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Chapter 4 Socialization and the Construction of Reallity


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Chapter 4 Socialization and the Construction of Reallity

  1. 1. The Media & Society Fair Use, Creativity, Control
  2. 2. The Social Construction of Reality
  3. 3. Social Construction of Reality is based on ..… the concept that events are open tointerpretation
  4. 4. ―So what if a guy threw a shoe at me‖
  5. 5. Muslim Rage Over Movie―We never insult any prophet — not Moses, not Jesus — so why can’t we demand that Muhammadbe respected?‖ Muslim Scholar Symbolized by the word “freedom” - a context very different from the term’s use in the individualistic West: the right of a community, whether Muslim, Christian or Jewish, to be free from grave insult to its identity and values. Many believe the clash was not Muslim against Christian. Instead, they suggested that the traditionalism of people of both faiths in the region conflicted with Western individualism and secularism.
  6. 6. Social Construction of Reality is based on ..…..the fact that because interpretations differ, a common base of communication must be found. Egyptians argued that a slur against their faith was a greater offense than any attack on a living person.
  7. 7. Social Construction of Reality is based on .. ..this common base is known as social reality and is developedbased on the most common interpretation of physical reality within a society.
  8. 8. George Herbert Meade I , Me, Other The Generalized Other Internalized Rules to become functioning members of society. Influences – family, peers, school, media It explains a lot but we still have agency and violate norms.
  9. 9. Dramaturgy - Erving Goffman “Presentation of Self in Everyday Life”
  10. 10. Theory in a NutshellAs an symbolic interactionist he sees…. the social construction of individual identity and group relations dynamics and meanings of interpersonal information the relationship between environment and these processes
  11. 11. The DramaThrough the drama actors give meaning to themselves, to others and their situation. Interactions (performances before observers) deliver impressions to others according to the actors goals. Information is exchanged to confirm identity and the significance of behavior.
  12. 12. “THE FRONT”It expresses a dramatic realization of the interpersonal self that individuals through "impression management" activity, generate, present and others expect.
  13. 13. “A front must be convincing – „in- line‟ with expectations. The behavior is in line with the role they assume.”
  14. 14. An "idealized" front conforms toconventions, mores and rules required by the audience (the team, the gang, the public). The aim is for the performance to be believed.
  15. 15. “Signs and Signifiers”The front incorporates the setting and baggage we bring with us.
  16. 16. AppearanceDress, props (clothes, car, house, food, body posture, facial expressions, gestures) serve to communicategender, status, occupation, age and personal commitments.
  17. 17. MannerHow we play the role; the personal touch - works to warn others of how the performer will act or seek to act in role - dominant, aggressive, yielding, receptive etc.
  18. 18. “Risk Taking”Can also involve performance in voluntary, consequential actions. Many high risk and action settings provide occasion and place for expression of moral sensibilities such as bravery, courage, determination, reliability, mastery of valued arts which inspires the confidence of others.
  19. 19. Goffman writes:“If the activity of an individual is to embody several idealstandards, and if a good showingis to be made, it is likely then that some of these standards will be maintained in public by the private sacrifice of others.”
  20. 20. The Social Construction of Reality TV
  21. 21. Symbolic Interactionist Viewpoint Symbolic interactionist might attempt to describe the way peopleevaluate their own behavior by comparing it to the behavior of othersThe filmmakers edit scenes to convey a certain expression of reality than what is actually presented in “real life”.
  22. 22. Structural Functionalist Viewpoint Functional analysis is the study of society as a whole unit, made up of individual parts that work together. To be part of the ―In-crowd‖ Learn the latest fads, technology and slang through product placement. Advertisers benefit. The economy benefits. People in society that previously had nothing in common can now seemingly carry on conversations as if longtime friends because they both view the same show.
  23. 23. Dysfunction  Dysfunction through emulation of outrageous actions of the characters. Potential development of unhealthy views of their own bodies and do things they wouldn’t normally do such as drastic dieting and cosmetic modifications it an attempt to conform to a ―perceived‖ norm.
  24. 24. Conflict ViewpointCompetition with one another for scarce resources.PowerManufactured struggles“False consciousness”
  25. 25. Feminist Viewpoint Real Housewives, Real Brides, Real Girlfriends, Real Moms?“rowdy, raunchy women looking for attention, confrontation and fame” David Kronke ~ LA Times
  26. 26. Social Construction of Society Symbolic interaction –sharedmeanings, orientations and assumptions are theproduct of social interaction and form motivations and behaviors.
  27. 27. We live in exponential times.
  28. 28. Social Design Challenges Internet & Interaction No script, no precedent, chat rooms with new ways of interacting LOL, OMG Internet scams 411 New ways to distribute music (Radiohead) and ideas Clay Shirky - “Cognitive Surplus” Curiosity descent – please contribute
  29. 29. Turing Test CandidatesIn 1991 Dr. Hugh Loebner started the annual Loebner Prize competition. A $100,000 prize is offered to the author of the first computer program to pass an unrestricted Turing test. CAPTCHA is a form of reverse Turing test.
  30. 30. Socially Constructed Filter Bubbles
  31. 31. “Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women” ~ Susan Faludi How media works to create a backlash against women wheneveradvancements in the workplace, rights, etc. are becoming publicly evident. Are these images working to keep women “hysterical” and “emotionally inept” within a culture that has emasculated the male population due to a failing economy?