+ Rachael Law 100152430 Social Impact of Technology Emily Brett August 8, 2012Technology will Save our Minds and Bodies:In Vitro Fertilization
+Table of Contents• What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?• IVF Video• Brief History• Why In Vitro Fertilization?• Who is Using IVF• Benefits of IVF• Concerns with IVF• Social Impact of IVF
+What is In VitroFertilization (IVF)?IVF is the procedure ofjoining a man’s sperm anda woman’s egg together ina petri dish. Thefertilization process occursover a four-day period, atwhich time the new embryois transplanted into thewoman uterus. P.130
+ Brief History of In-Vitro Fertilization Early IVF experiments began as early at 1878 with the use of rabbits Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe, a gynecologist, began IVF in humans in Britain in the 1970s. In 1977, the two, successfully implanted Lesley Brown with a fertilized egg. On July 25, 1978 the first test tube baby was born, Louise Brown
+In-Vitro Fertilization is in mostcases preformed in thefollowing situations:• Damaged fallopian tubes• Ovulation disorders• Cervical factors• Male factors, such as low sperm count or poor-quality sperm• Surogacie Why In Vitro Fertilization?
+Who is Using In VitroFertilization? 1.2 million American women in 2002 considered IVF within the last year 6 million American women have undergone infertility treatment in their life IVF treatment represents 5% of over infertility treatments in America Fertility drugs, surgery, and artificial insemination are usually attempted before IVF Most women using IVF treatment suffer from blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
+Benefits of In Vitro Fertilization Creates more families Infertile couples now have a greater chance to become pregnant Scientists are able to study fertilization and early embryonic development in an environment outside a woman’s body. Giving a greater understanding to the reasons behind birth defects
Concerns with In-VitroFertilization Health Risks: Health risks a multiple pregnancy can bring both woman and babies The IVF procedure can cause ectopic pregnancy Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a side effect of the procedure Babies born through IVF are 30% more likely to be born with birth defects + Social Issues: An unnatural pregnancy is viewed as wrong or against the will of god The cost associated with a multiple child birth is more that double of a single child birth. The age a woman becomes pregnant and give birth can effect the child social/sociological life long term
+ A major social issue involved with In- Vitro fertilization is the lack of regulation The Social Impact of in regard to the process of surrogates. In-Vitro Fertilization As read in our text in the 1980’s a surrogate mother tried to keep the baby she had carried through pregnancy. This created a dilemma because of the lack of legislation. Ultimately the judge sided with couple, which hired the surrogate. This grey area created through the technology of in-vitro does cause a dilemma just because of the emotions associated with child birth.
Another social issue is associated with+ in-vitro is the possibility of stem cells. The Social Impact of In the past decade stem cells have In-Vitro Fertilization created a great deal of discussion in regard to the purpose and possibilities attainable through this technology. The whole process of in-vitro creates the possibility for stem cell research. The most controversial aspect of stem cell’s is that they can reproduce almost any aspect of the human body, which can be frightening for most due to the aspect of possibly creating immortality. This idea of using technology to create immortality has been debated for many years, in my opinion it goes against human nature due to a lack of progression. This is why in-vitro has to be closely monitored for future success.
youTube . (n.d.). Retrieved from+ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeigYi b39Rs Volti, R. Socitety and technological change (Vol. 6). New York: Worth Publishers. American Experience. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 08, 2012, from http://www.ehow.com/about_5375953_hi story-ivf-treatment.htmlReferences IVF Canada. (2012, 08 08). IVF Canada. Retrieved from http://www.ivfcanada.com/ History of IVF. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 08, 2012, from eHow: http://www.ehow.com/about_5375953_hi story-ivf-treatment.html