Best Practices Community Level SWM


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Presentation on Best Practices in Solid Waste Management

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Best Practices Community Level SWM

  1. 1. Together We Can Make It Happen! “Reduce The Risk To Public Health ThroughBetter Management of the Wastes We Generate”
  2. 2. Recover Resources for Reuse & Recycling, Reduce Landfill!Most wastes we generate has a second life or many lives from reuse and recyclingsuch as from conversion into manure, fuel, raw material and so on.For resource recovery to be effective both in terms of cost of recovery and quality ofrecovered resources, wastes have to be segregated, separated or sorted (SSS) atsource and such segregated wastes streamlined to resource recovery centers withminimal mix ups for optimizing efforts, costs and benefits.Resource recovery from single stream mixed wastes is expensive, inefficient and leadsto realization of low volumes and poor quality of recovered resources.
  3. 3. Segregate Wastes to enable Easier, Cleaner, Safer and Optimal Resource RecoveryConstraints on resource recovery from single stream mixed wastes drives a good partof the wastes generated to landfills, causing them to fill up quickly and creatingpressures to create more landfills. Finding new sites to create landfills near the city isnot an easy task . Citizens across the world have realized this and segregate wastes atsource to facilitate recovery of resources and reduction of landfill.
  4. 4. Segregation of WastesDry – WetBiodegradable – Non-biodegradableGarbage - RubbishCompostable – Recyclable – TrashWastes could be categorized in over a hundred ways, but tobegin with, we need to get in place at least a two bin system forsegregation such as the top three classifications given above andhandover whatever that doesn’t fit in like domestic hazardousand bio-medical wastes separately to the door to door wastecollector or deposit them in appropriate community bins.
  5. 5. Segregated Bio-degradable Wastes can be Composted and used as Organic Fertilizer, Soil Conditioner and Manure
  6. 6. Sorting of Dry Wastes – Paper & Plastic/Metal in Bags for Recycling
  7. 7. Segregation At Home
  8. 8. Segregated Collection at Vegetable/Fruit Market
  9. 9. Awareness Program on Segregation
  10. 10. BBMP Poster on Segregation
  11. 11. Poster on Color Coding of Bins for Segregation of Bio-Medical Wastes - Rajasthan
  12. 12. Prevent and Avoid Mix UpsEnsure that only green wastes such as food, garden, horticultural and otherbiodegradable wastes are only deposited in the Wet/Biodegradable/GarbageBin and plastic/paper disposable covers, plates and glasses aren’t depositedalong with green wastes and they are placed separately in Bin for Dry/Non-biodegradable/Rubbish.
  13. 13. Do Not Drop these in either Dry or Wet Waste BinsDo not put used injection needles, containers with chemicalproducts, used diapers and sanitary products, constructiondebris etc., in either of the bins and pack them separately andhandover to collector or deposit them only in community binsthat are set up by municipality for their storage and collection.
  14. 14. Campaign Against Littering – Preach and PracticeWastes should be deposited in Bins meant for their capture and not thrown just aboutanywhere, otherwise it will become expensive for the local government to removeand collect it. Littering should attract penalties and the person who does it shouldn’tbe allowed to get away scot free.
  15. 15. Campaign against Burning of Waste in the OpenIn spite of it being law through MSW Management & Handling Rules 2000 that wastes(including leaves) shall not be burnt, it is still common to see waste heaps being set onfire emanating detestable toxic and noxious fumes. Wastes have to be segregatedand resources recovered from them in a appropriate environmentally acceptable way.Open burning is destruction of potential to recover resource from waste in anacceptable manner and pollutes the environment, particularly the air. Put off and discourage people from setting waste heaps on fire!
  16. 16. Together We StandWe have before us the task of attempting and succeeding inmodernization of waste management practices in our town orcity and everyone of us should do our bit to make our town orcity a model for the rest of the country to emulate.Citizens, NGOs, the private sector and the municipalcorporation must cooperate and unite to keep the town or cityCLEAN & GREEN.