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How Traffic Lights & Emojis Can Help Improve Student Attendance ; )

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This is a Teaching Development Project that aimed to answer the question of 'how can nudge theory increase student attendance?'

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How Traffic Lights & Emojis Can Help Improve Student Attendance ; )

  1. 1. Rachel Cosford How  can  employing   nudge  theory  improve   student  a6endance?   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  2. 2. Rachel Cosford How  can…   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Improve  a6endance?   EMOJI’s & TRAFFIC LIGHTS
  3. 3. Rachel Cosford This  project  employed   ‘nudge  theory’  to  try  to   improve  student   a6endance  rates…   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  4. 4. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Nudge  Theory:     “A  field  of  behavioural   science  that  is  used  to   modify  people’s  behaviour   in  a  ‘posi>ve’  way”.     (Thaler  &  Sunstein,  2008).        
  5. 5. Rachel Cosford This  project  employed  two   methods  that  incorporated   nudge  theory:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  6. 6. Rachel Cosford This  project  employed  two   methods  that  incorporated   nudge  theory:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Public Register
  7. 7. Rachel Cosford This  project  employed  two   methods  that  incorporated   nudge  theory:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Public Register Attendance Emails
  8. 8. Rachel Cosford Public  Register:   •  Colour-­‐coded  to  highlight   performance  (green=  good,   amber  =  fair,  red=  poor  )   •  Completed  in  public  view   each  class  on  the  projector   screen   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  9. 9. Rachel Cosford Public  Register:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Missed  0  classes   Missed  1  class   Missed  2  classes   Missed  3  classes   Missed  4  classes   Missed  5  classes  
  10. 10. Rachel Cosford A6endance  Emails:   •  Personalised  (addressed   students  by  first  name)   •  Set  a  benchmark   (highlighted  %  of  class  that   DID  a6end)   •  Included  a  Sad  Face  emoji   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  11. 11. Rachel Cosford A6endance  Emails:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  12. 12. Rachel Cosford A6endance  Emails:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  13. 13. Rachel Cosford How  did  it  go?   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT There  were  highs  &  lows!  
  14. 14. Rachel Cosford PosiSve  Points:   •  A6endance  was  up  11%  on   the  previous  term   •  Brought  some  student  issues   to  light     NegaSve  Points   •  Emails  were  too  Sme   consuming   •  Some  students  got  annoyed   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  15. 15. Rachel Cosford Findings:   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 76# 67# 58# 58# 44# 27# 76# 42# 69# 84# 47# 47# 0# 10# 20# 30# 40# 50# 60# 70# 80# 90# Week#1# Week#2# Week#3# Week#4# Week#5# Week#6# Term%2%Vs%Term%3%A+endance%(%)% Term#2# Term#3#
  16. 16. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 11" 26" 14" 7" 24" 8" 16" 10" 3" 11" 73" 62" 71" 43" 46" 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" By#Week#How#Many#Students#A3ended#The#Next#Class#A:er#Recieving#a#Non#A3endance#Email# Emailed" A3endend"next" Percentage"
  17. 17. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  18. 18. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT             “Because  it  allowed  you  to  compare  your   a6endance  with  the  rest  of  the  class,   which  made  you  want  to  have  good   a6endance”     “It visually showed attendance, and showed I wasn’t as good as I thought”   “People in the orange/red reacted and realised how little they attended”   “People just made a joke of it, didn’t take into account reasons why people were absent. Took 15 minutes out of each lecture, when we could have been learning.”        
  19. 19. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  20. 20. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT             “I  think  because  my  absence  was  noted   instead  of  being  neglected”       “It was irritating and had a very accusatory tone. It was very unsympathetic when I actually had a serious reason for non-attendance”   “I think because it was actually noticed and commented on, it made me make sure I was in the next week”        
  21. 21. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  22. 22. Rachel Cosford TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
  23. 23. Rachel Cosford So  that’s  how…   TEACHING DEVELOPMENT PROJECT help  improve  a6endance!   EMOJI’s & TRAFFIC LIGHTS

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