Celebrate Better Hearing and Speech
Month
TxTeam partnered with Frederick Memorial
Hospital
May 2010
American Speech-Language-Hearing
Association consist of:
 Speech-Language
Pathologists assess,
diagnose, treat, and
help ...
Speech Sound
Development:
Three muscle areas must demonstrate proper
coordination to produce accurate speech sounds.
Artic...
Fluency Development:
Three subsystems must demonstrate proper coordination to
produce fluent speech.
Respiration
Phonation...
Voice Development:
The following subsystems must coordinate to function the human
voice properly.
Vocal Folds of
the Laryn...
Language Development:
The following must coordinate properly to demonstrate adequate
Receptive, Expressive, Pragmatic lang...
Audiology and Hearing Development:
Proper hearing includes proper coordination of the outer, middle,
and inner ear.
Outer ...
Feeding and Swallowing
Development:
Proper feeding and swallowing must include the following
coordination.
Bite/
Chew
Mast...
The
Disorders
Speech Sound Disorder : the disruption of the articulation
(speech –motor-control) and phonology development (language kno...
Fluency Disorder is a dysrhythmic flow of speech consisting of
various repetitions, prolongations, interjections, pauses, ...
Voice Disorder is a disturbance of pitch, loudness, or quality in
relation to an individual’s age, gender, and cultural ba...
Related Voice Disorders
Resonance
Disorders
Transgender/
Transexual
Laryngeal
Cancer
Aphonia
Spasmodic
Dysphonia
Paradoxic...
Language Disorder is the abnormal acquisition, comprehension, or
use of spoken or written language. This disorder may invo...
Attention Deficit/
Hyperactivity
Disorder
Language Based-
Learning Disability:
Dyslexia
Aphasias Dementia
Right Hemisphere...
Hearing Impairment
Conductive Hearing
Loss
Sensorineural
Hearing Loss
Mixed Hearing Loss
External Otitis
Otitis Media
Sero...
Swallowing Disorder or Dysphagia involves the impaired
coordination of the oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal stages of
swal...
Signs of Swallowing Disorders
Pain/Dryness
When swallow
Throat clearing
Less enjoyment
Of eating or
drinking
Risk of Aspir...
Speech-Language Pathologists also interact
with other disciplines:
• Dieticians
• Occupational
Therapists
• Physical Thera...
References
• Roseberry-McKibbin, C. and Hegde, M.N. (2000). An Advance
Review of Speech- Language Pathology.
• Roth, Froma...
Contact Information
Frederick Memorial Hospital (FMH)
Rose Hill Rehabilitation-Outpatient Facility
Speech-Language Patholo...
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Better Hearing And Speech Month

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Better Hearing And Speech Month

  1. 1. Celebrate Better Hearing and Speech Month TxTeam partnered with Frederick Memorial Hospital May 2010
  2. 2. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association consist of:  Speech-Language Pathologists assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent disorders related to speech, language, cognitive- communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency to individuals of all ages.  Audiologists work with people who have hearing, balance, and related ear problems. They examine individuals of all ages and identify those with the symptoms of hearing loss and other auditory, balance, and related sensory and neural problems.
  3. 3. Speech Sound Development: Three muscle areas must demonstrate proper coordination to produce accurate speech sounds. Articulators Lips Tongue Jaw
  4. 4. Fluency Development: Three subsystems must demonstrate proper coordination to produce fluent speech. Respiration PhonationArticulation
  5. 5. Voice Development: The following subsystems must coordinate to function the human voice properly. Vocal Folds of the Larynx Articulators Lungs/Respiratory System
  6. 6. Language Development: The following must coordinate properly to demonstrate adequate Receptive, Expressive, Pragmatic language skills. Physical- Sensory Social- Behavior Cognitive-Linguistic
  7. 7. Audiology and Hearing Development: Proper hearing includes proper coordination of the outer, middle, and inner ear. Outer Ear Middle EarInner Ear
  8. 8. Feeding and Swallowing Development: Proper feeding and swallowing must include the following coordination. Bite/ Chew Masticating Food Swallow
  9. 9. The Disorders
  10. 10. Speech Sound Disorder : the disruption of the articulation (speech –motor-control) and phonology development (language knowledge). Speech sounds disorders can be seen in the following disorders noted below. Cleft Palate Dysarthria Accent Modification Phonological Processes Articulation Disorder Apraxia of Speech In Adults Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder Childhood Apraxia of Speech Speech Sound Disorders
  11. 11. Fluency Disorder is a dysrhythmic flow of speech consisting of various repetitions, prolongations, interjections, pauses, broken words, revisions, and incomplete sentences. Fluency disorders can be found in the following disorders. ClutteringCluttering AphasiasAphasias DysarthriasDysarthrias StutteringStuttering Fluency Disorders Fluency Disorders
  12. 12. Voice Disorder is a disturbance of pitch, loudness, or quality in relation to an individual’s age, gender, and cultural background. Voice Disorders Quality Pitch Intensity Shimmer: rough or soft Hoarsness Harshness Strain-strangled Breathy Glottal Fry Jitter: tremor and Hoarsness Stridency Falcetto Vertilization
  13. 13. Related Voice Disorders Resonance Disorders Transgender/ Transexual Laryngeal Cancer Aphonia Spasmodic Dysphonia Paradoxical Vocal Fold Movement Vocal Cord Paralysis Vocal Cord Nodules and Polyps Ventilator Tracheostomy Voice Disorders
  14. 14. Language Disorder is the abnormal acquisition, comprehension, or use of spoken or written language. This disorder may involve the aspects of content, form, and use. Classifications of language disorders include: • Comprehension (receptive language) • Language production (expressive language) • Semantics (meaning of words) • Morphology (grammar) • Syntax (word order within sentence structures) • Pragmatics (use of language in social contexts) • Phonology (speech sound system)
  15. 15. Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder Language Based- Learning Disability: Dyslexia Aphasias Dementia Right Hemisphere Brain Damage Traumatic Brain Injury Autism Spectrum Disorders Language Disorders
  16. 16. Hearing Impairment Conductive Hearing Loss Sensorineural Hearing Loss Mixed Hearing Loss External Otitis Otitis Media Serous Otitis Media Acute Otitis Media Otosclerosis Recruitment Various Drug intake Prolong noise Ototoxic Drugs Birth Defects STORCH
  17. 17. Swallowing Disorder or Dysphagia involves the impaired coordination of the oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal stages of swallow. • Patients will have difficulties with: » Chewing the food » Preparing it for swallow » Initiating the swallow » Propelling the bolus through the pharynx » Passing the food through the esophagus
  18. 18. Signs of Swallowing Disorders Pain/Dryness When swallow Throat clearing Less enjoyment Of eating or drinking Risk of Aspiration Dehydration/poor Nutrition Weight loss Recurring Pneumonia or Chest congestion Food or liquid Spillage from mouth Extra effort or Time needed to Chew or swallow Wet/Gurgly Sound voice During or after eating Coughing during Or after eating Signs/Symptoms
  19. 19. Speech-Language Pathologists also interact with other disciplines: • Dieticians • Occupational Therapists • Physical Therapists • Otolaryngologists • Pediatricians • Plastic Surgeons • Neurosurgeons • Audiologists • Dentists • Prosthodontists • Psychologists • Special and Regular Education Teachers • Radiologists • Pulmonary Specialists • Social Workers
  20. 20. References • Roseberry-McKibbin, C. and Hegde, M.N. (2000). An Advance Review of Speech- Language Pathology. • Roth, Froma P., and Worthington, Colleen K. (2001). Treatment Resource Manual for Speech-Language Pathology 2nd Edition. • Lahey, M., and Bloom, L. Language Development and Language Disorders.
  21. 21. Contact Information Frederick Memorial Hospital (FMH) Rose Hill Rehabilitation-Outpatient Facility Speech-Language Pathology Department 1562 Opossumtown Pike Frederick, Maryland 21702 Phone Number: 240-566-3132

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