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  1. 1. JUDAISM <br />Alex Glowacky<br />
  2. 2. Stories of Origin & Important People<br />The 10 commandments<br />Abraham seeing God as light<br />The prophet Moses<br />It is said that Abraham is <br />the father of the Jewish people.<br />One day, God appeared to him. <br />They made a promise…Abraham<br />would be the start of many nations<br />as long as he was loyal to God. From<br />That day, Abraham in a way became <br />the founder of Judaism. <br />The Ten Commandments are<br />the founding laws/rules of<br />Judaism. These statements<br />were given to the Jewish <br />people through a prophet,<br /> Moses.<br />Moses was a prophet leading <br />Egyptians across the Red Sea,<br />where they stopped at the base<br />of Mt. Sinai. One day, he was <br />walking when God approached <br />him as a burning bush. At this <br />time, God gave Moses the Ten <br />Commandments, Which would <br />later become the laws of the Jews. <br />
  3. 3. Core Beliefs<br />ONE GOD & MITZVOT<br />The base belief that Judaism is based on is<br />that there is one god; monotheism. All Jews<br />may have a different idea of what God looks<br />like, but the fact that God is one is the big<br />idea. One other main belief is that Jews <br />follow a certain amount of rules; <br />commandments. It doesn’t matter how many<br />Mitzvot a Jew follows: that all depends on how<br />religious they are. Some of the Mitzvot have to<br />do with keeping Kosher or keeping the Sabbath. <br />A necklace <br />referring to one<br />God<br />A different image of <br />what God looks like<br />How many Mitzvot there are<br />One idea of what God looks like<br />
  4. 4. Holy Writings<br />The Torah<br />The Torah is the most holy piece of writing<br />in Judaism. It contains the 5 books of Moses;<br />Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and <br />Deuteronomy. The Torah is also the Jewish <br />Bible, which is also the Hebrew Bible and <br />the Old Testament in the Christian Bible. <br />This is what a Torah<br />looks like dressed up<br />in the Holy Ark before<br />it is taken out to be <br />read<br />This is what the Torah <br />looks like undressed <br />and rolled out to be <br />read<br />This is a Yad.<br />When reading<br />the Torah, the<br />Rabbi and/or <br />Cantor will use <br />it to point so that <br />no grease gets on<br />the old parchment <br />that the Torah is<br />written on <br />This is a boy at his<br />Bar Mitzvah <br />reading from the <br />Torah<br />
  5. 5. Symbols & Objects<br />In a way, the Star of David<br />became known when during<br />WWII, Hitler forced Jews<br />to wear this symbol of a star.<br />Since then, the sign has <br />become a symbol of unity.<br />The star is now on the<br />Israeli flag. Another idea of<br />how the symbol started was <br />that the star was on David’s<br />shield when he fought King <br />Nimrod, and won. <br /> The ram’s horn represents <br />God’s promise with Abraham.<br />Abraham would do anything<br />for God, even kill his only son.<br />Isaac was too close to being <br />dead, when an angel stopped<br />Abraham, who turned around<br />and killed a ram with it’s horn<br />stuck in a tree instead. <br />The Ner Tamid, or Eternal<br />Light, symbolizes God’s <br />eternal presence around<br />us everywhere. Therefore, <br />this light is never extinguished. <br />The Eternal flame also meant to<br />represent the menorah at the<br />Temple in Jerusalem.<br />The Star of David<br />A ram’s horn<br />The Ner Tamid in one temple<br />
  6. 6. Holy Places & Places of Worship<br />Jerusalem<br />For Jews, Jerusalem is the most <br />important city in the world. In it <br />is the Western Wall and the main<br />Jewish temple, which are two of <br />the most holy Places in Jewish history.<br />This is the Western Wall. It is right<br />near the Temple of Jerusalem and <br />is the only part of the old temple still <br />remaining. Visitors can see, touch and<br />place things in the wall. <br />This isa model of theTemple of<br />Jerusalem today. The first temple was<br />rebuilt after Romans caught the<br />original on fire. <br />There are temples all <br />over the world. This <br />one is in Wellesley!<br />
  7. 7. Rituals/Rites of Passage<br />Another Step<br />Each of these images shows<br />a common Rite of Passage<br />for a Jewish person. A Bar/Bat<br />Mitzvah marks the point in time<br />when a kid comes to an age <br />where they make their own <br />choices about religion and are <br />thought of as an adult. Weddings<br />are also a big part of Judaism. <br />Couples get married under a canopy<br /> called a chupah that <br /> symbolizes the house<br /> they will make together.<br /> Death is another step<br /> in life. Jewish people<br /> are usually buried in<br /> wooden caskets as <br /> soon as possible after <br /> their death.<br />Bar & Bat<br />Mitzvahs<br />A Jewish wedding<br />A Bar Mitzvah<br />A Bat Mitzvah<br />A wooden casket<br />
  8. 8. Celebrations & Holidays<br />A menorah For<br />Hanukkah<br />A fake sign about Yom<br />Kippur<br />A man blowing the Shofar<br />Yom Kippur<br />Rosh Hashanah<br />Hanukkah<br />Yom Kippur is probably the<br />Most important holiday. During<br />This time, many Jews fast. In <br />English, Yom Kippur means ‘Day<br />Of Atonement’. It is a day set <br />Aside to “afflict the soul,” to<br /> atone for the sins of the past year. <br />Rosh Hashanah is also known<br />As the Jewish New Year. On this<br />Day, a ram’s horn (or shofar) is<br />Blown in a Synagogue unless <br />The holiday falls on Shabbat.<br />Hanukkah is a holiday<br />celebrated for eight <br />days and nights. In <br />Hebrew, the word<br />Hanukkah means<br />Dedication. A menorah<br />Is a common symbol of <br />Hanukkah. <br />
  9. 9. Thank You<br /> For learning about<br />JUDAISM <br />