Textile & garments (1)- Trims & accessories of garments
Trims & Accessories of
The material component except main fabric which are used in the garments
are called trimming. The materials used in sewing room other than fabric are
called Trims. On the other hand we can say that which materials are directly
attached with the fabric to make a garment are called trims. Like threads,
buttons, lining, interlining, zippers, labels, care labels, etc.
The materials which are used to make a garment attractive for sale and packing,
other than fabrics and trims are called Accessories. Like: Poly bag, Tag pin.
Collar stand, Butterfly, Tissue paper, Back board, Scotch tape etc.
Buttons are hardware items used in
junction with buttonholes for the fastening
The purposes of using buttons are
A) Functional purpose:
This referee to buttons which are used to
open and close garments with security.
B) Decorative purpose:
These are buttons which are used purely
for decorative purpose .for example,
Types of buttons:
According to the no of holes:
There are three types of button.
A) 2-hole button
B) 4-hole button
C) Special button (a) shank button (b) snap button (c) decorative button used in sleeve.
3.According to material:
According to the manufacturing material there are the following types of button –
This button are made of polyamide, polyester,polyacrylonitrite etc.they are cheap, not glossy and
widely used in shirt.
They are used in denim pants, trousers etc.
They are used in decorative and functional purpose
They are made up of horns of animals used in shirt, pants. Artificial horns are also used which are
made up of nylon ,plastic and additives.
This item consists of two woven
polyamide tapes one covered with
very fine hooks and the other very
fine loops .When pressed together
they adhere securely to each other.
This fastener is used instead of
zipper and button.
A Swiss inventor made this product
and he offered the trade name
‘VELCRO’ for it ‘VELCRO’ comes form
two France words ‘velour’ and
It is used in only a limited number of
garments like shoes, belts ,sports
were children wear,madecal textile
Types of garment label based
Although garment label is such a small part of
the garment in terms of size , it plays a big part
in linking the brand to the garment. There are
in general 5 different types of garment labels,
Woven labels are in general woven
with either cotton or polyester
threads. Woven labels can be
made with amazing details and
has the lowest setup cost out of all
the garment label types.
Label is an attached
component of garment on
which important information
regarding the garment are
written or printed. No
garment can be sold
without some kind of label
attached to it .Specially in case
of exporting label on a
garnets is must .For example
the size of garment trade
mark country of origin type of
fiber etc, are written on label
There are mainly 3 types of
1. Main label:
Main label contains brand name or trade
name of buyer which is registered by the
buyer .For example Levis .Polo, lee etc.
2. Size label:
Indicate the size of garment I e L, M, XL,
XXL or collar length of shirt 15,16,17,18
3. Care label:
It indicates the care instruction of the
garment by some internationally
recognized signs. It shows the washing,
drying, dry-cleaning, and ironing
conditions of garments. The all other labels
are called sub –labels
4. Composition label :
Composition label contain
the information about the
composition of the
garments. What types of
material are used to
produce the garments. Like
100% cotton, 50% cotton,
5% acrylic, 98% cotton, 5%
Embroidered labels are similar to
woven labels in the sense that it
also made from either cotton or
polyester threads. The thicker
threads also give embroidered
labels more structural integrity
and a more 3D feel.
It shows the price of the garment…….
Leather labels are strong and supple. For
real leather labels, they have a rich color
but do vary. So it is less consistent than
woven labels and embroidered labels.
Synthetic leather labels are also very
popular as well.
PVC/Rubber labels are often used on
sports and adventure wear, because
they are tough and moisture resistance.
The texture and thickness makes it
harder to attach to the garment.
Printed labels are normally printed
onto fabric, ribbons etc. It is similar
to woven labels in feel, but less
It is used inside at shoulder……..
Shoulder elastic tape Polyester shoulder tape Lithe Light Golden
This is one kind of trimming which is use open
and close of special parts of garments.
Functional purpose of zipper is as a part of a
garment here zipper is used to open and close
Where zipper is used as a decorative purpose, it
inches the beauty of germens.
In making trousers and jackets , chain or zipper is
in essential component which is used to open or
close of special parts of garment.
Interlining are used to support reinforce
and control the shape of some areas of
garments such as collar, cuffs, waist bands
,facings. They may be sewn into the
garments or they may be attached by the
fusing .Nowadays sewn interlining are
hardly used and usable interlinings are
Types of interlining:
There are two types of interlining are as
1. Sewn interlining or non fusible
2. Fusible interlining.
Hangtags are designed to draw
attention to the garments and are
hung on the side of the garments
and sometimes in front of button
line so that the customers can see
them easily .Hangtags are printed
paper tags hung from the garments
by plastic staple or string. They
usually show the brand name, style
no, etc. It is regarded as finishing
accessories, not sewing accessories.
Lace is an openwork fabric which is
patterned with open holes. It can
be made by machine or by hand.
Originally linen, silk threads were
used for making laces. Nowadays,
lace is generally made with cotton
and synthetic thread.
The special component which is
attached outside of the garment for
decorative purpose is called
motife.Company name ,trade mark or
other symbols can be written on the
Motif contains the following things:
Trade mark or various kinds of
It is used at tie knot neck circumference….
Thread is made from a wide variety of
materials. Following table lists common
materials, a general description and
what they are supposed to be g. This is
very useful for someone who is trying to
learn sewing. However, it should be
remembered that where a thread is
stronger than the material that it is
being used to joined for.
A curved or sharply bent device,
usually of metal, used to fasten
Uses: It is used inside of
Stopper is one kind of
Uses: It is used generally
end of drawstring or
Tag pin is an important
accessory. It is essential
for completing a garment.
It is used by the help of
Uses: Used for handing the
hangtag and price tag.
Poly bag is an accessory. It is
very important for
packing a garment.
Uses: Generally used for
Hanger is an accessory. It is
important for hang shirt, coat
and also different kinds of
Uses: Hanging the garments.
Collar stay is one of the
most important trim
which is used in shirt
collar. It is also known as
Uses: Generally used inside
of a collar point.
Folding up pins….
To folding up Garment…
Nylon Tag pin
Pearl pin Florist Pearl Pin