FOCUS ON GRASSROOTSIn the late 1990s, Indian economic cooperation in Nepal was furtherdiversified to focus on grassroots projects.
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMME• MOU signed between GOI and GON in November 2003 and renewed in June 2006, August 2008 and August 2011• Projects costing less than NRs. 5 crores ($ 0.7 Million) approximately ie.IRs. 3.125 crores).• Focus areas:-Infrastructure Development and Capacity Building in the areas of -Education -Health -Community Development
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMME• FEATURES: -Based on local needs, -Through participation of community and local bodies of GON -Development directly reaching the beneficiaries, no overheads -Direct involvement of stakeholders -Low investment, no overheads -Short gestation period -Simple and transparent modality -Flexible
RANGE OF PROJECTS UNDER SDP• Schools, multiple campuses, nursing campuses; Other specialised training institutes; Libraries; Gifting of books, gifting of school buses• Primary health posts, maternity centres, hospitals, gifting of ambulances/medical vans/medical equipment• Rural electrification, micro hydroprojects• Rural/Urban roads, bridges• Canals (for example, Rajkulo in Lalitpur)• Rural drinking water projects, cold storages• River Training Projects• Reforestation/ afforestation• Developmental training for GON’s senior bureaucrats.
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMMESOME STATISTICS:• No. of SDPs (as of 31 December 2011): 389• Total value: NRs.673.09 Crores ie $94.34 Million (appx) (IRs.421 cr)• Completed: 183 Ongoing: 206• No. of school projects(ongoing/completed): 200• No. of districts covered so far: 70• No. of beneficiaries: over 11 million
SOME OTHER POPULAR GRASSROOTS PROGRAMMES• GIFTING OF AMBULANCES AND BUSES Since 1994, 342 ambulances and 66 buses presented across 68 districts in Nepal (As of 26 January 2012)• EYE CAMPS Since 2001, assistance to Nepal Netra Jyoti Sangh for cataract and trachoma surgeries through country-wide eye- camps. So far, almost 4.25 lakh patients have been examined and more than 87,000 surgeries performed in these camps, with total Indian assistance of NRs. 21.10 crores ie $2.84 Million (appx). Number to exceed 100000 in 2012.• Since 2007, a new School Eye Health Care Programme has also been launched. More than 27000 students have been provided with optical devices.
FINDINGS OF IMPACT STUDY OF SDPs IN DISTRICT SARLAHI• Significant improvement in the pass percentage of students indicating high correlation with the improvement in the infrastructure of schools.• Significant improvement in the enrollment of students from disadvantaged groups including Dalit, Janajati and girl students.• Number of girl students registered impressive growth in most of these schools; an important factor being availability of separate toilets for girl students.
OVERALL ONGOING PROJECTS (Including Large and Small Projects) DURING 2003- (December 31) 2011• 424 projects• Total outlay: over NRs.6345 Crores ie $ 858 Million (appx).• Education, Health, Community Development, Infrastructure
LARGE HEALTH PROJECTS• 5 Storeyed OPD cum Ward Block of Bir Hospital• 200 Bed Emergency and Trauma Centre, Kathmandu – NRs 149 Crores ie $20.1 Million (appx)• BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan – NRs 200 Crores ie $26.7 Million (appx)• Establishment of Bakhtawari Hari Eye Hospital in Krishnanagar, Kapilvastu – NRs 40 Crores ie $ 5.4 Million (appx)
Large Road Projects• Government of India has constructed 807 Kilometers out of the total road length of 1024 Kilometers of the East – West Highway from Mahendranagar to Mechi (Mahendra Raj Marg) which is today a life line of Nepal.• Twentytwo bridges on Kohalpur-Mahakali section of the East West Highway. These were handed over to the Government of Nepal in 2001.• Eight village and urban roads and three bridges have been constructed with GOI assistance of NRs 48.79 crores( $ 6.59 Million appx) under SDP Programme to provide easy access to the people of remote villages.• Work is ongoing for construction of 10 roads and 2 bridges at a cost of NRs 29.09 Crores ($ 3.93 Million) under SDP.
OTHER ROAD PROJECTS• India constructed roads linking Kathmandu to Dakshinkali, Trishuli, Balaju and Godavari in the Kathmandu valley.• Tribhuvan Rajmarg: Links Kathmandu with Birgunj. Construction started in 1953 and was completed in 1956. Handed over to GON in 1965.• Siddhartha Rajmarg: Links Sunauli with Pokhara.• Construction of Bagmati (Kathmandu) Mohana (Kailali) and Sirsiya (Parsa) Bridges.• Construction of Dakshinkali-Kulekhani Road
Flood Control and River Training• India has been providing assistance to Nepal for strengthening and extension of embankments for river training and flood protection works along Bagmati, Lalbakeya, ,Kamla, Gagan Trijuga, Lakhandehi, Sunsari, Kankai and Kaligandaki rivers in Nepal. Since 2007 an amount of nearly NRs 3 Billion ie $ 38.9 Million appx has been provided to GON.• A project for river training works on Banganga River in Kapilvastu District has been initiated at a cost of NRs 40 Million.• The embankments have helped to channel the rivers and prevent loss of life and property of the people of Nepal.
Creation of Irrigation Facilities• Development of 1350 Shallow Tube Wells in Dhanusha,Mahottari and Siraha districts-NRs 11.46 Crores ie $1.55 Million appx.• Development of 2700 Shallow Tube Wells in 9 districts of Nepal – NRs 25.67 Crores ie $3.47 Million appx.• 22 Deep Tube Wells in Sunsari, Jhapa, Saptari and Siraha – NRs 8.84 Crores ie $1.2 Million appx.
Hydropower• India-Nepal cooperation on the hydroelectricity projects on Koshi, Trishuli, Gandaki and Mahakali rivers account for the major portion of Nepal’s countrys electricity output.• A 20 MW powerhouse was constructed as a part of Trishuli Hydropower Project in the 1970s.• Devighat Hydropower Project (3x5 MW) has been rehabilitated by BHEL in 2011 and was handed over to the GoN on 13th July, 2011.• Surajpur Power Project, Kataiya Power Project and Pushrekhola Project have received assistance as well.• Mahakali Treaty involves the integrated development of the river Mahakali, the Sarada Barrage, Tanakpur Barrage and Pancheshwar Project Cooperation and is also focusing on projects on the BudhiGandaki River.
Co-operating to provide electricity to Nepal• Presently Nepal is drawing 109 MW from India using various electric lines.• GOI actively supports Nepal to meet the shortfall of power that it faces.• Presently Nepal is drawing 109 MW from India using various cross border electric lines.• Plans are afoot to augment the supply to Nepal by about 74 MW in the short term ie within 2012 and upto 200 MW by 2013
LARGE EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS Manmohan Memorial Polytechnic at Biratnagar- NRs 46 Crores ie $ 6.2 Million(appx)
•CTEVT affiliated. Three disciplines: Electrical, Electronics, and Mechanical andseveral short term – 90 day- courses•More than 400 students Indian Faculty support for 5 years.Work in progress. First batch to pass out in 2011
Proposed polytechnic at Hetauda, Makwanpur- NRs 50 Crores ie $6.7Million (appx). Will offer diploma courses in Electronics and communication, Electrical, mechanical and Computer Engineering Short term certificate courses
LARGE S&T PROJECTS• Establishment of proposed Science Learning Centre in Kathmandu- NRs 16 Crores ie $ 2.2 Million (appx)• Laying of 904 Kilometres Optical Fibre cable along the East-West Highway and setting up of 80 stations of SDH equipment- NRs 118 Crores ie $ 16.2 Million (appx)
TERAI ROADS PROJECT • MOU for implementation of Phase I signed in January 2010 • Upgradation of over 1450 km of feeder roads and postal roads in Terai (part of Strategic Road Network identified by GON).Two Phases • Phase-I to includes 19 roads totaling 605 km with cost of NRs. 1100 crores iePhase-I Roads $ 166 Million (appx)
MAHENDRANAGAR-TANAKPUR LINK ROAD• The 14.5 km link road connecting Mahendranagar in Nepal’s far-west with Tanakpur in India will extend the connectivity beyond the East-West Highway into India.- NRs. 67 crore ie $ 9 Million (appx)• DPR for the project had been completed. However GON has requested that this link road, which would be part of the Asian Highway Network (AHN), be designed as per the AHN specifications. Necessary modifications in the DPR are presently being carried out.
INTEGRATED CHECK-POSTS• State-of-the-art Integrated check- posts (ICP) at Birgunj, Biratnagar, Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj.• To provide integrated channel for cross-border movement of people and goods.• DPR for all four checkposts has been completed.• Raxaul-Birgunj andf Jogbani- Biratnagar ICP’s are being undertaken under Phase-I. Work on ICP Birgunj has started and is expected to start soon in Biratnagar. Estimated cost is about Nrs. 416 crores ie $ 56.2 Million (appx)• Work on ICP at Nepalgunj has been selected to be taken up next.• A high-level bilateral Project Steering Committee is monitoring the project to fast-track it.
CROSS-BORDER RAILWAY LINKS• Cross-border railway links at five border points – Biratnagar, Janakpur (Bardibas), Nepalganj, Bhairahawa and Kakarbhitta.• DPR has been completed.• Projected cost at present: over NRs 2123 crores ie $ 287 Million (appx)• Will significantly facilitate cross- border movement and will be a major boost for promoting trade and commerce.• following two points along the India- Nepal border at an estimated cost of NRs Rs.1090 crores ie $ 147 Million(appx) are prioritised• (i) Jogbani-Biratnagar ( 18 Kms) (ii) Gauge conversion of Jayanagar to Bijalpura (51 kms) and extension of the same to Bardibas (17 kms).
India’s Assistance for the Peace Process in Nepal• India’s economic cooperation engagement with Nepal has grown manifold in the past few years, particularly since the restoration of multiparty democracy in the country.• India welcomed the roadmap laid down by the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement towards political stabilization in Nepal leading to the formation of the Constituent Assembly.• India remains steadfast in its commitment to extend assistance for Nepal’s economic rehabilitation and political stabilization. The existing developmental engagement stands to be further strengthened with the ushering in of a new era of hope and peace in Nepal.
India’s General Assistance• Direct budgetary assistance of IRs. 100 crore to GON in fiscal 2006-07;• Soft credit line of US$100 million for infrastructure development projects as prioritized by GON (In 2007).• Another line of credit of US$250 extended in October 2011 during visit of PM of Nepal to India.• Waiver of outstanding dues on defence purchases (more than IRs. 100 crore);• Doubling the number of GOI scholarships for Nepalese students to 2000;• Supply of 25,000 metric tons of fertilizers at subsidized prices;
Indian Technical And Economic Co- operation Programme- ITEC • India provides 100 ITEC scholarship annually to Nepalese citizens. It has been agreed to double the ITEC slots to 200 during PM Dr. Bhattarai’s visit. • From 2000 till date, more than 600 participants have benefited from attending short- term professional courses in India. • Apart from the training in professional courses, the participants are provided NR 40,000 per month, lodging & Boarding facilities and return airfare.
•More than 50 institutions conduct around 200 short-term, medium-term and long-term courses everyyear.•The training programme is demand-driven andsubjects selected are of interest to developingcountries for their working professionals on a wideand diverse range of skills and disciplines.Institutions like Indian Institute of Masscommunication, IIT’s, Indian Institute of Science,TERI, Geological Survey of india and otherinstitutions of international repute.
India’s Assistance for the Peace Process in Nepal• Supply of over 1200 vehicles and 14,000 wireless sets to the Nepal Police;• Supply of over 80 vehicles and 50 wireless sets to UN;• Supply of 70 containers for storage of arms being managed under UN supervision;• Supply of 6800 metric tons of food material and 4000 tents for rehabilitation of internally displaced persons;• Supporting the electoral process with close interaction between the Election Commissions of both countries through supply of equipment such as Electronic Voting Machines (200), ballot printing machines, computers, vehicles (75), training, sharing of experiences of Indian elections, etc.;
India’s Assistance PhilosophyIndia believes that alongside progress inpolitical process in Nepal, it is equallycritical to ensure that economicdeliverables, particularly in the areas ofeducation, health and infrastructure, reachpeople without any pre-conditions in asmooth, quick and unencumbered manner.
India’s Development Focus in Nepal• Focus on connectivity projects• Large infrastructure projects to continue to be taken up aligned with Nepal’s development priorities• At the same time, small, grassroots level, community-based projects to be further strengthened and expanded
Miscellaneous Facts• There are 125,000 Indian Ex service Persons in Nepal.• GOI disburses pension worth NRs 2000 Crores ($ 270 Million appx) every year besides other welfare activities like Medical camps, Medicine Pack Scheme, Rural electrification and drinking water projects.