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Incredible India


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Little description of India...hope u like it

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Incredible India

  1. 1. Incredible !ndia"we are daily witnessing the phenomenon of the impossible of yesterday becomingthe possible of today "- M.k Gandhi "India was Chinas teacher in religion and imaginative literature, and the worlds teacher in trignometry, quandratic equations, grammar, phonetics, Arabian Nights, animal fables, chess, as well as in philosophy, and that she inspired Boccaccio, Goethe, Herder, Schopenhauer, Emerson, and probably also old Aesop." - Lin Yutang (1895-1976) author of The Wisdom of China and India.
  2. 2. Proud to be Indian - Lets Make India Proud An individual India can not bring a Big change but together we Proud Indians can make a big difference. The pace at which we Indians are moving ahead is slow . It would take two generations before India would be known as the Greatest Nation of the world..We Indians have achieved a lot and I am proud of it.But we Indians can do much more than this :• The largest democratic country• Indian Economy is One of the largest economies• One of the most culturally diverse countries• Indian Growth rate of over 9 % and India rising• Indian Military Might, one of the worlds strongest• World renowned Indian Technical and Management universities-IIT,IIM• Indian Self sufficiency in agriculture and in certain industrial sectors• Indian Open economy, helps in trade with other countries•Abundant resources, natural and Human resources•India Travel Tourism : Some of the top few Famous destinations ,Tourist Places are in India• Indian Growth in the industrial sector• Freedom for the press in India , Free Indian Media• Indian Space program (ISRO) , Defense Research and Development and Nuclear Technology
  3. 3. Proud To Be An !ndianIndia aims good in the following fields and is definitely developing….Health and MedicalEngineeringArmed ForcesIndian army, Navy and Air ForceAirwaysRoadwaysWaterwaysCultureAstronomyMathematicsArchitectureLiteratureCinemaMusicValuesSportsResearch and Development
  4. 4. ! Feel Proud to be an !ndian•The famous board game, called Chess, was invented in India.•In Indias 100,000 years of history, it has never invaded any other country.•India is the 7th largest country in the world, the largest democracy and one of the oldestcivilizations.•India was one of the richest countries in the world before the British invasion in 17th century.•The value of "pi" used in mathematics was first calculated by the Indian mathematicianBudhayana in 6th century.•India is one of the largest exporter of computer software products. It exports software to over 90 countries.•India is home to the worlds largest pilgrimage destination called the Vishnu Temple.•The temple is located in the city of Tirupati. About an average of 30,000 people visit this templedonating about $6 million US dollars, everyday.•India originated Yoga about 5,000 years ago.•India has the most number of mosques. It has 300,000 mosques which is much more than the Muslim world.•Christians and Jews have been living in India since 52 A.D. and 200 B.C. respectively.•India has the highest bridge in the world . It is called Bailey Bridge and is located in Ladakh between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayas.•Before 1986, India was the only place in the world where Diamonds could be found.•The worlds first University was established in India . The University was established in 700 the place of Taxila.
  5. 5. AMAZING ARCHITECTURE ! Feel Proud to be an !ndianThough old, this Eastern tradition has also incorporated modern values as India became amodern nation state. As the country became more integrated with the worlds economy,traditional Vastu Shastra remains influential in Indias architecture during the contemporary eraCivilisation in India had flourished along the banks of her rivers, off the sea-shores & in semiarid regions. Depending on the locale, materials like wood, mud, bricks, thatches woven of palm& coconut leaves have been used. Huge stones had also been used to create archways, templesOne of the most enduring achievements of Indian civilization is undoubtedly its architecture.Indian architecture, which has evolved through centuries, is the result of socio - economic andgeographical conditions.Different types of Indian architectural styles include a mass of expressions over space and time, transformed by the forces of history considered unique to India. As a result of vast diversities, a vast range of architectural specimens have evolved, retaining a certain amount of continuityacross history.
  6. 6. Indian architecture, belonging to different periods of history, bears the stamp of respective periods. Though the cities of Indus Valley provide substantial evidence of extensive town planning, the beginnings of Indian architecture can be traced back to the advent of Buddhism in India. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCEAJANTA CAVESThe caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhistreligious art (which depict the Jataka tales) as well as frescos which are reminiscentof the Sigiriya paintings in Sri Lanka. The caves were built in two phases starting around2nd century BCE with the second group of caves built around 600 CE It was in this period that a large number of magnificent buildings came up. Some of the highlights of Buddhist art and architecture are the Great Stupa at Sanchi and the rock - cut caves at Ajanta.
  7. 7. With the establishment of Hindu kingdoms in South India, the south Indian school ofarchitecture began to flourish. The most notable achievements of the Pallava rulerswere the rock - cut temples of Mahabalipuram and the temples of Kanchipuram.Mahabalipuram was a 7th century port city of the South Indian dynasty of the PallavaIt has various historic monuments built largely between the 7th and the 9th centuries. Kanchipuram or Kanchi is a famous temple city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It served as the Capital city of the Pallava Kingdom. It is also known by its former names Kanchiampathi, Conjeevaram, and the nickname "The City of Thousand Temples"
  8. 8. The Chola, Hoyasala and Vijayanagar rulers also did remarkable job in the field of architecture. The temples at Thanjavur, Belur and Halebid bear testimony to the architectural excellence of the South Indian rulers. Halebidu is located in Karnataka. Halebidu was the capital of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century . It is home to one of the best examples of Hoysala architecture in the ornate Hoysaleswara and Kedareswara temples. Halebidu literally means ruined city. This name is given because this city was ruined two times by Bahmani Sultanate.Belur in the state of Karnataka .Thetown is renowned for its Chennakeshavatemple, one of the finest examples ofHoysala workmanship. Thanjavur Temple is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. It was built by Raja Raja Cholan in the Years 1003-1010 AD
  9. 9. In north India, there developed a new a different style of architecture.This was called as the Nagara style architecture.In central India, the Chandela rulers built a magnificent templecomplex at Khajuraho. With the coming of the Muslim rulers, there developed a new architectural style in India - the Indo-Islamic architecture. The Indo - Islamic style was neither strictly Islamic nor strictly Hindu. The colonial architecture exhibited itself through institutional, civic and utilitarian buildings such as post offices, railway stations, rest houses and government buildings
  10. 10. Bahubali (Gomateshwara)The 17.8 m monolith of Jain prophet Bhagavan Gomateshwara Bahubali, which was carved out around 983 C.E and is located in Shravanabelagola India,is anointed with saffron every 12 years bythousands of devotees as part of the Mahamastakabhisheka festivalThe Harmandir Sahibor Darbar Sahib, informally referred to as the Golden Temple or Temple of God, isculturally the most significant shrine of the Sikhs and one of the oldest Sikh Gurudwara It is located in the city of Amritsar which was established by Guru Ram Das, thefourth guru of the Sikhs and the city that it was built in,is also due to the shrine known as Amritsar.
  11. 11. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal (also "the Taj"), the pinnacle of Mughal architecture was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his queen Mumtaz Mahal. It is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Ottoman, Indian and Islamic architectural styles HampiRuins of Hampi (UNESCO World Heritage Site), presents the Vijayanagara architecture, a vibrant combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya, and Chola styles, idioms that prospered in previouscenturies. Hampi was the last capital of theVijayanagar Empire, which was admired by the travelers between the 14th and 16th centuries.But it was pillaged and abandoned by the Muslim confederacy which conquered the Deccan in 1565 C.E
  12. 12. Konark Sun Temple (also known as the Black Pagoda), was built in black granite by King Narasimhadeva I (1236 C.E-1264 C.E) of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Built in the 13th century, the temple is designed in the shape of acolossal chariot with 24 wheels (3.3 diameter each) drawn by seven horses and,carrying the Sun god, Surya, across the heavens. It is a stunning monument of religious(Brahmanical) architecture. The Sun temple belongs to the Kaling School of Indian Temples The Nalanda, located in the Indian State of Bihar. It was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 C.E to 1197 C.E partly under the Pala Empire. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history.".According to historical studies the University of Nalanda was established 450 C.E under the patronage of the Gupta emperors, notably Kumaragupta Nalanda, considered as the worlds first residential university, had dormitories for students and had accommodated over 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers. It attracted pupils and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey.
  13. 13. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval (between 950 C.E and 1050 C.E) temples ofHindu, Buddhist and Jain religions. There is perfect fusion of architecture and sculpture atthis temple complex, famous for their erotic sculpture. The temples are a UNESCO WorldHeritage Site. At the Temple of Kandariya, there is a profusion of decorated sculpturesconsidered as one of the greatest masterpieces of Indian art. They were built by Chandelas Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly Victoria Terminus, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways in Mumbai, India. Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and Indian (Mughal and Hindu) traditional buildings, the station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
  14. 14. The Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge that spans the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943,[the bridg was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it links the ci of Howrah to its twin city, Kolkata (Calcutta). On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu, after Rabindranath Tagore a great Bengal poet and the first Indian Nobel laureate. However it is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge.The Bahai House of Worship in New Delhi, India, popularly known asthe Lotus Temple due to its flowerlike shape, is a Bahai House ofWorship and also a prominent attraction in Delhi. It was completed in1986 and serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent. Ithas won numerous architectural awards and been featured inhundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. Qutub Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, India. The Qutub Minar was constructed with red sandstone and marble , and is the tallest minaret in India, he Construction was commenced by Qutb-uddin Aibak in 1192 and completed by Iltutmish. Qutb-uddin Aibak destroyed 27 Hindu and Jain temples and reused the building materials for construction of Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque and the Qutub Minar
  15. 15. Taj Mahal Hotel, Bombay The Taj Mahal Hotel blends Oriental, Moorish and Florentine styles of architecture. This hotel, opened in 1903, offers a panoramic view of the Gateway of India and the Arabian Sea The Taj Mahal Palace hotel resort was commissioned by Jamsedji Tata and first opened its doors to guests on December 16, 1903.Akshardham Temple, New DelhiSwaminarayan Akshardham in New Delhi epitomizes 10,000 years of Indian culture in all its breathtakinggrandeur, beauty, wisdom and bliss. It brilliantlyshowcases the essence of India’s ancient architecture,traditions and timeless spiritual messages. The Akshardham experience is an enlightening journey through India’s glorious art, values and contributions for the progress, happiness and harmony of mankind. Gwalior Fort The strategically located Gwalior fort was fair game, in its position as the gateway to central India, for all would-be potentates. The climb up to Gwalior plateau is tortuous and not easily accomplished even by a motor vehicle. Among its many remarkable buildings, its greatest is perhaps the palace of Man Singh Tomar built in the 15th century.
  16. 16. Architecture is perhaps India’s greatest glory. Among the most renowned monuments aremany cave temples hewn from rock (of which those at Ajanta and Ellora are most noteworthy)the Sun Temple at Konark (Konarka); the vast temple complexes at Bhubaneshwar, Khajurahoand Kanchipuram (Conjeeveram)such Mughal masterpieces as Humayun’s tomb and the Taj MahaIndia is home to 29,085 number of Architectural Buildings as of 2008One of the most enduring achievements of Indian civilization is undoubtedly its architecture.Indian architecture, which has evolved through centuries, is the result of socio-economic and geographical conditions. Different types of Indian architectural styles include a mass ofexpressions over space and time, transformed by the forces of history considered unique toIndia.As a result of vast diversities, a vast range of architectural specimens have evolved,retaining a certain amount of continuity across history. Indian architecture, belonging todifferent periods of history, bears the stamp of respective periods. Though the cities of IndusValley provide substantial evidence of extensive town planning, the beginnings of Indianarchitecture can be traced back to the advent of Buddhism in India
  17. 17. I salute the Rich Culture, Architecture , Heritageand every aspect of India These all factors will remind me when Iwould think to reside in foreign These all factors will scream and remind me that I AMPROUD TO BE AN INDIAN Thank You Rachit Mehta X-D