network, which means that mobile phones connect to it by searching for cells in the immediate vicinity.  GSM networks operate in four different frequency ranges. Most GSM networks operate in the 900 MHz or 1800 MHz bands.  Some countries in the Americas use the 850 MHz and 1900 MHz bands because the 900 and 1800 MHz frequency bands were already allocated. 8
  9. 9. MICROCONTROLLER:  A microcontroller is a computer on a chip. It is an integrated chip that is usually a part of an embedded system. It is a self contained, independent and yet function as a tiny, dedicated computer. 9
  10. 10. MAX 232:  A MAX232 chip has long been using in many microcontrollers boards. It is a dual RS232 receiver / transmitter that meets all RS232 specifications while using only +5V power supply. 10
  11. 11. TOUCH SENSOR:  Touch Sensor Technologies designs and manufactures patented digital switches for use in touch-sensitive User Interface Panels.  Much more durable than mechanical and membrane switches, Touch Sensor keypads have become the new standard for solid-state switching. 11
  12. 12. LCD:  A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat display device made up of any number of color or monochrome pixels arrayed in front of a light source or reflector. 12
  13. 13. POWER SUPPLY: 13 Power supply is a reference to a source of electrical power. A device or system that supplies electrical or other types of energy to an output load or group of loads is called a power supply unit.
  14. 14. CAPACITORS:  A capacitor or condenser is a passive electronic component consisting of a pair of conductors separated by a dielectric. 14
  15. 15. RESISTORS:  A resistor is a two-terminal electronic component that produces a voltage across its terminals that is proportional to the electric current through it in accordance with Ohm's law: V = IR 15
  16. 16. VOLTAGE REGULATOR:  A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level.  It may use an electromechanical mechanism, or passive or active electronic components. 16 7805 I/P GND O/P 7805 SERIES Output voltage 7905 I/P O/P GND
  17. 17. BUZZER:  A buzzer or beeper is a signaling device, usually electronic, typically used in automobiles. 17
  18. 18. WORKING PRINCIPLE: CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: 18
  19. 19. PRACTICAL KIT: 19
  20. 20. APPLICATIONS:  The system can be incorporated for almost all types of users.  The concept is well suited especially for villages and interior areas.  We by this design like to conclude that the power theft can be effectively curbed by detecting where the power theft occurs inform the authorities. 20
  21. 21. ADVANTAGES:  The proposed system provides the solution for some of the main problems faced by the existing Indian grid system, such as wastage of energy, power theft, manual billing system, and transmission line fault.  This method will reduce the energy wastage and save a lot of energy for future use.  We can detect the location from where the power is being stolen which was not possible before.  Optimized use of energy.  Automatic user identification. 21
  22. 22. LIMITATIONS:  Wide range of frequencies is required to facilitate large number of users. To overcome this, carrier levels can be changed from region to region.  Presently, it requires a power supply (230 V) for the operation, but a small battery with automatic charging facility can be provided in real time.  Cannot determine who is stealing, but even no other existing system is capable of doing this.  If implemented on a large scale it may take lot of time and manual input. 22
  23. 23. CONCLUSION:  The project of ours is aimed at reducing the heavy power and revenue loss that occur due to power theft by the consumers.  The proposed system will be hidden in such meters and as soon as an attempt is made for the theft, it will send a sms using GSM modem, by displaying the respective consumer meter number to control unit of electricity board  Thus by the above mentioned design we can successfully and effectively address the problems related to power theft. 23
  24. 24. THANK YOU 24
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