Digital health and safety


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  • ACCOUNT INFORMATION. TO DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL Paltalk YOU MUST BE AT LEAST EIGHTEEN (18) YEARS OF AGE. THERE ARE CERTAIN AREAS ON Paltalk THAT CONTAIN ADULT OR MATURE CONTENT. ACCORDINGLY, YOU REPRESENT THAT YOU ARE AT LEAST EIGHTEEN (18) YEARS OF AGE TO USE THOSE AREAS. NO ONE UNDER THE AGE OF THIRTEEN (13) IS PERMITTED TO USE Paltalk. NO ONE BETWEEN THE AGES OF THIRTEEN (13) AND EIGHTEEN (18) MAY USE Paltalk WITHOUT ADULT SUPERVISION. PARENTS AND GUARDIANS ASSUME ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE USE OF THEIR ACCOUNTS BY OTHER PERSONS, INLCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO USE OF THEIR ACCOUNTS BY PERSONS UNDER EIGHTEEN (18) YEARS OF AGE. ANY USER FOUND TO BE UNDER THE AGE OF THIRTEEN (13) OR PERMITTING USE OF Paltalk BY A PERSON UNDER THE AGE OF THIRTEEN (13), MAY HAVE HIS OR HER ACCOUNT SUSPENDED OR TERMINATED WITH OR WITHOUT NOTICE AND OTHER ACTIONS MAY ALSO BE TAKEN. IF A CHILD UNDER THIRTEEN (13) HAS ACCESS TO YOUR COMPUTER, DO NOT SAVE YOUR Paltalk PASSWORD; THIS WILL RESTRICT THE CHILD AND ANY UNAUTHORIZED USER FROM USING YOUR ACCOUNT. IN ADDITION, WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND THAT YOU CHECK REGULARLY TO SEE IF ANY NEW, UNAUTHORIZED ACCOUNTS HAVE BEEN CREATED UNDER YOUR Paltalk ACCOUNT. TO DELETE ANY * ProfileWe store information that we collect through cookies, log files, clear gifs, to create a “profile” of your preferences. We tie your personally identifiable information, and your purchasing history, to information in the profile, in order to provide tailored promotions and marketing offers and to improve the content of the site for you. We do not share your profile with other third parties without your consent. Paltalk is the sole owner of the information collected on Paltalk collects personally identifiable information from our users at several different points on our Web site or through our downloaded software.
  • Digital health and safety

    1. 1. “Hanging Out”digital health and safety
    2. 2. WhatWeAreDoingNow
    3. 3. Social media and information overloadAmericans now consume three times the information they did in 1960.
    4. 4. The Societal ConsequencesProtecting Your Digital Health • Critical thinking • Career and reputation • Emotional & physical health • Personal safety
    5. 5. Critical Thinking – Digital Literacy
    6. 6. Professor Rheingold is a visiting lecturer in Stanford University’s Department of Communication where he teaches two courses, "Digital Journalism" and "Virtual Communities and Social Media". JXM
    7. 7. Critical ThinkingDeveloping Healthy Internet Skepticism Baloney Detection Kit
    8. 8. What does your Online Reputation say about you?
    9. 9. In December of 2009, Microsoft released statistics from a survey that they commissioned which drastically topped those numbers, stating that 79% of hiring managers and job recruiters in the United States reviewed online information about job applicants, while 70% of those surveyed said that they’ve rejected applicants based on their findings.
    10. 10. How Social Media ‘Mistakes’ Impact Getting Hired or Fired Many employers use social networking sites along with personal blogs to look for what they call “digital dirt” We wondered what types of online content would actually affect an employer’s decision on either hiring or firing an employee. Here’s a breakdown of what Microsoft found in the same aforementioned study: 1. Concerns about the candidate’s lifestyle 58% 2. Inappropriate comments and text written by the candidate 56% 3. Unsuitable photos, videos and information 55% 4. Inappropriate comments or text written by friends and relatives 43% 5. Comments criticizing previous employers, coworkers or clients 40% 6. Inappropriate comments or text written by colleagues or work acquaintances 40% 7. Membership in certain groups and networks 35% 8. Discovered that information the candidate shared was false 30% 9. Poor communication skills displayed online 27% 10. Concern about the candidate’s financial background 16% SOURCE:
    11. 11. Personal SafetyVisit these sites at your own risk!
    12. 12. A Gateway for Dangerous Behavior?
    13. 13.
    14. 14. Chat Roulette
    15. 15. Cyber Bullying and Social Isolation
    16. 16. A Father’s Emotional Plea
    17. 17. How Social Media Is Helping Defeat Cyber BullyingWith MTV launching Draw Your Line, a visualization tool that encouragesyoung people to take action against digital abuse and share these actionsand tips with others. The tool is part of A Thin Line, an organizationdedicated to decreasing digital abuse and bullying, and protecting childrenand young adults from the dangers of an increasingly online world. Visit:
    18. 18. Does Social Media Cause Bullying? “Its important to note that blaming technology for horrendous, violent displays of homophobia or racism or simple meanness lets adults like parents and teachers absolve themselves of the responsibility to raise kids free from these evils. “ ~ Anil Dash“There is a statistically significant weak positive relationship between home access to a computer or time spent online and whether or not students tease others.” Barbara Lacey, “Social aggression: A study of Internet harassment”“The authors fail to adequately summarize and analyze the data from the various studies, many of which appear on Internet web sites rather than in peer-reviewed journals. The few tables of data are uninformative and presented without statistical analysis.” The American Journal of Psychiatry Book Review of: Cyber Bullying: Bullying in the Digital Age“The results show that almost 54% of the students were victims of traditional bullying and over a quarter of them had been cyber-bullied. Almost one in three students had bullied others in the traditional form, and almost 15% had bullied others using electronic communication tools. ” Qing L i, “New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools”
    19. 19. Can Anonymity Breed Irresponsibility The problem, say Formsprings critics, is the site offers a perfect haven for cyberbulllying.The recent suicide of 15-year-old Pheobe Prince has drawn attention to theproblem of bullying in cyberspace because victims often have no idea who is tormenting them. A Boycott Formspring Group on Facebook claims almost 7,300 members. are-online-formsprings-raunchy-f/19452194/?a_dgi=aolshare_email
    20. 20. A Generational View ofFormSpring/Facebook Bullying
    21. 21. A Thoughtful Response formspring-in-response-to-the-suicide-of-alexis-pilk/373781774657
    22. 22. CyberbullyingWhat the research is telling us… Amanda Lenhart Youth Online Safety Working Group May 6, 2010 Washington, DC
    23. 23. Teen internet use basics • 93% of teens 12-17 go online • 63% of online teens go online daily • 89% of online teens go online from home, and most of them go online from home most often • 77% of teen go online at school • 71% go online from friends or relatives house • 60% go online from a library • 27% go online on their mobile phone • 76% of households with teens go online via broadband, 10% via dial up, and 12% do not have access at home.May 2010 24
    24. 24. What are teens doing online? • 94% go online to do research for school assignments; 48% do so on a typical day. • 81% go to websites about movies, TV shows, music groups, or sports stars • 64% of online teens have created some kind of content online • 62% go online to get news • 57% have watched a video on a video-sharing site like YouTube or GoogleVideo • 55% go online to get information about a college, university or other school that they are thinking about attending. • 48% have bought something online like books, clothes or music • 31% have looked online for health, dieting or physical fitness information; 17% have looked online for sensitive health informationMay 2010 25
    25. 25. How else are teens connecting? • 75% of teens have a cell phone – No gender or race/ethnic differences in ownership – 50% of teens with phones talk to friends daily – 54% of teens send text messages daily – 27% use their phone to go online • 73% of teens use an online social network site – 37% of SNS users send messages through social networks daily • 80% of teens have a game console • 51% of teens have a portable gaming device – Teens connect and interact with others online through gamesMay 2010 26
    26. 26. Concerns in Online Safety Sphere • Inappropriate contact – Strangers – Bullies • Inappropriate content – Accidental Exposure – Deliberate ExposureMay 2010 27
    27. 27. Bullying Olweus (1993) “A person is bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she has difficulty defending himself or herself." This definition includes three important components: 1. Bullying is aggressive behavior that involves unwanted, negative actions. 2. Bullying involves a pattern of behavior repeated over time 3. Bullying involves an imbalance of power or strength.” Bullying – Physical – Relational/Verbal -InternetMay 2010 28
    28. 28. Online Harassment & Cyberbullying • Online harassment: aggressive behavior, “harm doing,” insults, denigration, impersonation, exclusion, outing, activities associated with hacking – stealing information, breaking into accounts, damaging websites, profiles etc. (Willard, 2006) • Cyberbullying: online harassment that isMay 2010 – repeated over time 29
    29. 29. What makes online harassment & bullying different?• Technology is vehicle• Persistence of content – Editable, alterable• Distributability of content – Speed – Breadth• Dis-inhibition over computer-mediated communication• InvasiveMay 2010 30
    30. 30. Pew Internet: Online Harassment • 32% of online teens have experienced one of the following forms of online harassment: – 15% of teens reported having private material (IM, txt, email) forwarded without permission – 13% had received threatening messages – 13% said someone had spread a rumor about them online – 6% had someone post an embarrassing picture of them online without permission (Lenhart, 2007) • 26% of teens have been harassed via their cell phones either by voice or textMay 2010 31 (Lenhart,
    31. 31. 2/9/2013 32
    32. 32. Cyberbullying• Other research shows prevalence of cyberbullying or online harassment between 9% and 33% of youth ages 10-18. (Wolak et al, 2007, Ybarra et al, 2007)• Much of the difference is definitional and depends on how the question was asked. Specific activities often yield higher levels of response than blanket definitions.• Mid-teens (ages 14-17) is the age of greatest prevalence of online harassment & bullying (Pew, 2007, Hinduja & Patchin, 2008)• Perpetrators of online bullying (similar to offline bullying) are generally the same age as their victim. (Wolak, 2007)May 2010 33
    33. 33. Frequency of bullying victimization among 11-16 year olds 3% 3% 5% Never Less often than monthly Once or twice a month Once or twice a week Everyday 27% 62% (n=1,193)(Ybarra, 2009) May 2010 34
    34. 34. Online Harassment (2) • Girls, particularly older girls, report more online harassment; 38% of all online girls reported experiencing some type of harassment (Pew, 2007) • Social network users are also more likely to report online harassment – 39% of SNS users have experience it. (Pew, 2007) • But most teens (67%) think bullying & harassment happens more OFFLINE. (Pew, 2007)May 2010 35
    35. 35. Frequency of bullying victimization among 11- 16 year olds by environment 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Everyday Once or twice a week 50% Once or twice a month 40% Less often than monthly Never 30% 20% 10% 0% School Internet Cell phone text To and from school Some other place messaging (Ybarra, 2009) (n=1,193)May 2010 36
    36. 36. Online (or not) Harassment • School is by far the most common place youth report being bullied (31%) versus elsewhere (e.g., 13% online) • The prevalence rate of Internet harassment (both perpetration and victimization) appears to be stable (2006-2008). • The majority (59%) of Internet harassment comes from other minors • Youth who report being harassed online report a myriad of concurrent psychosocial problems offline, too Source: Michele Ybarra & colleagues work on the 2005 Youth Internet Safety Survey fielded by UNH CCRC & 2007-May 2010 2008 Growing up with Media research 37
    37. 37. Why should we worry? • Bullying is broadly associated with: – School violence – Delinquency – Suicidal ideation • Bullied teens (and often bullies themselves) have higher levels of: – Depression and other psychological problemsMay 2010 38 – Substance abuse
    38. 38. Why should we worry (2)? • Some research suggests that significant portions of teens aren’t bothered by online harassment or bullying • Research suggests that 1/3 of teens (34%) are distressed by online harassment. (Wolak et al, 2007) – Distressed = “Extremely or very upset or afraid” • Teens who are high internet users are more likely to be distressed (Wolak, 2007)May 2010 39
    39. 39. Draw Your Line – MTV
    40. 40. Overlap of cyberbullying & internet victimization (Ybarra, 2010)May 2010 41
    41. 41. Differences between cyberbullying & internet harassment Cyberbullying is not more common than Internet harassment • On average (between 2007-2008): 37% were harassed, 14% were bullied online in the past year Cyberbullying is not more damaging than Internet harassment • Among those cyberbullied, 15% report being very / extremely upset • Among those harassed, between 17-34% report being very / extremely upsetMay 2010 42
    42. 42. Cell phone-based harassment• 75% of teens have cell phones• 54% of all teens text message daily• 26% have been harassed through their cell phone by voice calls or text messages• 47% have sent a text message they regretted sending• And then there’s sexting – which is generally not a form of harassment itself, but when the images are shared, can lead to harassment and bullying.May 2010 43
    43. 43. 2/9/2013 44
    44. 44. Sending Sexts• No difference by gender• Oldest teens most likely to have sent – 8% of 17 year olds – 4% of 12 year olds• 17% who pay for all the costs of the phone send sexts vs. 3% of othersMay 2010 45
    45. 45. Receiving Sexts• Again, no gender differences and increases by age – 4% of 12 year olds – 20% of 16 year olds – 30% of 17 year oldsMay 2010 46
    46. 46. Sexting Scenarios 1. Between two romantic partners, as a part of, instead of, or as a prelude to sex – never leaves couple 2. Between two romantic partners – but shared with others 3. Between two people where at least one would like to be in a relationship – shows interestMay 2010 47
    47. 47. Element of coercion for some sexting “When I was about 14-15 years old, I received/sent these types of pictures. Boys usually ask for them or start that type of conversation. My boyfriend, or someone I really liked asked for them. And I felt like if I didn’t do it, they wouldn’t continue to talk to me. At the time, it was no big deal. But now looking back it was definitely inappropriate and over the line.” 17 year old girlMay 2010 48