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Sociology: A Distinct Science <ul><li>Avoid reductionism – do not anthropomorphize </li></ul><ul><li>Society behaves as at...
Durkheim  and  Functionalism Society is a stable system.  Balance  Equilibrium  All parts work together to promote stabili...
Coined the term : &quot;social fact,”  and said we should explain social facts by social facts, not by psychological or bi...
 
Trees & Forest Analogy Atomistic verus Sociologic <ul><li>Problems and Issues </li></ul><ul><li>A different research persp...
Suicide <ul><li>Suicide is not an act that is easily studied by asking individuals –– those who are successful at it tend ...
TED http://www.ted.com/talks/ hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html
Football game metaphor organic solidarity <ul><li>Individual – plays to win in his role wide receiver –tackle, punter </li...
All  Science is Informed by Theory <ul><li>Functionalism:  </li></ul><ul><li>Macro   </li></ul><ul><li>Equilibrium  </li><...
Normal Society? <ul><li>Critical elements of moral order:  </li></ul><ul><li>The Social Bond </li></ul><ul><li>Normative s...
Functionalism Essence of a society==>  Moral order==>  &quot;Collective Consciousness&quot; <ul><li>Social currents push p...
Durkheim and Organic Solidarity
Societal “Anomie” <ul><li>Breakdown of normative structure, rules/norms weak, unclear, indistinct.  </li></ul><ul><li>No &...
http://vimeo.com/26492955   Suicide
His findings.
Durkheim: Pathological and Normal Societies Crime as Normal and Necessary   <ul><li>Functions of Deviance  </li></ul><ul><...
Functionalism <ul><li>Norms as necessary, Deviance as functional. Dispels notion of pathology. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on ...
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Durkheim functionalism-anomie

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Durkheim functionalism-anomie

  1. 2. Sociology: A Distinct Science <ul><li>Avoid reductionism – do not anthropomorphize </li></ul><ul><li>Society behaves as at a level that transcends the individual. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Durkheim and Functionalism Society is a stable system. Balance Equilibrium All parts work together to promote stability and order
  3. 4. Coined the term : &quot;social fact,” and said we should explain social facts by social facts, not by psychological or biological facts.
  4. 6. Trees & Forest Analogy Atomistic verus Sociologic <ul><li>Problems and Issues </li></ul><ul><li>A different research perspective – a different organism </li></ul>
  5. 7. Suicide <ul><li>Suicide is not an act that is easily studied by asking individuals –– those who are successful at it tend to be dead, while those who attempt it unsuccessfully do so perhaps as a cry for help, and may not lead us to understanding those who are successful. </li></ul><ul><li>He looked at rates of suicide, and saw they varied by country, religion, gender, marital status, and religious affiliation, but that the rates stayed consistent for each category. </li></ul>
  6. 8. TED http://www.ted.com/talks/ hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html
  7. 9. Football game metaphor organic solidarity <ul><li>Individual – plays to win in his role wide receiver –tackle, punter </li></ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul><ul><li>Fans bench </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties </li></ul><ul><li>Organic solidarity </li></ul><ul><li>Anomie </li></ul><ul><li>Team – League – Nation </li></ul>
  8. 10. All Science is Informed by Theory <ul><li>Functionalism: </li></ul><ul><li>Macro </li></ul><ul><li>Equilibrium </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Emile Durkheim (1858-1917): </li></ul>
  9. 11. Normal Society? <ul><li>Critical elements of moral order: </li></ul><ul><li>The Social Bond </li></ul><ul><li>Normative structure (regulatory function) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative function (relation between individual and the group) </li></ul>
  10. 12. Functionalism Essence of a society==> Moral order==> &quot;Collective Consciousness&quot; <ul><li>Social currents push people in different directions, helping determine patterning of behavior. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Durkheim and Organic Solidarity
  12. 14. Societal “Anomie” <ul><li>Breakdown of normative structure, rules/norms weak, unclear, indistinct. </li></ul><ul><li>No &quot;guidance&quot; for the individual, no limitations. Society lacks the regulatory constraints necessary to control the behavior of its members. </li></ul><ul><li>A product of change, rapid, uncontrolled, and unpredictable. </li></ul><ul><li>Unleashes the &quot;essence&quot; of the individual--passion for unlimited growth, greed, unquenchable thirst--which can only be contained within the boundaries of a stable social system. </li></ul><ul><li>Without boundaries, limits, norms, individual life (Self and Other's) becomes meaningless-behavior becomes uncontrollable==>Deviance </li></ul>
  13. 15. http://vimeo.com/26492955 Suicide
  14. 16. His findings.
  15. 17. Durkheim: Pathological and Normal Societies Crime as Normal and Necessary <ul><li>Functions of Deviance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Solidarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension Reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dysfunctions of Deviance: Anomie </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Functionalism <ul><li>Norms as necessary, Deviance as functional. Dispels notion of pathology. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the consequences of behavioral patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>NEEDS of the system. (Understand behavior by relating to system needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Deviance (in general) is universal and persistent. </li></ul>

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