Video Conferencing in Distance Learning:   New Zealand Schools’ Perspective Rachel Jeffares
“ Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for she was born in a different time” From This….. To This!
Distance Learning - A Definition <ul><li>Where learning & teaching take part in geographically separate locations. </li></ul>
Evolution of Distance Learning <ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-media </li></...
What is Videoconferencing?
Project LIVE http://www.nhs.school.nz/nhs/Portals/0/HOPE%20Presentation.pdf
www.virtuallearning.school.nz
History of Videoconferencing <ul><li>Evolved from television – closed circuit cabled connections between two points </li><...
History of Videoconferencing <ul><li>1990s – advancements in video compression, improved bandwidth & IP (Internet Protocol...
NZ VC in Education – Key Stages <ul><li>Early 1990s The Correspondence School begins trialling telecommunications technolo...
The Role of the Correspondence  School  <ul><li>The Correspondence School (TCS) is established in 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>...
KAWM – Te Kura Hiko <ul><li>Strengthen curriculum delivery through Te Kura Hiko (online class) & Wharekura Expert Teachers...
OtagoNet <ul><li>Fully equipped with videoconferencing technology & broadband access  </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a VPN (w...
Common Characteristics of eLearning VC Clusters <ul><li>Ad Hoc nature of development (grass roots) </li></ul><ul><li>Fundi...
Common Goals & Outcomes <ul><li>More choice & opportunity for senior students in subject selection </li></ul><ul><li>Stude...
Common Issues <ul><li>Logistics of a shared timetable </li></ul><ul><li>Technical barriers (particularly in the earlier ye...
Success Factors <ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster culture </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing <...
Convergence – A Future Trend  Learning Communities Online: A support handbook for cluster schools.
Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Videoconferencing   This was a useful reference to explai...
Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>State of the Art and Trends in Distance, Flexible, and Open Learning: A Review of the ...
Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>OtagoNet  Leading the Way:  OtagoNet  Project Summary, April 2006.  History of the Ota...
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Vc Online Learning Nz Perspective

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This presentation sets outs to trace the development of Videoconferencing as a tool to support distance learning in the New Zealand Schooling Sector (K1-12) It begins with a brief overview of the definition & development of distance learning; then traces the technology of videoconferencing from inception to present day. We then go on to look at the growth of videoconferencing and it’s role & contributions to distance learning in New Zealand schools. And conclude with a discussion of possible future directions.

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  • Vc Online Learning Nz Perspective

    1. 1. Video Conferencing in Distance Learning: New Zealand Schools’ Perspective Rachel Jeffares
    2. 2. “ Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for she was born in a different time” From This….. To This!
    3. 3. Distance Learning - A Definition <ul><li>Where learning & teaching take part in geographically separate locations. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Evolution of Distance Learning <ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-media </li></ul><ul><li>WWW </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Approach (OU) </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul>
    5. 5. What is Videoconferencing?
    6. 6. Project LIVE http://www.nhs.school.nz/nhs/Portals/0/HOPE%20Presentation.pdf
    7. 7. www.virtuallearning.school.nz
    8. 8. History of Videoconferencing <ul><li>Evolved from television – closed circuit cabled connections between two points </li></ul><ul><li>Then Satellite television links </li></ul><ul><li>1970s – trialled across telephone networks but quality too poor </li></ul><ul><li>1980s – faster digital networks improved the quality of transmission but too expensive for general adoption </li></ul>
    9. 9. History of Videoconferencing <ul><li>1990s – advancements in video compression, improved bandwidth & IP (Internet Protocol) technology </li></ul><ul><li>2000s – widespread availability of increased bandwidth, lower prices for equipment, standardisation & interoperability of networks led to a greater uptake by many sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>CU-SeeMe led to web-based videoconferencing available through free services & software such as Skype, MSN Messenger & Net Meeting </li></ul>
    10. 10. NZ VC in Education – Key Stages <ul><li>Early 1990s The Correspondence School begins trialling telecommunications technology </li></ul><ul><li>1994 – Cantatech – audiographics classes </li></ul><ul><li>2000 - KAWM </li></ul><ul><li>2001 – OtagoNet </li></ul><ul><li>2002 – initiation of Project Probe </li></ul><ul><li>2002 – establishment of VLN (within TCS) </li></ul><ul><li>2002 - MOE funding for VC bridge </li></ul><ul><li>2003 – eLearning schools clusters mushroom nationally </li></ul><ul><li>2004 – TCS drops VLN – picked up by MOE </li></ul><ul><li>2006 – expansion of VLN </li></ul><ul><li>2007 – further budget allocation for Cluster Leadership funding (VLN) </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Role of the Correspondence School <ul><li>The Correspondence School (TCS) is established in 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>1937 – Regular radio broadcasts begin </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - TCS trials Satellite TV broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>1992 – TCS begins interactive teaching with audiographics </li></ul><ul><li>1994 - Videophone technology trialled with secondary schools. </li></ul><ul><li>2001 – eLearning pilot programme established </li></ul><ul><li>2003 – some courses offer VC tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.correspondence.school.nz/about/history.html </li></ul>
    12. 12. KAWM – Te Kura Hiko <ul><li>Strengthen curriculum delivery through Te Kura Hiko (online class) & Wharekura Expert Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the building of relationships between schools </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneers in collaborating with videoconferencing. </li></ul>
    13. 13. OtagoNet <ul><li>Fully equipped with videoconferencing technology & broadband access </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a VPN (which was to become Telecom SchoolZone) </li></ul><ul><li>Successful ICTPD model which other clusters adapted & adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive research documenting their journey. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Common Characteristics of eLearning VC Clusters <ul><li>Ad Hoc nature of development (grass roots) </li></ul><ul><li>Funding has come from sources that are not sustainable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Trusts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICTPD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Innovations Funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EHSAS (Extending High Standards Across Schools) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning/Teaching model similar </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing – most follow contributed staffing model </li></ul><ul><li>Similar goals & issues </li></ul><ul><li>National support from the VLN </li></ul>
    15. 15. Common Goals & Outcomes <ul><li>More choice & opportunity for senior students in subject selection </li></ul><ul><li>Student retention </li></ul><ul><li>Higher level of support than is possible through the Correspondence School </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers – able to teach in their areas of speciality </li></ul><ul><li>Increase confidence & capability in elearning </li></ul><ul><li>Increased collaboration between schools </li></ul>
    16. 16. Common Issues <ul><li>Logistics of a shared timetable </li></ul><ul><li>Technical barriers (particularly in the earlier years) </li></ul><ul><li>High workload for eTeachers </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul><ul><li>Need for onsite student support </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for face to face </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul>
    17. 17. Success Factors <ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster culture </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul><ul><li>Support VEN Report on ELearning Communities </li></ul>
    18. 18. Convergence – A Future Trend Learning Communities Online: A support handbook for cluster schools.
    19. 19. Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Videoconferencing This was a useful reference to explain the videoconferencing technology itself, it’s history of development and general impact in various areas of society. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Communities Online: A support handbook for cluster schools. Guidelines for schools developing or joining online learning communities. Provides a summary of the changing face of online learning for schools & overview of an elearning environment “The Barrel”. This is a draft document under consultation through the VLN website. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>State of the Art and Trends in Distance, Flexible, and Open Learning: A Review of the Literature. A simple explanation of distance learning definitions, characteristics & development. With a NZ focus on tertiary institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>VEN Report on ELearning Communities. Report to the MOE commissioned by the Virtual Education Network. Outlines the benefits, lists risk factors, highlights key elements of successful eLearning Communities. Raises issues of governance of the national network, need for MOE support for funding and staffing of eLearning communities. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Bibliography – Key Readings <ul><li>OtagoNet Leading the Way: OtagoNet Project Summary, April 2006. History of the OtagoNet eLearning cluster, outcomes for its stakeholders, funding issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of Kaupapa Ara Whakawhiti Matauranga (KAWM) Evaluation of Te Kura Hiko (the online classroom). Summary pp 12 – 13. Lessons for future development of eLearning pp 123 – 150. </li></ul>

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