Wk 10 mysterious maya pt 2 2012 oct 24

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Wk 10 mysterious maya pt 2 2012 oct 24

  1. 1. ANT 102 Oct 24th Finish the “mystery” aboutwhat happened to the Classic period Maya… then…2012
  2. 2. Reasons why the Ancient Maya are said to be mysterious 4) The ancient Maya appear to have disappeared. What happened to them?Aspects of Intellectual Inquiry in the Social Sciences 1. Recognizing multiple dimensions to a good question --We will focus on just one dimension: What caused them to move elsewhere? 2. Recognizing multiple answers to a question or a problem Drought Foreign invasion Internal warfare 3. Evaluating evidence 4. Developing solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning 5. Exploring the ethical implications of differing approaches, methods or conclusions
  3. 3. --Evaluating evidence Drought expectations You would see paleo-ecological evidence of less rainfall There is such evidence but some cities were abandoned before drought You would see deterioration of nutrition (skeletons in burials should indicate people dying young, with stunted growth, and more disease) Yes, there was bad health but there was also bad health before drought Foreign invasion expectations You would see find a big increase in artifacts from foreign areas No such increase was found Internal warfare expectations You would see lots of fortifications, at both big sites and small sites, right before abandonment
  4. 4. City of Dos Pilas, abandonedcirca 800 AD
  5. 5. City of Dos Pilas, abandonedcirca 800 AD
  6. 6. Aguateca: neighbor of Dos Pilas
  7. 7. Near Dos Pilas and Aguateca, the settlements of common farmers move to hilltops and defend themselves with walls
  8. 8. 3. Evaluating evidence Drought expectations You would see paleo-ecological evidence of less rainfall There is such evidence but some cities were abandoned before drought You would see deterioration of nutrition (skeletons in burials should indicate people dying young, would stunted growth, and more disease) Yes, there was bad health but there was also bad health before drought Foreign invasion expectations You would see find a big increase in artifacts from foreign areas No such increase was found Internal warfare expectations You would see lots of fortifications, at both big sites and small sites, right before abandonment Yes, there are such fortifications but only in some parts of the Maya area 4. Developing potential solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning Drought may play a role in some cases, internal warfare may play a role in other cases
  9. 9. Aspects of Intellectual Inquiry in the Social Sciences 1. Recognizing multiple dimensions to a good question 2. Recognizing multiple answers to a question or a problem 3. Evaluating evidence 4. Developing solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning 5. Exploring the ethical implications of differing approaches, methods or conclusions The Maya did not “disappear”: there are 7 million Maya living today. Rather, they migrated and changed. To say that the ancient Maya disappeared is to deny a connection between modern and ancient Maya, thus robbing modern people of a proud heritage.Modern Maya (2002) Ancient Maya (700 AD)
  10. 10. What is 2012? 1. The year in which the Maya long count calendar starts over again Like when your odometer rolls over What’s next??? Does your car self- destruct??
  11. 11. What is 2012? 1. The year in which the Maya long count calendar starts over again -How do Maya hieroglyphs work? -What is the long count calendar? -What did the Maya think about 2012? 2. It is a bunch of misunderstandings (or perhaps hoaxes) and spurious prophecies about the end of the world and the dawn of a new age. 3. It is a way to make money 4. It is us! The idea of destruction and renewal has deep roots in our own history and religious background
  12. 12. Top of Altar Q, Copan, Honduras
  13. 13. Copan, Honduras Altar Q
  14. 14. Top of Altar Q, Copan, Honduras
  15. 15. A B C D E F12 B33456
  16. 16. A B C D E F1 Reading order? A1, B1, A2, B2…2 etc.3456
  17. 17. of 1 21 = affix (prefix)2 = main sign
  18. 18. We us Maya used Maya base 10 base 20numbers (decimal) (vigesimal)=1 =5 9 10
  19. 19. We us Maya used Maya base 10 base 20numbers (decimal) (vigesimal)=1 =5 9 10 11 18 =0 19 ? 20
  20. 20. We us Maya used Maya base 10 base 20numbers (decimal) (vigesimal)=1 =5 9 10 11 18 =0 19 20
  21. 21. Two ways of keeping time 1. Linear 2. Cyclical2012 2013 Tuesday Sunday
  22. 22. Three Maya calendars that we will look at:cyclical 1. The “Haab”. A solar calendar with 365 dayscyclical 2. The “tzolkin.” A ritual calendar with 260 days linear 3. The Long Count.
  23. 23. Haab: the “vague” year, has 365 days(“vague” because an actual year has 365.25 days) 18 months with 20 days 1 month with 5 days Names of the 20 months Very similar to our own calendar
  24. 24. The Tzolkin: Divinatory Calendar (has 260 days) 20 day names, 13 day numbers No “months” Names of the 20 days
  25. 25. It takes 18,980 days for a day in the Calendarcalendar round to repeat itself. This is 52 years round Tzolkin Haab calendar Calendar
  26. 26. Tuesday Feb 5How long do we have to wait foranother day like Tuesday Feb. 5? 7 x 365 = 2555Maya calendar round = 52 years, Our calendar round = 7 years
  27. 27. Long Count calendar: A count of days starting from the day 0.0.0.0.1 (This is August 12th 3114 in our calendar)1st digit: Baktun: 400 tuns = 144,000 days = about 396 years) There are2nd digit Katun: 20 tuns = 7200 days = about 20 years) only 13 Baktuns3rd digit tun: period of 18 winal (360 days)4th digit Winal: period of 20 days, move to next digit after 18 winals5th digit k’in: a day, move to next digit on 20th day 19th day = 0.0.0.0.19 20th day = 0.0.0.1.0 159th day = 0.0.0.7.19 360th day = 0.0.0.18.0 360th day = 0.0.1.0.0 400th day = 0.0.1.2.0 19 tuns 359 days = 0.0.19.17.19 1 katun = 0.1.0.0.0
  28. 28. Stela F,Quirigua
  29. 29. A B A1: 9 baktun B1: 17 katun A2: 0 tun1 B2: 0 winal A3: 0 k’in 1 baktun = 144,000 days 9 x 144,000 = 1,296,0002 1 katun = 7,200 days 17 x 7,200 = 122,400 1,418,400 days divide by 365.253 3883.35 - 3114 = 769 AD but since we have no year 0, add 1, to get 770 AD but since we the start date is Aug 12, 3114, NOT Jan 1 3114, we need further adjustments So, the date is Jan 20th , 771 AD
  30. 30. A B1 A1: 9 baktun B1: 17 katun A2: 0 tun B2: 0 winal A3: 0 k’in2 B3: 13 ahau Haab calendar date3 B8: 18 Kumku Tzolkin calendar date
  31. 31. So, what is 2012?Let’s say you are at day 12.19.19.17.19 (which happens to be December 21st, 2012) What would the next day be? But there are only 13 Baktuns! 13.0.0.0.0 ? The baktuns start at 0, and then go to 12. From 0 to 12, we have 13 Baktuns. 0.0.0.0.0 So, after Baktun 12, we go back to Baktun 0.IS THIS A BIG DEAL?NO
  32. 32. What did the Maya think about the day after 12.19.19.17.19 (December 21st, 2012)?They did not think much about it at all. How do we know this? 1. There are probably 10,000 preserved Maya texts. Only 2 of these texts mention the day after 12.19.19.17.19 La Corona hieroglyphic stairway 2, block V Tortuguero Monument 6
  33. 33. What do these text say about this peculiar day? A god will appear and help Nothing sanctify the building on which Monument 6 is foundLa Corona hieroglyphic stairway 2, block V Tortuguero Monument 6
  34. 34. What did the Maya think about the day after 12.19.19.17.19 (December 21st, 2012)?They did not think much about it at all. How do we know this? 1. There are probably 10,000 preserved Maya texts. Only 2 of these texts mention the day after 12.19.19.17.19 2. The two texts that mention the day after 12.19.19.17.19 don’t actually tell us that anything special is going to happen. 3. There are texts that talk about dates prior to 3114 BC and after 2012 AD. So, life will continue after the end of the current Baktun cycle, just as it did before the current Baktun cycle 4. There is no ancient Maya prophecy dealing with 2012. Hunbatz Men: a contemporary Maya shaman who has a prophecy.
  35. 35. What is 2012? 1. The year in which the Maya long count calendar starts over again 2. It is a bunch of misunderstandings (or perhaps hoaxes) based on spurious prophecies and misinformation. There are no ancient Maya prophecies The ancient Maya never actually discussed the Milky Way 3. It is a way to make money Ties in to the idea of the hoax. Remember Cardiff Giant: People paid to see it because it was said to be old.
  36. 36. Crystal Skull, by Jack MacClaren, 1936 Non-fiction (though bogus)
  37. 37. What is 2012? 1. The year in which the Maya long count calendar starts over again 2. It is a bunch of misunderstandings (or perhaps hoaxes) based on spurious prophecies and misinformation. There are no ancient Maya prophecies The ancient Maya never actually discussed the Milky Way 3. It is a way to make money Ties in to the idea of the hoax. Remember Cardiff Giant: People paid to see it because it was said to be old. But archaeologists are also cashing in on 2012 4. It is us! The idea of destruction and renewal has deep roots in our own history and religious background

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