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  • Gibbons, Elizabeth D., Friedrich Huebler and Edilberto Loaiza, ‘Child labour, education and the principle of non-discrimination’, in Human rights and development: Towards mutual reinforcement , edited by Philip Alston and Mary Robinson, Oxford University Press, New York,  2005.
  • www.widow-foundation.org/
  • Rachgununam

    1. 1. <ul><li>CHILD LABOUR </li></ul>
    2. 2. Some Sweet Ones
    3. 3. Some Bitter Ones
    4. 5. CHILD LABOUR <ul><li>Child labour represent a fundamental abuse of children rights and a violation of various laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Many working children are engaged in occupations that negatively affect there physical, mental and emotional wellbeing and are below their minimum age for employment </li></ul>
    6. 7. CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA <ul><li>According to the amendment in child labour act 1986, a ban is imposed on employing children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age group between 5-14 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 120 million children's around the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>44million children's in India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 80% are employed in villages, that also in agriculture and non-formal activities like livestock rearing, fishing etc </li></ul>
    7. 8. The State-wise break up is as follows: State No. of children mainstreamed Andhra Pradesh Bihar Jharkhand Karnataka Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Orissa Rajasthan Tamilnadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Punjab Total 1,73,297 10,704 10,231 10,467 2,314 4,171 8,235 63,237 11,371 39,523 23,251 16,086 1,368 3,74,255
    8. 10. 8 million children are doing the worst form of Child Labour
    9. 11. CHILD ABUSE A recent study on Child Abuse, conducted by Ministry of Women and Child development (GOI) revealed that across different kinds of abuse, it is young children, in the 5-12 year group, who are most at risk of abuse and exploitation.
    10. 12. <ul><li>Two out of every three children were physically abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 69% children physically abused 54.68% were boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of those children physically abused in family situations, 88.6% were physically abused by parents. </li></ul>PHYSICAL ABUSE
    11. 13. <ul><li>53.22% children reported having faced one or more forms of sexual abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi reported the highest percentage of sexual abuse among both boys and girls. </li></ul><ul><li>50% abuses are persons known to the child or in a position of trust and responsibility. </li></ul>SEXUAL ABUSE
    12. 14. Every 2 minutes a child is sold for sexual Exploitation $1.20 being the lowest bidding price
    13. 15. FACTS <ul><li>According to the Indian census of 1991, there are 11.28 million working children under the age of fourteen years in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 85% of this child labour is in the country's rural areas, working in agricultural activities such as fanning, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates from 2000 study suggest that 5.7 million were in forced or bonded labour, 1.8 million in prostitution and pornography and 1.2 million were victims of trafficking. In India, 1104 lakh children are working as labourers. </li></ul><ul><li>Globally, 1 in 6 children work </li></ul><ul><li>22,000 children die every year in work related accidents </li></ul>
    14. 16. 05/12/10 NOs. industry (India) %share 1 Pan, Bidi & Cigarettes 18 2 Construction 15 3 Domestic workers* 12 4 Spinning/ weaving 11 5 Brick-kilns, tiles 9.5 6 Dhabas/ Restaurants/ Hotels/ Motels* 7.7 7 Auto-workshop, vehicle repairs 7 8 Gem-cutting, Jewellery 6.2 9 Carpet-making 5.8 10 Ceramic 4.1 11 Agarbati, Dhoop & Detergent making 2.7 12 Others 2
    15. 17. How many are there? <ul><li>- 246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 were involved in child </li></ul><ul><li>- 171 million are involved in hazardous and dangerous work </li></ul><ul><li>- 130 million children work to support themselves and their families </li></ul>
    16. 18. <ul><li>When not working as many as 18 slaves can be locked inside a small shed </li></ul><ul><li>(20’x 24’). They sleep on planks with one small hole for air and use a bucket for a toilet . </li></ul>
    17. 19. 1 million are traped in either Forced Labour as Child soldiers or as sex slaves
    18. 20. REASONS <ul><li>‘ Poverty’ is the main push factor </li></ul><ul><li>Parental illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of universal compulsory Primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of the parents about the adverse consequences of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective enforcement of the legal provisions pertaining to child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of educational facilities or poor quality of education </li></ul><ul><li>Employers prefer children as they constitute cheap labour and they are not able to organize themselves  against  exploitation </li></ul>
    19. 21. CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>Adult unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Depreciation in wages </li></ul><ul><li>Increased abuse of children </li></ul><ul><li>Increased bottlenecks in the development process </li></ul><ul><li>Wasted human resources </li></ul><ul><li>Wasted human talents and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Suffer injuries and illness from work </li></ul><ul><li>Not accessible to education </li></ul>
    20. 22. THE CHILD LABOUR (Prohibition and Regulation) ACT, 1986 <ul><li>PENALITIES: </li></ul><ul><li>Section-3 shall be punishable with imprisonment which shall </li></ul><ul><li>not be less than three months which may extend to one year or with fine </li></ul><ul><li>which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may Extend totwenty thousand rupees or with both . </li></ul>
    21. 23. How To Stop Child Labour? <ul><li>- stop buying things in relation of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>- social services </li></ul><ul><li>- stop buying any products from Child labour </li></ul><ul><li>- increased income </li></ul><ul><li>- support organizations </li></ul><ul><li>- providing direct help to individuals </li></ul><ul><li>- suing sweatshop </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: McDonalds was a member of the UNICEF Childs fund. </li></ul>
    22. 24. Children are easier to exploit…
    23. 25. CLOSE YOUR EYES...
    24. 26. Imagine yourself a child in a small country from a poor family…. You sleep on a mat floor and eat maybe once a day… There are too many mouths to feed to many bodies in a small space…. CHAOS, FILTH, HUNGER and DESPAIR Your parents desperate act , the act to stop all financial troubles the only way to stop this is to sell YOU! Then your kept locked up in a small, dirty room, fed enough to not starve. YOUR JOB? To sell your body to men who pay high dollar .
    25. 27. WHAT ‘WE’ CAN DO AS A PERSON TO STOP CHILD LABOUR ? <ul><li>To donate funds in NGOs working for the rehabilitation of street children </li></ul><ul><li>To make the rural people aware about the benefits of education </li></ul><ul><li>To provide free education for the orphans </li></ul><ul><li>To contact NGOs and make them aware about child labour happening in our society </li></ul><ul><li>To start campaign against child labour. </li></ul><ul><li>To help the government to stop child labour </li></ul>
    26. 28. <ul><li>The Future is in our hands so change it now or we will lose hope of a bright tomorrow </li></ul>
    27. 30. THANK YOU