Color Review

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Color Theory, Color Mixing, Color Wheel, 2-Color Primary

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Color Review

  1. 1. Color Review ART 321
  2. 2. Properties of Color • HUE • VALUE • INTENSITY (or saturation) (Hate Videogames Immensely)
  3. 3. Properties of Color HUE - the name of the color, the part of the color spectrum that the color belongs to: Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or violet.
  4. 4. Absorption
  5. 5. 1.  All the" invisible" colors of sunlight shine on the apple. 2.  The surface of a red apple absorbs all the colored light rays, except for those corresponding to red, and reflects this color to the human eye. Environment & Perception also play into our interpretation of this color. 3.  The eye receives the reflected red light and sends a message to the brain.
  6. 6. When light hits the surface, the BLUE paint ABSORBS all the light EXCEPT the blue part of the spectrum.
  7. 7. Itten’s Color Wheel
  8. 8. Basic Color Wheel… but it is flawed!
  9. 9. What happens when you mix these colors? + + +
  10. 10. + + + = = = What happens when you mix these colors?
  11. 11. NO(in theory, or with pure light, it works. But paints and pigments are not pure light)
  12. 12. + + + = = = What happens when you mix these colors?
  13. 13. . ... ..... . ..... . .. ... . .. .... . . . .. .... . . .. . .... . ... . . .. ... . . .. .. . . . ... .... .... .. .. .. ... .. .. . .. .. . . . ... .... ... . .. .. .. ... .. .. . .. .. . . . ... .... ... . .. .. .. ... .. .. . .. .. . . . ... .... ... . .. .. .. ... .. .. . .. .. . . . ... ... . .... .. .. .. ... .. .. . . .. . . . ... ... . .... .. .. .. ... .. .. . . If colored paints were actually pure color, every time any two pure colors of paint were mixed you would get black. The bits of blue in the blue paint would absorb the red and yellow light. The bits of yellow paint would absorb the red and blue light. No light would escape from the paint, and you d see a perfectly black surface.
  14. 14. There is no pure blue... or red…or yellow…As they pertain to pigments at least.
  15. 15. Color Bias Wheel
  16. 16. Make brightest purple
  17. 17. Make duller purple because some blue and orange are mixed
  18. 18. M a k e d u l l e s t purple, because blue is mixed with orange and red is mixed with green.
  19. 19. Understand this color wheel & you will be more successful in color mixing!
  20. 20. Color Bias Wheel
  21. 21. Properties of Color V A L U E - lightness or darkness of the hue. Mark Rothko, Untitled (Black on Gray), 1969/1970.
  22. 22. MUNSELL VALUES
  23. 23. InherentValue: Normal hues have different values.
  24. 24. Grayscale Chart Low Key High Key
  25. 25. Shadows in black and white... 7-8 6 3 4-5 2-3 1 3 3
  26. 26. Properties of Color VALUE—lightness or darkness of the hue. • Adding white produces a TINT • Adding black produces a SHADE
  27. 27. Painting with a limited number of values
  28. 28. David Hockney, Mist, 1973. From The Weather Series. Lithograph, 37 X 32 in. Painting with a limited number of values
  29. 29. Properties of Color INTENSITY—The brightness of a color. Not to be confused with lightness, which is value. • Also called chroma or saturation.
  30. 30. Adding a color s complement will make that color LESS INTENSE.
  31. 31. Giorgio Morandi, Still Life, 1962. Low intensity painting.
  32. 32. Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park No. 16 1968 Contrast in intensity.
  33. 33. Richard Diebenkorn, Ocean Park No. 54 1972
  34. 34. Color Bias Wheel
  35. 35. SHADOWS of COLORS are made by adding that color s COMPLEMENT. The cube s SHADOWED side must be LESS INTENSE than the cube s brightly-lit side.
  36. 36. Pink Cube Red Cube Here, the shadowed side is more intense than the others. Only a transparent material could look like this. The cube s SHADOWED side must be LESS INTENSE than the cube s brightly-lit side.
  37. 37. Sometimes painters take this a step beyond, and paint the shadows as the complementary color itself...
  38. 38. yellow purple
  39. 39. yellow orange purple blue
  40. 40. Sometimes color reflects from one object onto another...

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