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  1. 1. Sound
  2. 2. Diegetic and non-diegetic sound Diegetic Sound whose source is visible on the screen or the source is implied to be present by the action of the film: • voices of characters • sounds made by objects in the story Non-diegetic Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen or has been implied to be present in the action: • narrator's commentary • sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect • mood music
  3. 3. Synchronous/asynchronous sound Synchronous sounds Are those sounds which are synchronized or matched with what is viewed. For example:If the film portrays a character playing the piano, the sounds of the piano are projected. Asynchronous sound Effects are not matched with a visible source of the sound on screen. Such sounds are included so as to provide an appropriate mood. E.G A film maker might opt to include the background sound of an ambulance's siren while the foreground sound and image portrays an arguing couple. The asynchronous ambulance siren underscores the psychic injury incurred in the argument. (CONTRAPUNTAL SOUND)
  4. 4. A voice over A voice over is a sound device wherein one hears the voice of a character and/or narrator speaking but the character in question is not speaking those words on screen. This is often used to reveal the thoughts of a character.
  5. 5. A sonic flashback A sonic flashback describes the technique of using sound from earlier in the film during a later scene. One character may be present on the screen, but they are hearing a voice or action from a previous time in their head.
  6. 6. Sound Perspective Sound perspective refers to the apparent distance of a sound source, evidenced by its volume, timbre, and pitch. This type of editing is most common in how the audience who hear film characters’ speech in reality. For example in the clip the soundtrack does not reproduce these relative distances and the change in volume that would naturally occur. As the volume of her voice remains the same even though the camera is at a long distance.
  7. 7. Sound bridge A sound bridge is a type of sound editing that occurs when sound carries over a visual transition in a film. It is the way in which it connects the mood, as for example shown in the clip suggested by the music, throughout multiple scenes
  8. 8. Nonsimultaneous sound Nonsimultaneous sound is essentially sound that takes place earlier in the story than the current image. This type of sound can give us information about the story without us actually seeing these events taking place
  9. 9. Direct sound Direct sound is all of the sound that is recorded at the time of filming. In this scene from Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby, the only sounds are those that occurred when the scene was filmed. The main sound in the scene is the characters’ dialogue, but some subtle direct background noises.
  10. 10. Sound effect A sound other than speech or music made artificially for us in a play,movie or other broadcast production. E.g an imitative sound as of thunder or an explosion.
  11. 11. Sound Motif A sound effect or combination of sound effects that are associated with a particular character,setting,situation or idea through the film Dialogue Conversation between two or more people in a programme, film or book.
  12. 12. Mode of Address/direct address How the text speaks to the audience and involves them, it also involves how an audience respond to a text in a certain way
  13. 13. Score/Incidental music Original music written specifically to accompany a flim,often played in the background. Themes and stings Themes is a music that always accompanies that particular Tv show or even a particular character and it suits the mood or themes (james bond) Ambient sound The background sounds which are present in a scene or location. Common ambient sounds include birds,crowds,office noises etc.