Thailand: Land of Smile


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The presentation slide that i used for sharing information about my country to my friends when i joined training at Okinawa International Center, Okinawa, Japan.

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Thailand: Land of Smile

  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY Situated in the heart of the Southeast Asian mainland and covering an area of 513,115 sq. km., from North 5 o30" to 21o and from East 97 o30" to 105o 30", Thailand borders the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the east, Myanmar and the Indian Ocean to the west, and Malaysia to the south.
  3. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND "Siam" is the name by which the country was known to the world until 1939 and again between 1945 and 1949. On May 11, 1949, an official proclamation declared that the country would henceforth be known as "Thailand."The word "Thai" means "Free," and therefore "Thailand" means "Land of the Free."
  4. 4. TOPOGRAPHY Thailand is divided into four natural regions: • The North • The Central Plain, or Chao Phraya River Basin • The Northeast, or the Korat Plateau • The South, or Southern Peninsula
  5. 5. THE NORTH The North is a mountainous region comprising natural forests, ridges and deep, narrow, alluvial valleys. The major city in the region is Chiang Mai.
  6. 6. CENTRAL THAILAND Central Thailand, the basin of the Chao Phraya River, is a lush, fertile valley. It is the richest and most extensive rice-producing area in the country and has often been called the "Rice Bowl of Asia." Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is located in this region.
  7. 7. THE NORTHEAST The Northeast region is arid, characterized by rolling surfaces and undulating hills. Harsh climatic conditions often result in this region being subjected to floods and droughts.
  8. 8. THE SOUTHERN The Southern region ranges from hilly to mountainous, with thick virgin forests and rich deposits of minerals and ores. The region is the center for production of rubber and cultivation of other tropical crops.
  9. 9. CLIMATE Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country. The climate is monsoonal, marked by a pronounced rainy season lasting from about May to September and a relatively dry season for the remainder of the year. Temperatures are highest in March and April and lowest in December and January. The average temperature is 28.1o C.
  10. 10. POPULATION The population of Thailand reached 62.1 million in 1999, of which approximately 30 percent are under the age of 15. With a growth rate of 1.2 to 1.4 percent per year the population is projected to exceed 70 million by 2010. Source: National Economic and Social Development Board and Bank of Thailand
  11. 11. RELIGION Buddhism, the national religion, is the professed faith of 95 percent of the population. Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, and other creeds are embraced by the rest of the population. There is absolute religious freedom. The King of Thailand, under the constitution and in practice, is patron of all major religions.
  12. 12. LANGUAGE The official national language is Thai. It is tonal, uninflected, and predominantly uses monosyllabic words. Most polysyllabic words in the vocabulary have been borrowed, mainly from Khmer, Pali and Sanskrit. Dialects are spoken in rural areas. Other languages are Chinese and Malay. English, a compulsory subject in public schools, is widely spoken and understood, particularly in Bangkok and other major cities.
  13. 13. THE MONARCHY The Thai monarchy is revered and regarded as the central, unifying element in the pillars of the nation. King Bhumibol was born on December 5, 1927, ascended the throne on June 9, 1946, and married Her Majesty Queen Sirikit on April 28, 1950.
  14. 14. FLAG Thailand's national flag, ceremoniously raised each morning at 08.00 hrs and lowered at 18.00 hrs in every town and village, is composed of five horizontal bands of red, white, and blue. Outer bands of red representing the nation enclose equal inner bands of white evoking religion. The blue band, occupying the central one- third of the total area, symbolizes the monarchy. The harmony of design expresses the complementary nature of these three pillars of the Thai nation. The tri-colored flag, first introduced by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1917, replaced an earlier design which featured a white elephant on a red background.
  15. 15. NATIONAL DAY December 5 is the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej and is the Thai National Day. It is a public holiday.
  16. 16. PUBLIC HOLIDAYS Most national holidays and festivals are of a religious nature and serve to evoke a sense of devotion to the monarchy, the religion, and the nation. Some are celebrated by the lunar calendar and thus vary in date from year to year, while others are celebrated according to the solar calendar.
  17. 17. GOVERNMENT Thailand is governed by a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentarian form of government. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, BMA, is administered by an elected governor and is divided into 38 districts. The country is divided into 76 provinces, each administered by an appointed governor. The provinces are sub-divided into districts, sub-districts, tambons (groups of villages), and villages.
  18. 18. BUSINESS Source: Bank Of Thailand As end of June 2002
  19. 19. DEMOGRAPHICS The size of the work force now exceeds 32.9 million, with the majority of the workforce under 30 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force, with a literacy rate above 90 percent.
  20. 20. EDUCATIONAL Notes: * Three years after secondary school ** Two years after certificates of Vocational Education *** Two years after High School Sources: A. Ministry of University Affairs; B. Ministry of Education