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  1. 1. Mythologies of Modernity 外文所 邵可霓
  2. 2. Ambiguity, Paradox, and Dialectic in the Definitino of the flâneur • The differentiation of male and female modernism in the relative status of the flâneur: • (1) the characteristics of the modern artist (遊走-觀察-創作) • (2) the artist’s modes of observation (身處人群-瞰查人群) • (3) the public space portrayed th • The dictionary definition of flâneur: idler working artists 19 century Mid • Baudelaire-urban observers • Simmel-the urban Psyche • Benjamin-the passages of urban history Masculinized; Changes in its • Wolff-the separate sphere significance • Pollock • Wilson Contemporary feminists
  3. 3. Ambiguity, Paradox, and Dialectic in the Definitino of the flâneur • Spectator v.s. flâneur v.s. dandy • dandy v.s. flâneur v.s. prostitute v.s. rag-picker • Marginal mode of observation: The dominant walker: rag-picker • Benjamin x Baudelaire: (urban-observer-artist)
  4. 4. Simmel-the urban Psyche • The gendered mass (female presence, male anxiety) -the orientation of “femininity”: unconscious, amorality, materiality, sexuality -feminine/masculine – interior/exterior – passive/active • The city as a site of spectacle on display; the urban dwellers as part of spectacle psychological detachment, indifference: blasé attitude • Baudelairian observer v.s. Simmel’s urban personality (physical closeness, mental aloofness) (artistic gaze) v.s. Benjamin’s observer-artist (man of the crowd-window) (Baudelaire: the wandering, subversive, marginal ambiguity) (Simmel+Benjamin: Detachment, self-assertion, bourgeois-control)
  5. 5. • Unbound by geographical and temporal place • Impressionists • The urban dweller -mental isolation (detached) The artists -growing individualism (subjective) social detachment that suggests an aestheticized, harmonizing view of life. • Flâneur: observer and controller of the urban spectacle (spectacles become diversified and fragmentary) withdraw; assign the coherence of urban landscape from a panoramic, totalizing, highly individualistic point of view. (The ultimate end of flâneur)
  6. 6. Benjamin-the passages of urban history • Baudelaire’s representation of city dwellers v.s. Benjamin’s theorization (modernity x socio-historical experience of the city) • “The flâneur” a man of the crowd; empathy a 19th century man of leisure; elbow room; involve the act of walking, as a body within the city spectator: scopic authority, optimistic, Enlightened London 想體驗城市,想被人群包圍 (hypersensitive, responsive): the fascinated, absorbed, wandering Baudelairian flâneur out of place, attempt to attain an authoritative, superior vision from a paranomic perspective • “On Some Motifs in Baudelaire” a man at the window; distinction/retreat from the crowd, interior -flanerie, +immobile observation a metaphor for the dialectical urban aesthetics; idv control 為保護自我不被城市過多的衝擊擊潰故抽離心智
  7. 7. • Marginal mode of observation, the Baudelairian dominant walker: rag-picker • Benjamin x Baudelaire: (urban-observer-artist) not a detached voyeur, but who interacts with the city and makes a collage out of fragments. • Prostitute: personifications of the characteristic aspects of modernity, spectacle, and transitoriness. The object of poetic urban gaze, of commodity and open to consumption. • Flâneur: masculine as a bourgeois male of privacy and leisure, but feminine as passively stimulated by the city, dandiacal in dress and on the margins of the public city world.
  8. 8. Feminism and Public/Private Space in the City • Wolff-the separate sphere • pure male experience • Pollock indirect angles, high viewpoint Wilson • male anxiety, bewilderment • discard evidence of possibilities • flanerie: search for identity in modern world • {Pilgrimage}, {street-haunting} : leisure, adventurous
  9. 9. • What are the “mythologies of modernity”? Why are they called “mythologies”? • How do these mythologies established in literary tradition? • What role does the flâneur figure play in the (mythologies of) modernity?
  10. 10. • An androgynous flâneur?