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Mikrotik API Slide 1 Mikrotik API Slide 2 Mikrotik API Slide 3 Mikrotik API Slide 4 Mikrotik API Slide 5 Mikrotik API Slide 6 Mikrotik API Slide 7 Mikrotik API Slide 8 Mikrotik API Slide 9 Mikrotik API Slide 10 Mikrotik API Slide 11 Mikrotik API Slide 12 Mikrotik API Slide 13 Mikrotik API Slide 14 Mikrotik API Slide 15 Mikrotik API Slide 16 Mikrotik API Slide 17 Mikrotik API Slide 18 Mikrotik API Slide 19 Mikrotik API Slide 20 Mikrotik API Slide 21 Mikrotik API Slide 22 Mikrotik API Slide 23 Mikrotik API Slide 24
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in this webinar, we were talking about introduction to API, why do we use API (the benefits and drawbacks of using API), as well as API in Mikrotik devices. in the examples, we use PHP programming language to access API on mikrotik devices.

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Mikrotik API

  1. 1. www.glcnetworks.com API (Application Programming Interface) GLC webinar, 29 December 2016 Achmad Mardiansyah achmad@glcnetworks.com GLC Networks, Indonesia
  2. 2. www.glcnetworks.com Agenda ● Introduction ● API intro ● Mikrotik API ● Demo ● Q & A 2
  3. 3. www.glcnetworks.com What is GLC? ● Garda Lintas Cakrawala (www.glcnetworks.com) ● An Indonesian company ● Located in Bandung ● Areas: Training, IT Consulting ● Mikrotik Certified Training Partner ● Mikrotik Certified Consultant ● Mikrotik distributor 3
  4. 4. www.glcnetworks.com About GLC webinar? ● First webinar: january 1, 2010 (title: tahun baru bersama solaris - new year with solaris OS) ● As a sharing event with various topics: linux, networking, wireless, database, programming, etc ● Regular schedule: every 2 weeks ● Irregular schedule: as needed ● Checking schedule: http://www.glcnetworks.com/main/sc hedule ● You are invited to be a presenter ○ No need to be an expert ○ This is a forum for sharing: knowledge, experiences, information 4
  5. 5. www.glcnetworks.com Trainer Introduction ● Name: Achmad Mardiansyah ● Base: bandung, Indonesia ● Linux user since 1999 ● Mikrotik user since 2007 ● Certified Trainer (MTCNA/RE/WE/UME/INE/TCE) ● Mikrotik Certified Consultant ● Work: Telco engineer, Sysadmin, PHP programmer, and Lecturer ● Personal website: http://achmadjournal.com ● More info: http://au.linkedin.com/in/achmadmardiansyah 5
  6. 6. www.glcnetworks.com Please introduce yourself ● Your name ● Your company/university? ● Your networking experience? ● Your mikrotik experience? ● Your expectation from this course? 6
  7. 7. www.glcnetworks.com What is Mikrotik? ● Name of a company ● A brand ● A program (e.g. mikrotik academy) ● Headquarter: Riga, Latvia 7
  8. 8. www.glcnetworks.com What are mikrotik products? ● Router OS ○ The OS. Specialized for networking ○ Website: www.mikrotik.com/download ● RouterBoard ○ The hardware ○ RouterOS installed ○ Website: www.routerboard.com 8
  9. 9. www.glcnetworks.com What Router OS can do? ● Go to www.mikrotik.com ○ Download: what_is_routeros.pdf ○ Download: product catalog ○ Download: newsletter 9
  10. 10. www.glcnetworks.com What are Mikrotik training & certifications? 10 Certificate validity is 3 years
  11. 11. www.glcnetworks.com API intro 11
  12. 12. www.glcnetworks.com What is API? ● API: Application Programming Interface ● a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software. ● defined methods of communication between various software components ● API implementation are varied: ○ web-based system - using HTTP (popular) ○ operating system based - e.g. when developing daemon (apache, nginx) ○ Hardware based - e.g. when accessing microcontroller ○ etc.. 12
  13. 13. www.glcnetworks.com Why use API? ● For machine to machine communication (e.g. exchange rate, provisioning, single sign on, etc) ● For automation (e.g. facebook login, twitter login, etc) ● To develop advanced services (uber, gojek, etc. they use google map API) ● For security. Limitation of access rights ● Many other reasons... 13
  14. 14. www.glcnetworks.com Mikrotik API 14
  15. 15. www.glcnetworks.com Mikrotik API ● Available since version 3 ● Running on TCP port 8728 (http), or TCP port 8729 (https) ● API service is disabled by default ● API is intended for machines, not human 15 Without API With API
  16. 16. www.glcnetworks.com Why use Mikrotik API? ● Security: define more fine-grained security, indirect access to the devices ● Provisioning: add/delete/update user ● Monitoring ● Customised access for user ● Develop a new service (fb login, single-sign-on, etc) ● Communicate with external application (e.g. billing system, monitoring, self-service application) ● API is more rigid and consistent (suitable for machines). Unlike ssh (ssh is for human interface) ● etc... 1616 Accessing mikrotik API
  17. 17. www.glcnetworks.com How to access mikrotik API? ● You need to understand programming language. E.g. PHP ● You need to provide a middle server that connects to mikrotik devices ● Make sure no firewall is blocking the mikrotik API ● API service need to be activated ● Make sure the user has api privileges ● Tips: only allow specific IP address that can access mikrotik API 17
  18. 18. www.glcnetworks.com DEMO 18
  19. 19. www.glcnetworks.com Using Mikrotik API In this example we will use: ● PHP programming language ● Mikrotik PHP class by BenMenking (https://github.com/BenMenking/routeros-api) ● A webserver that can access mikrotik devices 191919 Accessing mikrotik API
  20. 20. www.glcnetworks.com Example script (setup initial connection) require('routeros_api.class.php'); //include api class define('MIKROTIK_IP', '192.168.88.1'); //mikrotikIP address define('MIKROTIK_USERNAME', 'admin'); //mikrotik username define('MIKROTIK_PASSWORD', 'secret'); //mikrotik password $API = new routeros_api(); //create a new instance $API->debug = true; //activate debug $API->connect(MIKROTIK_IP, MIKROTIK_USERNAME, MIKROTIK_PASSWORD); // connect to mikrotik device 20
  21. 21. www.glcnetworks.com add hotspot user using API (prepare user) $user = array(1 => array('name' => 'user1', 'password' => 'pass1'), 2 => array('name' => 'user2', 'password' => 'pass2'), 3 => array('name' => 'user3', 'password' => 'pass3'), 4 => array('name' => 'user4', 'password' => 'pass4'), 5 => array('name' => 'user5', 'password' => 'pass5'), ); foreach($user as $tmp) { $username="=name="; $username.=$tmp['name']; $pass="=password="; $pass.=$tmp['password']; $server="=server="; $server.=SERVER;$profile="=profile="; $profile.=PROFILE; 21
  22. 22. www.glcnetworks.com add hotspot user using API (add user) $API->write('/ip/hotspot/user/add',false); //execute add command $API->write($username, false); //insert username $API->write($pass, false); // insert password $API->write($server, false); //insert server $API->write($profile); //insert profile name $ARRAY = $API->read(); // this is for debug echo "<pre>"; print_r($ARRAY); echo "</pre>"; } $API->disconnect(); //disconnect API 22
  23. 23. www.glcnetworks.com Interested? Just come to our training... Special price for webinar attendees... 23
  24. 24. www.glcnetworks.com End of slides ● Thank you for your attention ● Please submit your feedback: http://bit.ly/glcfeedback ● Like our facebook page: “GLC networks” ● Stay tune with our schedule 24
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in this webinar, we were talking about introduction to API, why do we use API (the benefits and drawbacks of using API), as well as API in Mikrotik devices. in the examples, we use PHP programming language to access API on mikrotik devices.

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