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Week 1 introduction to Sociology WCCC 2015


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Introduction to Sociology

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Week 1 introduction to Sociology WCCC 2015

  1. 1. Introduction to Sociology Ray Brannon
  2. 2. A long time ago in a distant galaxy ……I began to program with IBM cards on very big computers that didn’t have the power of your smart phone.
  3. 3. The Syllabus
  4. 4. Trapped!! Psycho –Social Interweave • Personal destinies are linked to societal structures • PA Study of Care for the Elderly • Blinding pace of transformational change
  5. 5. Retired President & CEO ofRetired President & CEO of Choice TechnologiesChoice Technologies
  6. 6. The Challenge: To become a critical thinker on sociologic issues because ….. your personal history matters!!
  7. 7. • Locating yourself in the period in which you live- how you are shaped by society and how you can shape society • Link history and biography – three generations • My grandfather, father, me, son, grandson
  8. 8. What is Epistemology? What is a Paradigm?
  9. 9. Paradigm Shift: The destruction an old theory by new facts and its replacement as a new theory that fits the new facts. Thomas Kuhn
  10. 10. What is a Paradigm Shift?
  11. 11. Changing Sociological Paradigms
  12. 12. Trapped by Self Deception and Assumptions
  13. 13. Developing Self and Social Consciousness • Distinguishing personal problems from public issues resulting from social structure • Troubles versus issues: personal/ societal • One mans death is a tragedy 45 people killed by a terrorist blast is a statistic.
  14. 14. Did You Know? We Are a Piece of the Social Puzzle
  15. 15. Sociology is the study of human society. What Is Sociology? 17
  16. 16. Thinking like a sociologist means looking at the worldlooking at the world around you in a new way.around you in a new way. Challenge conventional wisdom and question what most people take for granted.
  17. 17. Coined by C. Wright Mills, this tool helps us to: • connect our personal experiences to society at large and greater historical forces. • “make the familiar strange,” or to question habits or customs that seem “natural” to us. The Sociological Imagination
  18. 18. Imagine – John Lennon Imagine there's no heaven It's easy if you try No hell below us Above us only sky Imagine all the people Living for today... Imagine there's no countries It isn't hard to do Nothing to kill or die for And no religion too Imagine all the people Living life in peace... You may say I'm a dreamer But I'm not the only one I hope someday you'll join us And the world will be as one Imagine no possessions I wonder if you can No need for greed or hunger A brotherhood of man Imagine all the people Sharing all the world... You may say I'm a dreamer But I'm not the only one I hope someday you'll join us And the world will live as one
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  20. 20. Outrospection - Empathy
  21. 21. The way individuals define themselves in relationship to groups they are a part of (or in relationship to groups they choose not to be a part of). What groups are you in? Or not in? Write down a list of groups that you define you. What Is Social Identity? 23
  22. 22. Social institutions are networks of structures in society that work to socialize the groups of people within them. Examples include: the legal system the labor market the educational system the military the family What Is a Social Institution? 24
  23. 23.  Microsociology understands local interactional contexts, focusing on face- to-face encounters and gathering data through participant observations and in- depth interviews.  Macrosociology looks at social dynamics across whole societies or large parts of them and often relies on statistical analysis to do so. Divisions within Sociology 25
  24. 24. Think about you own backgrounds, including their race, gender, religion, and economic class. How larger social forces—the economy, civil rights, religious movements, and so on—have shaped what it means to be a person “like you” someone with the same list of traits—in society today.
  25. 25. Functionalism, conflict theory, feminist theory, symbolic interactionism, postmodernism, and midrange theory are all modern sociological theories. Theories of Sociology 27 Macro Theories
  26. 26. Symbolic Interactionism Micro Theories 28
  27. 27. Sociology focuses on making comparisons across cases to find patterns and create hypotheses about how societies work now or how they worked in the past. Sociology looks at how individuals interact with one another as well as at how groups, small and large, interact with one another. Sociology and Its Cousins
  28. 28. • Macro-sociology: Where You meet society at large. • Micro-sociology: Where the YOU meet the Group What bothers you? 30