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Geocoding SymposiumWashingtonTues 25 Oct 2011
Looking Beyondthe Physical AddressAn Examinationof How GeocodingCan EnhancePostal Addressing
richard abas3.1081 101.5832+60193354731razlanabas@gmail.comwww.posttude.com@razlan###53281-8958-1832###razlanabas
where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-8...
where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-8...
where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-8...
Washington ConferenceOctober 1884International Meridian Conferencehttp://www.ucolick.org/~sla/leapsecs/scans-meridian.html
http://www.geo.ya.com/valeranet/delegados.htm
Resolutions 1 ... 4The following resolutions were adopted by the conference:1. That it is the opinion of this Congress tha...
Resolutions 5 ... 71. That this universal day is to be a mean solar day; is to begin for all the world at themoment of mea...
Purpose?what is geocoding?why does it matter?how can it help postal addressing?can we create a standard?posttude, gocode, ...
what is geocoding?
googled....... Geocoding is the process of resolving geographicplace names, addresses or other data to geographiccoordinat...
. ..The most common data to be geocoded are postal addresses. In fact, thereare very few geocoding services which geocode ...
why does geocoding matter?simplify what is wherehelp get somewheremake stuff easierdo cool things
size of problem4 / 6.5 Billion
UPU, UNUPU puts addressing on UN agendaUPU director general Edouard Dayan .....“Addresses are taken for grantedin industri...
Goldberg 2PERSISTENT GEOCODING DIFFICULTIES....... In developing countries with little GIS data infrastructure, the main r...
... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is thatevery nation has a different postcode structu...
... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is that everynation has a different postcode structu...
can we create a standard?learn from othersinnovation happens at the intersection of disciplinesgeocode best practises
Standards●110 km●90210●WAS DCA IAD BWI●Latitude 3.1415 N Longitude 103.3876●+60 19 3354731●georger@geotude.com●@razlan●178...
Vinton CerfIP= internet protocolsIP on everythinglearn from the lessons of building the internet and the web andapply to t...
FGDC-STD-011-2001NSDINational Spatial Data InfrastructureUnited States National GridStandards Working GroupFederal Geograp...
Discrete Global Gridsc-squarescquayGARSGeohashGeorefMarsden SquareMaidenhead Locator SystemMilitary Grid Reference SystemN...
Discrete Global Grids - desirablefeaturesGoodchild 1994Kimmerling 1999Clarke 2000http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/...
Goodchild 19941. Each area contains one point2. Areas are equal in size3. Areas exhaustively cover the domain4. Areas are ...
Kimmerling 19991. Areal cells constitute a complete tiling of the globe, exhaustively covering the globe withoutoverlappin...
Clarke 20001. Universal2. Authoritative3. Succinct4. Definitive5. Exhaustive6. Hierarchical7. Unique8. Intuitive9. Tractab...
Razlan 2011Criteria for choosing a Geocode { especially for mail delivery}simplesingle stringnumericalintuitiveno look upg...
www.posttude.com●IP address for location●Provides a unique 5+4+4 digit geocode for every 10 x 10 mgrid on earth1●6.48 x 10...
Postcode v PosttudePostcode●identify post office●lookup required●changes●localPosttude●identify delivery point●latitude & ...
C = 5/9*F-32### 73824-8096-5615Lat: -37.8056Long: 144.961573824= 10,000 + (500 x (90-(-37))) + (180 + 144 )note: quadrant ...
The smallest numbered Geotude is 10000 at lat=-90°, lng=-180°. Geotude number are incremented by1, when we move from left ...
Geotude●Provisional application for patent : May 2006 (Australia)●Patent Corporation Treaty (PCT) application: April 2007(...
R & DRed Herring Asia 200 (2006,2008,2009)Where 2.0 in San Jose, CA (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,2010)Google Geo Developers Day...
Standard1884 ... Greenwich2011? ... ?
UPUUniversal Postal Union191 member countriesPost OfficesPostcodes 121/191Addressing summit 2011recent cases:Saudi ArabiaC...
.postGeneva (Switzerland), December 11, 2009ICANN grants UPU .post top-level domainUPU first UN agency to get such a domai...
Potential### standardan address for everyonean address for anythingredefine whereweb 2.0 address bookspace time visualizat...
Revenue modelCreate standardFree PosttudePay for GRL
Just likeURL } DNS } IP addressGRL } PNS } Posttude
NowGlobal Envelope Alliance500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550Alexandria, VA 22314(phone) +1 703-739-2200(fax) +1 703-739-220...
Global Envelope Alliance500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550Alexandria, VA 22314(phone) +1 703-739-2200(fax) +1 703-739-2209ww...
# # ## on mobile devicearea bounded by two lines of latitude and longitudegeotude logo# # # {minimum 5 digits}input any de...
thank you3.1081 101.5832+60193354731razlanabas@gmail.comwww.posttude.com@razlan### 53281-8958-1832### rabas
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
Looking Beyond  the Physical Address. An Examination  of How Geocoding  Can Enhance  Postal Addressing
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Looking Beyond the Physical Address. An Examination of How Geocoding Can Enhance Postal Addressing

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Looking Beyond the Physical Address.
An Examination of How Geocoding Can Enhance Postal Addressing
Presentation in Washington
on 25 Oct 2011
at Geocoding Symposium
organized by Global Envelope Alliance

Published in: Technology
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Looking Beyond the Physical Address. An Examination of How Geocoding Can Enhance Postal Addressing

  1. 1. Geocoding SymposiumWashingtonTues 25 Oct 2011
  2. 2. Looking Beyondthe Physical AddressAn Examinationof How GeocodingCan EnhancePostal Addressing
  3. 3. richard abas3.1081 101.5832+60193354731razlanabas@gmail.comwww.posttude.com@razlan###53281-8958-1832###razlanabas
  4. 4. where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline
  5. 5. where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline38.9046-77.0402
  6. 6. where?The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC1127 Connecticut Avenue NWWashington, DC 200361-202-347-3000 Local1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline38.9046-77.0402###35602-0995-5397###mayflowerDC
  7. 7. Washington ConferenceOctober 1884International Meridian Conferencehttp://www.ucolick.org/~sla/leapsecs/scans-meridian.html
  8. 8. http://www.geo.ya.com/valeranet/delegados.htm
  9. 9. Resolutions 1 ... 4The following resolutions were adopted by the conference:1. That it is the opinion of this Congress that it is desirable to adopt a single primemeridian for all nations, in place of the multiplicity of initial meridians which nowexist.2. That the Conference proposes to the Governments here represented the adoptionof the meridian passing through the centre of the transit instrument at theObservatory of Greenwich as the initial meridian for longitude.3. That from this meridian longitude shall be counted in two directions up to 180degrees, east longitude being plus and west longitude minus.4. That the Conference proposes the adoption of a universal day for all purposes forwhich it may be found convenient, and which shall not interfere with the use oflocal or standard time where desirable.
  10. 10. Resolutions 5 ... 71. That this universal day is to be a mean solar day; is to begin for all the world at themoment of mean midnight of the initial meridian, coinciding with the beginning ofthe civil day and date of that meridian; and is to be counted from zero up to twenty-four hours.2. That the Conference expresses the hope that as soon as may be practicable theastronomical and nautical days will be arranged everywhere to begin at midnight.3. That the Conference expresses the hope that the technical studies designed toregulate and extend the application of the decimal system to the division ofangular space and of time shall be resumed, so as to permit the extension ofthis application to all cases in which it presents real advantages.
  11. 11. Purpose?what is geocoding?why does it matter?how can it help postal addressing?can we create a standard?posttude, gocode, NAC , ... , ?
  12. 12. what is geocoding?
  13. 13. googled....... Geocoding is the process of resolving geographicplace names, addresses or other data to geographiccoordinates or geocodes,200361-202-WAS DCA IAD BWI
  14. 14. . ..The most common data to be geocoded are postal addresses. In fact, thereare very few geocoding services which geocode anything other than postaladdress data. The simple reason for this is that postal address data are amongthe most prevalent forms of information [Eichelberger, 1993],...http://www.urisa.org/goldbergGoldberg 1
  15. 15. why does geocoding matter?simplify what is wherehelp get somewheremake stuff easierdo cool things
  16. 16. size of problem4 / 6.5 Billion
  17. 17. UPU, UNUPU puts addressing on UN agendaUPU director general Edouard Dayan .....“Addresses are taken for grantedin industrialised countries, but billions of people in developing countriesdon’t have them, ...“People without addresses cannot easily vote or enjoy a full legal identity, nor can they easily open a bank account or qualifyfor credit or loans,” he added.The head of the UN agency for postal services reminded his colleagues that addresses areimportant for delivering health and emergency services, developing rural and urban policies, and providing access to basicpublic services such as electricity or water.Dayan continued: “How can you apply for a decent job without a personal address? How can businesses sell and customersbuy online if there is no physical address for delivering the goods? How can people get a passport or an ID?”The UPU wants to raise awareness of addressing systems and give anaddress to everyone in the world. ......http://www.upu.int/news_centre/2009/en/2009-11-02_adressage_aux_nations-unies.html2 Nov 2009
  18. 18. Goldberg 2PERSISTENT GEOCODING DIFFICULTIES....... In developing countries with little GIS data infrastructure, the main roadblock toaccurate geocoding is the simple non-existence of reference datasets or GIS data infrastructure [Croner, 2003, UnitedNations Economic Commission, 2005]. The development of basic GIS reference datasets is hindered by the existence ofslum-like areas that change frequently, contain geographic features that are not streetaddressable, and where many areas lack a consistent addressing scheme ...costlyendeavors being undertaken in areas with few economic resources todedicate to the task [United Nations Economic Commission, 2005].http://www.urisa.org/goldberg
  19. 19. ... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is thatevery nation has a different postcode structure, so one would have to create a“bridge code” to transcend all these different structures. However, there are someother reasons, including a great deal of money that each nation has alreadyinvested in their own mail processing systems and the lack of a unversal systemthat keeps addresses correct and up-to-date. A number of nations have non-sequential addressing systems where houses on a street are randomlynumbered, not one after another. In some nations, there is a great distancebetween residences so a system that transcends these challenges is vitallyimportant. ...who needs a universal geocode forpostal delivery?
  20. 20. ... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is that everynation has a different postcode structure, so one would have to create a “bridge code” totranscend all these different structures. However, there are some other reasons,including a great deal of money that each nation has already invested in their own mailprocessing systems and the lack of a unversal system that keeps addresses correct andup-to-date. A number of nations have non-sequential addressing systems where houseson a street are randomly numbered, not one after another. In some nations, there is agreat distance between residences so a system that transcends these challenges isvitally important. ...The Global Envelope Report 2010, GEAwho needs a universal geocode forpostal delivery?
  21. 21. can we create a standard?learn from othersinnovation happens at the intersection of disciplinesgeocode best practises
  22. 22. Standards●110 km●90210●WAS DCA IAD BWI●Latitude 3.1415 N Longitude 103.3876●+60 19 3354731●georger@geotude.com●@razlan●178.345.652.789●www.posttu.de●###29384 2832 3348●###12345.......
  23. 23. Vinton CerfIP= internet protocolsIP on everythinglearn from the lessons of building the internet and the web andapply to the geowebIP for locationGeoweb Vancouver 25 July 2007
  24. 24. FGDC-STD-011-2001NSDINational Spatial Data InfrastructureUnited States National GridStandards Working GroupFederal Geographic Data CommitteeDecember, 2001http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/usng/index_html
  25. 25. Discrete Global Gridsc-squarescquayGARSGeohashGeorefMarsden SquareMaidenhead Locator SystemMilitary Grid Reference SystemNatural Area CodeQuarter Degree Grid CellsWorld Meteorological Organisation SquaresUniversal Transverse Mercatorhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocoding
  26. 26. Discrete Global Grids - desirablefeaturesGoodchild 1994Kimmerling 1999Clarke 2000http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  27. 27. Goodchild 19941. Each area contains one point2. Areas are equal in size3. Areas exhaustively cover the domain4. Areas are equal in shape5. Points form a hierarchy preserving some (undefined) property for m < n points6. Areas form a hierarchy preserving some (undefined) property for m < n areas7. The domain is the globe (sphere, spheroid)8. Edges of areas are straight on some projection9. Areas have the same number of edges10. Areas are compact11. Points are maximally central within areas12. Points are equidistant13. Edges are areas of equal length14. Addresses of points and areas are regular and reflect other propertieshttp://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  28. 28. Kimmerling 19991. Areal cells constitute a complete tiling of the globe, exhaustively covering the globe withoutoverlapping. (3,7)2. Areal cells have equal areas. This minimizes the confounding effects of area variation in analysis, andprovides equal probabilities for sampling designs. (2)3. Areal cells have the same topology (same number of edges and vertices). (9, 14)4. Areal cells have the same shape. ideally a regular spherical polygon with edges that are great circles.(4)5. Areal cells are compact. (10)6. Edges of cells are straight in a projection. (8)7. The midpoint of an arc connecting two adjacent cells coincides with the midpoint of the edge betweenthe two cells.8. The points and areal cells of the various resolution grids which constitute the grid system form ahierarchy which displays a high degree of regularity. (5,6)9. A single areal cell contains only one grid reference point.(1)10. Grid reference points are maximally central within areal cells. (11)11. Grid reference points are equidistant from their neighbors. (12)12. Grid reference points and areal cells display regularities and other properties which allow them to beaddressed in an efficient manner.13. The grid system has a simple relationship to latitude and longitude.14. The grid system contains grids of any arbitrary defined spatial resolution. (5,6)http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  29. 29. Clarke 20001. Universal2. Authoritative3. Succinct4. Definitive5. Exhaustive6. Hierarchical7. Unique8. Intuitive9. Tractable10. Accuratehttp://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  30. 30. Razlan 2011Criteria for choosing a Geocode { especially for mail delivery}simplesingle stringnumericalintuitiveno look upglobaldefinitiveexhaustivenestedprivacy and securityflexibleHeightPABXfreeno royaltyopenstandard internationally agreed
  31. 31. www.posttude.com●IP address for location●Provides a unique 5+4+4 digit geocode for every 10 x 10 mgrid on earth1●6.48 x 1012●Extendable infinitely●Open Source and free●Mathematical algorithm not requiring lookup●hierarchical1. more precisely, a discrete global grid with equal angle graticules at 4 decimals of latitude and longitude
  32. 32. Postcode v PosttudePostcode●identify post office●lookup required●changes●localPosttude●identify delivery point●latitude & longitude●permanent●international
  33. 33. C = 5/9*F-32### 73824-8096-5615Lat: -37.8056Long: 144.961573824= 10,000 + (500 x (90-(-37))) + (180 + 144 )note: quadrant changes formula
  34. 34. The smallest numbered Geotude is 10000 at lat=-90°, lng=-180°. Geotude number are incremented by1, when we move from left (West) to right (East). Geotude number are incremented by 500, when wemove from top (North) to bottom (South). Hence, the largest numbered Geotude is 99859 at lat=+89°,lng=+179°.
  35. 35. Geotude●Provisional application for patent : May 2006 (Australia)●Patent Corporation Treaty (PCT) application: April 2007(Kuala Lumpur)●PCT provisional approval in August 2007●Open sourced 2008
  36. 36. R & DRed Herring Asia 200 (2006,2008,2009)Where 2.0 in San Jose, CA (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,2010)Google Geo Developers Day (2006, 2007)WhereCamp, Sunnyvale, CA (2007)Web 2.0, San Francisco, CA (2007)WhereCamp, Mountain View, CA (2008)National Postal Forum, Anaheim, CA (2008)WhereCamp, Palo Alto, CA (2009)Web 2.0 Summit, SF (2009)CES, Las Vegas, NV (2010)Post Expo, Copenhagen , Denmark (2010)Address Summit , UPU, Bern, Switzerland (2010)GEA Geocode Symposium (2011)
  37. 37. Standard1884 ... Greenwich2011? ... ?
  38. 38. UPUUniversal Postal Union191 member countriesPost OfficesPostcodes 121/191Addressing summit 2011recent cases:Saudi ArabiaCosta RicaSouth Africa
  39. 39. .postGeneva (Switzerland), December 11, 2009ICANN grants UPU .post top-level domainUPU first UN agency to get such a domain; global postal sector to explore new frontiers ofelectronic postal servicesThe Universal Postal Union (UPU) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names andNumbers (ICANN) today signed the contract that grants the UPU managing authority overthe top-level domain name, .post (dot.post).The UPU is the first United Nations agency to obtain a piece of real-estate space on theInternet for the global industry it represents. ICANN President Rod Beckstrom and UPUDirector General Edouard Dayan signed the contract at the United Nations Office inGeneva, Switzerland.http://www.upu.int/press/en/2009/2009_12_11_dotpost_en.pdf
  40. 40. Potential### standardan address for everyonean address for anythingredefine whereweb 2.0 address bookspace time visualizationthe science behind the social network
  41. 41. Revenue modelCreate standardFree PosttudePay for GRL
  42. 42. Just likeURL } DNS } IP addressGRL } PNS } Posttude
  43. 43. NowGlobal Envelope Alliance500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550Alexandria, VA 22314(phone) +1 703-739-2200(fax) +1 703-739-2209www.globalenvelopealliance.org
  44. 44. Global Envelope Alliance500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550Alexandria, VA 22314(phone) +1 703-739-2200(fax) +1 703-739-2209www.globalenvelopealliance.org###geaFuture
  45. 45. # # ## on mobile devicearea bounded by two lines of latitude and longitudegeotude logo# # # {minimum 5 digits}input any device
  46. 46. thank you3.1081 101.5832+60193354731razlanabas@gmail.comwww.posttude.com@razlan### 53281-8958-1832### rabas

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