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Geo smart city kuwait seminar presentation

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Smart City Seminar

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Geo smart city kuwait seminar presentation

  1. 1. 0 GIS – The Backbone of Smart Cities Seminar Kuwait City, Kuwait September, 2018 GeoDesigning an ecosystem for better city planning, development, management and finance GeoSmart City Mark Sorensen GPC Group Founder & CEO
  2. 2. 1 Envisioning a geo-enabled ecosystem for better city planning, development, management and finance GeoSmart City BASIC PROPOSITION  GIS being used in nearly every sector of human endeavor;  Plenty of “smart” advancements in every sector;  Long ways to go in optimizing geospatial information and tools to empower fundamentally GeoSmarter cities
  3. 3. 2  Smart City is an important concept with major potential to transform the form and function of cities and how they are managed;  Many moving parts and rapidly evolving technologies involved;  Geospatial dimension critical to all aspects of city planning,  Potential to geodesign a GeoSmart City Ecosystem that optimizes geospatial tools and data for fundamental, sustainable impact Envisioning a geo-enabled ecosystem for better city planning, development, management and finance GeoSmart City BASIC PROPOSITION Smart City is an evolving notion that acts as an aspirational catalyst…..
  4. 4. 3 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology infrastructure Software Data Human Capacity Governance Processes Operations Services Actors Government General Public Private Sector Civil Society Education Sector Others Energy Funding Effort Incentive A fundamentally smarter city involves interplay of key components, much like ecosystems in the natural world
  5. 5. 4 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Processes Operations Services Actors Government General Public Private Sector Civil Society Education Sector Others Energy Funding Effort Incentive A fundamentally smarter city involves interplay of key components, much like ecosystems in the natural world Parts of this system are too complex, variable and volatile to entirely “engineer” so we have to think differently about how to create an enabling ecosystem (chaordic)
  6. 6. 5 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Huge strides in technology over last 30+ years
  7. 7. 6 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Huge strides in technology over last 30+ years Pace has accelerated even more with rapid advancements, convergence and synergy
  8. 8. 7 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Huge strides in technology over last 30+ years Pace has accelerated even more with rapid advancements, convergence and synergy But……our approaches to governance of technology have always been behind the curve….
  9. 9. 8 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Huge strides in technology over last 30+ years Pace has accelerated even more with rapid advancements, convergence and synergy But……our approaches to governance of technology have always been behind the curve….
  10. 10. 9 CAPACITY GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Huge strides in technology over last 30+ years Pace has accelerated even more with rapid advancements, convergence and synergy But……our approaches to governance of technology have always been behind the curve…. Executive and technical leadership and capacity are co- dependent The stick may bring people to the table but only carrots will keep them there
  11. 11. 10 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Enablers Technology Software Data Human Capacity Governance Truly Open Data is a key enabler In the minds of many, Open Data is a covertly dangerous idea. Real information in the hands of the masses in a manner that can’t be controlled can be intimidating to the controllers Alternately it can be used to create great benefits, or false information and harm No one answer…….
  12. 12. 11 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Processes Operations Services More than 85% of municipal government functions relate to place and can therefore be supported by GIS GIS should be deeply integrated within local government business processes It is often not there yet
  13. 13. 12 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Processes Operations Services Which “Enterprise”? Most government functions have many interdependencies at multiple levels…… …but much systems development is focused on specific applications within isolated functional islands, without considering “whole of government enterprise” functions and processes…… Department? Municipality? All Urban Area or Sector Actors? Whole of Government?
  14. 14. 13 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Processes Operations Services ……creating a confusing jumble of services and service providers that are difficult to identify and navigate by the public.
  15. 15. 14 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Actors Many actors, with different roles, responsibilities, values, needs, priorities and aspirations All actors are potentially both GeoSmart service providers and GeoSmart service beneficiaries. The more open the data, the greater the potential for participation and impact All can make significant contributions to, and derive benefits from, a GeoSmart City Government General Public Private Sector Civil Society Education Sector Others
  16. 16. 15 GEOSMART ECOSYSTEM Energy Funding Effort Incentive Funding is great, but it doesn’t guarantee results Individuals and groups can accomplish a lot with a little if they are motivated Incentives may be monetary, recognition, sense of accomplishment, aspirational and many other dimensions Funding Incentive Effort
  17. 17. 16 CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  18. 18. 17 CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE Abu Dhabi SDI initiated a trend towards better coordination and access to government information and services This has been part of an evolutionary process that is now being vastly expanded under a bold new initiative under the newly created Abu Dhabi Smart Systems and Services Authority (ADSSSA)
  19. 19. 18 • >450 municipal business functions mapped; • >85% of functions could be spatially enabled • <20% currently spatially enabled The three municipalities that comprise Abu Dhabi Emirate play a critical role In 2013 the Department of Municipal Affairs (DMA) initiated the development of a comprehensive GIS Roadmap covering the municipalities and several key actors involved in the urban sector CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  20. 20. 19 The Roadmap considered 4 levels of “enterprise” requirements as a tiered chain of interrelated functions and processes CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  21. 21. 20 The Roadmap considered 4 levels of “enterprise” requirements as a tiered chain of interrelated functions and processes Intended to be an example and catalyst for better integrated and coordinated, GIS-empowered government activities at multiple levels CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  22. 22. 21 Sharing a wealth of information across all sectors and levels of government has helped to strengthen municipal planning and operations CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  23. 23. 22 Sharing a wealth of information across all sectors and levels of government has helped to strengthen municipal planning and operations CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  24. 24. 23 Sharing a wealth of information across all sectors and levels of government has helped to strengthen municipal planning and operations This has paved the way for the new Department of Planning and Municipal Affairs (DPM) to further explore opportunities to streamline municipal services and provide better service to the public. CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  25. 25. 24 Abu Dhabi Smart Solutions and Services Authority (ADSSSA) A new ADSSSA authority was created last year to replace ADSIC which had previously initiated the eGovernment and AD-SDI initiatives ADSSSA is developing a new strategy for optimizing government beyond eGov CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  26. 26. 25 A new ADSSSA authority was created last year to replace ADSIC which had previously initiated the eGovernment and AD-SDI initiatives ADSSSA is developing a new strategy for optimizing government beyond eGov Including adopting a radical new approach for government service integration and optimization CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  27. 27. 26 A new ADSSSA authority was created last year to replace ADSIC which had previously initiated the eGovernment and AD-SDI initiatives ADSSSA is developing a new strategy for optimizing government beyond eGov Including adopting a radical new approach for government service integration and optimization CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  28. 28. 27 A new ADSSSA authority was created last year to replace ADSIC which had previously initiated the eGovernment and AD-SDI initiatives ADSSSA is developing a new strategy for optimizing government beyond eGov Including adopting a radical new approach for government service integration and optimization CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  29. 29. 28 A new ADSSSA authority was created last year to replace ADSIC which had previously initiated the eGovernment and AD-SDI initiatives ADSSSA is developing a new strategy for optimizing government beyond eGov Including adopting a radical new approach for government service integration and optimization CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  30. 30. 29 This has necessitated a process to re-assess and update the role and positioning of the AD-SDI program within this bold new vision. CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  31. 31. 30 1 Continued building and strengthening of the Abu Dhabi Spatial Data Infrastructure 2 Spatial enabling of customer facing services from within the TAMM Center framework 4 Contribution to SMART Abu Dhabi transformation process 3 Spatial enabling of common modules and other internal digital government innovations This has necessitated a process to re-assess and update the role and positioning of the AD-SDI program within this bold new vision. This has included brain- storming to explore options how to re-organize and expand the GeoSmart Department to meet the new challenges CASE EXAMPLE Abu Dhabi, UAE
  32. 32. 31 CASE EXAMPLE Los Angeles, USA
  33. 33. 32 City of Los Angeles involved in GIS more than 30 years; Very mature at the department enterprise level; GeoHub, based on ArcGIS Hub, gives city staff, businesses, app developers, nonprofit organizations, and the public access to the city's location-based data; GeoHub aims to create partnerships using Location As A Service (LAAS) platform approach CASE EXAMPLE Los Angeles, USA
  34. 34. 33 CASE EXAMPLE Los Angeles, USA Curated policy or issue-centric paradigm for organizing information; Two-way engagement platform; Combines original data with reports and analysis results; Strong technical platform that leverages underlying enterprise capacity, data standardization and governance that has already been addressed.
  35. 35. 34 CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  36. 36. 35 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has endured conflict for three decades and remains a fragile and conflict- affected state, Despite this, the government has been taking steps to address the underlying causes of continued fragility and to establish systems to better the situation in the country. CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  37. 37. 36 There has been very significant investment in the creation of data in the country for both defense and civil development purposes. Data is scattered among different ministries and often lost or stored in inaccessible “silos”. Technical infrastructure and human capacity remains low. CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  38. 38. 37 Government conceived of a National Geo-Informatics Center (NGIC) to better coordinate and use information for evidence- based policy and decision making Programme has the direct support and active involvement of the President and entire Cabinet The NGIC has now been merged with the Central Statistical Organization to create the National Statistics and Information Authority (NSIA) CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  39. 39. 38 One of the key issues to be addressed is how to better assess and coordinate capital infrastructure investment CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan NGIC can provide a common infrastructure for more efficient and coordinated project planning and finance – efficiencies in this area alone could pay for NGIC many times over…….
  40. 40. 39 An exercise to “follow the money” was conducted to conceive a more effective framework to link planning and investment, laterally and vertically…. CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  41. 41. 40 An exercise to “follow the money” was conducted to conceive a more effective framework to link planning and investment, laterally and vertically…. CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan Capital Investment Planning Capital Infrastructure Implementation Land and Resource Planning Urban and Rural Development & Operations Sustainable Development Policies, Strategies and Decision Making Monitoring and Evaluation Funding Sources
  42. 42. 41 The structure of the NGIC programme has been conceived and the various parts are now under development CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan
  43. 43. 42 CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan The Afghanistan Urban Management Information System (UMIS) is intended to be a technology-empowered, multiple stakeholder framework to support more coordinated and effective, multi-sector urban environment planning, development, operations, monitoring & evaluation and adaptive management, at multiple levels The NGIC is establishing much of the foundation needed for UMIS version of Smart City……
  44. 44. 43 CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan The Afghanistan Urban Management Information System (UMIS) is intended to be a technology-empowered, multiple stakeholder framework to support more coordinated and effective, multi-sector urban environment planning, development, operations, monitoring & evaluation and adaptive management, at multiple levels The NGIC is establishing much of the foundation needed for UMIS version of Smart City…… CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan Transversal Development Approach In a nutshell, the transversal approach is about rendering place-based complexity manageable without running into the pitfalls of oversimplification and silo thinking Source: http://osmosnetwork.com
  45. 45. 44 CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan WHAT IS UMIS? Strategic and Framework Plans Master Plans and Land Use Zoning Capital Investment Plans Design and Construction Municipal Operations and Management • National Development Strategy • National Spatial Plan • Provincial Structure Plan • City Structure Plans • Land Use Masterplans • Zoning and Dev. Controls • Urban Design • Transportation • Utilities • Community Facilities • Open Space/Conservation • Public Realm/Streetscape • Land Subdivision • Land Allocation • Transport/Transit • Housing • Utilities • Public Facilities • Public Services • Land Allocation • Infrastructure Design/Construction • Building Design/Construction • Land and Property Transactions • CAPEX Finance • O&M • OPEX Finance UMIS is exploring the roles and functions across all entities involved in the urban sector
  46. 46. 45 CASE EXAMPLE Afghanistan Strategic and Framework Plans Master Plans and Land Use Zoning Capital Investment Plans Design and Construction Municipal Operations and Management UMIS is exploring the roles and functions across all entities involved in the urban sector ….and the interactions and interdependencies among them, locally and nationally The project is in-process with the full cooperation of the key stakeholders, including the NSIA.
  47. 47. 46 The informal community of Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the largest slum in Nairobi, and the largest urban slum in Africa. Map Kibera has now grown into a complete interactive community information project. CASE EXAMPLE Kibera, Kenya
  48. 48. 47 This has helped to gain the attention of government and the international community, build support for increasing community facilities, services and infrastructure and to support some level of tenancy and defense against forced evictions. CASE EXAMPLE Kibera, Kenya
  49. 49. 48  Smart City is an important concept with major potential to transform the form and function of cities and how they are managed;  Geospatial dimension critical to all aspects of city planning, development, management and finance; Envisioning a geo-enabled ecosystem for better city planning, development, management and finance GeoSmart City CONCLUSIONS  We can’t and should not try to control all aspects of becoming “GeoSmart”  In addition to good governance, focus on geodesigning a GeoSmart City Ecosystem that optimizes geospatial tools and data for fundamental, sustainable impact

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