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Types of
Sculpture
Sculpture is a three-dimensional form constructed
to represent a natural or imaginary shape.
A sculptor is a person obsess...
Relief
• A relief sculpture
protrudes out of a flat
surface, and it’s
projection into three-
dimensional space is
relative...
High Relief
High Relief: The figures
in the sculpture are
dramatically raised
from the background.
They are sometimes
near...
Bas Relief
Bas Relief- (Also
referred to as low
relief.)
Characterized by
figures that are
only slightly raised
from the s...
Sunken Relief
Sunken Relief:
(Also known as
incised or intaglio
relief.) Relief that is
created by having
an image carved
...
CARVING
Carving is the
process of
creating a
sculpture by
cutting, chipping
away from or
otherwise
removing material
from ...
Because material is taken away from the mass, carving is known
as a subtractive process for creating sculpture. The most
c...
Chisels
Full Round/Free-Standing
Full Round-
Sculpture that exists in
three-dimensional
space. To see all parts
of the work you ne...
• It inhabits three-
dimensional space
in the same way
that living things do.
• Sculpture in the
round cannot be
appreciat...
Modeling is a process in which the artist uses a soft, pliable material
such as wax, clay, or plaster that is gradually bu...
The material may be constructed atop some sort of metal
frame or skeleton known as an armature to lend support to the
soft...
CASTING Casting is the process of filling a mold
with a liquid material or applying a
pliable material to a form and allow...
Armature
Installation/Site Specific
Sculptural artwork that
transforms an entire space
into a work of art, is
constructed using mat...
A sculpture that transforms an entire space into a work of art or wouldn’t
exist without the space it occupies. You need t...
Assemblage
Assembling found objects in unique ways to create a sculpture.
A found object is anything used in a work of art...
Additive processes where existing materials are attached together in some
fashion to create a sculpture. This method of pr...
Non-Objective/Abstract
Art that is simplified from something in reality.
Art that has no recognizable subject matter. It i...
Representational
Art that has recognizable subject matter and is based on
reality.
Kinetic Sculpture
contains moving parts and can be set in motion by air currents or a motor.
Post Modern Postmodern art is a body of art movements
that sought to contradict some aspects of
modernism or some aspects ...
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Types of Sculpture

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Types of Sculpture

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Types of Sculpture

  1. 1. Types of Sculpture
  2. 2. Sculpture is a three-dimensional form constructed to represent a natural or imaginary shape. A sculptor is a person obsessed with the form and shape of things, and it’s not just the shape of one thing, but the shape of anything and everything: the hard, tense strength, although delicate form of a bone; the strong, solid fleshiness of a beech tree trunk. –Henry Moore
  3. 3. Relief • A relief sculpture protrudes out of a flat surface, and it’s projection into three- dimensional space is relatively shallow. • The back of the relief sculpture is not meant to be seen; the entire design can be understood from a frontal view.
  4. 4. High Relief High Relief: The figures in the sculpture are dramatically raised from the background. They are sometimes nearly sculpted in the round.
  5. 5. Bas Relief Bas Relief- (Also referred to as low relief.) Characterized by figures that are only slightly raised from the surface of the background.
  6. 6. Sunken Relief Sunken Relief: (Also known as incised or intaglio relief.) Relief that is created by having an image carved down below the surface of the sculpture.
  7. 7. CARVING Carving is the process of creating a sculpture by cutting, chipping away from or otherwise removing material from a solid mass using a chisel or other carving tool.
  8. 8. Because material is taken away from the mass, carving is known as a subtractive process for creating sculpture. The most common materials used in carving sculptures are stone and wood. In fact, most sculptures throughout history were made using this method.
  9. 9. Chisels
  10. 10. Full Round/Free-Standing Full Round- Sculpture that exists in three-dimensional space. To see all parts of the work you need to walk around it.
  11. 11. • It inhabits three- dimensional space in the same way that living things do. • Sculpture in the round cannot be appreciated from only a single viewpoint but must be circled and explored.
  12. 12. Modeling is a process in which the artist uses a soft, pliable material such as wax, clay, or plaster that is gradually built up and shaped until the desired form is attained. Unlike carving, modeling is an additive method, as the sculptor is continually adding material to the form. Modeling
  13. 13. The material may be constructed atop some sort of metal frame or skeleton known as an armature to lend support to the soft material, so it will be able to maintain its shape.
  14. 14. CASTING Casting is the process of filling a mold with a liquid material or applying a pliable material to a form and allowing it to harden. In either case, when the material hardens, the resulting form is a cast.
  15. 15. Armature
  16. 16. Installation/Site Specific Sculptural artwork that transforms an entire space into a work of art, is constructed using materials found on site or is reliant on it’s location for meaning. The location is part of the artwork.
  17. 17. A sculpture that transforms an entire space into a work of art or wouldn’t exist without the space it occupies. You need to walk through the piece to experience it.
  18. 18. Assemblage Assembling found objects in unique ways to create a sculpture. A found object is anything used in a work of art that is recognizable as an object that existed before the sculpture. Examples include trash or wood scraps.
  19. 19. Additive processes where existing materials are attached together in some fashion to create a sculpture. This method of production can be used to describe the use of a number of different materials and processes including but not limited to: weaving, welding, woodworking, blacksmithing, or assemblage. CONSTRUCTION
  20. 20. Non-Objective/Abstract Art that is simplified from something in reality. Art that has no recognizable subject matter. It is based on the art elements and principles only.
  21. 21. Representational Art that has recognizable subject matter and is based on reality.
  22. 22. Kinetic Sculpture contains moving parts and can be set in motion by air currents or a motor.
  23. 23. Post Modern Postmodern art is a body of art movements that sought to contradict some aspects of modernism or some aspects that emerged or developed in its aftermath.

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