Master oral uk

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Master oral uk

  1. 1. MASTER _ ORAL _ By Captain _ SAMSON A. _ SAFETY MANAGEMENTA. _ SAFETY MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE OF SOLAS CHAPTER IX, RESOLUTIONOF SOLAS CHAPTER IX, RESOLUTION 741(18)741(18) SOLAS chapter IX is the Management for the safe operation of ships. The purposeSOLAS chapter IX is the Management for the safe operation of ships. The purpose of this chapter is to implementing of ISM Code. International safety managementof this chapter is to implementing of ISM Code. International safety management Code means the ISM Code is to provide safe Management and operation of shipsCode means the ISM Code is to provide safe Management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention adopted by the organization by resolution A. 741(18),and for pollution prevention adopted by the organization by resolution A. 741(18), as amended by MSC.104 (73). The ISM Code is to take the necessary steps toas amended by MSC.104 (73). The ISM Code is to take the necessary steps to safeguard the shipmaster in the proper discharge of his responsibilities with regardsafeguard the shipmaster in the proper discharge of his responsibilities with regard to maritime safety and the protection of the marine environment.to maritime safety and the protection of the marine environment.
  2. 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ CONTENTS OF ISM CODECONTENTS OF ISM CODE 1. General:1. General: - Definitions- Definitions - Objectives- Objectives - Application- Application - Functional requirements for a safety management system _- Functional requirements for a safety management system _ 2. Safety and environmental protection policy2. Safety and environmental protection policy 3. Company responsibilities and authority3. Company responsibilities and authority 4. Designated Person4. Designated Person 5. Master’s responsibility and authority5. Master’s responsibility and authority 6. Resources and personnel6. Resources and personnel 7. Development of plans for shipboard operations7. Development of plans for shipboard operations 8. Emergency Preparedness8. Emergency Preparedness 9. Reports and analysis of non-conformities, accidents and9. Reports and analysis of non-conformities, accidents and hazardous occurrenceshazardous occurrences 10. Maintenance of the ship and equipment10. Maintenance of the ship and equipment 11. Documentation11. Documentation 12. Company verification, Review and Evaluation12. Company verification, Review and Evaluation 13. Certification and periodical verification13. Certification and periodical verification 14. Interim Certification14. Interim Certification 15. Vérification15. Vérification 16.16. FormsForms ofof CertificatesCertificates
  3. 3. ISM CODE APPLIES _ISM CODE APPLIES _ 1. Passenger ships/passenger high-speed craft, oil/chemical tankers, gas/bulk1. Passenger ships/passenger high-speed craft, oil/chemical tankers, gas/bulk carrier and cargo high-speed craft of 500 GT and upwards – 1carrier and cargo high-speed craft of 500 GT and upwards – 1stst Jul 98.Jul 98. 2. Other cargo ships and mobile offshore drilling units (MODU) of 500 GT and2. Other cargo ships and mobile offshore drilling units (MODU) of 500 GT and upwards – 01 July 2002.upwards – 01 July 2002. OBJECTIVE _OBJECTIVE _ 1. Safety at sea1. Safety at sea 2. Prevention of human injury or loss of life2. Prevention of human injury or loss of life 3. Avoidance of damage to the environment3. Avoidance of damage to the environment 4. Avoidance of damage to the property4. Avoidance of damage to the property MASTER’S RESPONSIBITY AND AUTHORITY:MASTER’S RESPONSIBITY AND AUTHORITY: The company should clearly define and document the master’s responsibilityThe company should clearly define and document the master’s responsibility with regard to:with regard to: 1. Implementing the safety and environmental-protection policy of the Cie;1. Implementing the safety and environmental-protection policy of the Cie; 2. Motivating the crew in the observation of that policy;2. Motivating the crew in the observation of that policy; 3. Issuing appropriate orders and instructions in a clear and simple manner;3. Issuing appropriate orders and instructions in a clear and simple manner; 4. Verifying that specified requirements are observed; and4. Verifying that specified requirements are observed; and 5. Reviewing the SMS and reporting its deficiencies to the shore-based5. Reviewing the SMS and reporting its deficiencies to the shore-based management.management. The company should ensure that the SMS operating on board the ship containsThe company should ensure that the SMS operating on board the ship contains a clear statement emphasizing the master’s authority. The company shoulda clear statement emphasizing the master’s authority. The company should establish in the SMS that the master has the overriding authority and theestablish in the SMS that the master has the overriding authority and the responsibility to make decisions with respect to safety and pollution prevention andresponsibility to make decisions with respect to safety and pollution prevention and to request the company’s assistance as may be necessary.to request the company’s assistance as may be necessary. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESSEMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS 1. The Company should establish procedures to identify describe and respond1. The Company should establish procedures to identify describe and respond to potential emergency shipboard situations.to potential emergency shipboard situations. 2. The company should establish programme for drills and exercises to2. The company should establish programme for drills and exercises to prepare for emergency actions.prepare for emergency actions. 3 The SMS should provide for measures ensuring that the company’s3 The SMS should provide for measures ensuring that the company’s organization can respond at any time to hazards, accidents and emergencyorganization can respond at any time to hazards, accidents and emergency situations involving its ships.situations involving its ships. CERTIFICATION AND VERIFICATIONCERTIFICATION AND VERIFICATION DOCUMENT OF COMPLIANCEDOCUMENT OF COMPLIANCE should be issued by the Administrations to the anyshould be issued by the Administrations to the any Company complying with the requirements of ISM Code for a period which shouldCompany complying with the requirements of ISM Code for a period which should not exceednot exceed fivefive years _ the validity of a Document of Compliance should be subjectyears _ the validity of a Document of Compliance should be subject to annual verification by the Administration within three months before or after theto annual verification by the Administration within three months before or after the anniversary date. The Document of Compliance should be withdrawn by theanniversary date. The Document of Compliance should be withdrawn by the Administration if annual verification is not requested or if there is evidence of majorAdministration if annual verification is not requested or if there is evidence of major non-conformities with this Code. A copy of the Document of Compliance should benon-conformities with this Code. A copy of the Document of Compliance should be placed on board with Master for verification by the Administration.placed on board with Master for verification by the Administration. SAFETY MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATESAFETY MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE should be issued by the Administration toshould be issued by the Administration to aa ship for a period which should not exceedship for a period which should not exceed fivefive years.years. The S M C should be issued after verifying that the company and its shipboardThe S M C should be issued after verifying that the company and its shipboard management operate in accordance with the approved Safety Management System.management operate in accordance with the approved Safety Management System.
  4. 4. Such a certificate should be accepted as evidence that the ship complying with theSuch a certificate should be accepted as evidence that the ship complying with the requirement of this Code. The validity of the Safety Management Certificate shouldrequirement of this Code. The validity of the Safety Management Certificate should be subject to at least one intermediate verification by administration it should takebe subject to at least one intermediate verification by administration it should take place between the second and third anniversary dates of the Safety Managementplace between the second and third anniversary dates of the Safety Management Certificate. The S M C should be withdrawn by Administration if intermediateCertificate. The S M C should be withdrawn by Administration if intermediate verification is not requested or if there is evidence of major non-conformities withverification is not requested or if there is evidence of major non-conformities with this Code.this Code. INTERIM CERTIFICATION _INTERIM CERTIFICATION _ An INTERIM DOCUMENT OF COMPLIANCE may be issued to facilitate initialAn INTERIM DOCUMENT OF COMPLIANCE may be issued to facilitate initial implementation of this Code when:implementation of this Code when: 1. _ A company is newly established1. _ A company is newly established 2. _ New ship types are to be added to an exiting Document of Compliance.2. _ New ship types are to be added to an exiting Document of Compliance. The company has a safety management system and meets full requirementsThe company has a safety management system and meets full requirements of this Code the administration should be issued with Interim Document ofof this Code the administration should be issued with Interim Document of Compliance for a period not exceedingCompliance for a period not exceeding 12 months.12 months. An INTERIM SAFETY MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE may be issued:An INTERIM SAFETY MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE may be issued: 1. to new ships on delivery;1. to new ships on delivery; 2. when a Company takes on responsibility for the operation of a ship which2. when a Company takes on responsibility for the operation of a ship which is new to the Company; oris new to the Company; or 3. When a ship changes flag3. When a ship changes flag Such an Interim Safety Management certificate should be issued for a periodSuch an Interim Safety Management certificate should be issued for a period not exceedingnot exceeding 66 monthsmonths by the Administration. In special cases the certificate mayby the Administration. In special cases the certificate may be extend for a furtherbe extend for a further period which should not exceedperiod which should not exceed 6 months6 months from the date offrom the date of expiry. An Interim Safety Management certificate may be issued after followingexpiry. An Interim Safety Management certificate may be issued after following verification:verification: 1. Ship has a Document of Compliance, or the Interim Document of1. Ship has a Document of Compliance, or the Interim Document of ComplianceCompliance 2. The Safety Management System provided by the Company for the ship2. The Safety Management System provided by the Company for the ship concerned.concerned. 3. The Company has planned the audit of the ship within three months.3. The Company has planned the audit of the ship within three months. 4. The master and officers are familiar with the safety management system4. The master and officers are familiar with the safety management system and the planned arrangements for its implementation;and the planned arrangements for its implementation; 5. Instructions, which have been identified as being essential, are provided5. Instructions, which have been identified as being essential, are provided prior to sailing; andprior to sailing; and 6. Relevant information on the safety management system has been given in6. Relevant information on the safety management system has been given in a working language understood by the ship’s personnel.a working language understood by the ship’s personnel. DESIGNATED PERSONSDESIGNATED PERSONS __ To ensure the safe operation of each ship and to provide a link between theTo ensure the safe operation of each ship and to provide a link between the company and those on board, every company, as appropriate, should designate acompany and those on board, every company, as appropriate, should designate a person or persons ashore having direct access to the highest level of management.person or persons ashore having direct access to the highest level of management. The responsibility and authority of the designated person or persons should includeThe responsibility and authority of the designated person or persons should include monitoring the safety and pollution prevention aspects of the operation of each shipmonitoring the safety and pollution prevention aspects of the operation of each ship and ensuring that adequate resources and shore-based support are applied, asand ensuring that adequate resources and shore-based support are applied, as required.required. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ B _B _ PORT STATE CONTROLPORT STATE CONTROL KNOWLEDGE OF GENERAL ASPECTS, RESOLUTION 787(19KNOWLEDGE OF GENERAL ASPECTS, RESOLUTION 787(19)) __
  5. 5. Port State Control (PSC) is the control through inspection of foreign ships by aPort State Control (PSC) is the control through inspection of foreign ships by a Coastal State in its ports. This control is exercised for the purpose of verifying that:Coastal State in its ports. This control is exercised for the purpose of verifying that: 1. The condition of the ship and its equipment comply with the requirements of1. The condition of the ship and its equipment comply with the requirements of certain international maritime conventions andcertain international maritime conventions and 2. The ship is manned and operated in compliance with applicable2. The ship is manned and operated in compliance with applicable international laws.international laws. The Flag StateThe Flag State has been given the primary responsibility for ensuring that a shiphas been given the primary responsibility for ensuring that a ship flying their flag should be equipped, operated, maintained and manned inflying their flag should be equipped, operated, maintained and manned in accordance with international maritime conventions.accordance with international maritime conventions. Port State Control Officer (PSCOPort State Control Officer (PSCO):): A person duly authorized by the competentA person duly authorized by the competent authority of a party to a relevantauthority of a party to a relevant convention to carry out port State control inspections, and responsible exclusivelyconvention to carry out port State control inspections, and responsible exclusively to that party.to that party. The purpose ofThe purpose of Flag State ImplementationFlag State Implementation (FSI) document is intended to provide(FSI) document is intended to provide basic guidance on conduct of Port State Control inspections, the re -COGNAZITIONbasic guidance on conduct of Port State Control inspections, the re -COGNAZITION of deficiencies of a ship, its equipment, or its crew and the application of controlof deficiencies of a ship, its equipment, or its crew and the application of control procedures.procedures. The procedures for Port State Control inspections come under the provisions of the:The procedures for Port State Control inspections come under the provisions of the: 1. SOLAS 1974 – Regulation 19 of chapter I, Regulation 4 of chapter XI-11. SOLAS 1974 – Regulation 19 of chapter I, Regulation 4 of chapter XI-1 2. LOAD LINES 1966 – article 212. LOAD LINES 1966 – article 21 3. MARPOL 73/78– Regulation 8A of Annex 1, Regulation 15 of Annex II,3. MARPOL 73/78– Regulation 8A of Annex 1, Regulation 15 of Annex II, Regulation 8 of Annex III and Regulation 8 of Annex V.Regulation 8 of Annex III and Regulation 8 of Annex V. 4. STCW 95 – Article X4. STCW 95 – Article X 5. TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF SHIPS, 1969 – article 125. TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF SHIPS, 1969 – article 12 6. MERCHANT SHIPPING MINIMUM STANDARDS, 1976 (ILO NO. 147)6. MERCHANT SHIPPING MINIMUM STANDARDS, 1976 (ILO NO. 147) When can PSC Inspection take place?When can PSC Inspection take place? PSC inspections of ships may be undertaken on the basis of:PSC inspections of ships may be undertaken on the basis of: 1 _ A request of, or on the basis of information regarding a ship provided by1 _ A request of, or on the basis of information regarding a ship provided by another party;another party; 2 _ Information regarding a ship provided by:2 _ Information regarding a ship provided by: •• A member of the crewA member of the crew •• A professional bodyA professional body •• An associationAn association •• A trade unionA trade union •• Any other individual with an interest in the safety of the shipAny other individual with an interest in the safety of the ship its crew and passengers, or the protection of the marine environmentits crew and passengers, or the protection of the marine environment Conduct andConduct and result of PSC Inspection _result of PSC Inspection _ The following steps briefly describe the conduct of inspection by PSCO andThe following steps briefly describe the conduct of inspection by PSCO and possible result of inspections.possible result of inspections. 1._1._ Initial InspectionInitial Inspection: - PSCO inspects certificates on board as required by: - PSCO inspects certificates on board as required by variousvarious Conventions and check if they are in order _Conventions and check if they are in order _ 2._2._ Report in Form AReport in Form A:- if the above are in order and PSCO’s general:- if the above are in order and PSCO’s general impression and visualimpression and visual observation confirm continued compliance, inspection will endobservation confirm continued compliance, inspection will end and PSCO will issue a Report (using Form A) of inspection in which observedand PSCO will issue a Report (using Form A) of inspection in which observed deficiencies will be reported.deficiencies will be reported. 3._3._ More detailed inspectionMore detailed inspection: An inspection conducted when there are clear: An inspection conducted when there are clear grounds forgrounds for believing that the condition of the ship, its equipment, or its crew doesbelieving that the condition of the ship, its equipment, or its crew does not correspond substantially with the particulars of the certificates.not correspond substantially with the particulars of the certificates. 4._4._ Clear GroundClear Ground: Evidence that the ship, its equipment, or its crew does not: Evidence that the ship, its equipment, or its crew does not correspondcorrespond substantially with the requirements of the relevant conventions or thatsubstantially with the requirements of the relevant conventions or that the master or crew members are not familiar with essential shipboard proceduresthe master or crew members are not familiar with essential shipboard procedures
  6. 6. relation to the safety of ships or the prevention of pollution. Some examples ofrelation to the safety of ships or the prevention of pollution. Some examples of clear grounds are:clear grounds are: Absence of principal equipment or arrangement as per Conventions CertificatesAbsence of principal equipment or arrangement as per Conventions Certificates clearly are invalid Logs, manuals and other required documentation not on board,clearly are invalid Logs, manuals and other required documentation not on board, not maintained or falsely maintained PSCO’s observation that serious hull ornot maintained or falsely maintained PSCO’s observation that serious hull or structural deficiencies existstructural deficiencies exist PSCO’s observation that serious deficiencies exist in navigational equipment, safetyPSCO’s observation that serious deficiencies exist in navigational equipment, safety and pollution prevention _Evidence that crew not familiar with essential shipboardand pollution prevention _Evidence that crew not familiar with essential shipboard functions related to safety and pollution prevention or are not able to communicatefunctions related to safety and pollution prevention or are not able to communicate with each other.with each other. 5._5._ Detention of ShipDetention of Ship:- If the ship presents a safety risk or risk of pollution,:- If the ship presents a safety risk or risk of pollution, the Port Statethe Port State is empowered to detain the vessel until she is repaired and/oris empowered to detain the vessel until she is repaired and/or deficiencies rectified. Such deficiencies are listed in IMO guidelines and are calleddeficiencies rectified. Such deficiencies are listed in IMO guidelines and are called “Detainable deficiencies”.“Detainable deficiencies”. 6._6._ Action on DetentionAction on Detention:- If the ship is detained, PSCO should state the fact:- If the ship is detained, PSCO should state the fact in report ofin report of inspection as per Form A. Master must inform Cie and Classificationinspection as per Form A. Master must inform Cie and Classification Society/Flag State Authorities. The PSCO is also expected to make a report called aSociety/Flag State Authorities. The PSCO is also expected to make a report called a “Notification of Detention of Ship” to the Flag State of the ship or Consulate by e-“Notification of Detention of Ship” to the Flag State of the ship or Consulate by e- mail, fax etc. to avoid unnecessary delay. The inspection report and the Notificationmail, fax etc. to avoid unnecessary delay. The inspection report and the Notification are expected to state the detainable deficiencies found. After the deficiencies areare expected to state the detainable deficiencies found. After the deficiencies are correct, re-inspection by PSCO may take place and another Report of Inspectioncorrect, re-inspection by PSCO may take place and another Report of Inspection (Form A) is issued. If the Ship is released, the form will mention the fact. Upon(Form A) is issued. If the Ship is released, the form will mention the fact. Upon release of the ship a “Notification of Release of Ship” is to be sent by the Port Staterelease of the ship a “Notification of Release of Ship” is to be sent by the Port State to the Flag State/Consulate as necessary.to the Flag State/Consulate as necessary. MASTER’S RIGHTS AND DUTIESMASTER’S RIGHTS AND DUTIES 1._ Master can ask for and the PSCO should provide a document giving the1._ Master can ask for and the PSCO should provide a document giving the result of inspection, details of any action taken by the PSCO and list of correctiveresult of inspection, details of any action taken by the PSCO and list of corrective action to be initiated. Such report is to be made as per form ‘A’. This form merelyaction to be initiated. Such report is to be made as per form ‘A’. This form merely informs if the ship has deficiencies or it ship is detained.informs if the ship has deficiencies or it ship is detained. 2._ A document in the form of Form “B” is to be given to ship’s master which2._ A document in the form of Form “B” is to be given to ship’s master which gives details of nature of deficiency, action to be taken etc.gives details of nature of deficiency, action to be taken etc. 3._ If ship is detained, copies of forms A and B to be sent to _3._ If ship is detained, copies of forms A and B to be sent to _ A._ Flag StateA._ Flag State B._ IMOB._ IMO C._ Recognized organization meaning the classification society issuingC._ Recognized organization meaning the classification society issuing certificates n behalf of the Flag State _certificates n behalf of the Flag State _ The following inspections re-carried out by the PSCOThe following inspections re-carried out by the PSCO 11._ A._ A PSCOPSCO may proceed to the ship and before boarding he should checkmay proceed to the ship and before boarding he should check vessel appearance in the water, an impression of its standard of maintenance fromvessel appearance in the water, an impression of its standard of maintenance from such items as the condition of its paintwork, corrosion or pitting or unrepairedsuch items as the condition of its paintwork, corrosion or pitting or unrepaired damage.damage. 22..__ PSCOPSCO should ascertain the year of build and size of the ship for theshould ascertain the year of build and size of the ship for the purpose of determining which provisions of the convention are applicable.purpose of determining which provisions of the convention are applicable. 33._._ On boardingOn boarding and introduction to the master or the responsible ship’sand introduction to the master or the responsible ship’s officer, the PSCO should examine the vessel’s relevant certificates and documents.officer, the PSCO should examine the vessel’s relevant certificates and documents. As a Master from the following preparation vessel will be ready for PSCO InitialAs a Master from the following preparation vessel will be ready for PSCO Initial Inspection.Inspection.
  7. 7. 1._ International Tonnage Certificate 19691._ International Tonnage Certificate 1969 2._ Passenger ship safety Certificate2._ Passenger ship safety Certificate 3._ Cargo ship Safety Construction Certificate.3._ Cargo ship Safety Construction Certificate. 4._ Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate4._ Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate 5._ Cargo Ship Safety Radiography Certificate5._ Cargo Ship Safety Radiography Certificate 6._ Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate6._ Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate 7._ Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate;7._ Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate; 8._ Exemption Certificate;8._ Exemption Certificate; 9._ Cargo Ship Safety certificate;9._ Cargo Ship Safety certificate; 10._ Document of Compliance10._ Document of Compliance 11.11._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in_ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk;Bulk; 12._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in bulk12._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in bulk 13._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous13._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in BulkChemicals in Bulk 14._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in bulk14._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in bulk 15._ International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate15._ International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate 16._ International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the carriage of Noxious16._ International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk.Liquid Substances in Bulk. 17._ International Load Line Certificate (1966)17._ International Load Line Certificate (1966) 18._ International Load Line Exemption Certificate18._ International Load Line Exemption Certificate 19._ Oil Record Book Part I & II19._ Oil Record Book Part I & II 20._ Cargo Record Book20._ Cargo Record Book 21._ Minimum Safe Manning document;21._ Minimum Safe Manning document; 22._ Certificate of Competency of officers22._ Certificate of Competency of officers 23._ Medical Certificates of Seafarers23._ Medical Certificates of Seafarers 24._ Stability information24._ Stability information 25._ Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan25._ Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan 26._ Certificates as to the ship’s hull strength and machinery installations26._ Certificates as to the ship’s hull strength and machinery installations issued by the classification society if the ship is classedissued by the classification society if the ship is classed 27._ Survey Report Files(in case of Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers)27._ Survey Report Files(in case of Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers) 28._ Report or previous Port State Control inspections28._ Report or previous Port State Control inspections 29._ Ro-Ro passenger ships, information on the A/Amax ratio.29._ Ro-Ro passenger ships, information on the A/Amax ratio. 44. _ If the certificates are valid and the PSCO’s general impression and visual. _ If the certificates are valid and the PSCO’s general impression and visual observations on board confirm a good standard of maintenance, the PSCO shouldobservations on board confirm a good standard of maintenance, the PSCO should generally confine the inspection to reported or observed deficiencies.generally confine the inspection to reported or observed deficiencies. 55.. _ If the ship does not carry valid certificates, or if the PSCO from general_ If the ship does not carry valid certificates, or if the PSCO from general impressions or observations on board has clear grounds for believing that the ship,impressions or observations on board has clear grounds for believing that the ship, its equipment does not correspond substantially with the particulars of theits equipment does not correspond substantially with the particulars of the certificates or that the master or its crew is not familiar with essential ship boardcertificates or that the master or its crew is not familiar with essential ship board procedure, the PSCO should proceed to more detailed inspection.procedure, the PSCO should proceed to more detailed inspection. a) Structurea) Structure b) Machinery spacesb) Machinery spaces c) Conditions of assignment of load linesc) Conditions of assignment of load lines d) Life-saving appliancesd) Life-saving appliances e) Fire safetye) Fire safety f) Regulations for preventing collisions at seaf) Regulations for preventing collisions at sea g) Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificateg) Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate h) Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificatesh) Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates i) Muster Listi) Muster List j) Communicationj) Communication
  8. 8. k) Fire and abandon ship drillk) Fire and abandon ship drill l) DC plan and SOPEPl) DC plan and SOPEP m) Fire Control Planm) Fire Control Plan n) Bridge operationn) Bridge operation o) Cargo operationo) Cargo operation p) Operation of machineryp) Operation of machinery q) Manuals, instructionsq) Manuals, instructions r) Oil and oily mixtures from machinery spacesr) Oil and oily mixtures from machinery spaces s) Loading _ unloading and cleaning procedures for cargo spaces of tankerss) Loading _ unloading and cleaning procedures for cargo spaces of tankers t) Dangerous goods and harmful substances in packaged formt) Dangerous goods and harmful substances in packaged form u) Garbage Record Book/Garbage management Plan _u) Garbage Record Book/Garbage management Plan _ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C _ SURVEY AND CERTIFICATIONC _ SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION Knowledge of details of certificates required on a passenger, bulk, oil, chemicalKnowledge of details of certificates required on a passenger, bulk, oil, chemical or gas carrier, the convention to which the certificates belong to. Damage controlor gas carrier, the convention to which the certificates belong to. Damage control plans. Provision and display of manoeuvring information on board _plans. Provision and display of manoeuvring information on board _ Certificates andCertificates and documents required to be carried on board shipsdocuments required to be carried on board ships (all certificates to be carried(all certificates to be carried onon board must be originals)board must be originals) A. __ All shipsA. __ All ships S.N. Details of Cert under which Convention.S.N. Details of Cert under which Convention. 1.__International Tonnage Certificate (1969)1.__International Tonnage Certificate (1969) - Tonnage Convention- Tonnage Convention 2.__International Load Line Certificate (1966)2.__International Load Line Certificate (1966) - Load Line Convention- Load Line Convention 3.__International Load Line Exemption Certificate3.__International Load Line Exemption Certificate - Load Line Convention- Load Line Convention 4.__Intact Stability Booklet4.__Intact Stability Booklet - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 5.__Damage control booklets5.__Damage control booklets - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 6.__Minimum safe manning document6.__Minimum safe manning document - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 7.__Certificates for masters, officers or ratings7.__Certificates for masters, officers or ratings - STCW 1995- STCW 1995 8.__International Oil Pollution Certificate8.__International Oil Pollution Certificate - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 9.__Oil Record Book9.__Oil Record Book - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 10.__Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan10.__Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 11.__11.__Garbage Management PlanGarbage Management Plan - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 12.__Garbage Record Book12.__Garbage Record Book - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 13.__Cargo Securing Manual13.__Cargo Securing Manual - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 14.__Document of Compliance14.__Document of Compliance - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 15.__Safety Management Certificate15.__Safety Management Certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974
  9. 9. B. _ PASSENGER SHIPSB. _ PASSENGER SHIPS In addition to the certificates listed in section A above, shallIn addition to the certificates listed in section A above, shall carrycarry 1.__Passenger Ship Safety Certificate1.__Passenger Ship Safety Certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 2.__Exemption certificate2.__Exemption certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 3.__Special Trade Passenger ships3.__Special Trade Passenger ships - STP Agreement- STP Agreement 4.__Special Trade Passenger Ships Space Certificate - SSTP 734.__Special Trade Passenger Ships Space Certificate - SSTP 73 5.__Search and Rescue co-operation plan5.__Search and Rescue co-operation plan - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 6.__List of operational limitations6.__List of operational limitations - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 7.__Decision support system for masters7.__Decision support system for masters - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 C. _ CARGO SHIPSC. _ CARGO SHIPS In addition to the certificates listed in section A above, shall carryIn addition to the certificates listed in section A above, shall carry 1.__Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate1.__Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 2.__Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate2.__Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 3.__Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate3.__Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 4.__Cargo Ship Safety Certificate4.__Cargo Ship Safety Certificate - SOLAS 1988 Protocol- SOLAS 1988 Protocol 5. __Exemption Certificate5. __Exemption Certificate 6.__Document of Compliance with the special requirements For ships carrying6.__Document of Compliance with the special requirements For ships carrying Dangerous GoodsDangerous Goods - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 7.__Dangerous Goods Manifest or Stowage Plan7.__Dangerous Goods Manifest or Stowage Plan - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 8.__Document of Authorization for the Carriage of Grain- SOLAS 19748.__Document of Authorization for the Carriage of Grain- SOLAS 1974 9.__Certificate of Insurance or other Financial Security in respect of Civil liability9.__Certificate of Insurance or other Financial Security in respect of Civil liability for Oil Pollution Damagefor Oil Pollution Damage - CLC 1969- CLC 1969 10.__Enhanced Survey Report File10.__Enhanced Survey Report File - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 11.__11.__Record of Oil Discharge Monitoring and ControlRecord of Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control System for the last Ballast VoyageSystem for the last Ballast Voyage - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 12.__Bulk Carrier Booklet12.__Bulk Carrier Booklet - SOLAS 1974- SOLAS 1974 D. _ SHIPS CARRY NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES IN BULKD. _ SHIPS CARRY NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES IN BULK In addition to theIn addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carrycertificates listed in section A and C above, shall carry 13.__International Pollution Prevention certificate for the Carriage of Noxious13.__International Pollution Prevention certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk (NLS Certificate)Liquid Substances in Bulk (NLS Certificate) - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 14.__Cargo Record Book14.__Cargo Record Book - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 15.__Procedures & Arrangements Manual (P&A Manual) - MARPOL 73/7815.__Procedures & Arrangements Manual (P&A Manual) - MARPOL 73/78
  10. 10. 16.__Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan for Noxious Liquid Substances16.__Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan for Noxious Liquid Substances - MARPOL 73/78- MARPOL 73/78 E. _ CHEMICAL TANKERE. _ CHEMICAL TANKER In addition to the certificates listed in sec. A and C above, shall carryIn addition to the certificates listed in sec. A and C above, shall carry 1._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk1._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk - BCH Code- BCH Code 2._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals2._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulkin Bulk - IBC Code- IBC Code F. _ GAS CARRIERF. _ GAS CARRIER In addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carryIn addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carry 1._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquid Gases in Bulk - GC Code1._ Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquid Gases in Bulk - GC Code 2._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquid Gases in Bulk -2._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquid Gases in Bulk - IGC CodeIGC Code G. _ HIGH SPEED CRAFTG. _ HIGH SPEED CRAFT In addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carryIn addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carry 1._ High-Speed Craft Safety Certificate - SOLAS 1974/HSC Code1._ High-Speed Craft Safety Certificate - SOLAS 1974/HSC Code 2._ Permit to Operate High-Speed Craft - HSC Code2._ Permit to Operate High-Speed Craft - HSC Code H. _SHIP CARRYING INF (IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL)H. _SHIP CARRYING INF (IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL) In addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carryIn addition to the certificates listed in section A and C above, shall carry 1._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo-SOLAS 19741._ International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo-SOLAS 1974 I. _ OTHER MISCELLANEOUS CERTIFICATESI. _ OTHER MISCELLANEOUS CERTIFICATES 1._ SPECIAL PURPOSE SHIPS _ Special Purpose Ship Safety Certificate-SOLAS 741._ SPECIAL PURPOSE SHIPS _ Special Purpose Ship Safety Certificate-SOLAS 74 2._ OFFSHORE SUPPORT VESSELS _ Certificate of Fitness for Offshore Support2._ OFFSHORE SUPPORT VESSELS _ Certificate of Fitness for Offshore Support Vessels - MARPOL 73/78Vessels - MARPOL 73/78 3._ DIVING SYSTEMS _ Diving System Safety Certificate - Resolution A.536(13)3._ DIVING SYSTEMS _ Diving System Safety Certificate - Resolution A.536(13) 4._ DYNAMICALLY SUPPORTED CRAFT Dynamically Supported Craft Construction4._ DYNAMICALLY SUPPORTED CRAFT Dynamically Supported Craft Construction and Equipment Certificate - Resolution A.373(X)and Equipment Certificate - Resolution A.373(X) 5._ MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS _ Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Safety5._ MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS _ Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Safety Certificate - Resolution A. 414(XI)Certificate - Resolution A. 414(XI) NOISE LEVELS _ Noise Survey ReportNOISE LEVELS _ Noise Survey Report -- Resolution A.468(XII)Resolution A.468(XII) Harmonized System of Surveys and CertificationHarmonized System of Surveys and Certification The 1988 Protocol - Harmonized System of Surveys and CertificationThe 1988 Protocol - Harmonized System of Surveys and Certification ADOPTIONADOPTION: 11 November 1988 _: 11 November 1988 _ ENTRY INTO FORCEENTRY INTO FORCE: 12 months after being accepted by at least 15 states whose: 12 months after being accepted by at least 15 states whose combined merchant fleets represented at least 50% of world tonnage (but notcombined merchant fleets represented at least 50% of world tonnage (but not before 1 February 1992)before 1 February 1992) STATUSSTATUS: The above requirement was met on 2/2/1999 when the Bahamas and: The above requirement was met on 2/2/1999 when the Bahamas and Malta deposited their instruments of accession; hence the HSSC will come into forceMalta deposited their instruments of accession; hence the HSSC will come into force on 3on 3rdrd February 2000.February 2000. The protocol introduces a new system of surveys and certification which harmonizesThe protocol introduces a new system of surveys and certification which harmonizes with two other conventions = LOAD LINE and MARPOL. (Also IBC and IGC Codes)with two other conventions = LOAD LINE and MARPOL. (Also IBC and IGC Codes) Earlier requirements in the three instruments varied and as a result ships wereEarlier requirements in the three instruments varied and as a result ships were
  11. 11. obliged to go into dry dock for a survey required by his one convention shortly afterobliged to go into dry dock for a survey required by his one convention shortly after being surveyed in connection with another. By enabling the required surveys to bebeing surveyed in connection with another. By enabling the required surveys to be carried out at the same time the system reduces costs for ship owners andcarried out at the same time the system reduces costs for ship owners and administrations alike.administrations alike. *Main features:*Main features: ___ ONE year standard interval between surveys_ ONE year standard interval between surveys __ Flexibility for execution of each survey (± 3 months) renewal survey may__ Flexibility for execution of each survey (± 3 months) renewal survey may be Completed 3 months prior date of expiry of certificate with no loss of period ofbe Completed 3 months prior date of expiry of certificate with no loss of period of Validity _Validity _ __ 5 year validity period for all certificates of cargo ships; 1-year for passenger__ 5 year validity period for all certificates of cargo ships; 1-year for passenger shipship safety certificatesafety certificate __ 3 month extension of certificates to enable a ship to complete its voyage__ 3 month extension of certificates to enable a ship to complete its voyage (one month for ships engaged on short voyages). New certificate will start from(one month for ships engaged on short voyages). New certificate will start from date of expiry of existing certificate before extension.date of expiry of existing certificate before extension. DAMAGE CONTROL PLANSDAMAGE CONTROL PLANS:: SOLAS Chapter II-1 Part B Regulation 23 &23-1SOLAS Chapter II-1 Part B Regulation 23 &23-1 DamageDamage Control Plan shall be permanently exhibited, for the guidance of theControl Plan shall be permanently exhibited, for the guidance of the officer in charge of the ship, plans showing clearly for each deck and hold theofficer in charge of the ship, plans showing clearly for each deck and hold the boundaries of the watertight compartments, the openings therein with the means ofboundaries of the watertight compartments, the openings therein with the means of closure and position of any controls thereof, and the arrangements for correction ofclosure and position of any controls thereof, and the arrangements for correction of any list due to flooding. In addition, booklets containing the aforementionedany list due to flooding. In addition, booklets containing the aforementioned information shall be made available to the officers of the ship.information shall be made available to the officers of the ship. PROVISION AND DISPLAY OF MANEUVERING INFORMATIONPROVISION AND DISPLAY OF MANEUVERING INFORMATION ON BOARD:ON BOARD: ShipsShips set out in the annex to Resolution A.601 (15).set out in the annex to Resolution A.601 (15). The Marine Safety Agency recommended that manoeuvring information in theThe Marine Safety Agency recommended that manoeuvring information in the form of a pilot cad, wheel house poster and manoeuvring booklet should beform of a pilot cad, wheel house poster and manoeuvring booklet should be provided as follows:provided as follows: 1. _ The pilot cards on all ships to which the requirements of the 1974 SOLAS1. _ The pilot cards on all ships to which the requirements of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as amended, applyConvention, as amended, apply 2. _ The pilot card, wheel house poster and manoeuvring booklet on all new2. _ The pilot card, wheel house poster and manoeuvring booklet on all new ships of 100 meters in length and over, and all new chemical tankers and gasships of 100 meters in length and over, and all new chemical tankers and gas carries Regardless of size; andcarries Regardless of size; and 3. _ The pilot card, wheelhouse poster and manoeuvring booklet on all new3. _ The pilot card, wheelhouse poster and manoeuvring booklet on all new ships that may pose a hazard due to unusual dimensions or characteristicsships that may pose a hazard due to unusual dimensions or characteristics 1. PILOT CARD1. PILOT CARD The pilot card, to be filled in by the master, is intended to provide informationThe pilot card, to be filled in by the master, is intended to provide information to pilot on boarding the ship. This information should describe the current conditionto pilot on boarding the ship. This information should describe the current condition of the ship, with regard to its loading, propulsion and manoeuvring equipment, andof the ship, with regard to its loading, propulsion and manoeuvring equipment, and other relevant equipment. e.g. ship’s name, C/S, DWT, DISPL, draft, air draft , yearother relevant equipment. e.g. ship’s name, C/S, DWT, DISPL, draft, air draft , year of built, ship’s particulars (LOA, breadth, bulbous bow, anchor chain) type ofof built, ship’s particulars (LOA, breadth, bulbous bow, anchor chain) type of engine, maximum power, manoeuvring engine order, steering particulars (type ofengine, maximum power, manoeuvring engine order, steering particulars (type of rudder, maximum angle, hard over to hard over, rudder angle for neutral effect,rudder, maximum angle, hard over to hard over, rudder angle for neutral effect, thrusters)thrusters) 2. WHEELHOUSE POSTER2. WHEELHOUSE POSTER The wheelhouse poster should be permanently displayed in the wheelhouse. ItThe wheelhouse poster should be permanently displayed in the wheelhouse. It should contain general particulars & detailed information describing theshould contain general particulars & detailed information describing the
  12. 12. manoeuvring characteristics of the ship, and be of such a size to ensure ease of usemanoeuvring characteristics of the ship, and be of such a size to ensure ease of use _ .e.g. ship’s name, C/S, GRT, NRT, DWT, DISPL, Block co-efficient, Draught_ .e.g. ship’s name, C/S, GRT, NRT, DWT, DISPL, Block co-efficient, Draught (loaded / ballast), steering particulars, Anchor chain, Propulsion particulars,(loaded / ballast), steering particulars, Anchor chain, Propulsion particulars, THRUSTER effect, Draught increase (loaded), turning circles at max. Rudder angles,THRUSTER effect, Draught increase (loaded), turning circles at max. Rudder angles, emergency manoeuvres’ (full ahead to full astern), stopping characteristics (trackemergency manoeuvres’ (full ahead to full astern), stopping characteristics (track reach), man overboard rescue manoeuvre.reach), man overboard rescue manoeuvre. 3. MANEUVERING BOOKLET3. MANEUVERING BOOKLET The manoeuvring booklet should be available on board and should containThe manoeuvring booklet should be available on board and should contain comprehensive details of ship’s manoeuvring characteristics & other relevant data.comprehensive details of ship’s manoeuvring characteristics & other relevant data. The manoeuvring booklet should include the information shown on the wheelhouseThe manoeuvring booklet should include the information shown on the wheelhouse poster together with other available manoeuvring information.poster together with other available manoeuvring information. __ e.g. General description (ship’s particulars, characteristics of main engine),__ e.g. General description (ship’s particulars, characteristics of main engine), manoeuvring characteristics in deep water (course change performance, turningmanoeuvring characteristics in deep water (course change performance, turning circles in deep water, accelerating turn, yaw checking tests, man overboard andcircles in deep water, accelerating turn, yaw checking tests, man overboard and parallel course manoeuvres’, lateral THRUSTER capabilities), stopping and speedparallel course manoeuvres’, lateral THRUSTER capabilities), stopping and speed control characteristics in deep water (stopping ability, deceleration/accelerationcontrol characteristics in deep water (stopping ability, deceleration/acceleration performance), manoeuvring characteristics in shallow water (turning circle inperformance), manoeuvring characteristics in shallow water (turning circle in shallow water, squat) manoeuvring characteristics in wind (wind forces andshallow water, squat) manoeuvring characteristics in wind (wind forces and moment, course-keeping limitations, drifting under wind influence) manoeuvringmoment, course-keeping limitations, drifting under wind influence) manoeuvring characteristics at low speed & additional information.characteristics at low speed & additional information. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ D. FIRE PROTECTIOND. FIRE PROTECTION Knowledge of Fire Appliance: _ Maintenance and ready availability, fire controlKnowledge of Fire Appliance: _ Maintenance and ready availability, fire control plan, fire drills, fixed fire fighting system, various FFA and its usage.plan, fire drills, fixed fire fighting system, various FFA and its usage. FIRE FIGHTING APPLIANCES, ITS MAINTENANCE AND ITS USAGEFIRE FIGHTING APPLIANCES, ITS MAINTENANCE AND ITS USAGE 1. _ Emergency Fire Pump: Run up and operate for at least 5 minutes. Check1. _ Emergency Fire Pump: Run up and operate for at least 5 minutes. Check remote starts and pressure at furthest Hydrant point.remote starts and pressure at furthest Hydrant point. 2. _ Fire Hose Boxes: check each hose box and contents – fire hose, jet/spray2. _ Fire Hose Boxes: check each hose box and contents – fire hose, jet/spray nozzle, hose key (spanner).nozzle, hose key (spanner). 3. _ Emergency generator: Run up and operate for at least 5 minutes. Check3. _ Emergency generator: Run up and operate for at least 5 minutes. Check remote start.remote start. 4. _ Fire Flaps: Test all fire flaps are free to operated and grease dogs and4. _ Fire Flaps: Test all fire flaps are free to operated and grease dogs and nipples. Check position of flap to see if OPEN or SHUT. Where necessary, paintnipples. Check position of flap to see if OPEN or SHUT. Where necessary, paint handles RED and re- stencil ‘OPEN’ and ‘SHUT’ as required..handles RED and re- stencil ‘OPEN’ and ‘SHUT’ as required.. 5. _ Alarms – E/R, CO2, hospital, cold room, bilge etc.: All alarms to be tested,5. _ Alarms – E/R, CO2, hospital, cold room, bilge etc.: All alarms to be tested, all CO2 alarm activating release boxes to be opened and alarms tested in theall CO2 alarm activating release boxes to be opened and alarms tested in the presence of the Chief Engineer.presence of the Chief Engineer. 6. _ Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) : A fully charged cylinder (2006. _ Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) : A fully charged cylinder (200 Bar) contains about 1235 litters of air. An average person in normal workingBar) contains about 1235 litters of air. An average person in normal working conditions consumes about 35 litters per minute. Therefore the effective duration ofconditions consumes about 35 litters per minute. Therefore the effective duration of the cylinder is about 35 minutes. The warning whistle is set at about 48 – 50 barthe cylinder is about 35 minutes. The warning whistle is set at about 48 – 50 bar pressure in the cylinder which makes an effective duration of about 8 minutes.pressure in the cylinder which makes an effective duration of about 8 minutes. Therefore the effective duration of a fully charged cylinder is only 35 – 8 =27Therefore the effective duration of a fully charged cylinder is only 35 – 8 =27 minutes as the air supply for 8 minutes duration (on blowing of warning whistle) isminutes as the air supply for 8 minutes duration (on blowing of warning whistle) is basically for retreat only. Check apparatus for leaks. Check Air Hoses for fraying orbasically for retreat only. Check apparatus for leaks. Check Air Hoses for fraying or cutting. Inspect Harness and Buckles to ensure shoulder straps are fully extendedcutting. Inspect Harness and Buckles to ensure shoulder straps are fully extended and in good condition. Face masks check:and in good condition. Face masks check: A. Face masks rubber for perforations.A. Face masks rubber for perforations.
  13. 13. B. Inner seal for correct inflation.B. Inner seal for correct inflation. C. Ensure head straps are fully extended.C. Ensure head straps are fully extended. DD.. Clean facemask with weak soap.Clean facemask with weak soap. With sets pressurized put on facemask correctly and breathe normally to checkWith sets pressurized put on facemask correctly and breathe normally to check warning whistle unit and mask sealing on face.warning whistle unit and mask sealing on face. 7. _ Oxygen Analyzers: Test equipment in accordance with manufactures7. _ Oxygen Analyzers: Test equipment in accordance with manufactures instructions to ensure instruments are reading correctly.instructions to ensure instruments are reading correctly. 8. _ Portable gas detection equipment: Test Detection Equipment with kit8. _ Portable gas detection equipment: Test Detection Equipment with kit provided. Check all ancillary equipment. Ensure fully operational.provided. Check all ancillary equipment. Ensure fully operational. 9. _ Portable Fire Extinguishers: (9 Litters Water, Foam, and 4.5 kg DCP & CO29. _ Portable Fire Extinguishers: (9 Litters Water, Foam, and 4.5 kg DCP & CO2 type) _ All extinguishers to be checked externally and made good where required.type) _ All extinguishers to be checked externally and made good where required. DCP extinguishers to be inverted to loosen powder / Nozzles to be tested / PlungersDCP extinguishers to be inverted to loosen powder / Nozzles to be tested / Plungers to be tested by turning by hand Check distribution of Portable Fire Extinguishers.to be tested by turning by hand Check distribution of Portable Fire Extinguishers. AFFF need to be recharged every three/four years as per Makers instructions. EveryAFFF need to be recharged every three/four years as per Makers instructions. Every 2 year inspection to be carried out by the Service Engineer2 year inspection to be carried out by the Service Engineer 10. _ Fire Hoses and Nozzles: Fire Hoses: All fire hoses to be visually inspected10. _ Fire Hoses and Nozzles: Fire Hoses: All fire hoses to be visually inspected for signs of deterioration and, if suspect, pressure tested to 6 kg/cm2. Coupling tofor signs of deterioration and, if suspect, pressure tested to 6 kg/cm2. Coupling to be inspected and lightly greased. Hose washers to be in place. All hoses to bebe inspected and lightly greased. Hose washers to be in place. All hoses to be pressure tested. Hose to be connected to Jet/Spray Nozzle and a pressure of 6pressure tested. Hose to be connected to Jet/Spray Nozzle and a pressure of 6 Kg/cm2 Hoses to be inspected for damage replaced as necessary. Check couplingsKg/cm2 Hoses to be inspected for damage replaced as necessary. Check couplings for thread damage and correct if necessary. Coupling to be lightly greased Inspectfor thread damage and correct if necessary. Coupling to be lightly greased Inspect washer in female connection or both if quick coupling type. Grease and/or replace.washer in female connection or both if quick coupling type. Grease and/or replace. Nozzles: All nozzles to be checked in position. Nozzles to be cleaned and a smallNozzles: All nozzles to be checked in position. Nozzles to be cleaned and a small quantity of grease applied to working parts.quantity of grease applied to working parts. __ Mid - joint to be tightened if slack Packing washer to be inspected and__ Mid - joint to be tightened if slack Packing washer to be inspected and tightened if loose. Washer and coupling to be inspected and the latter lightlytightened if loose. Washer and coupling to be inspected and the latter lightly greased. All nozzles to be cleaned and a small quantity of grease applied to thegreased. All nozzles to be cleaned and a small quantity of grease applied to the working parts only.working parts only. __ Mid - joint to be tightened if slack Packing washer to be inspected and__ Mid - joint to be tightened if slack Packing washer to be inspected and tightened if washer loose. Inspect washer at coupling. Lightly grease and/ortightened if washer loose. Inspect washer at coupling. Lightly grease and/or replace.replace. 11. _11. _ Fire Hydrants: Inspect all hydrants for ease of operation and waterFire Hydrants: Inspect all hydrants for ease of operation and water tightness. Refittightness. Refit leaking hydrants.leaking hydrants. All hydrant caps to be in position Replace missing caps. Inspect and lightly greaseAll hydrant caps to be in position Replace missing caps. Inspect and lightly grease threads on couplings.threads on couplings. 12. _ Foam Hoses & Boxes: Foam Hoses to be visually inspected for signs of12. _ Foam Hoses & Boxes: Foam Hoses to be visually inspected for signs of deterioration and pressure tested to 6 kg/cm2 if suspect. Foam Branch pipe anddeterioration and pressure tested to 6 kg/cm2 if suspect. Foam Branch pipe and extending pipe work to be checked. Inspect and lightly grease threads & couplings.extending pipe work to be checked. Inspect and lightly grease threads & couplings. Each box should contain:Each box should contain: 1-Foam Branch pipe,1-Foam Branch pipe, 1-Foam Spray Branch pipe1-Foam Spray Branch pipe +2- Hoses.+2- Hoses. 13. _ Fixed Foam Installation: Operate fixed foam system for a period of at13. _ Fixed Foam Installation: Operate fixed foam system for a period of at least ½ minute, making foam through one Monitor and one portable applicator.least ½ minute, making foam through one Monitor and one portable applicator. (a) Stop foam pump and flush through the entire system operating all(a) Stop foam pump and flush through the entire system operating all monitors in the system and pump room to spray.monitors in the system and pump room to spray. (b) Top up foam tank if necessary.(b) Top up foam tank if necessary. (c) Ensure system is set on ‘foam’ on completion.(c) Ensure system is set on ‘foam’ on completion. 14. _ Fixed CO2 System: Inspect all cylinders, pipe work, wires and pulls in14. _ Fixed CO2 System: Inspect all cylinders, pipe work, wires and pulls in
  14. 14. the CO2 room and Engine Room. Verify CO2 cylinders are securely clamed inthe CO2 room and Engine Room. Verify CO2 cylinders are securely clamed in position.position. 15. _ Emergency Alarm Bells, Siren and switches.15. _ Emergency Alarm Bells, Siren and switches. 1. Check alarm bells and lights are operating satisfactorily.1. Check alarm bells and lights are operating satisfactorily. 2. Ensure that all alarm switches are operated at least once every three2. Ensure that all alarm switches are operated at least once every three months.months. 16. _ Fire doors/Water Tight Doors : correct operation of fire doors/water tight16. _ Fire doors/Water Tight Doors : correct operation of fire doors/water tight doors to be checked.doors to be checked. 1. Remote operation1. Remote operation 2. Local operation2. Local operation 17. _ Emergency lighting: All lighting to be tested to ensure correct functioning17. _ Emergency lighting: All lighting to be tested to ensure correct functioning of bulbs.of bulbs. 18. _ Fire Detection Equipment:18. _ Fire Detection Equipment: a) Smoke and Rate of Rise Detectors are to be tested once every threea) Smoke and Rate of Rise Detectors are to be tested once every three months in accordance with the manufacturers’ instructions.months in accordance with the manufacturers’ instructions. b) Siren checked for operation and repaired/replaced as necessary.b) Siren checked for operation and repaired/replaced as necessary. 19. _ Fire Blankets: check blankets are free from grease, oil and paints. Refold19. _ Fire Blankets: check blankets are free from grease, oil and paints. Refold so that tag is clear check holder is secure.so that tag is clear check holder is secure. 20. _ Fire Man’s Outfits: Fire man’s outfits consists of fire proof clothing and20. _ Fire Man’s Outfits: Fire man’s outfits consists of fire proof clothing and breathing apparatus etc. which give protection from heat/fire and foul ambientbreathing apparatus etc. which give protection from heat/fire and foul ambient conditions to a fire fighter.conditions to a fire fighter. 21. _ Sprinkler system: Paint locker shall be protected by a water spraying or21. _ Sprinkler system: Paint locker shall be protected by a water spraying or sprinkler system, designed for 5lm2/ min. Water spraying systems may besprinkler system, designed for 5lm2/ min. Water spraying systems may be connected to the fire main of the ship.connected to the fire main of the ship. 22. _ Emergency Escape Breathing Device (EEBD)22. _ Emergency Escape Breathing Device (EEBD) 23. _ International Shore Connection.23. _ International Shore Connection. FIRE CONTROL PLANSFIRE CONTROL PLANS Fire control plan is the detailed drawings which give completeFire control plan is the detailed drawings which give complete details of ship’sdetails of ship’s total fire fighting equipment viz. portable fire extinguishers, mobile extinguisherstotal fire fighting equipment viz. portable fire extinguishers, mobile extinguishers and fixed fire fighting installations and their exact locations in each zone on boardand fixed fire fighting installations and their exact locations in each zone on board including the refills for the portable extinguishers where stored and location of fireincluding the refills for the portable extinguishers where stored and location of fire party lockers and their contents Fire control plan is displayed in the form of bigparty lockers and their contents Fire control plan is displayed in the form of big scale drawing in crew messes, officer’s saloon, bridge, machinery control room andscale drawing in crew messes, officer’s saloon, bridge, machinery control room and main alleyways.main alleyways. The fire control plans also indicates clearly the access and escape routes inThe fire control plans also indicates clearly the access and escape routes in different zones of the ship and the fire fighting equipment/fire hydrants/fire hoses-different zones of the ship and the fire fighting equipment/fire hydrants/fire hoses- nozzles etc. available in each zone and their exact location.nozzles etc. available in each zone and their exact location. The location of fire pumps/fire and bilge pumps/emergency fire pumps, theThe location of fire pumps/fire and bilge pumps/emergency fire pumps, the complete layout of the fire main system, the various main/bulkhead/isolating valvescomplete layout of the fire main system, the various main/bulkhead/isolating valves and the points/switches from where these pumps can be started in emergency.and the points/switches from where these pumps can be started in emergency. The plan also gives to complete layout of different machineryThe plan also gives to complete layout of different machinery compartments / spaces & accommodation, dinning and galley areas, main stores,compartments / spaces & accommodation, dinning and galley areas, main stores, various ventilation and exhaust blowers fitted and their dampers and the locationvarious ventilation and exhaust blowers fitted and their dampers and the location from where they can be operated/shutdown in case of emergency/fire.from where they can be operated/shutdown in case of emergency/fire. In case of a major fire, to assist the shore fire fighting organization, a copyIn case of a major fire, to assist the shore fire fighting organization, a copy of fire control plan is also kept safely in a steel tube painted red and marked “Fireof fire control plan is also kept safely in a steel tube painted red and marked “Fire Control Plan” in white. The steel tube is normally welded on bulkheads under coverControl Plan” in white. The steel tube is normally welded on bulkheads under cover near the gangway or on the wings of the Navigation Bridge. The steel tube is closednear the gangway or on the wings of the Navigation Bridge. The steel tube is closed
  15. 15. on one side and the other side has an easily opening threaded cap. In case of aon one side and the other side has an easily opening threaded cap. In case of a major fire on board ready help/information may not be available to the shore firemajor fire on board ready help/information may not be available to the shore fire fighting personnel or ship’s personnel may have abandoned the ship. In such cases,fighting personnel or ship’s personnel may have abandoned the ship. In such cases, the fire control plan kept in the steel tube becomes handy and guide for the shorethe fire control plan kept in the steel tube becomes handy and guide for the shore personnel in fighting the fire.personnel in fighting the fire. Fire control plan drawing is periodically checked and updated and is dulyFire control plan drawing is periodically checked and updated and is duly approved by the competent Shipping Authority (MMD/DGS).approved by the competent Shipping Authority (MMD/DGS). Any change in number of portable or mobile fire extinguishers or change inAny change in number of portable or mobile fire extinguishers or change in their locations on board or any modifications/alterations in fire main system oftheir locations on board or any modifications/alterations in fire main system of other fixed fire fighting installations are incorporated in the fire control plan andother fixed fire fighting installations are incorporated in the fire control plan and approval for the new fire control plan is taken from the approving authority.approval for the new fire control plan is taken from the approving authority. FIRE DRILLSFIRE DRILLS Each fire drill shall include:Each fire drill shall include: 1. Reporting to stations and preparing for the duties describe in the muster list1. Reporting to stations and preparing for the duties describe in the muster list 2. Starting of a fire pump, using at least the two required jets of water to show2. Starting of a fire pump, using at least the two required jets of water to show that the system is in proper working orderthat the system is in proper working order 3. Checking of fireman’s outfit and other personnel rescue equipment3. Checking of fireman’s outfit and other personnel rescue equipment 4. Checking of relevant communication equipment4. Checking of relevant communication equipment 5. Checking the operation of watertight doors, fire doors, fire dampers and5. Checking the operation of watertight doors, fire doors, fire dampers and main inlets of ventilation system in the drill areamain inlets of ventilation system in the drill area 6. Checking the necessary arrangements for subsequent abandoning of ship6. Checking the necessary arrangements for subsequent abandoning of ship The equipment used during drills shall immediately be brought back to its fullyThe equipment used during drills shall immediately be brought back to its fully operational condition and any faults and defects discovered during the drills shall beoperational condition and any faults and defects discovered during the drills shall be remedied as soon as possible Fire drills should be planned in such a way that dueremedied as soon as possible Fire drills should be planned in such a way that due consideration is given to regular practice in various emergencies that may occurconsideration is given to regular practice in various emergencies that may occur depending on the type of ship and its cargo.depending on the type of ship and its cargo. Drills should as far as practicable be conducted as if there were an emergency.Drills should as far as practicable be conducted as if there were an emergency. On board training and instructions in the use of the ship’s fire- extinguishingOn board training and instructions in the use of the ship’s fire- extinguishing appliances should be given as soon as possible but not later than two weeks after aappliances should be given as soon as possible but not later than two weeks after a crew member joins the ship. Individual instructions may cover different firecrew member joins the ship. Individual instructions may cover different fire extinguishing appliances, but all fire extinguishing appliances should be coveredextinguishing appliances, but all fire extinguishing appliances should be covered within any period of two months. Each member of the crew should be givenwithin any period of two months. Each member of the crew should be given instructions, which should include, but not necessarily be limited to the operationinstructions, which should include, but not necessarily be limited to the operation and use of fire-fighting appliances.and use of fire-fighting appliances. The date when the musters are held, details of fire drills and on-board trainingThe date when the musters are held, details of fire drills and on-board training should be recorded in the log book. If a full muster, drill of training session is notshould be recorded in the log book. If a full muster, drill of training session is not held at the appointed time an entry should be made in the log book stating theheld at the appointed time an entry should be made in the log book stating the circumstances and the extent of the muster, drill or training session held.circumstances and the extent of the muster, drill or training session held. E. _ RADIO COMMUNICATIONSE. _ RADIO COMMUNICATIONS Knowledge of Functional requirements, Radio Installations, Radio personnel andKnowledge of Functional requirements, Radio Installations, Radio personnel and Radio records _ Avoidance of false distress alerts.Radio records _ Avoidance of false distress alerts. __ GMDSS RULES WILL APPLY TO ALL VESSELS OVER 300 GRT__ GMDSS RULES WILL APPLY TO ALL VESSELS OVER 300 GRT __ INDIAN COASTAL WATERS HAVE BEEN DECLARED AS AREA ____ INDIAN COASTAL WATERS HAVE BEEN DECLARED AS AREA __ A 3A 3 ____ __ ALL VESSELS MUST COMPLY WITH THE GMDSS BY 01 FEBUARY 1999__ ALL VESSELS MUST COMPLY WITH THE GMDSS BY 01 FEBUARY 1999 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTSFUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS:: SOLAS 1974 Chapter IV Regulation 4 –: Every ship,SOLAS 1974 Chapter IV Regulation 4 –: Every ship, while at sea, shall be capable:while at sea, shall be capable: 1. _ Of transmitting ship-to-shore distress alerts by at least two separate1. _ Of transmitting ship-to-shore distress alerts by at least two separate and independent means, each using a different radio communication service.and independent means, each using a different radio communication service.
  16. 16. 2. _ Of receiving shore-to-ship distress alerts;2. _ Of receiving shore-to-ship distress alerts; 3. _ Of transmitting and receiving ship-to-ship distress alerts3. _ Of transmitting and receiving ship-to-ship distress alerts 4. _ Of transmitting and receiving search and rescue co-ordinating4. _ Of transmitting and receiving search and rescue co-ordinating communicationscommunications 5. _ Of transmitting and receiving on-scene communications;5. _ Of transmitting and receiving on-scene communications; 6. _ Of transmitting and, as required by regulation V/19.2.3.2 receiving6. _ Of transmitting and, as required by regulation V/19.2.3.2 receiving signal for locating; (Radar operating in the frequency band 9300-9500 (Mhz)signal for locating; (Radar operating in the frequency band 9300-9500 (Mhz) 7. _ Of transmitting and receiving maritime safety information;7. _ Of transmitting and receiving maritime safety information; 8. _ Of transmitting and receiving general radio communication to and from8. _ Of transmitting and receiving general radio communication to and from shore-based radio systems or networks subject to regulation 15.8; andshore-based radio systems or networks subject to regulation 15.8; and 9. _ Of transmitting and receiving bridge-to-bridge communications.9. _ Of transmitting and receiving bridge-to-bridge communications. GMDSS ConceptGMDSS Concept:: The basic concept of the GMDSS system is that search and rescue ((The basic concept of the GMDSS system is that search and rescue ((SARSAR)) authorities ashore as well as shipping in the vicinity of a vessel in distress will beauthorities ashore as well as shipping in the vicinity of a vessel in distress will be rapidly altered to a distress situation.rapidly altered to a distress situation. SEA AREA 3SEA AREA 3:: __ INMARSAT and/or HF DSC on 8414.5 KHz and All other HF DSC frequencies__ INMARSAT and/or HF DSC on 8414.5 KHz and All other HF DSC frequencies __ MF DSC ON 2187.5 KHz, MF R/T 2182 KHz__ MF DSC ON 2187.5 KHz, MF R/T 2182 KHz __ VHF DSC on Ch 70 and VHF R/T on Ch 16__ VHF DSC on Ch 70 and VHF R/T on Ch 16 __ EPIRB__ EPIRB GMDSS Carriage requirements (Sea Area 3):GMDSS Carriage requirements (Sea Area 3): 1. VHF with DSC1. VHF with DSC 2. SART (2)2. SART (2) 3. NAVTEX3. NAVTEX 4. EGC Receiver4. EGC Receiver 5. EPIRB (2) 6. VHF Portable (2-3)5. EPIRB (2) 6. VHF Portable (2-3) 7. MF R/T + DSC7. MF R/T + DSC 8. INMARSAT A, B or C8. INMARSAT A, B or C 9. H/F, R/T with DSC and Telex9. H/F, R/T with DSC and Telex RADIO INSTALLLATIONS:RADIO INSTALLLATIONS: Every ship shall be provided with radio installations capable of complying withEvery ship shall be provided with radio installations capable of complying with the functional requirements prescribed by regulation 4 throughout its intendedthe functional requirements prescribed by regulation 4 throughout its intended voyage and, unless exempted under regulation 3, complying with the requirementsvoyage and, unless exempted under regulation 3, complying with the requirements of regulations 7 and, as appropriate for the sea area or area through which I willof regulations 7 and, as appropriate for the sea area or area through which I will pass during its intended voyage, the requirements of either regulation 8,9,10 or 11.pass during its intended voyage, the requirements of either regulation 8,9,10 or 11. Every radio installation shall:Every radio installation shall: a. _ be so located that no harmful interference of mechanical, electrical ora. _ be so located that no harmful interference of mechanical, electrical or other origin affects its proper use and so as to ensure electromagnetic compatibilityother origin affects its proper use and so as to ensure electromagnetic compatibility andand avoidance of harmful interaction with other equipment and systems;avoidance of harmful interaction with other equipment and systems; b. _ Be so located as to ensure the greatest possible degree of safety andb. _ Be so located as to ensure the greatest possible degree of safety and operational availability;operational availability; c. _ Be protected against harmful effects of water, extremes of temperaturec. _ Be protected against harmful effects of water, extremes of temperature and other adverse environmental conditions;and other adverse environmental conditions; d. _ Be provided with reliable, permanently arranged electrical lighting,d. _ Be provided with reliable, permanently arranged electrical lighting, independent of the main and emergency sources of electrical power, for theindependent of the main and emergency sources of electrical power, for the adequate illumination of the radio controls for operating the radio installation; andadequate illumination of the radio controls for operating the radio installation; and e. _ Be clearly marked with the call sign, the ship station identity and othere. _ Be clearly marked with the call sign, the ship station identity and other codes as applicable for the use of the radio installation.codes as applicable for the use of the radio installation.
  17. 17. Control of the VHF radiotelephone channels, required for navigational safety,Control of the VHF radiotelephone channels, required for navigational safety, shall be immediately available on the navigation bridge convenient the conningshall be immediately available on the navigation bridge convenient the conning position and, where necessary, facilities should be available to permit radioposition and, where necessary, facilities should be available to permit radio communications for the wings of the navigation bridge. Portable VHF equipmentcommunications for the wings of the navigation bridge. Portable VHF equipment may be used to meet the latter provision inmay be used to meet the latter provision in passenger shipspassenger ships, a distress panel, a distress panel shall be installed at the conning position. This panel shall contain either on singleshall be installed at the conning position. This panel shall contain either on single button which, when pressed, initiates a distress alert using all radio communicationbutton which, when pressed, initiates a distress alert using all radio communication installations required on board for that purpose or one button for each individualinstallations required on board for that purpose or one button for each individual installation.installation. RADIO PERSONNELRADIO PERSONNEL 1. _ Every ship shall carry personnel qualified for distress and safety radio1. _ Every ship shall carry personnel qualified for distress and safety radio communication purposes to the satisfaction of the Administration. The personnelcommunication purposes to the satisfaction of the Administration. The personnel shall be holders of certificates specified in the Radio Regulations as appropriate, anyshall be holders of certificates specified in the Radio Regulations as appropriate, any one of whom shall be designated to have primary responsibility for radioone of whom shall be designated to have primary responsibility for radio communications during incidents.communications during incidents. 2. _ In passenger ships, at least one person qualified in accordance with2. _ In passenger ships, at least one person qualified in accordance with paragraph 1 shall be assigned to perform only radio communication duties duringparagraph 1 shall be assigned to perform only radio communication duties during incidents.incidents. RADIO RECORDSRADIO RECORDS A record shall be kept, to the satisfaction of the Administration and asA record shall be kept, to the satisfaction of the Administration and as requiredrequired by the Radio Regulations, of all incidents connected with the radio communicationby the Radio Regulations, of all incidents connected with the radio communication service which appear to be of importance to safety of life at sea.service which appear to be of importance to safety of life at sea. DOCUMENTS TO BE CARRIEDDOCUMENTS TO BE CARRIED a. Ships Radio Licensea. Ships Radio License b. Radio Operators Certificatesb. Radio Operators Certificates c. GMDSS Radio Log Bookc. GMDSS Radio Log Book d. ITU list of call signs and numerical identitiesd. ITU list of call signs and numerical identities e. ITU list of Coast Stations, and the charges appliede. ITU list of Coast Stations, and the charges applied f. ITU List of Ships Stationsf. ITU List of Ships Stations g. ITU List of Radio determination and Special servicesg. ITU List of Radio determination and Special services h. ITU Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satelliteh. ITU Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services _ Admiralty List of Radio Signals (A.L.R.S) Volume I – VIIIServices _ Admiralty List of Radio Signals (A.L.R.S) Volume I – VIII AVOIDANCE OF FALSE DISTRESS ALERTSAVOIDANCE OF FALSE DISTRESS ALERTS:: 1. Switch off equipment immediately.1. Switch off equipment immediately. 2. Switch on equipment and set VHF DSC Ch 16 and MF/HF RT 2182 KHz,2. Switch on equipment and set VHF DSC Ch 16 and MF/HF RT 2182 KHz, MF/HF RT. consecutively on 4, 6, 8, 12 & 16 MHz.MF/HF RT. consecutively on 4, 6, 8, 12 & 16 MHz. 3. Make broadcast to “All Stations” this is vessel name, C/S & MMSI NO.3. Make broadcast to “All Stations” this is vessel name, C/S & MMSI NO. Cancel the false distress Alert.Cancel the false distress Alert. Example:Example: All stations x 3;All stations x 3; This is M.V. AMBA __ VVWGThis is M.V. AMBA __ VVWG MMSI No. 419298000 x 3MMSI No. 419298000 x 3 Position __ 20 21 N _ 089 33 EPosition __ 20 21 N _ 089 33 E Cancel my Distress alert of date xyzCancel my Distress alert of date xyz Time/UTCTime/UTC
  18. 18. F _ LIFE SAVING_SEARCH AND RESCUEF _ LIFE SAVING_SEARCH AND RESCUE Knowledge of Muster list and emergency instructions, drills, on-board maintenanceKnowledge of Muster list and emergency instructions, drills, on-board maintenance Operational readiness, MERSAR manual, Various LSA and its usage.Operational readiness, MERSAR manual, Various LSA and its usage. MUSTER LIST AND EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONSMUSTER LIST AND EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS: SOLAS 74, Chapter III,: SOLAS 74, Chapter III, RegulationRegulation 8 and 37.8 and 37. The muster list should specify details of the general alarm signal and also theThe muster list should specify details of the general alarm signal and also the action to be taken by the crew and passengers when this alarm is sounded. Theaction to be taken by the crew and passengers when this alarm is sounded. The muster list shall also specify how the order to abandon ship will be given.muster list shall also specify how the order to abandon ship will be given. The muster list should show the duties assigned to the different members of theThe muster list should show the duties assigned to the different members of the crew including:crew including: 1. _ Closing of watertight doors, fire doors, valves, scuppers, side scuttles,1. _ Closing of watertight doors, fire doors, valves, scuppers, side scuttles, skylights, portholes and similar openings in the ship.skylights, portholes and similar openings in the ship. 2. _ Equipping of the survival craft and other life saving appliances;2. _ Equipping of the survival craft and other life saving appliances; 3. _ Preparation and launching of survival craft;3. _ Preparation and launching of survival craft; 4. _ General preparations of other life-saving appliances4. _ General preparations of other life-saving appliances 5. _ Muster of passengers;5. _ Muster of passengers; 6. _ Use of communication equipment;6. _ Use of communication equipment; 7. _ Manning of fire parties assigned to deal with fires7. _ Manning of fire parties assigned to deal with fires 8. _ Special duties assigned in respect to the use of fire fighting equipment8. _ Special duties assigned in respect to the use of fire fighting equipment and installations _and installations _ Muster list should specify which officers are assigned to ensure that fireMuster list should specify which officers are assigned to ensure that fire appliances are maintained in good condition and ready for immediate use. Musterappliances are maintained in good condition and ready for immediate use. Muster list should specify substitutes for key persons who may become disabled, takinglist should specify substitutes for key persons who may become disabled, taking into account that different emergencies may call for different action.into account that different emergencies may call for different action. Muster list should be prepared before the vessel proceeds to sea and revisedMuster list should be prepared before the vessel proceeds to sea and revised whenever any changes in crew occur.whenever any changes in crew occur. Muster list and emergency instructions complying with the requirements ofMuster list and emergency instructions complying with the requirements of Regulation 37 shall be exhibited in conspicuous places throughout the ship includingRegulation 37 shall be exhibited in conspicuous places throughout the ship including the navigation bridge, engine room and crew accommodation spaces.the navigation bridge, engine room and crew accommodation spaces. Clear instruction to be followed in the event of an emergency should beClear instruction to be followed in the event of an emergency should be provided for every person on board. e.g. In the form of personal card showing theirprovided for every person on board. e.g. In the form of personal card showing their assembly stations, emergency duty and the lifeboat or life raft to which he isassembly stations, emergency duty and the lifeboat or life raft to which he is allocated. In ships with significant numbers of non-English speaking crew theallocated. In ships with significant numbers of non-English speaking crew the emergency instructions should be provided in the appropriate language of theemergency instructions should be provided in the appropriate language of the required by the ship’s flag State and in the English language.required by the ship’s flag State and in the English language. DRILLS:DRILLS: SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 19-3.SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 19-3. __ Drills shall, as far as practicable,Drills shall, as far as practicable, be conducted as if there were an actual emergency.be conducted as if there were an actual emergency. Each crew member shall participate in at least one abandon ship drill and oneEach crew member shall participate in at least one abandon ship drill and one fire drill every month. The drills of the crew shall take place within 24 h of the shipfire drill every month. The drills of the crew shall take place within 24 h of the ship leaving a port if more than 25% of the crew has not participated in abandon shipleaving a port if more than 25% of the crew has not participated in abandon ship and fire drills on board that particular ship in the previous month. When a shipand fire drills on board that particular ship in the previous month. When a ship enters service for the first time, after modification of a major character or when aenters service for the first time, after modification of a major character or when a new crew is engaged, these drills shall be held before sailing. The Administrationnew crew is engaged, these drills shall be held before sailing. The Administration may accept other arrangements that are at least equivalent for those classes ofmay accept other arrangements that are at least equivalent for those classes of ships for which are impracticable.ships for which are impracticable. ABANDON SHIP DRILLABANDON SHIP DRILL:: Each abandon ship drill shall include:Each abandon ship drill shall include:
  19. 19. 1. _ An abandon ship drill is announced by the general emergency alarm1. _ An abandon ship drill is announced by the general emergency alarm signal (Seven or more short blast and followed by the one long blast).signal (Seven or more short blast and followed by the one long blast). 2. _ All crew member and passengers are proceeds to their muster stations2. _ All crew member and passengers are proceeds to their muster stations and prepare for the duties describe in muster list;and prepare for the duties describe in muster list; 3. _ Checking that passengers and crew are suitably dressed;3. _ Checking that passengers and crew are suitably dressed; 4. _ Checking that lifejackets are correctly donned;4. _ Checking that lifejackets are correctly donned; 5. _ Lowering of at least one lifeboat after any necessary preparation for5. _ Lowering of at least one lifeboat after any necessary preparation for launchinglaunching 6. _ Starting and operating the life boat engine;6. _ Starting and operating the life boat engine; 7. _ Operation of davits used for launching life rafts;7. _ Operation of davits used for launching life rafts; 8. _ A mock search and rescue of passengers trapped in their staterooms8. _ A mock search and rescue of passengers trapped in their staterooms 9. _ Instruction in the use of radio life saving appliances9. _ Instruction in the use of radio life saving appliances Each life boats and Rescue boat shall be launched with its assigned operatingEach life boats and Rescue boat shall be launched with its assigned operating crew aboard and manoeuvred in the water at least once every three months duringcrew aboard and manoeuvred in the water at least once every three months during an abandon ship drill. Emergency lighting for mustering and abandonment shall bean abandon ship drill. Emergency lighting for mustering and abandonment shall be tested at each abandon ship drill.tested at each abandon ship drill. ON BOARD MAINTENANCEON BOARD MAINTENANCE SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 36SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 36 Instructions for on-board maintenance of life-saving appliances, shall be easilyInstructions for on-board maintenance of life-saving appliances, shall be easily understood, illustrated wherever possible, and, as appropriate, shall include theunderstood, illustrated wherever possible, and, as appropriate, shall include the following for each appliance;following for each appliance; 1. _ A checklist for use when carrying out the inspections required by1. _ A checklist for use when carrying out the inspections required by Regulation 20.7 (Inspection of the LSA including lifeboat equipment, shall beRegulation 20.7 (Inspection of the LSA including lifeboat equipment, shall be carried out monthly to ensure that they are complete in good order. A report of thecarried out monthly to ensure that they are complete in good order. A report of the inspection shall be entered in the log-book)inspection shall be entered in the log-book) 2. _ Maintenance and repair instructions;2. _ Maintenance and repair instructions; 3. _ Schedule of periodic maintenance3. _ Schedule of periodic maintenance 4. _ Diagram of lubrication points with the recommended lubricants4. _ Diagram of lubrication points with the recommended lubricants 5. _ List of replaceable parts;5. _ List of replaceable parts; 6.List of sources of spare parts;6.List of sources of spare parts; 7. _ Log for records of inspections and maintenance7. _ Log for records of inspections and maintenance OPERATIONAL READINESSOPERATIONAL READINESS SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 20.2SOLAS 1974, Chapter III, Regulation 20.2 Before the ship leaves port and at all times during the voyage, all life-savingBefore the ship leaves port and at all times during the voyage, all life-saving appliances shall be in working order and ready for immediate use.appliances shall be in working order and ready for immediate use. VARIOUSVARIOUS L.S.AL.S.A AND ITS MAINTENANCEAND ITS MAINTENANCE:: 1. Lifeboat Winches Boats to be lowered to Embarkation level, weather1. Lifeboat Winches Boats to be lowered to Embarkation level, weather permitting, to ensure free runningpermitting, to ensure free running 2. Life/Rescue boat Lifeboat Engines to be run up and gear and throttle2. Life/Rescue boat Lifeboat Engines to be run up and gear and throttle Engine operated weekly. Fuel tanks to be checkedEngine operated weekly. Fuel tanks to be checked 3. Signalling Lamp3. Signalling Lamp a. lamp is operating correctlya. lamp is operating correctly b. The independent source of power from the ships main is operatingb. The independent source of power from the ships main is operating correctly.correctly. c. Battery is fully charged.c. Battery is fully charged. 4. Lifeboat Davits4. Lifeboat Davits a. Check condition of davits and ensure that the slides are greased.a. Check condition of davits and ensure that the slides are greased. b. Davits to be oiled and greasedb. Davits to be oiled and greased
  20. 20. c. davit limit switches to be checked and repaired if notc. davit limit switches to be checked and repaired if not functioning correctly.functioning correctly. 5. Emergency lighting All lighting to be tested to ensure correct functioning5. Emergency lighting All lighting to be tested to ensure correct functioning of bulbs.of bulbs. 6. Life Jackets _6. Life Jackets _ To check:To check: a. Condition of Life Jacket.a. Condition of Life Jacket. b. Whistle secured to Life Jacket by Lanyard and operating correctly .b. Whistle secured to Life Jacket by Lanyard and operating correctly . c. Life Jacket correctly marked.(ship’s name & POR)c. Life Jacket correctly marked.(ship’s name & POR) d. Retro Reflective Tape in good condition.d. Retro Reflective Tape in good condition. e. Light secured and battery exp. Date checked.e. Light secured and battery exp. Date checked. f. Stowage boxes in good condition and labelled ‘Life jackets”.f. Stowage boxes in good condition and labelled ‘Life jackets”. Renew/Repair as necessary.Renew/Repair as necessary. 7. Navigational Shapes Muster, Condition to be checked and shapes painted7. Navigational Shapes Muster, Condition to be checked and shapes painted asas necessary.necessary. 8. Navigational Lights8. Navigational Lights a. Check all Navigation Lights are operating correctly and sounda. Check all Navigation Lights are operating correctly and sound signals and that the wiring on the fitted lights is in good conditionsignals and that the wiring on the fitted lights is in good condition b. Check spare bulbs and slides.b. Check spare bulbs and slides. c. Check Fog Gong and Striker.c. Check Fog Gong and Striker. d. Check Bell and Striker.d. Check Bell and Striker. e. Check Fog Horn and the condition of spare vibrating reed.e. Check Fog Horn and the condition of spare vibrating reed. 9. Life rafts _ Life rafts are required to be landed annually for servicing.9. Life rafts _ Life rafts are required to be landed annually for servicing. Details of life rafts are to be entered below:Details of life rafts are to be entered below: = Serial Number= Serial Number = Date of Manufacture= Date of Manufacture = Manufacture By= Manufacture By = Capacity= Capacity = Date of last service= Date of last service = Date of next service due= Date of next service due 10. Lifebuoys10. Lifebuoys a. Inspect Lifebuoys and attachments to ensure correct position anda. Inspect Lifebuoys and attachments to ensure correct position and attachment.attachment. b. Lifebuoys to be painted as required.b. Lifebuoys to be painted as required. c. Buoyant Lifeline to be renewed as required 30 mts long.c. Buoyant Lifeline to be renewed as required 30 mts long. d. ‘Man overboard” signals should last for three (3) years from thed. ‘Man overboard” signals should last for three (3) years from the date of manufacture.date of manufacture. e. Mc MURDO S.I. lights should last for a minimum five (5) yearse. Mc MURDO S.I. lights should last for a minimum five (5) years from the date of manufacture. _ Ensure pins are free to move. Open top cover andfrom the date of manufacture. _ Ensure pins are free to move. Open top cover and inspect light. All plugs should be intact and the plastic case containing the batteryinspect light. All plugs should be intact and the plastic case containing the battery should not show any signs of distortion.should not show any signs of distortion. 11. Life/Rescue boat11. Life/Rescue boat a. Examine boats hulls for damagea. Examine boats hulls for damage b. Life boat is correctly marked as; Ship’s Name; Port of Registry;b. Life boat is correctly marked as; Ship’s Name; Port of Registry; Dimensions; Capacity.Dimensions; Capacity. 12. Life boat _ Remove and check all gears are in good condition Equipment12. Life boat _ Remove and check all gears are in good condition Equipment and working satisfactorily. Oars (painted orange colour)and working satisfactorily. Oars (painted orange colour) _ 04 Crutches_ 04 Crutches _ 06 Boat hooks_ 06 Boat hooks _ 02 Boat Plugs_ 02 Boat Plugs
  21. 21. _ 02 Buckets-2 gallons_ 02 Buckets-2 gallons _ 02 Bailer (8”dia)_ 02 Bailer (8”dia) _ 01 Hatchet_ 01 Hatchet _ 01 Compass in binnacle w/light_ 01 Compass in binnacle w/light _ 01 Sea anchor w/lines_ 01 Sea anchor w/lines _ 01 Parachute Signals_ 01 Parachute Signals _ 04 Hand Flare_ 04 Hand Flare _ 06 Buoyant Smoke Flares_ 06 Buoyant Smoke Flares _ 02 First Aid outfit in W/T case_ 02 First Aid outfit in W/T case _ 01 Electric torch, Spare batteries And bulbs_ 01 Electric torch, Spare batteries And bulbs _ 01 Daylight signalling mirror_ 01 Daylight signalling mirror _ 01 Jack knife_ 01 Jack knife _ 01 Buoyant Heaving Lines (30 m) _ With Rescue quoits_ 01 Buoyant Heaving Lines (30 m) _ With Rescue quoits _ 02 Manual pump_ 02 Manual pump _ 01 Whistle_ 01 Whistle _ 01 Fishing tackle with 6 hooks_ 01 Fishing tackle with 6 hooks _ 01 Lifeboat boarding ladder_ 01 Lifeboat boarding ladder _ 01 Life saving signalling table_ 01 Life saving signalling table _ 01 Portable Fire Ext_ 01 Portable Fire Ext _ 01 Survival Manual_ 01 Survival Manual _ 01 Radar Reflector_ 01 Radar Reflector _ 01 Engine Tools_ 01 Engine Tools _ 01 set_ 01 set T P AT P A 10% Capacity Immersion Suit10% Capacity Immersion Suit 13. Emergency Steering Check / try out Emergency Steering Gear before13. Emergency Steering Check / try out Emergency Steering Gear before departure Gear and entering harbour.departure Gear and entering harbour. 14. Immersion Suits14. Immersion Suits 15. Thermal Protective Aids15. Thermal Protective Aids 16. Anti-exposure suits16. Anti-exposure suits 17. Rocket parachute flares17. Rocket parachute flares 18. Hand Flares18. Hand Flares 19. Buoyant smoke signals19. Buoyant smoke signals 20. Rescue boats20. Rescue boats 21. Marine evacuation systems21. Marine evacuation systems 22. Line throwing appliances22. Line throwing appliances IAMSAR/MERSAR MANUALIAMSAR/MERSAR MANUAL:: G.SAFETY OF NAVIGATIONG.SAFETY OF NAVIGATION Knowledge of:Knowledge of: (a) Distress messages; Obligation and procedures,(a) Distress messages; Obligation and procedures, (b) Manning,(b) Manning, (c) Collision regulations,(c) Collision regulations, (d) Ships reporting system.(d) Ships reporting system. (e) Navigation in special areas such as offshore installation and structures.(e) Navigation in special areas such as offshore installation and structures. (f) Avoidance of dangerous situation in following and quartering sea.(f) Avoidance of dangerous situation in following and quartering sea. (g) Aspects of ships handling with or without tugs.(g) Aspects of ships handling with or without tugs. (h) Anchoring and berthing vessel under the influence of tide and wind.(h) Anchoring and berthing vessel under the influence of tide and wind. (i) Piracy and Armed robbery against ships.(i) Piracy and Armed robbery against ships. (j) Stowaway.(j) Stowaway. (k) National and International obligation following collision, grounding.(k) National and International obligation following collision, grounding. (l) Methods of re-floating ship,(l) Methods of re-floating ship,

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