Introduction
to
Poetic Terminology
Definition of Poetry
• Poetry - A type of writing that uses
language to express imaginative
and emotional qualities instea...
Literary Devices
Used in Poetry
Figurative Language
Figurative Language is the
use of words outside of their
literal or usual meaning to
add beauty or for...
Metaphor
Metaphor is a figure of speech that
makes a comparison between two
unlike things, in which one thing
becomes anot...
Example:
Love is a rose.
His face was a fist.
Simile
Simile is a figure of speech that
makes a comparison between two
unlike things, using words such as
like, as, than,...
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopeia is the use of a
word or words whose sound
imitates its meaning.
Examples:
crackle, pop, fizz, cli...
Personification
Personification is a special kind of
metaphor in which a nonhuman
thing is talked about as if it was
human...
Example:
This poetry gets bored of being alone,
It wants to go outdoors to chew on
the wings,
To fill its commas with the ...
Symbolism
Symbolism is when a person, place,
thing or idea stands for itself and
for something else.
Example:
Use of the b...
Alliteration
Alliteration is the use of
similar sounds at the
beginning of a word.
Assonance -
Assonance is the use of
similar vowel sounds
within a word.
Poetic Structures
Iambic Foot
An iambic foot is an
unstressed syllable
followed by a stressed
syllable .
Example:
We could write the rhythm like
this:
da DUM
Meter
Meter is the pattern of
rhythm established for a
verse.
Rhythm
Rhythm is the actual
sound that results from a
line of poetry.
Iambic Pentameter
Iambic Pentameter is a
line of poetry with five
iambic feet in a row This
is the most common
meter in En...
Example:
We could write the rhythm like this:
da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM
We can notate this with a ˘ mark
represen...
Example Continued:
The following line from John Keats' Ode to
Autumn is a straightforward example:
˘ /
˘ /
˘ /
˘ /
˘
To sw...
Rhyme
Rhyme is the placement
of identical or similar
sounds at the ends of
lines or at predictable
locations within lines.
Lines
Poetry is separated into lines
on a page. Lines may be
based on the number of
metrical feet, or may stress
a rhyme p...
Stanza
Stanzas are groups of lines in a poem
which are named by the number of
lines included.
• Two lines is a couplet.
• ...
Couplet
Couplet is two lines of a poem that are
related by either rhyme or structure.
Rhyme Scheme
Rhyme Scheme is the use
rhyme in a pattern as a
structural element in a
poem.
Rhyme schemes are described
using letters that correspond
to sets of rhymes.
Example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, A
Humpt...
Example Continued:
A told B, A
B told C, A
“I’ll meet you at the top B
of the coconut tree.” A
“Whee!” said D A
To E F G A...
Poetic Forms
Blank Verse
Blank Verse is poetry
written in unrhymed
iambic pentameter.
Example:
To be, or not to be: that is
the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the
mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of
out...
Free Verse
Free Verse is poetry that
does not have a regular
meter or rhyme scheme.
Example:
excerpt from Song of Myself
by Walt Whitman:
I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
And what I assume you shall ass...
Sonnet
A sonnet is a fourteen line
poem that is usually
written in iambic
pentameter.
See the following video to
learn mor...
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (Sonnet 18)
by William Shakespeare
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou ar...
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Introduction to-poetic-terminology

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Introduction to-poetic-terminology

  1. 1. Introduction to Poetic Terminology
  2. 2. Definition of Poetry • Poetry - A type of writing that uses language to express imaginative and emotional qualities instead of or in addition to meaning. • Poetry may be written as individual poems or included in other written forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or song lyrics.
  3. 3. Literary Devices Used in Poetry
  4. 4. Figurative Language Figurative Language is the use of words outside of their literal or usual meaning to add beauty or force. It is characterized by the use of similes and metaphors.
  5. 5. Metaphor Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles.
  6. 6. Example: Love is a rose. His face was a fist.
  7. 7. Simile Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles. Example: My love is like a red, red rose. - Robert Burns
  8. 8. Onomatopoeia Onomatopeia is the use of a word or words whose sound imitates its meaning. Examples: crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp
  9. 9. Personification Personification is a special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing is talked about as if it was human (given human characteristics).
  10. 10. Example: This poetry gets bored of being alone, It wants to go outdoors to chew on the wings, To fill its commas with the keels of rowboats…. -Hugo Margenat, from”Living Poetry”
  11. 11. Symbolism Symbolism is when a person, place, thing or idea stands for itself and for something else. Example: Use of the bald eagle to represent the United States. From Beowulf, his removal of his shield represented his lack of fear.
  12. 12. Alliteration Alliteration is the use of similar sounds at the beginning of a word.
  13. 13. Assonance - Assonance is the use of similar vowel sounds within a word.
  14. 14. Poetic Structures
  15. 15. Iambic Foot An iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable .
  16. 16. Example: We could write the rhythm like this: da DUM
  17. 17. Meter Meter is the pattern of rhythm established for a verse.
  18. 18. Rhythm Rhythm is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
  19. 19. Iambic Pentameter Iambic Pentameter is a line of poetry with five iambic feet in a row This is the most common meter in English poetry.
  20. 20. Example: We could write the rhythm like this: da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM We can notate this with a ˘ mark representing an unstressed syllable and a '/' mark representing a stressed syllable
  21. 21. Example Continued: The following line from John Keats' Ode to Autumn is a straightforward example: ˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘ To swell the gourd, and plump the ha - zel / shells
  22. 22. Rhyme Rhyme is the placement of identical or similar sounds at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines.
  23. 23. Lines Poetry is separated into lines on a page. Lines may be based on the number of metrical feet, or may stress a rhyme pattern at the ends of lines.
  24. 24. Stanza Stanzas are groups of lines in a poem which are named by the number of lines included. • Two lines is a couplet. • Three lines is a triplet or tercet. • Four lines is a quatrain. • Five lines is a quintain or cinquain. • Six lines is a sestet. • Eight lines is an octet.
  25. 25. Couplet Couplet is two lines of a poem that are related by either rhyme or structure.
  26. 26. Rhyme Scheme Rhyme Scheme is the use rhyme in a pattern as a structural element in a poem.
  27. 27. Rhyme schemes are described using letters that correspond to sets of rhymes. Example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, A Humpty Dumpty had a great fall; A All the king’s horses and all the king’s men, B Couldn’t put Humpty together again. B ------------------------------------------------- The rhyme scheme for this poem is: A A B B
  28. 28. Example Continued: A told B, A B told C, A “I’ll meet you at the top B of the coconut tree.” A “Whee!” said D A To E F G A “I’ll beat you to the top B of the coconut tree.” A Chicka chicka boom boom! C Will there be enough room? C Here comes H D Up the coconut tree A and I and J E and tagalong K, E All on their way E up the coconut tree. A -from Chicka, Chicka Boom Boom by Bill Martian Jr., and John Archambault --------------------------------------------- Rhyme scheme: A A B A A A B A C C D A E E E A
  29. 29. Poetic Forms
  30. 30. Blank Verse Blank Verse is poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
  31. 31. Example: To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep; No more; and by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish'd. From Hamlet William Shakespeare
  32. 32. Free Verse Free Verse is poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
  33. 33. Example: excerpt from Song of Myself by Walt Whitman: I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. I loaf and invite my soul, I lean and loaf at my ease observing a spear of summer grass.
  34. 34. Sonnet A sonnet is a fourteen line poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter. See the following video to learn more about sonnets.
  35. 35. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (Sonnet 18) by William Shakespeare Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed; But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st. So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

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