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  1. 1. Click to Play Music
  2. 2.  Defining Bullying SummaryReflection  Elementary Teachers’ Attitudes and Intervention Strategies Summary Reflection  The Long term Effects of Bullying SummaryReflection ConclusionWork Cited
  3. 3. Summary According to the U.S. Department of Education, bullying can be physical, Verbal, emotional, and sexual. Things have only gotten worse since The internet has become so popular. Kids are now being bullied online. The U.S. Department of Education reports that out of Midwestern Junior High and High School students, 88% have said they have seen bullying. Three Fourths of teens had indicated that they have been bullied while At school. Also surveyed were a group of 4th to 6th grade students in the South. The reported that a fourth were bullied on a regular basis, and Around 10% were bullied once week.
  4. 4. In her article, Larson gives some helpful tips when dealing with bullies. • Listen to them. • Let them know they are not alone in their struggle. • Be compassionate, supportive, and strong. • You must also Get immediate help from an adult. • Report bullying to school personnel. • Offer support to victim of bullying. • Offer words of kindness or condolence. • Don't feed the fire by joining in mean laughter, teasing or gossip • Ask the bully to quot;chillquot;
  5. 5. Larson’s articles, I thought, was very useful and helpful when trying learn about bullying. She gave helpful tips on encounters with bullies, and how to react to them correctly. She also gave us information on why there are so many bullies in today’s school. One thing I noticed in this articles is the fact that 88% of students that were surveyed said they have witnessed bullying. I couldn’t believe the percentage was so high. Another thing that caught my attention was when Larson’s explained why many people chose to be a bully. Her reason was that is a way for many students to try and fit in. The last piece in the article I found interesting yet disturbing at the same time is that a survey done showed that 10 percent of students that wee victims of bullying, were being bullied on a weekly basis. A quote in Larson’s article that stuck out the most to me was “No one should have to endure being teased, bullied, or abused. Cruelty violates a person's sense of self and others.” This quote stuck out to me because it is so true. Cruelty to others isn’t just hurting them but it’s hurting everyone. We need to all come together and fix this problem before it becomes unfixable.
  6. 6. Summary In this article, a study was done on teachers’ perception on three types of bullying, (physical, verbal, and social exclusion). Participants were 94 teachers that were enrolled in graduate classes at a U.S. State University. This survey was done to find out the different approaches and strategies teachers use when dealing with bullying. Results showed that teachers have different attitudes and intervention strategies depending on what type of bullying is occurring. Since aggression and bullying have become so popular in today’s society, its hard to know how to react. Dealing with bullying takes up a lot of the teachers time away from actual school work and teaching (Kerber, Karen).
  7. 7. Programs have been designed now for teachers to take part in to learn how to prevent and react to such bullying behavior. It is important for teachers to learn these strategies because teachers are one of the main roles in keeping a positive classroom running (Kerber, Karen). Here is a program I found that is popular among the teacher programs for the prevention of bullying.
  8. 8. This article shed light on how important it is for teachers and future teachers to be trained and ready to face a issue such as bullying. It’s understandable that many people would react wrong when being faced with this issue. So the best way to try and fix it is to educate people on the problem at hand. The first thing that stuck out to me in this article is the three different type of bullying. There is, physical, verbal, and social exclusion. Many people wouldn’t know that social exclusion was a form of bullying which is why I was caught of guard. The second thing I found interesting in the article was the statistic that 85% of teachers reported intervening whenever they see bullying, and only 35% of students say the teacher intervenes. The cause in this difference can be because of many different factors. We need to figure them out though so we can all begin to recognize bullying and getting the problem fixed. The last thing that sticks in my head from this article is that there are indirect and direct bullying. Indirect bullying comes in the form of social exclusion and direct bullying is in the form of verbal in physical. The reason for the difference is because in indirect, the victims social status and other people thoughts are being changed rather than in direct bullying, the attacks are being put directly on the victim. A quote I found most interesting in this article is “Classroom teachers face challenges to deal with a perpetrator and a victim, which means less time devoted to class work and instruction.’ I found this quote interesting because I never looked at it like that. The issue of bullying isn’t only hurting the victim but also everyone else who is losing time from the teacher to be able to learn.
  9. 9. Summary In this article, Dombeck talks about his own personal account of bullying and how it has effected his life ever since. Some facts about long term effects of bullying is that is can cause lasting damage to many of its victims. One negative long lasting outcome that often comes from victims of bullying is their feelings of depression, bitterness, and anger. The second outcome that often comes from bullying Is the victim’s wounded self concept. It makes it harder for the victim to believe in himself therefore, often causing it to be much harder to make through difficult life circumstances and challenges.
  10. 10. In Dombeck’s article, he makes a list of the short term and long term effects victims of bullying often have. Short Term • Anger • Depression • Anxious avoidance of settings in which bullying may occur. • Greater incidence of illness • Lower grades than non-bullied peers • Suicidal thoughts and feelings Long Term • Reduced occupational opportunities • Lingering feelings of anger and bitterness, desire for revenge • Difficulty trusting people • Interpersonal difficulties, including fear and avoidance of new social situations • Increased tendency to be a loner • Perception of self as easy to victimize, overly sensitive, and thin-skinned • Self-esteem problems (don't think well of self) • Increased incidence of continued bullying and victimization
  11. 11. I liked this article because the author shares his own experience with the readers and how it has effected him. My first “a-ha” moment in this article was that Dombeck points out that you can be emotionally harmed even when your being physically harmed. Another part I liked in this article was when I read the short term effects and saw that one was greater incidence of illness, which made me wonder if it was just to stay away from the bully. The last thing that stuck out in the article was when I read that 20% of attempted suicide victims have been a victim of bullying before. A quotation I found interesting in this article was “I'm 40 years old now; it's been something like 30 years since that sort of thing last happened. Still, the experience has not left me, it sucked so much.” This quote stuck out to me because he tells us through his own experience that bullying causes a lifelong effect in the victims. It had been 30 years since Dombeck was bullied but still he can tell the story like it was yesterday.
  12. 12. After reading and researching the issue of bullying in schools, I have come up with the conclusion that the issue isn’t only a problem and set back for the victim, but also a problem for everyone. Yes, its safe to say that the people who fall victim to the act of bullying will me damaged psychologically for the rest of their lives. But, not only are they the ones who are being negatively affected. The rest of the students will also be hurt by the neglect from the teachers who are trying to intervene and prevent this kind of behavior. For this to stop in our schools, our teachers, parents and students all need to ban together and find effective ways to prevent such a thing to happen. Programs have been set up for teachers to help educate them on productive and useful ways to keep this out of our schools, but it’s not only up to the teachers to be successful in the prevention. The parents and peers of the bullies, and the victims of the bullies also need to be educated and informed of this problem.
  13. 13. Dombeck, Mark.The Long Term Effects of Bullying. d=13057 Kerber, Karen. Yoon, Jina S. Bullying: Elementary teachers' attitudes and intervention strategies. May 2003. BNET. 99419/ Larson, Louise J. Mean Girls and Bully Boys: Defining Bullying. Feb. 2, 2008. Search Wrap Writers Community.