Expressionism

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Expressionism

  1. 1. EXPRESSIONISMBy:Rachael CurrierTaylar DicksonLeann Haddad
  2. 2. WHAT IS EXPRESSIONISM?• Artists portraying inner emotions, spiritualindependence, and psychological states based on anobject, their environment, or moments from their past• Not about objective reality, but subjective• Usually reflects on human existence, or connectionbetween self and nature
  3. 3. WHAT IS EXPRESSIONISM? CONT.• Figures can look life-like, or can be distorted• Can portray any emotions, and any intensity• Can revolve around any theme. Common themes includeanxiety, alienation, violence• Can appear from any perspective, and have any proportionand anatomy• Color is meant to explore, and express one’s self usingpersonal instinct. Is weighted on artist’s own scale
  4. 4. EXPRESSIONISM’S REASONS FORDEVELOPMENTReaction to:• Realism- didn’t agree with objective• Impressionism- not trying to makeimpression of the world• Felt that art/society was ignoringpressing and important issues, andsuppressing attitudes about sex
  5. 5. INFLUENCES ON EXPRESSIONISM• African and Asian sculpture- distortion of human figures• Fauvism-strong use of color to show reactions/emotions• Vincent Van Gogh-strong use of color, influence from past• Edward Munch-strong use of color, influence frompast, psychological tensions• German Romanticism- similarity between humans andnature
  6. 6. COMMON EXPRESSIVE METHODS/TECHNIQUES• Unnatural, intense, or significant use ofcolor• Distorted and/or bold lines• Rapid brush strokesAll about instinct, little second guessing
  7. 7. EXPRESSIONISM AND MODERNISM• Break from traditional values• Exploring forbidden topics• Pessimistic themes• Subject change from realistic tointernal realm
  8. 8. DER BLAUE REITER- “THE BLUE RIDER”• Notable members:Wassily Kandinsky andFranz Marc• Didn’t like conservativeart of the time, neededmore freedom• Believed in beingspontaneous, usingintuition, and symbolicuse of color
  9. 9. DIE BRUCKE- “THE BRIDGE”• Notable members: Ernest Kirchner, FritzBleyl, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmid-Rottlluf, Emil Nolde• Linked many different cultures andlinked past and present to makesomething new• Believed in freedom ofcreativity, expressive truths, intensecolor and form• Heavily influenced by Van Gogh andEdward Munch
  10. 10. EDWARD MUNCH (1863-1944)• Grew up around a lot of illness anddeath, so common themes in artworkwereillness, death, despair, pain, isolation, hopelessness• Obsession with the erotic power andcomplexity of women• Believed nature was way to understandhuman experiences
  11. 11. EDWARD MUNCH- MEDIUMS• Oil paints• Tempera paints• Pastel• Woodcuts• Etching• Lithography
  12. 12. THE DANCE OF LIFE
  13. 13. DEATH IN A SICKROOM
  14. 14. THE SICK CHILD
  15. 15. THE STORM
  16. 16. TWO WOMEN ON THESHORE
  17. 17. THE SCREAM
  18. 18. ERNST KIRCHNER 1880-1938
  19. 19. ERNST KIRCHNER’S KEY COMPONENTS Unfinished looks Defined Outlines and Brushstrokes Human figures Rebelled against impressionism Believed people were at war withthemselves
  20. 20. COMPONENTS OF GENERAL PAINTINGS Situations and scenes of everyday lives True bohemian Did not use professional models Used bold colors Dynamic
  21. 21. SITTING WOMEN 1907
  22. 22. STREET OF DRESDEN 1908
  23. 23. NUDE DANCERS 1909
  24. 24. THE TOILETTE 1913
  25. 25. STREET SCENE (BERLIN) 1913
  26. 26. POTSDAMER PLATZ 1914
  27. 27. SELF PORTRAIT AS A SOLDIER 1915
  28. 28. WINTER LANDSCAPE BY MOONLIGHT 1919
  29. 29. FRANZ MARC 1880-1916 Cofounder of Der blaueReiter group Early work influencedby impressionism Important influence: byJean Bloe Niestle
  30. 30. PAINTINGS KEY COMPONENTS Power, emotion and vibrancy Animalism Feeling evoked is most important Uses non-naturalistic colors Three primary colors Use of horses
  31. 31. GELBE KUH (YELLOW COW) 1911
  32. 32. THE LITTLE BLUE HORSES 1911
  33. 33. DER TIGER (THE TIGER) 1912
  34. 34. TWO CATS, BLUE AND YELLOW 1912
  35. 35. THE DOG BEFORE THE WORLD 1912
  36. 36. TURM DER BLAUEN PFERDE (TOWER OF BLUEHORSES) 1913
  37. 37. REHE IM WALDE II (DEER IN THE WOODS II1914)
  38. 38. DAS ARME LAND TIRO 1 (THE UNFORTUNATELAND OF TYROL)
  39. 39. EMIL NOLDE (1867-1956) Violent andAggressivebrushstrokes Free art Color to expressemotion Nature andLandscapes
  40. 40. “UNPAINTED PICTURES”
  41. 41. THE PROPHET (1912) WOODCUT
  42. 42. SUNFLOWERS IN THE WINDSTORM (1943)
  43. 43. THE LAST SUPPER (1909)
  44. 44. TROPICAL SUN (1914)
  45. 45. RED POPPIES (1920)
  46. 46. PUBLIC REACTION Shocked the public Made them feel uncomfortable Controversial
  47. 47. AFFECTS Created a new perspective Psychological view Explored the darker side of the human mind

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