Tokyo Initiative for a Low Carbon & Resilient City


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  • 取扱注意
  • 取扱注意 policiesor the societyty depending on electric power excessively
  • 取扱注意 policiesor the societyty depending on electric power excessively
  • 取扱注意 policiesor the societyty depending on electric power excessively
  • Tokyo Initiative for a Low Carbon & Resilient City

    1. 1. 20120221 Global Energy Basel Workshop 3: Good News from JapanTokyo Initiative for a Low Carbon & Resilient City Yuko Nishida Bureau of Environment Tokyo Metropolitan Government
    2. 2. TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    3. 3. 1. Tokyo Climate Change Strategy TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    4. 4. Tokyo Climate Change StrategyTarget25% Reduction in GHG EmissionsBy 2020 from the 2000 level
    5. 5. Tokyo Climate Change Strategy Basic Policy1 Importance to approach the demand side of energy As a large energy consumer, Tokyo has a responsibility to reduce emissions from the demand side of energy2 Importance to reduce emissions from urban facilities (buildings)  Promoting measures in the buildings sector is the key to reduce emissions from urban areas3 Enable Tokyo to grow in the coming carbon restrain age  Taking an advantage of the early shift to a low carbon city to realize sustainable growth of Tokyo TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    6. 6. Tokyo Climate Change Strategy Framework of Measures for the Buildings Sector Existing New buildings buildings Larger District Plan for Energy Efficiency Cap & Trade ProgramBuilding Size Green Building   Developments Program   incentive bonus w. CO2 Emission Reporting Program Smaller Planning/Operation Stage Planning Design Construction Operation Tuning Retrofit TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    7. 7. Tokyo Climate Change Strategy Policy Development “The 10-yr plan” TMG environmental master plan Plans Setting the target Setting sectoral targets & programs 2000 2005 2006 2008 2010 2012 Climate Change Strategy Carbon Minus 10yr project Programs Basic policy for the10yr project Action plan g Reporting Program ti n g s CO2 Emission Reporting xis dinE il for smaller facilitiesbu program ●2005 Tokyo Cap& Trade ●2002 Introduce Disclosure system ●2008 ●2010   Start s Enact Start bu ildN ew Green Building Program ●2002 ●2005 ●2008 Revise Revise    Start Green Labeling Program for Condominiums District Plan for Energy Efficiency
    8. 8. 2. Major Programs Tokyo Cap and Trade Program (large facilities) CO2 Reporting Program (smaller facilities) Tokyo Green Building Program Program to expand Solar Energy Use TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    9. 9. T okyo Cap & Trade : Coverage The urban cap and trade program to cover commercial sector buildings including office buildings Target facilities: 1,300 facilities Facilities with annual energy consumption of 1,500 kl or more (crude oil equivalent) Approx. 1000 commercial & institutional buildings Approx. 300 industrial facilities Covers approx.40% of commercial & industrial sectors’ emissions
    10. 10. S trict Cap Setting to Achieve the TMG Target To achieve the Tokyo’s emission reduction target “By 2020 25% reduction from 2000”, the necessary reduction in industry & commercial sector is 17% reduction Base-year 1st compliance period 2nd compliance period emissions ( 2010-2014) ( 2015-2019) 2020 About 17 % * reduction 6 % reduction 5yrs average * Current estimation. The Cap for the 2nd compliance period will be fixed by the end of the 1st compliance period
    11. 11. Fair allowance allocations Emission Allowance (5yrs) = Base-year emissions - Obligation )×5 reductions ( years Obligation reductions = Base-year emissions × Compliance factor Base-year      : Average emissions of three consecutive years emissions between 2002 to 2007   Category Compliance factor Ⅰ-1 Commercial buildings, District cooling 8% & heating facilities (plants) Ⅰ-2 Commercial buildings using EHC 6% Ⅱ Factories, etc. 6% Top A facility already achieved high energy 1/2 or 3/4 of the level efficiency is certified as a : compliance factor Top Level / Near-top level Facility
    12. 12. E mission Trading: Creating a New Local Carbon Market Tradable allowance: Reductions exceeding the obligation Creation of Emission Reduction Registry System: Reductions exceeding Creation of a MRV system: Guidelines on MRV Requirements of verification by a registered verification agency
    13. 13. Emission Trading: Offset Credits 1. Emission reductions from small and midsize facilities within the Tokyo area * Emission reductions through energy-saving measures in smaller facilities not covered by the TC&T 2. Renewable Energy Certificates * Solar energy (heat and power), wind energy, etc. * No limit for offsetting 3. Emission reductions outside the Tokyo area * Sellers will be assumed to be covered under the Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Program, and reduction exceeding the reduction obligation would be counted as offset credit * Can only buy up to 1/3 of base year emissions Currently, 307 projects, 220 thousand t-CO2 have filed as offset credits
    14. 14. The First Year Report in 2010  Targeted facilities are subject to submit annual reports every year  Total reduction rate from base-year emission: 10%  59% of targeted facilities have reduced more than obligation reductions Achievement of targeted facilities in C&T Program in 2010 More than 17% 260 Reduction in 2011 estimated Under obligation (22%) to be higher 476 (41%) More than obligation 697 (59%) More than obligation, less than 17% 437 (37%)
    15. 15. Tokyo Green Building Program Rating and Disclosure System To improve environmental performance of new buildings Coverage: Newly planed buildings over 5,000 sq. meters Purpose: To create a real estate market where greener buildings are valued more Requirement: Building owner is required to employ eco-friendly design and to submit a “Building Environmental Plan” outlining the building’s environmental performance Disclosure: Plan with rated result with 3 ratings are displayed on TMG website Covers about 40% of new buildings
    16. 16. Green Building Program Items assessed:12 Items Disclosure @ TMG website Category Items Plan with ratings are displayed Energy Heat load resistance of the building shell   ● Charts display the rated results in 3 ratings Use of renewable energy   Energy Performance (Shells and equipments) Efficient operation systems Resources Usage of eco-materials Material Protection of ozone Layers 建築物環境計画書制 Longer building life 度 expectancy Hydrological cycle Natural environment Greening (vegetation, landscape, etc.)bio-diversity Heat-Island Atmospheric heat waste subject Surface of ground and buildings  ● Find buildings from a location map Wind environment
    17. 17. P rogram Effects Change of rate in PAL in Office & Commercial Buildings AAA rates increasing
    18. 18. 3. Energy Saving Efforts to overcome the Power Crisis after the Earthquake TokyoMetroplitanGovernment
    19. 19. Power Crisis in this Summer  Electricity supply-demand status in Tokyo Electric demand exceeding supply capability from 9:00 to 20:00 Request for total of 11hours energy-savingMax. Power Consumption (%) Large Users 15% Reduction 25 gW Total 6gW Smaller Users 21.5 gW Households 18 gW Lack of supply capability: 6.2 gW The shortage cannot be covered by 15% reduction by large users alone. Smaller users and household users also need to undertake reduction measures.
    20. 20. Tokyo Emergency Electric Power Program Countermeasures based on our accumulated policies & experiences against climate change Measures utilizing the Cap & Trade Program Emergency Tenants’ Energy Saving Seminar, Energy Efficiency Advisory, etc. Large Users 25 gW Measures utilizing Total the Emissions Reporting Program Smaller Users Energy efficiency workshops, Energy-Saving Advisory 6mil. kW Program, Promoting measures in coalition with industry 21.5 gW organizations, etc. Households Measures utilizing the Energy-saving 18 gW Advisory Program for Households Energy conservation advisors’ visits, energy conservation action program with a million students, etc. TMG facilities (including smaller facilities) 15% reduction target was achieved for whole TMG facilities.yo Metropolitan Government 29% reduction in the main TMG building
    21. 21. Electricity Supply- Demand Status (Summer 2011) This summer’s maximum electric power supply was cut down by 18% compared to the previous year (10 gW cut ) Mil. kW 70 The last year Daily record temp. 60 35.7℃ 6 gW 10gW cut 18% reductions 50 40 5 gW 30 20 This year Daily record temp. 10 36.1℃ 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Timeo Metropolitan Government
    22. 22. Electricity Supply- Demand Status 2(Summer 2011)Electric consumption (kWh) significantly decreased from theprevious year’s level( last yr. = 100 ) Total (in Tokyo area) 120 100 Smaller Users ( Last yr. = 100 ) 80 120 100 60 ▲16.8 % 80 40 60 ▲18.2 % 40 20 20 0 0 August 2011 August 2011
    23. 23. Key Message A bold reduction target + Effective measures = Create vast investments Low carbon & Resilient City World Green Building Council Government Leadership Award“Most Groundbreaking Policy” To Tokyo TokyoMetroplitanGovernment