06 fle TIMD-IEF Philosophy 6


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  • Family in Crisis ¥ Spouse and child abuse ¥ Infidelity ¥ Divorce
  • Throughout history...education has had two great goals: To help young people to become smart and...become good.Ó Source: Dr. Thomas Lickona, ÔEducating for Character
  • 06 fle TIMD-IEF Philosophy 6

    1. 1. Family Life Education: Which Road to Take? © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
    2. 2. Social Response —Family Life Education © IEF 2
    3. 3. Two Models ofFamily Life Education Character- Contraceptive- based based © IEF 3
    4. 4. Sexual Norm forAdolescents Character– Contraceptive– Based Based No sexual Sexual relations relations until by mutual marriage consent  Use protection © IEF 4
    5. 5. Appeal Character– Contraceptive– Based Based Character– Expedient building  Tolerates Supports diverse values parents’ values © IEF 5
    6. 6. Educators and Guidance Character– Contraceptive– Based Based Morally Non–directive directive  Teenage  Youth sexual activity receptive inevitable to abstinence © IEF 6
    7. 7. Contraceptives Character– Contraceptive– Based Based Not promoted Promoted  Undermines  Effective abstinence protection © IEF 7
    8. 8. Meaning of SexualAbstinence Character– Contraceptive– Based Based No genital Sexual relations activity short of intercourse © IEF 8
    9. 9. Educators’ Role TowardsParents Character– Contraceptive– Based Based Supports Support youth parental privacy authority © IEF 9
    10. 10. Contraceptive–BasedEducation— DubiousEffectiveness  Minimal improvements based on small samples  50% of studies show no impact S o u r c e : A. Gr u e n h e i t, Impact of HIV and Sexual Health Education, UNAIDS, 1997 © IEF 10
    11. 11. High Condom Failure RateAgainst Pregnancy 13-27% failure rate for adolescent S ourc e : J one s & F o r e s t, Family Planning Perspectives, Jan/ Feb 1992 © IEF 11
    12. 12. Risk of Pregnancy vs.Risk of Venereal Disease Pregnancy Disease Risk Risk  Both woman Woman only and man  365 days a 60 days per year year  Death Unwanted possible birth © IEF 12
    13. 13. Condom Ineffective inPreventing HIV 23% spouses of A patients IDS becam e infected  Despite consistent condom use S o u r c e : M. D. C. Gu i m a r a e s , e t a l . , American Journal of Epidemiology, v. © IEF 13 142, 1995
    14. 14. Do Sex EducatorsThemselves TrustCondoms?“I asked [800 sex educator if they s] knewthata per car ied the [HIV] son r vir woul they have sex, depending us, d on a condom forpr otection? No one raised theirhand.” S o u r c e : Dr . Th e r e s a Cr e n s h a w, pa s t pr e s i d e n t o f th e Am e r i c a n S o c i e ty o f S e x Ed u c a to r s a n d Th e r a pi s ts , a n d m e m b e r o f th e P r e s i d e n ti a l AIDS Co m m i s s i o n © IEF 14
    15. 15. Condom Promotion GivesFalse Sense of Security Removes youth natural reservations about premarital sex Fear of Fear of Worry aboutAIDS and Pregnancy Parents’ STDs Disapproval Sour Louis Har is, A erican Teens Speak, 1 986 ce: r m © IEF 15
    16. 16. Prevention AddressesRisky Behavior Cause Teenage Teenage Teenage Premarital Premarital Premarital Sex Sex Sex Teenage Teenage Pregnancy Sexual Diseases Effect © IEF 16
    17. 17. Contraceptive–Based EducationLinked to Increased SexualActivity  50% increase among 14- year-olds S ource : De b o r a h An n Da ws o n , ‘ Effects of Sex Education on Adolescent Behavior, ” Family Planning Perspectives, Jul/ Aug 1986  Greater probability among girls aged 15-17 © IEF 17
    18. 18. Character–BasedEducation Focuses onReducing the Cause Teenage Teenage Teenage Premarital Premarital Premarital Sex Sex Sex Teenage Teenage Pregnancy Sexual Diseases © IEF 18
    19. 19. Public Health Benefits ofCharacter–Based SexEducation Abstinence Education Reduction in Sexual Activity Reduction in Teenage Pregnancies & Sexual Diseases © IEF 19
    20. 20. Help ParentsProtect Their Children Regulate exposure to media Discipline effectively Encourage schoolwork © IEF 20
    21. 21. Contraceptive–BasedEducation Lacks Guidance  Attempts to be value-neutral  Allows students to set their own standards © IEF 21
    22. 22. Abstinence DemandsKnowledge and Skills Character-based education provides support needed to achieve the healthy norm © IEF 22
    23. 23. Character–BasedEducation Supports theMajority of Youth  Majority of American teenagers are virgins  Many non–virgins want support to postpone sexual activity © IEF 23
    24. 24. Contraceptive Instructionand Pro-AbstinenceMessage Do Not Mix No “ Safer” Premarital Premarital Sex Sex Abstinence Standard Lost © IEF 24
    25. 25. Balanced Condom Policy  Promote marriage as the only safe context for sex  Publicize limitations of condoms  Target high–risk adults for condom promotion © IEF 25
    26. 26. Factors Linked toPreventing Sexual Activity  Self-motivation  Academic ambition  Parental supervision  Abstinent friends  No substance abuse S o u r c e : La wr e n c e E. Ka y, MD, “ Adolescent Sexual Intercourse, ” Postgraduate Medicine, June, 1995 © IEF 26