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BÁO CÁO TÀI NGUYÊN INTERNET VIỆT NAM NĂM 2014

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Bản quyền thuộc Trung tâm Internet Việt Nam (VNNIC)
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BÁO CÁO TÀI NGUYÊN INTERNET VIỆT NAM NĂM 2014

  1. 1. VIETNAM INTERNET NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 (PUBLISHED: DECEMBER 2014) Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014
  2. 2. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 CONTENT INTRODUCTION HISTORY OF VIETNAM INTERNET NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER (VNNIC) AND INTERNET RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN VIETNAM IMPORTANT EVENTS ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN NAME 1. “.VN” IN THE WORLD 2. “.VN” GROWTH OVER THE YEARS 2.1 “.vn” cummulative number of registrations and growth rate 2.2 “.vn” new registrations and growth rate 2.3 Quantity and ration of new registrations/ renewals/ withdrawals 2.4 New registrations by registrar 2.5 New registration breakdown 2.5.1 New registrations by geographical 2.5.2 New registrations by registrant 2.5.3 New registrations by extension 2.6 The correlation between the growth of “.vn” and gTLDs 3. “.VN” DOMAIN NAME BREAKDOWN BY CATEGORY 3.1 Domains breakdown by extension 3.2 Domains breakdown by geographical area 3.3 Domains breakdown by registrant 3.4 Domains breakdown by business sector 3.4.1 “.vn” registration in commercial sector 3.4.2 “.vn” registration in educational sector 3.4.3 “.vn” registration in government authority sector 3.5 Length of domain name 4. “.VN” DOMAIN NAME USAGE 4.1 Service usage of ".vn" domain name Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 01 4.1.1 Web Hosting 4.1.2 DNS Hosting 06 12 19 20 21 21 23 24 25 26 26 27 27 28 30 30 31 33 33 34 35 35 36 37 38 38 40
  3. 3. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 5. TOP 50 “.VN” DOMAIN NAMES MOST QUERIED IN 2014 6. “.VN” ACCREDITED REGISTRAR SYSTEM 6.1 Market share of registrars 6.2 Market share of registrars in the northern region 6.3 Market share of registrars in the middle region 6.4 Market share of registrars in the southern region VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAME (IDN .VN) 1. VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAM (IDN .VN) GROWTH 2. IDN.VN BREAKDOWN 2.1 IDN.VN breakdown by registrant 2.2 IDN.VN breakdown by geographical area 3. IDN.VN SERVICES USAGE 3.1 Service breakdown 3.2 Service usage breakdown by geographical area 4. TOP 50 IDN “.VN” MOST QUERIED IN 2014 INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM 1. INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAME USAGE IN VIETNAM 1.1 International domain name breakdown 1.1.1 gTLDs vs other ccTLDs 1.1.2 gTLD queries breakdown by extension 1.1.3 Top 20 ccTLDs most queried in Vietnam 1.2 The average length of gTLDs queried in Vietnam 1.3 Top 50 gTLDs most queried 2014 2. RATIO OF SERVICE USAGE AND SERVICE PROVIDERS FOR INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES IN VIETNAM 2.1 Ration of service usage of international domain names 2.1.1 Web Hosting 2.1.2 DNS Hosting 2.2 Growth of domestic service provision for international domain names 2.3 gTLDs with most services 2.4 Top 50 international domain name with domestic service (Web Hosting, DNS hosting) most queried in 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) 1. IPV4 ADDRESS 1.1 IPv4 address growth over the years 1.2 Vietnam’s rank of the number of IPv4 addresses in the Asia Region and in the world 1.3 VNNIC IP Member growth 1.4 VNNIC members by category 2. AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) 3. IPv6 ADDRESS PROMOTION IN VIETNAM 3.1 IPv6 promotion policies in Vietnam 3.2 IPv6 Promotion events in 2014 3.3 Number of IPv6 addresses in Vietnam over the years 3.4 IPv6 penetration in Vietnam in 2014 “.VN” DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) 1. DNSSEC DEPLOYMENT MASTER PLAN FOR ".VN" DNS IN VIETNAM 2. DNS QUERY STATISTICS 2.1 Number of queries 2.2 Number of “.vn” vs international domain name queries 2.3 “.vn” queries breakdown by extension 2.4 gTLD queries breakdown extension VIETNAM NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE – VNIX 1. VNIX EXCHANGE POINT 2. VNIX MEMBERS 3. VNIX GROWTH 3.1 VNIX members 3.2 Connection bandwidth 3.3 VNIX traffic 3.4 Inbound/ Outbound traffic 3.5 Connection bandwidth via port 4. ROUTING ON VINIX 4.1 Quality of IP advertised via VNIX 4.2 IP Preöx advertisement via VNIX 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 49 49 50 50 50 51 53 54 54 54 54 55 56 57 58 58 58 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 68 69 69 73 74 75 75 75 76 76 77 78 78 80 80 80 81 82 83 83 83 84 02 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 03
  4. 4. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 INTRODUCTION Vwould ietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) like to introduce the “Report on Vietnam Internet Resources 2014” to the readers. This annual report provides data, information and analysis on the growth, development and characteristics of Internet resources in Vietnam. In the past few years, the rapid growth of the Internet in Vietnam has resulted from the harmonized development in many aspects and many öelds including Internet resources (domain names, IP addresses, autonomous system numbers), which is the basic parameters for Internet service activities. The data and analysis of the management, development, and habits of registering and using Internet resources, which reøects the Internet activites as well as the growth of the Internet economy of Vietnam in terms of developing Internet resources, will be found in this report. VIETNAM INTERNET NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER 04 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 05 REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn
  5. 5. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) is an affiliation to the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC), founded on 28th April 2000, and carries out the functions of managing, allocating, supervising and promoting the use of Internet resources, such as “.vn” domain name, address (IP), Autonomous System Number (ASN); managing and operating the Vietnam Internet Exchange (VNIX) and the national DNS system; providing Internet-related guidance, statistics on Internet; and joining international activities on Internet. With the results of the growth and development of Internet resources, information activities and user guidance, VNNIC has been playing an important role in the promotion and development of Internet in Vietnam as well as the integration of Vietnam into the global Internet. 2000-2002 2003-2005 2006-2008 2009 -2011 2012-2014 2000: Ÿ Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) was established 2001: Ÿ Became a member of Asia Paciöc Top Level Domain Name Association (APTLD). Ÿ The functions of management and operation of DNS was officially taken over from VNPT. 2003: Ÿ Provided Vietnam Internet statistics. Ÿ Vietnam Network Internet Exchange Ÿ Recognized by Asia Paciöc Network Ÿ Vietnamese International Domain 2004: Ÿ Testing the IDN.VN registration 2005: Ÿ Opened the branch in Danang City. VNNIC Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2009: Ÿ Planned the roadmap for the transition of IPv4 to IPv6 in Vietnam Ÿ The Vietnamese IPv6 Task Force (VNIPv6TF) was established, VNNIC acting as Standing Committee. 2013: Ÿ Became official member of ccNSO (ICANN). Ÿ Launch IPv6 national network. Ÿ Granted ISO9001:2008 certiöcation Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn HISTORY OF VIETNAM INTERNET NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER (VNNIC) AND INTERNET RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN VIETNAM (VNIX) was established. Information Center (APNIC) as the National Internet Registry of Vietnam (NIR). Name (IDN.VN) promotion project was granted VIFOTEC award. 2007: Ÿ Applied fully the Registry- Registrar model for “.vn”. Ÿ Set up the National IPv6 testing network. 2008: Ÿ Opened the branch in Hochiminh City. Ÿ Set up the National IPv6 testing network. 06 | | 07
  6. 6. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1997-2002 2003-2005 2006-2008 2009 -2011 2012-2014 1997: Ÿ The örst “.vn” domain name was registered. 2003: Ÿ Decision No. 92/2003/QD-BBCVT on 2005: Ÿ The Decision No.27/2005/QD-BBCVT ASCII “.vn” domain 2000-2002 2003-2005 2006-2008 2009 -2011 2012-2014 2001: Ÿ Conducting research on IDN.VN 2003: Ÿ IDN.VN research project was granted 2004: Ÿ Testing the IDN.VN registration. Vietnamese domain name (IDN “.VN”) Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 management and use of Internet resources – the örst legal document on Internet resource management was issued, which allowed individuals to register “.vn” domain name. on management and use of Internet resources was approved, allowing the registration of second level domain under “.vn” and replacing Decision No.92/2003/QD-BBCVT 2006: Ÿ The public registration for second level domain name under “.vn” was opened 2007: Ÿ Applied fully the “Registry- Registrar” model for “.vn” 2008: Ÿ The Circular No.09/2008/TT-BTTTT on the management and use of Internet resources and the Circular No.10/2008/TT-BTTTT on the settlement of disputes over Vietnam's country code domain name “.vn” were issued. 2010: Ÿ The number of “.vn” reached 100,000. Vietnam became the second largest country in ASEAN in terms of ccTLD registrations. 2011: Ÿ The registration and maintenance fees of “.vn” domain name were reduced (average 30%). The registration of 1,2 character third level domain was allowed. 2001: Ÿ Vietnam became the largest country in ASEAN in terms of ccTLD registrations. 2012: Ÿ The number of “.vn” reached 200,000. Vietnam continued to be the largest country in ASEAN in terms of ccTLD registrations. 2014: Ÿ Launched the domain management system (SRS) with EPP standards. 2014: Ÿ Vietnam ranked 7th in Asia in the number of ccTLD registrations. VIFOTEC award. 2007: Ÿ IDN.VN registration was limited to ASCII “.vn” domain name holders. 2011: Ÿ Opened free registration period for IDN.VN, starting the booming period of IDN.VN. 2011: Ÿ Free service of Web-redirect was provided 2012: Ÿ Free services of Web template, DNS hosting, DNS delegation were provided 2014: Ÿ 1 million IDN.VN reached 08 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 09
  7. 7. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2000-2002 2003-2005 2006-2008 2009 -2011 2012-2014 2000: Ÿ Asia Paciöc Network Information Center (APNIC) allocated the IP addresses directly to IP members which were Vietnamese ISPs (VNPT, VIETTEL, FPT) 2003: Ÿ Recognized by APNIC as the National 2003: Ÿ APNIC member accounts of VNPT, 2004: Ÿ The örst IPv6 address block was IP/ASN VNIX 2000-2002 2003-2005 2006-2008 2009 -2011 2012-2014 2003: Ÿ Vietnam Network Internet Exchange 2004: Ÿ 2nd VNIX point 2005: Ÿ All members upgraded to 1Gbps – Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Internet Registry (NIR) of Vietnam. VIETTEL, FPT were transferred to VNNIC allocated. 2007: Ÿ 1 million IPv4 reached. The exhaustion of IPv4 came near. 2008: Ÿ MIC issued a directive on the promotion of IPv6 deployment. Ÿ Set up the National IPv6 testing network. 2009: Ÿ The Vietnamese IPv6 Task Force was established. 2010: 10 million IPv4 2011: IPv4 pool exhausted. APNIC and VNNIC apdopted the allocation policy of the exhaustion period. 2012: Ÿ First national IPv6 event was hosted by VNNIC. 2013: Ÿ May 6th was recognized as Vietnam IPv6 Day, with the official launching of IPv6 network and services. Ÿ The project “Promotion of IPv6 deployment for ASEAN ICT SMEs” was started by VNNIC 2014: Ÿ MIC issued a decision on amending the the national action plan of IPv6, adding more participants such as online newspaper, information portals, social networks, “.vn” domain registrars, international domain registrars in Vietnam, software companies, and network equipment providers, to the plan. 2007: Ÿ All 07/07 ISPs with infrastructure licenses connected to VNIX. 2008: Ÿ V N I X s u p p o r t e d 1 0 G b p s connection 2009: Ÿ 11 ISPs connected to VNIX 2010: Ÿ VNIX officially deployed IPv6, becoming the örst network in Vietnam to support IPv4/IPv6 dual stack. 2012: Ÿ Added two more VNIX points in Danang City and Hoa Lac, Hanoi 2013: Ÿ National IPv6 network was launched (VNIX) was established with örst point in Hanoi and two members VNPT and Viettel minimum requirement. 10 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 11
  8. 8. IMPORTANT EVENTS I REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 IMPORTANT EVENTS The Prime Minister signed Decision No. 38/2014/QD-TTg to promulgate the regulation on the auction and transfer of the right to use in telecommunication number storage and Internet domain names T h e D e c i s i o n N o. 3 8 / 2 0 1 4 / Q D – T Tg promulgating the auction and transfer the right to use in telecommunication number storage and Internet domain names took effect from 1st September 2014. By allowing the auction and transfer of the right to use in telecommunication number storage and Internet domain name, this D e c i s i o n w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o b e a breakthrough for the market of “.vn” domain names, forcing the development of “.vn” registration. Besides allowing the auction and trade of “.vn” domain name, this Decision also prohibits the trade of protected domains, including the names of the Party and Government authorities, political and social organizations, and other domains related to the beneöts, security of national sovereignty; domain names in violation of regulations, under dispute settlement process or suspension. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 12 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 13 Vietnamese international domain name (IDN .VN) reaches 1 million registration On 25th August 2014, at the office of the Ministry of Information and Communications – 18 Nguyen Du, Hanoi, Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) organized the event “Celebration of the 1 million Vietnamese international domain names”. This milestone brought Vietnam to become the country with the largest number of IDNs, which reøected the potential development of Vietnamese international domain name in the market, as well as preserving national cultural identity, a new stage of development of the Internet of Vietnam. 1 million Vietnamese IDN milestone also marked the integration of Vietnam into the global Internet, together with preserving Vietnamese culture and content in the Internet. VNNIC launches domain name management system in accordance with international EPP standard On 11th October 2014, VNNIC officially re p l a ce d t h e c u r re n t d o m a i n n a m e management system (DMS) with the Shared Registry System (SRS), using EPP (Extensible Provisioning Protocol). The transition to the new management system with advanced technologies will improve the management capacity and promote “.vn” domain name in both domestic and oversea markets. This new system helps VNNIC and “.vn” registrars, both domestic and foreign, to minimize manual management operations and signiöcantly shortens the time to process requirements from registrants. This new system is really important as enhancing the competitiveness of the “.vn” domain name and promoting the “.vn” domain name in the future. The National IPv6 Action Plan amended On 20th October 2014, the Minister of Information and Communications signed Decision No. 1509/QD-BTTTT on amending Decision No. 433/QD-BTTTT on 29th March 2011 providing the National IPv6 Action Plan. After 3 years of execution, the Action Plan has proved to signiöcantly improve the public awareness of IPv6 deployment in Vietnam, with major achievements by Vietnamese Internet service providers (ISPs). However, there are still several drawbacks including the low IPv6 traffic and lack of IPv6 commercial services. To overcome this situation, the Vietnam IPv6 Task Force (VNIPv6TF) recognized the need to review and admend the national action plans on IPv6, by adding tasks and contents for new participants of the IPv6 plan such as online newspaper, information portals, social networks, “.vn” domain registrars, international domain name registrars in Vietnam, software companies, and network equipment providers.
  9. 9. IMPORTANT EVENTS I REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Protecting Vietnamese trademark and brand name with “.vn” ccTLD” Conference 2014 On 28th March 2014, Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) and the Department of Information and Communications, Quang Ninh province, co-hosted the third conference of the series “Protecting Vietnamese trademark and brand name with “.vn” ccTLD”. Participating in the conference were leaders of the government authorities of Quang Ninh province and about 200 representatives from local businesses and associations. To be continue with the success of the 2013 events, the conference in Quang Ninh was aimed at enhancing the public awareness of the business on the protection of trademarks on the Internet; promoting marketing activities on the Internet with “.vn” domain name; promoting the development of e-commerce and information technology application in Quang Ninh province as well as nearby provinces; strengthening the management of local government in Internet activities in general. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn “IPv6 Showcase” Conference on Vietnam IPv6 Day 2014 On 06th May 2014 - the Vietnam IPv6 Day 2014, at the JW Marriott Hotel, Hanoi, Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC) – Standing Committee for Vietnam IPv6 Task Force (VNIPv6TF) - hosted the Conference “IPv6 Showcase” with the endorsement of the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC). The conference attracted the participation of approximately 300 representatives from MIC, the VNIPv6TF, local authorities, policy makers, the IT sector, equipment and service providers. Within the conference, important updates about IPv6 deployment were shared with all the attendees by experts from international organizations and institutions. VNNIC hosted the workshop on promoting and encouraging the deployment of IPv6 in ASEAN ICT SMEs On 19th March 2014, Vietnam Internet Network I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r ( V N N I C ) h o s t e d a n international workshop with the theme of “Promoting IPv6 in ICT SMEs in the ASEAN region”. The workshop was part of the project to promote IPv6 deployment in small and medium ICT enterprises (SMEs) in the ASEAN region. The workshop was an opportunity to update the status of IPv6 deployment in ASEAN countries, and to discuss and make recommendations to guide small and medium ICT enterprises in the process of IPv6 deployment for the whole area. The workshop attracted the participation of experts from Asia Paciöc Network Information Centre (APNIC), experts in the öeld of IPv6, representatives from ASEAN countries and other units of Ministry of Information and Communications. DNSSEC deployment project approved On Oct 23rd 2014, the Minister of Information and Communication signed the Decision No. 1524/QĐ-BTTTT to approve the project of DNSSEC deployment for the “.vn” DNS. Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) is a suite of IETF speciöcations for securing certain kinds of information provided by DNS with authentication and protection. The deployment plan for DNSSEC by VNNIC will include 3 phases: Phase 1: Preparation (2015), Phase 2: Implementation (2016) and Phase 3: Accomplishment (2017). After completing the plan , the DNSSEC speciöcations will be implemented widely on the “.vn” DNS, DNS of major ISPs “.vn” registrars, DNS Hosting providers and government authorities. It is expected that after the approval of MIC, the whole deployment plan for DNSSEC will soon be executed and achive great results in bringing about the secure and reliable “.vn” DNS, as well as the infrastructure and development of Internet in Vietnam. 14 | | 15
  10. 10. IMPORTANT EVENTS I REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VNNIC strengthens the relationship with professional organizations. VNNIC – CC for TLD .RU: On the invitation of Coordination Center for TLD .RU, VNNIC sent the representative to participate in the 5th Russia Internet Governance Forum (RIGF) and the 20th anniversary of .RU ccTLD. On this occasion, the representatives of the two organizations exchanged information and discussed on the topics that both were interested in such as: policy and experience on Internet resource management, management and promotion of ccTLD, IDN ccTLD; Internet statistics. Based on the discussion, VNNIC and CC for TLD .RU would expect to expand the cooperation activities and improve the relationship in the near future. VNNIC-JPNIC: At the end of 2013, at the invitation of Japan Network Information Center (JPNIC), the delegation of VNNIC headed by Mr. Hoang Minh Cuong – General Director of VNNIC, paid a working visit to Japan. Within the working visit, a signing c e r e m o n y o f t h e M e m o r a n d u m o f Understanding (MoU) between VNNIC and JPNIC was arranged with the attendance of representatives of the two organizations. Based on the MoU, in 2014, the two organizations executed the detailed cooperation plan with particular activities such as: working visit of the Vietnamese IPv6 Task Force to attend the training course on the IPv6 Ready Logo Certiöcation Program at the Institute of Japanese Telecommunications Equipment (JATE) at May 2014; attending and presenting at the Internet Week of Japan, studying and working with JPNIC at November 2014. Those cooperations enhanced the strong cooperation between VNNIC and JPNIC VNNIC-APNIC: From 14th to 19th September 2014, the delegation of VNNIC headed by Mr. Tran Minh Tan – Deputy Director of VNNIC- attended the 38th meeting of Asia Paciöc Network Information Center (APNIC) in Brisbane, Australia. On this occasion, Mr. Tran Minh Tan and Mr. Paul Wilson – General Manager of APNIC exchanged the NIR agreement signed between VNNIC and APNIC, and reaffirmed the commitment to the relationship of mutual support between the two parties on the basis towards the sustainable development of Internet resources in the Asia Paciöc region. Besides, VNNIC and APNIC had a meeting to discuss the issues of bilateral cooperation between the two parties in the future. 16 | | 17
  11. 11. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 INTERNET INTERNET .VN DOMAIN NAME 203.119.8.0/22 RESOURCES TENMIEN.VN 18 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1st Asean, 7th Asia Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn | 19 STATISTICS AND ANALYSIS OF VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES Over the years, the Internet resources including “.vn” country code top level domain (ccTLD), IP address and Autonomous System Number (ASN) have been expanding considerably, serving as an important factor that beneöts the development of the Internet in Vietnam. MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT VN IPV6 001100110011 DOMAIN NAME IP ADDRESS 203.119.8.0/22 VN 001100110011 DOMAIN NAME DOMAIN NAME DOMAIN NAME VN TENMIEN.VN TENMIEN.VN TENMIEN.VN TENMIEN.VN VN 203.119.8.0/22 VN MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT IPV6 INTERNET TENMIEN.VN INTERNET ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN 291,103 13% 17 DOMAIN NAMES: GROWTH RATE: RANKING: REGISTRARS:
  12. 12. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1. “.VN” IN THE WORLD Since 2011, “.vn” has always been the most registered ccTLD in the ASEAN region. According to APTLD statistics of Asia's top 20 ccTLD with highest number of registrations by Sep 2014, “.vn” ranked in top 10, with more than 286,000 domain names registered. In the monthly member statistics and growth reports of APTLD since July 2014, “.vn” had been within the top 5 ccTLDs with the highest growth for the month in terms of absolute values of registrations. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Oct - 2014 300% 250% 200% 150% 100% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 20 | 140 120 100 80 60 Figure 1: Top 5 ccTLDs among APTLD with the highest growth for the month in terms of absolute values of registrations (Sep 2014) (Source: APTLD) 40 Thousands 20 0 .cn .vn .ir .au .mx Ranking Country ccTLD Total registrations China India Japan Korea Taiwan Iran Vietnam Hongkong Israel Malaysia .cn .in .jp .kr .tw .ir .vn .hk .il .my 10,906,655 ~1,700,000 1,384,493 1,032,828 738,101 546,708 286,561 268,283 239,992 221,072 2. “.VN” GROWTH OVER THE YEARS 2.1 “.vn” cummulative number and growth rate 2000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 50% Growth rate Total registrations 2014 Forcast “.vn” Domain name Growth rate Figure 2: Cummulative number of domains and growth rate over the years (2000-2014) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | 21 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Singapore Kazakhstan Indonesia Thailand Philipine Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Armenia Qatar Tajikistan Christmas Island Timore Leste .sg .kz .id .th .ph .sa .az .am .qa .tj .cx .tp 166,981 116,439 114,483 62,901 ~60,000 36,374 22,934 22,178 14,592 5,804 5,522 2,843
  13. 13. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Table 2: Cummulative number of domains and growth rate over the years (2000 – 2014). In comparison with other ccTLDs in the region, “.vn” still kept a quite steady growth with an 1.1% increase in both Aug and Sep 2014, while it can be seen from the below table that some other ccTLDs witnessed a fall in the growth rate, or even negative development. Until Oct 2014, the overall growth rate of “.vn” reached 9.4%, and was expected to reach 13% at the end of 2014. After the introduction of new gTLDs into the market, the competition from those was signiöcantly intense, with such a 139.8% growth rate from May to Aug 2014, while ccTLDs only rose by 1,7% (Domain Name Stat Report - CENTR, Sep 2014). Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Under the inøuence of the global economic crisis, since 2013, the growth rate of “.vn” new registration has been lower than before. In 2014, the development of “.vn” witnessed both of the hardship of economy and the competition of the new gTLDs. Under the circumstance, VNNIC and the Registrars continued the promotional activities for “.vn” ccTLD, such as the series of conference with the theme of “Protecting Vietnamese trademark and brandname with “.vn” ccTLD”, strengthening the relationship with customers, and improving the service quality for customers. Consequently, “.vn” has still reached some achievements during the downturn of the economy. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 450% 400% 350% 300% 250% 200% 150% 50% Year New registrations Growth rate Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 22 | Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Renewal 543 1,198 2,176 5,478 9,037 14,345 34,924 55,872 Growth rate 0% 221% 182% 252% 165% 159% 243% 160% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Oct 2014 75,715 99,185 127,364 180,332 232,749 266,028 136% 131% 128% 142% 129% 114% 109,4% 113% 291,103 2014 Forecast 300.569 Table 3: Growth of ccTLDs (Aug & Sep 2014) (Source: APTLD Member Statistics and Growth Report Aug & Sep 2014) No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 ccTLD Growth (Aug 2014) Growth (Sep 2014) Country 1,3% -1,1% 0,3% - 5,4% -2,0% 0,2% 1,1% 0,6% -0,4% 2,2% -0,6% 0,8% 1,1% 4,0% 0,9% 0,4% 1,1% 1,7% 0,2% -0,3% -1,8% 0,3% 1,1% 0,8% -0,2% 1,3% -0,8% 1,5% 1,4% 0,3% 0,8% 0,3% .cn .nu .jp .kr .tw .nz .vn .hk .th .my .us .sg .kz .id .sa .qa China Niue Japan Korea Taiwan New Zealand Vietnam Hongkong Thailand Malaysia USA Singapore Kazakhstan Indonesia Saudi Arabia Qatar 2.2 “.vn” new registrations and growth rate Table 4: New registrations and growth rate (2000 – 2014) Oct/2014 120000 100000 80000 60000 20000 Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 New registrations 330 655 978 3302 3559 5308 20579 25680 Growth rate 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 32388 40576 47302 80246 97315 100,382 86,342 104,489 126% 125% 117% 170% 121% 103% 86% 104% 0 198% 149% 338% 108% 149% 388% 125% 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 0 0 40000 100% Growth rate New registrations 2014 Forcast “.vn” Domain name Growth rate Figure 3: New registrations and growth rate (2000 – 2014) Oct/2014 2014 Forecast By Oct 2014, the number of new registrations reached 86,342. It is forecasted that the total number of new registration of 2014 would be 104,489, rising about 4% more than that of 2013. Year Renewal Growth rate | 23
  14. 14. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2.3 Quantity and ratio of new registrations/renewals/withdrawals The statistics of “.vn” new registrations, withdrawals and renewals in the years of 2012, 2013 and 2014 showed that there was a steady rise in the number of new registrations and renewals, which reøects the sustainable development and customer loyalty of the “.vn” domain. 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 20000 15000 10000 5000 2012 2013 2014 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 Figure 5: “.vn” Renewals (2012, 2013, 2014) 2012 2013 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Withdrawals/New registrations 46,4% 2010 2011 2012 65,2% 66,9% 10/2014 Withdrawals/Renewals 45% 45,6% 41,1% 48,5% 43,7% MAT BAO ESC 2.4 New registrations by registrar IP Mirror Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 24 | Figure 4: “.vn” New registrations (2012, 2013, 2014) 0 2012 2013 2014 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Figure 6: “.vn” Withdrawals (2012, 2013, 2014) There was a slight increase in the number of “.vn” withdrawals in 2014, when the cumulative number of domains registered in the system goes up. Therefore, the ratios between the new registrations, withdrawals and renewals will be taken into consideration, in order to estimate the development and persistence of the Vietnam ccTLD as follows: 2010 2011 2012 2013 10/2014 45% 38% 0.0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2013 0.0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Figure 7: “.vn” Withdrawals/New registrations, Withdrawals/Renewals (2010 - 2014) As it can be seen from the ögure above, during the period from 2010 to 2014, the peak development of “.vn” domain occurred in 2011, with the lowest ratio of withdrawals/new registrations in 5 years. In 2013 and 2014, this ratio climbed to nearly 67%, which proved the saturation of the domain market. On the other hand, the Withdrawals/Renewals ratio has not much changed over the period, reaching 43.7% in 2014, as a result of the effort of VNNIC and registrars to compensate for the difficulties in developing new registrations. Customer loyalty and steady growth are considered as two important strengths of ccTLDs, in comparison with gTLDs. During recent years, “.vn” domain names have been maintaining those two characteristics. PA Vietnam FPT GMO RUNSYSTEM Nhan Hoa iNET VDC Hi-tek Net Nam SPT GLTEC Instra InterNetX 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 EuroDNS Qinetics 5,000 2012 0 2013 2014 Figure 8: New registrations by registrar (2012, 2013, 2014) Số tên miền | 25
  15. 15. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2.5.1 New registrations by geographical area South Middle Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 com.vn edu.vn com.vn Year 2012 Year 2013 edu.vn net.vn org.vn Provinces com.vn edu.vn net.vn org.vn Provinces Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 0.87% 5.02% 0.00% 0.62% 0.05% 0.24% 1.07% 26 | 2012 28.85% 23.33% 24.45% 0.72% 0.00% 0.43% 5.08% 5.06% 1.71% Registrar PA Vietnam Mat Bao FPT GMO RUNSYSTEM Nhan Hoa iNET ESC VDC Hi-tek 2013 27.81% 22.60% 19.43% 5.34% 4.07% 5.65% 4.94% 4.61% 1.26% 2014 27.72% 21.36% 13.49% 8.47% 7.77% 7.42% 4.54% 4.45% 1.07% 2012 Net Nam 2.49% SPT GLTEC IP Mirror Instra InterNetX Qinetics EuroDNS 2014 0.89% 0.78% 0.74% 0.38% 0.33% 0.24% 0.22% 0.12% 2013 1.56% 0.05% 1.49% 0.08% 0.38% 0.15% 0.28% 0.33% Table 5: New registrations by registrar (2012, 2013, 2014) Mat Bao, FPT, PA Vietnam have been remaining the top 3 registrars of “.vn” during the period from 2012 to 2014. The other newly accredited registrars including iNET, GMO Runsystem, Nhan Hoa had considerable achievements in developing new registrations. There are not much changes among the market share, new registrations, withdrawals and renewals over the time. Almost all registrars keep the similar growth rate compared to 2013. Overseas 9.88% North 40.22% 5.64% 44.26% 43.28% 5.08% 46.35% 5.29% 41.24% 9.19% 43.54% 6.03% Individual Organization 48% 52% 44% 56% 2.5 New registrations breakdown Figure 9: New registrations by geographical area (2012, 2013, 2014) Figure 10: New registrations by registrant (2012, 2013, 2014) Year 2012 Year 2013 Year 2014 Year 2012 Year 2013 Year 2014 Overseas North Middle South Middle South North Overseas 2.5.2 New registrations by registrant Organization Individual Organization Individual Registrar 2.5.3 New registrations by extension .vn net.vn name.vn org.vn Provinces info.vn gov.vn pro.vn biz.vn health.vn ac.vn int.vn name.vn info.vn gov.vn pro.vn biz.vn health.vn ac.vn int.vn .vn Year 2014 Figure 11: New registrations by extension (2012, 2013, 2014) | 27 name.vn info.vn gov.vn pro.vn biz.vn health.vn ac.vn int.vn .vn 43% 57%
  16. 16. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Extension .vn com.vn edu.vn net.vn name.vn org.vn provinces 2.6 The correlation between the growth of “.vn” ccTLD and gTLDs in Vietnam. According to the statistics on website www.webhosting.info, by Oct 2014, there were 213.652 gTLDs registered by Vietnamese registrants. In Vietnam, during the örst years of Internet activities, gTLDs had a substantial development with higher number of domain registrations than “.vn”. Ever since 2010, the number of “.vn” registrations has become larger. 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 Disparity Poly. 2010 2011 2012 2013 Oct/2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 291,103 217,350 “.vn” gTLDs 261,256 232,749 2013 2014 4,000 10,000 “.vn” ccTLD gTLDs “.vn” ccTLD gTLDs Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 “.vn” gTLDs 100,000 50,000 28 | “.vn” ccTLD gTLDs Figure 12: Growth of “.vn” vs gTLDs (2010 – 2014) 50,000 2012 50.20% 33.64% 4.28% 2.43% 7.19% 0.75% 0.31% 2013 53.13% 33.61% 5.65% 2.70% 2.21% 0.82% 0.94% 2014 53.48% 33.51% 5.52% 2.81% 2.78% 0.69% 0.34% Extension info.vn gov.vn pro.vn biz.vn health.vn ac.vn int.vn 2012 0.27% 0.46% 0.24% 0.14% 0.03% 0.05% 0.01% 2013 0.28% 0.22% 0.21% 0.17% 0.02% 0.03% 0.00% 2014 0.28% 0.20% 0.18% 0.13% 0.04% 0.04% 0.01% 0 Table 6: New registrations by extension (2012, 2013, 2014) Figure 13: Growth of “.vn” vs gTLDs (2013 – 2014) 6,000 “.vn” ccTLD gTLDs Figure 14: New registrations, withdrawals and net growth of “.vn” ccTLD vs gTLDs in Vietnam. (Source of gTLDs: www.webhosting.info) In comparison to “.vn” domain in 2014, gTLDs had the higher number of new registrations, but also higher number of withdrawals, which resulted in the lower net growth. This proved the steady development of “.vn” domain over the years. | 29 4,000 2,000 2,000 0 5,000 0 0 -5,000 -2,000 New registrations Withdrawals Net growth
  17. 17. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3. “.VN” DOMAIN NAME BREAKDOWN BY CATEGORY At the end of Oct 2014, there were 291,103 “.vn” domain names in the system. 3.1 Domains breakdown by extension .com.vn Extension Total registrations Extension Total registrations The “.vn” and “.com.vn” domain names continued to be dominant with approximately 89% of new registrations, while the second level “.vn” domain names accounted for more than 50% of new registrations. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.2 Domain breakdown by geographical area United Kingdom Singapore Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 30 | Provinces .info.vn .pro.vn .biz.vn .ac.vn .health.vn .int.vn .vn .edu.vn .net.vn .name.vn .org.vn .gov.vn Figure 15: “.vn” domains breakdown by extension Table 7: “.vn” domains breakdown by extension. In 1999, the örst domain name were registered by a foreign registrant. After 15 years, the overseas market share of “.vn” has still remained relatively small, accouting for only 6.76% of total “.vn” domain names in the system. Domestic 93.24% 6,76% Overseas France United States Germany China Korea Australia Switzerland Japan HongKong Others Figure 16: “.vn” domains breakdown by geographical area Percentage 93.24% 6,76% Country Percentage France United States Germany Singapore United Kingdom China Korea Australia Switzerland Japan HongKong Other 0.32% 1.77% 0.38% 0.36% 0.36% 0.35% 0.28% 0.21% 0.20% 0.19% 0.14% 2.20% Region Domestic Table 8: “.vn” domains breakdown by geographical area | 31 Provinces .info.vn .pro.vn .biz.vn .ac.vn .health.vn .int.vn 0.28% 0.26% 0.16% 0.16% 0.05% 0.03% 0.01% 51.09% 37.89% 5.13% 2.27% 1.14% 0.98% 0.56% .vn .com.vn .edu.vn .net.vn .name.vn .org.vn .gov.vn Overseas
  18. 18. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 South Middle 46.47% 6.01% 0.04% 0.13% 40.46% 0.55% 39.80% 0.21% 1.20% 0.43% 0.08% 0.28% 0.08% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.3 Domains breakdown by registrant Individual 36.85% Organization 63.15% Individual 39.70% Organization 60.30% Individual 41.71% Organization 58.29% Year 2012 Year 2013 Year 2014 Others 46.73% Commercial 47.94% Educational 3.07% Financial 0.59% State authority 1.66% Figure 19: “.vn” domains breakdown by business sector Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II Norrth 47.52% 32 | Figure 17: “.vn” domains breakdown by domestic region Provinces Percentage 0.20% 0.07% 0.39% 0.21% 0.74% 0.05% 0.31% 0.11% 0.01% 0.42% Lang Sơn Nghe An Ninh Binh Nam Dinh Ninh Thuan Phu Tho Phu Yen Quang Binh Quang Ninh Quang Ngai Quang Nam Quang Tri Son La Soc Trang Thai Binh Tien Giang Thanh Hoa Tay Ninh Tra Vinh Vinh Long Vinh Phuc 0.08% 0.63% 0.22% 0.53% 0.09% 0.22% 0.10% 0.21% 0.58% 0.18% 0.47% 0.12% 0.06% 0.10% 0.43% 0.25% 0.56% 0.17% 0.15% 0.10% 0.34% Table 9: Total registrations of “.vn” domain name by province Regarding the registrants of “.vn” domain name, there was a fall in the share of organizational registrants (58.29% of 2014 in comparison with 60,3% of 2013 and 63,15% of 2012), and a rise in the share of individual registrants (41.71% of 2014 in comparison with 39,7% of 2013 and 36,85% of 2012). Figure 18: “.vn” domains breakdown by registrant in 2012, 2013 and 2014 3.4 Domains breakdown by business sector According to the business sector of registrants, the majority of “.vn” domain names were registered by commercial entities such as companies, corporations, groups (47.94%). The önancial sector accounted for 0.59%. Educational institutions and schools made up 3.07%. Government authorities accounted for 1.66%. Sector Commercial Educational Financial State authority Others Percentage 47.94% 3.07% 0.59% 1.66% 46.73% Table 10: “.vn” domains breakdown by business sector | 33 Provinces Provinces An Giang Binh Duong Binh Dinh Bac Giang Bac Kan Bac Lieu Bac Ninh Binh Phuoc Ba Ria - Vung Tau Ben Tre Binh Thuan Cao Bang Ca Mau Can Tho Dak Nong Dien Bien Dak Lak Danang Dong Nai Dong Thap Gia Lai 0.20% 1.31% 0.38% 0.31% 0.02% 0.05% 0.49% 0.18% 0.72% 0.23% 0.25% 0.03% 0.09% 0.68% 0.04% 0.06% 0.37% 1.68% 1.24% 0.18% 0.15% Ha Giang Hoa Binh Hochiminh City Hai Duong Hanoi Ha Nam Hai Phong Thai Nguyen Tuyen Quang Thua Thien Hue Yen Bai Ha Tinh Hau Giang Hung Yen Kien Giang Khanh Hoa Kon Tum Long An Lao Cai Lai Chau Lam Dong Percentage Percentage
  19. 19. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.4.1 “.vn” registration in commercial sector Regarding the aspect of using domain names in e-commerce, the results of a survey made by Vietnam E-Commerce Association (VECOM) showed that about 70% of the enterprises in Vietnam used “.vn” domain for their business and promotion, 27% used “.com”. “.vn” ccTLD “.com” 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Finance, estate IT&Telecom Construction Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.4.2 “.vn” registration in educational sector 5.42% 5.53% Primary school 15.89% High school 12.51% University 4.89% 3.77% College Technical secondary 5.09% 4.20% school Vocational school Educational authorities Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 34 | Firgure 20: Usage ratio of “.vn” domains in business activities in Vietnam (Source: VECOM, Nov 2014) 0 70% 27% The survey also presented that the percentages of enterprises using “.vn” websites among the business categories were rather high, especially in the categories of önance, estate, mining, power, entertainment and IT & telecommunications. Figure 21: Usage of “.vn” among commercial sectors, by business category (Source: VECOM, Nov 2014) 0 Industry Agriculture, forestry, öshery Helth, education,training Power, mining Transportation Entertainment Sale Tourism Others 67% 62% 70% 89% 82% 66% 77% 76% 73% 71% 69% 76% By Oct 2014, the number of “.vn” domains registered by educational institutions accounting for 3.07% of the total “.vn” registrations. 57.13% of the domains were the third level under “.edu.vn”, with about 77.87% having websites. “.Edu.vn” was one of the extension with highest level of having websites among “.vn” domain names. Among the categories of schools and educational institutions, the percentage of “.vn” registration was as follows: 3.50% Kindergarten Elementary school Figure 22: Usage of “.vn” among educational sector, by category (Source: VECOM) 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% 3.4.3 “.vn” registration in government authority sector Within the government authority sector, “.gov.vn” accounted for 33.67%. By Oct 2014, there were 1630 “.gov.vn” domains registered in the system, with 1,335 domains with website. There were “.gov.vn” registrations in almost all provinces and cities, among which Hanoi had the biggest number with more than 35% of all registrations. | 35
  20. 20. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Provinces Percentage 0.37% 0.92% 1.05% 1.11% 0.49% 0.31% 1.11% 1.97% 0.80% 0.80% 0.92% 0.86% 0.37% 0.92% 0.18% 0.99% 1.85% 1.85% 1.72% 0.62% 0.68% 3.5 Length of domain name The average length of “.vn” domain name is 9.712 characters, shorter than the average length of .com is 11.5, .net (10.24), .org (11.41) which were calculated based on the queries to the national DNS maintained by VNNIC. The number of domain names with average length of 4-10 characters dominates the “.vn” name space (55.75% of the total 291,103 names). In the name space, there are 536 domains with all numbers. The 10 longest domain names had 38-47 characters with proper meaning. 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1-3 characters >10 characters 4-10 characters Table 12: Domain name length of “.vn” No. ccTLD Sites in top 1 million 18,767 14,973 11,809 6,594 6,442 ccTLD .CO.JP .TW .TR .VN .KR 5,923 3,219 2,357 2,320 1,842 6 7 8 9 10 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 36 | Table 11: Total registrations of “.gov.vn” by province An Giang Binh Duong Binh Dinh Bac Giang Bac Kan Bac Lieu Bac Ninh Binh Phuoc Ba Ria - Vung Tau Ben Tre Binh Thuan Cao Bang Ca Mau Can Tho Dak Nong Dien Bien Dak Lak Danang Dong Nai Dong Thap Gia Lai Ha Giang Hoa Binh Hochiminh City Hai Duong Hanoi Ha Nam Hai Phong Thai Nguyen Tuyen Quang Thua Thien Hue Ha Tinh Hau Giang Hung Yen Kien Giang Khanh Hoa Kon Tum Long An Lao Cai Lai Chau Lam Dong Lang Sơn 0.68% 0.68% 5.30% 0.80% 35.71% 0.86% 2.34% 1.29% 0.86% 0.74% 2.34% 0.31% 0.80% 1.17% 1.35% 0.55% 0.37% 0.43% 0.55% 1.11% 0.37% 2.03% 0.92% 0.62% 0.37% 0.99% 0.99% 1.17% 1.35% 1.11% 3.82% 1.48% 0.62% 0.18% 0.43% 0.49% 2.40% 0.25% 0.31% 0.31% 0.99% 0.68% Figure 23: Domain name length of “.vn” 5,000 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 Number of characters Number of registrations 1-3 4-10 >10 4.75% 55.75% 39.50% Figure 24: “.vn” domain name breakdown by length Domain Name congtycophantapdoandautuquoctetrungdungvietnam.vn grassavoyewillisvietnam-insuredlistmanagement.vn inhopbanhkeo-hopcafe-hopyen-catalogue-baothu.vn creche-ecoles-college-francaise-europeenne.com.vn nganhangthuongmaicophanvietnamthuongtin.com.vn nganhangthuongmaicophanvietnamthuongtin.vn thcsnguyenbinhkhiem-trieuphong-quangtri.edu.vn crowneplazawesthanoihotelandresidences.com.vn crowneplazawesthanoihotelandresidences.vn crowneplazawesthanoihotelandapartment.com.vn No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 13: 10 longest “.vn” domain names 4. “.VN” DOMAIN NAME USAGE According to the ranking of the 1 million most popular websites based on the traffic data published on website http://www.domaintyper.com, there were 2,320 sites with “.vn” domain names. .JP .CN .IN .IR .COM.CN Table 14: ccTLDs in Asia with sites in top 1 million most popular websites 1 2 3 4 5 (Source: https://domaintyper.com/top-websites/most-popular-websites-with-cc-domain) | 37 Provinces Provinces Number of domain names No. Sites in top 1 million Percentage Percentage Nghe An Ninh Binh Nam Dinh Ninh Thuan Phu Tho Phu Yen Quang Binh Quang Ninh Quang Ngai Quang Nam Quang Tri Son La Soc Trang Thai Binh Tien Giang Thanh Hoa Tay Ninh Tra Vinh Vinh Long Vinh Phuc Yen Bai
  21. 21. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 4.1 Service usage of “.vn” domain name 4.1.1 Web Hosting Of all 291,103 “.vn” domains, 70.9% had active websites, among which 82.95% domain names use Web Hosting server with domestic IP addresses and 17.05% using Web Hosting server with oversea IP addresses. gov.vn Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Extension Percentage .gov.vn Provinces .info.vn Extension Percentage of having Provinces .info.vn .pro.vn .biz.vn .ac.vn .health.vn .int.vn .health.vn .ac.vn 73.52% 57.03% 56.96% 51.21% 70.00% 47.73% 37.50% .net.vn .name.vn .org.vn .pro.vn .biz.vn .int.vn website Table 17: Percentage of having active websites, by extension Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 38 | Domainname without website Domain name with website Web Hosting with overseas IP Web Hosting with domestic IP Figure 25: “.vn” domains with active website Domain name with website Domain name without website 70,90% 29,10% Web hosting with domestic IP Web hosting with oversea IP 82,95% 17,05% Table 15: “.vn” domains with active website As for domain extension, second level “.vn” domain và third level domain under “.com.vn” had the highest number of websites. But, those two extensions were not the ones with highest percentage of having active websites. The extension with the highest percentage of having websites was “.gov.vn” with 81.9%. Extension Percentage 50.229% 37.254% 6.310% 2.117% 1.391% 1.061% 0.724% .vn .com.vn .edu.vn .net.vn .name.vn .org.vn .gov.vn Table 16: Percentage of all active websites, by domain extension 0.324% 0.231% 0.147% 0.126% 0.057% 0.023% 0.005% Provinces .info.vn .pro.vn .biz.vn .ac.vn .health.vn .int.vn .com.vn .vn .edu.vn .name.vn other org.vn .net.vn Provinces info.vn biz.vn ac.vn health.vn int.vn Figure 26: Percentage of all active websites, by domain extension 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% .com.vn .vn .edu.vn Extension Percentage of having website 62.24% 62.23% 77.87% 59.09% 77.16% 68.67% 81.90% .vn .com.vn .edu.vn .net.vn .name.vn .org.vn .gov.vn Figure 27: Percentage of having active websites, by extension Regarding IP address of those websites, 24.51% belonged to IP blocks allocated to VNPT, followed by FPT (19.79%), P.A Vietnam (13.87% ) and ODS (9.76%). | 39
  22. 22. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Netname Percentage VNPT-VN FPT-VN PAVIETNAM-VN ODS-VN VTDC-VN NHANHOA-VN VIETEL-VN QTSC-VN CMCTELECOM-VN SUPERDATA-VN Table 18: VNNIC IP members with most “.vn” Web Hosting market share DNS Hosting with domestic IP 90.25% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Percentage 27.20% 20.93% 17.80% 8.11% 7.88% 4.62% 3.89% 3.66% 1.94% 1.93% 1.03% 1.00% “.vn” registrar 5. TOP 50 “.VN” DOMAIN NAMES MOST QUERIED IN 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 40 | 24.51% 19.79% 13.87% 9.76% 5.43% 3.92% 2.85% 2.70% 1.86% 1.82% GDS-VN NETNAM-VN GMO RUNSYSTEM-VN NEWLIFE-VN VDATA-VN VHOST-VN CMCTI-VN SPT-VN HANELCOM-VN Others 1.29% 1.17% 0.88% 0.81% 0.80% 0.69% 0.62% 0.59% 0.57% 6.07% 4.1.2 DNS Hosting Of all 291,103 “.vn” domains, 90.25% domain names use DNS hosting server with domestic IP addresses, 9.75% using DNS hosting server with oversea IP addresses. 0.23% of all “.vn” domain names used owners' own servers (DNS server with name is subdomain of superordinate domain) (83.88% with domestic IP addresses and 16.12% with overseas domestic IP) Figure 28: DNS hosting of “.vn” domain name DNS Hosting with overseas IP, 9.75% owner's own DNS servers with overseas IP, 16.12% Owner's own DNS serves with domestic IP 83.88% Of all “.vn” domains, 74,01% domains had DNS hosting at the servers of “.vn” registrars. PA Vietnam, Mat Bao và FPT had the biggest shares of DNS hosting service. Table 19: DNS Hosting service by “.vn” registrar Table 20: Top 50 “.vn” domain names most queried in 2014 Ranking Domain megafun.vn hotmail.vn vcmedia.vn hoaphuongdo.vn zing.vn zdn.vn clevernet.vn soha.vn seedceo.vn admicro.vn vdata.vn sendo.vn vdc.vn saigonnet.vn vtc.vn gfm.vn hdzone.vn 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 kenh14.vn eclick.vn viettel.vn e-info.vn vui.vn afamily.vn cmcti.vn vtcmobile.vn chotot.vn sohatv.vn corom.vn ssgroup.vn thietkewebsitegiarenhat.vn uscom.vn adnetwork.vn phonereview.vn myad.vn 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 muachung.vn mhbs.vn vccorp.vn vtcgame.vn vnn.vn meme.vn cafef.vn suckhoedoisong.vn vtv.vn pub.vn gamek.vn 360game.vn digipower.vn iss.edu.vn kiemhiep.com.vn thienkim.vn 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 PAVIETNAM Mat Bao FPT Nhan Hoa VDC GMO RUNSYSTEM ESC iNET GLTEC NETNAM HI-TEK SPT | 41 Netname Percentage Ranking Domain Ranking Domain
  23. 23. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 6. “.VN” ACCREDITED REGISTRAR SYSTEM By Oct 2014, there are 17 “.vn” accredited registrars (06 oversea registrars). Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 6.1 Market share of registrars PA Vietnam FPT Mat Bao EuroDNS Instra ESC Hi-tek VDC Figure 29: Market share by registrar Qinetics NetNam GLTEC iNET GMO RUNSYSTEM Registrar Percentage Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 42 | Table 21: Market share by registrar Nhan Hoa SPT IP Mirror InterNetX | 43 PA Vietnam FPT Mat Bao VDC Hi-tek ESC Nhan Hoa GMO RUNSYSTEM iNET GLTEC NetNam SPT Qinetics EuroDNS Instra IP Mirror InterNetX 25.79% 20.24% 19.83% 7.47% 4.02% 3.99% 3.89% 3.87% 3.63% 2.28% 1.81% 1.00% 0.75% 0.54% 0.52% 0.20% 0.19%
  24. 24. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 6.2 Market share of registrars in the northern region EuroDNS ESC GLTEC iNET GMO RUNSYSTEM Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 6.3 Market share of registrars in the middle region Instra InterNetX IP Mirror EuroDNS Hi-tek SPT GMO RUNSYSTEM Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 44 | IP Mirror Instra SPT Hi-tek NetNam Qinetics InterNetX FPT PA Vietnam Mat Bao VDC Nhan Hoa Figure 30: Market share in the northern region, by registrar Table 22: Market share in the northern region, by registrar Table 23: Market share in the middle region, by registrar GLTEC Qinetics VDC PA Vietnam FPT Mat Bao ESC iNET Nhan Hoa NetNam Figure 31: Market share in the middle region, by registrar | 45 Registrar Percentage Registrar Percentage 25.08% 21.14% 16.44% 8.32% 6.69% 4.85% 4.80% 4.52% 3.47% 2.18% 1.49% 0.98% 0.02% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% FPT PA Vietnam Mat Bao VDC Nhan Hoa GMO RUNSYSTEM iNET GLTEC ESC NetNam Hi-tek SPT Instra IP Mirror Qinetics EuroDNS InterNetX VDC PA Vietnam FPT Mat Bao GMO RUNSYSTEM ESC iNET Nhan Hoa NetNam GLTEC SPT Hi-tek EuroDNS IP Mirror InterNetX Qinetics Instra 23.96% 23.26% 17.86% 16.87% 5.46% 4.38% 2.55% 1.97% 1.10% 0.94% 0.89% 0.63% 0.10% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01%
  25. 25. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 6.4 Market share of registrars in the southern region iNET ESC Registrar Percentage PA Vietnam Mat Bao FPT VDC ESC iNET Nhan Hoa GMO RUNSYSTEM NetNam SPT GLTEC Hi-tek Instra Qinetics IP Mirror EuroDNS InterNetX 34.03% 26.18% 18.27% 5.37% 4.74% 3.14% 2.11% 2.10% 1.73% 1.16% 0.58% 0.56% 0.01% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAME (IDN.VN) Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn ASCII “.VN” COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAIN II 46 | IP Mirror Qinetics Hi-tek GLTEC SPT Instra InterNetX EuroDNS PA Vietnam Mat Bao FPT VDC NetNam GMO RUNSYSTEM Nhan Hoa Figure 32: Market share in the southern region, by registrar Table 24: Market share in the southern region, by registrar REGISTRATIONS: GROWTH RATE: RANKING: 1,015,701 6,73% 1st world | 47
  26. 26. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Date registrations Growth rate Organization 24.17% Individual 75.83% Middle 29.77% Total Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1. VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAME (IDN .VN) GROWTH IDN.VN development progress was associated with VNNIC research project on the application of Vietnamese language in domain name system in order to promote the Vietnamese language on the Internet. IDN.VN did not really attract users in its initial period. From the official launch in March 2007 to the end of December 2010, only 3,532 IDN.VN domain name was registered. The free of charge registration period starting from Apr 28th 2011 marked a booming registration period. Within 04 months from Apr 28th 2011 to Aug 2011, the number of registered IDN.VN domain names reached 360,357 which doubled the amount of ASCII “.vn” ccTLDs registered in the previous 11 years. By Sep 2014, there were 1,015,701 IDN.VN registered in the system. According to the World Report on Internationalised Domain Names 2014 published by EURid, this milestone of 1 million IDN.VN marked the örst ranking position of Vietnam with the largest number of IDN registrations, reøecting the interest and anticipation of the public, as well as the potential development of IDN.VN. 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 Feb-2012 Apr-2012 Jun-2012 Aug-2012 Dec-2013 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAME (IDN .VN) III 48 | Total Date registrations Growth rate May-2011 Jun-2011 Aug-2011 Oct-2011 Dec-2011 Feb-2012 Apr-2012 Jun-2012 Aug-2012 Oct-2012 Dec-2012 98,279 237,688 355,000 436,062 553,831 675,402 737,704 791,392 814,428 835,872 872,755 100% 241.85% 149.36% 122.83% 127.01% 121.95% 109.22% 107.28% 102.91% 102.63% 104.41% Feb-2013 Apr-2013 Jun-2013 Aug-2013 Oct-2013 Dec-2013 Feb-2014 Apr-2014 Jun-2014 Aug-2014 Oct-2014 882,816 897,298 912,622 928,063 940,292 951,613 960,428 972,720 996,355 1,008,514 1,015,701 101.15% 101.64% 101.71% 101.69% 101.32% 101.20% 100.93% 101.28% 102.43% 101.22% 100.71% Figure 33: IDN.VN growth 200,000 Dec-2012 May-2011 Jun-2011 Aug-2011 Oct-2011 Dec-2011 Oct-2012 Feb-2013 Apr-2013 Jun-2013 Aug-2013 Oct-2013 Aug-2014 Oct-2014 Feb-2014 Apr-2014 Jun-2014 300% 250% 200% 150% 100% 50% 0% Number of IDN.VN domain names Growht rate IDN.VN Growth rate Table 25: IDN.VN growth 2. IDN.VN BREAKDOWN 2.1 IDN.VN breakdown by registrant Figure 34: IDN .VN breakdown by registrant 2.2 IDN.VN breakdown by geographical area South 30.23% North 39.31% Overseas 0.68% Figure 35: IDN .VN breakdown by geographical area | 49
  27. 27. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Ranking Domain Ranking Domain Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3. IDN.VN SERVICE USAGE 3.1 Service breakdown DNS Delegation DNS Hosting Figure 36: IDN.VN service usage breakdown Service Percentage There are currently 4 types of services freely provided for IDN.VN: web redirect, web template, DNS hosting and Delegating DNS. However, the service usage rate of IDN.VN was about 16% of the total number of registered domain names. 3.2 Service usage breakdown by geographical area DNS Delegation DNS Hosting Web Template Web Redirect 45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 North Middle South Overseas Service DNS Delegation DNS Hosting Web Template Web Redirect North 66 12,624 26,216 40,706 Middle South Overseas 14 9,246 11,831 10,771 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VIETNAMESE INTERNATIONALIZED DOMAIN NAME (IDN .VN) III 50 | 26 16,082 12,064 25,664 Table 27: IDN .VN service usage breakdown by geographical area 0 20 291 1,174 DNS Delegation DNS Hosting Web Template Web Redirect No service 0.01% 3.74% 4.96% 7.71% 83.58% Web Template Web Redirect No service Figure 37: IDN .VN service usage breakdown by geographical area 4. TOP 50 IDN “.VN” MOST QUERIED IN 2014 Table 28: Top 50 IDN.VN most queried in 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 chốngthươngtích.vn mâmcơmgiađình.vn thegioiváyxinh.vn lào-vn.vn thủyhảisảnhảiphượng.vn ẩmthựcnướcngoài.vn phongthủytoday.vn việtnamonline.vn kemđánhrăngsố1.vn avănphòngchothuê.vn sứckhỏevàgiađình.vn kỹthuậtôtô247.vn mêháthò.vn họclàmhandmade.vn mónăntứphương.vn ảnhđẹppro.vn emvôtâm.vn sáchnóihay.vn thợsửakhóa.vn họcláixehơi.vn vé-máy-bay-giá-rẻ-đi-hà-nội.vn gócnvt.vn ănmóngì.vn bậtlửađộc.vn vănhóaphậtgiáo.vn 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 chuyênhóanguyễnvăntú.vn nhậphội.vn trẻkhỏexinhđẹp.vn rẻnè.vn tròchơitrítuệviệt.vn vănhóađôngdương.vn thíchháthò.vn anviênonline.vn 1001loàihoa.vn việtnamnews.vn kemđánhrăngtốt.vn truyềnhìnhkplusonline.vn kiếnanvinh.vn đăngkýbảohiểm.vn rẻchưa.vn cổphiếulướtsóng.vn báo-tin-tức.vn nétx.vn bóngđáhd.vn nồicơmđiệncuckoohànquốc.vn đoànthptlehongphong.vn ẩmthựchảisản.vn rẻquátrờiơi.vn lêđìnhcảnh.vn quầnngốchobéyêu.vn | 51 Table 26: IDN.VN service usage breakdown
  28. 28. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 52 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM | 53 International domain names are domain names under the generic top – level domain (gTLD) and country code top – level domain names (ccTLD) other than the Vietnam ccTLD “.vn”. This section of the report analyzes the indicators relating to the breakdown and usage of international domain names by Internet users in Vietnam. The analysis was based on the statistics of international domain queries through domain name system servers managed by VNNIC (“.vn” DNS servers and DNS Cache).
  29. 29. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Extension Total queries Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1. INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAME USAGE IN VIETNAM. Based on the analysis of data collected from the domain name system servers managed by VNNIC in 2014, the information related to the usage of international domain names by Internet users in Vietnam can be seen as follows: 1.1 International domain name breakdown 1.1.1 gTLDs vs ccTLDs (not “.vn”) .edu .pro .mobi Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM IV 54 | Figure 38: gTLDs vs ccTLDs (not “.vn”) Domain gTLD Other ccTLDs Percentage 69.87% 30.13% 1.1.2 gTLD queries breakdown by extension “.com” domain names dominated the number of queries with about 80.45%, followed by “.net”, “.org”, “.info”, “.biz”. In 2014, new gTLDs like “.xyz”, “.berlin”…were officially introduced to the domain market and widely promoted to users. However, the percentage of queries of those gTLDs in Vietnam was unnoticeable. 1.1.3 Top 20 ccTLDs most queried in Vietnam Country ccTLD Number of queries 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Russia Germany United States Australia Netherlands Poland Italy Canada China Brazil .ru .de .us .au .nl .pl .it .ca .cn .br 713,970 492,634 407,849 248,764 238,181 233,937 229,755 184,317 183,880 173,759 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 France England Switzerland European Union Denmark Colombia Kazakhstan Czech Republic Sweden Romania .fr .uk .ch .eu .dk .co .kz .cz .se .ro 137,573 133,867 117,935 100,609 96,442 91,339 86,673 86,472 81,754 80,939 Table 31: Top 20 ccTLDs (not “.vn”) queried in Vietnam Other ccTLDs gTLD Table 29: gTLDs vs ccTLDs (not “.vn”) Figure 39: gTLD queries by extension Table 30: gTLD queries by extension .com .net .org .biz .xxx .gov .asia .name .cat .int .mil .coop .travel .aero .info Other Extension Total queries .com .net .org .info .biz .edu .pro .mobi .xxx 80.45% 8.42% 6.97% 2.22% 1.36% 0.11% 0.09% 0.09% 0.07% .gov .asia .name .cat .int .mil .coop .travel .aero 0.05% 0.05% 0.05% 0.03% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 69.87% 30.13% Number of ccTLD queries Ranking Ranking Country | 55
  30. 30. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Ranking Ranking Domain Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 1.2 Average length of gTLDs queried in Vietnam .com .info .jobs .mobi .museum Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM IV 56 | .org .pro Figure 40: Average length of gTLDs queried in Vietnam Extension Average length 7.16 9.38 11.01 9.28 11.54 8.40 7.44 8.44 10.70 8.65 11.44 .aero .asia .biz .cat .com .coop .edu .gov .info .int .jobs 9.12 9.06 12.11 7.97 10.24 11.41 4.84 11.44 8.66 8.18 12.30 .mil .mobi .museum .name .net .org .post .pro .tel .travel .xxx 1.3 Top 50 gTLDs most queried in 2014 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 .aero .asia .biz .cat .coop .edu .gov .int .mil .name .net .post .xxx .tel .travel Table 32: Average length of gTLDs queried in Vietnam Table 33: Top 50 gTLDs most queried in 2014 Extension Average length Domain 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 google.com akamaihd.net facebook.com akamai.net amazonaws.com yahoo.com akadns.net apple.com gstatic.com doubleclick.net cloudfront.net kaspersky.com youtube.com vnexpress.net twitter.com googleapis.com googlevideo.com microsoft.com google-analytics.com cloudapp.net dyndns.org googlesyndication.com isc.org kaspersky-labs.com facebook.net 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 live.com he.net vlingo.com addthis.com googleadservices.com øurry.com serving-sys.com aol.com scorecardresearch.com tplink.com hotmail.com msftncsi.com haivl.com fastly.net adobe.com appads.com yahooapis.com garenanow.com msn.com admob.com avast.com gmail.com gameloft.com spamhaus.org skype.net | 57
  31. 31. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 .cat .name Extension Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2. RATIO OF SERVICE USAGE AND SERVICE PROVISION FOR INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES IN VIETNAM 2.1 Service usage of international domain name 2.1.1 Web Hosting For all international domain name queried to the domain name system servers managed by VNNIC, 69.28 % domain names had active websites. Among those domains, 4.67% had Web Hosting in Vietnam and 95.33% had Web Hosting overseas. Comparatively, “.vn” domain names (70.9% having active websites, with 82.95% domestic IP Web hosting and 17.05% overseas IP Web Hosting) had the higher rate of using foreign providers for services than the rate of using domestic providers for services of international domain. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM IV 58 | Domain with website Domain without website Domains with Web Hosting in Vietnam Domains with Web Hosting abroad 4.67% 95.33% Table 34: International domain name with active websites Regarding the extensions, “.com” domain names had the most queries with 79.58%, followed by “.net”, “.org” and “.edu” Table 35: gTLDs with active websites most queried, by extension Domain without website 30.73% Domain with website 69.28% Web Hosting with domestic IP Web Hosting with overseas IP .com .net .org .info other .biz .mobi .gov .asia .pro .xxx .coop .travel .edu .jobs .aero .tel Figure 41: International domain name with active websites Figure 42: gTLDs with active websites most queried, by extension Extension Percentage 79.58% 9.19% 8.12% 1.31% 0.69% 0.61% 0.17% 0.09% .com .net .org .info .edu .biz .mobi .gov 0.08% 0.07% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.01% 0.01% .pro .asia .xxx .name .cat .coop .travel Regarding the web hosting service in Vietnam for international domain names, 23.71% of the websites had IP addresses in the blocks allocated to VNPT, followed by FPT (19%), P.A Vietnam (14.22%) and ODS (12.9%). | 59 Percentage 69.28% 30,72%
  32. 32. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Registrar Percentage Ranking Registrar Percentage Feb-2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Table 36: Top 20 VNNIC IP members with most web hosting service for international domain name Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM IV 60 | Ranking Netname Percentage 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 VNPT-VN FPT-VN PAVIETNAM-VN ODS-VN VTDC-VN NHANHOA-VN QTSC-VN CMCTELECOM-VN SUPERDATA-VN VDATA-VN 23.71% 19.00% 14.22% 12.90% 4.49% 4.46% 3.46% 2.48% 2.23% 2.11% 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 VIETEL-VN NETNAM-VN GDS-VN NEWLIFE-VN HANELCOM-VN DTS-VN CMCTI-VN FIBO-VN SPT-VN VHOST-VN 1.79% 1.63% 1.37% 1.04% 0.95% 0.70% 0.61% 0.41% 0.41% 0.36% 2.1.2 DNS Hosting Of all the international domain names queried to the domain name system servers managed by VNNIC, 3.39% used domestic DNS Hosting; 96.61% used overseas DNS Hosting. Among those using domestic DNS Hosting, 73.92% used the service provided by the “.vn” Registrars. Figure 43: International domain names with DNS Hosting The three Registrars with the most DNS hosting services for international domain name were PA Vietnam (35.35%), Mat Bao (18.59%) and FPT (9%). 2.2 Growth of domestic service provision for international domain names Statistics showed that there was a minor increase in the cummulative number of international domain names using services in Vietnam in 2014. 75000 60000 45000 Date Number of domains Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 72,546 73,322 73,501 73,633 73,726 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 73,840 73,901 73,950 73,995 74,041 Jan-2014 Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul/2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 DNS Hosting with overseas IP DNS Hosting with domestic IP DNS Hosting at ".vn" Registrars DNSHosting khác Table 37: International domain names with DNS Hosting Figure 44: Growth of domestic service provision for international domain names in 2014 Table 39: Growth of domestic service provision for international domain names in 2014 Ranking Netname Percentage Table 38: DNS Hosting service provided by “.vn” registrars Date Number of domains Ranking 1 2 3 4 5 6 PAVIETNAM MATBAO FPT ESC GMO RUNSYSTEM NHANHOA 35.35% 18.59% 9.00% 3.19% 3.03% 2.28% 7 8 9 10 11 12 VDC GLTEC NETNAM HI-TEK SPT iNET 1.28% 0.46% 0.41% 0.30% 0.03% 0.01% | 61 30000 Domains with DNS Hosting in Vietnam Domains with DNS Hosting abroad DNS Hosting at “.vn” registrars DNSHosting Other 73.92% 26.08% 3.39% 96.61%
  33. 33. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2.3. gTLDs with most services .travel .xxx .org .name .pro Extension Percentage Extension Percentage Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNATIONAL DOMAIN NAMES USED IN VIETNAM IV 62 | .asia .mobi .biz Figure 45: gTLDs with most domestic services, by extension 2.4 Top 50 international domain names with domestic services (Web Hosting, DNS Hosting) most queried in 2014. Ranking Domain vnexpress.net haivl.com baomoi.com coccoc.com linkhay.com vietid.net polyad.net banbe.net lavanetwork.net ngoisao.net nhaccuatui.com webtretho.com vienthongso.com doisongphapluat.com phamngulaoedu.net zaloapp.com timviecnhanh.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 hdcaphe.com khotai.info tnhcomputer.com upanh.com phimnhanh.net vatgia.com vnsharing.net zoophim.net bkav.com nhacso.net fpt.net hdviet.com phimvang.org appvl.com rongbay.com vechai.info sinhvienit.net 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 yeutretho.com giatoyota.com blogtruyen.com nhanhoa.com enbac.com digipowerdns.com vietgiaitri.com vuongquocgame.com gamevui.com truongton.net bongdaso.com phim3s.net vietzdn.com xemphimso.com mu1vn.net matbao.com 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) .com .net .info Table 40: gTLDs with most domestic services, by extension Table 41: Top 50 international domain names with domestic services (Web hosting, DNS hosting) most queried in 2014 Extension Percentage .com .net .org .info 75.56% 14.72% 3.93% 3.18% 0.99% 0.86% 0.42% 0.30% .biz .mobi .asia .pro .name .xxx .travel 0.03% 0.01% 0.01% Domain Domain | 63 Ranking Ranking THE NUMBER OF IPv4: RANKING: THE NUMBER OF IPv6: 15,627,008 th th th 02 Asean 08 Asia 26 over the world 85,900,918,784/64 THE NUMBER OF IP MEMBERS: 186
  34. 34. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 In the early stages of the Internet in Vietnam, the Department General of Post and Telecommunications (DGPT), the predecessor of Ministry of Information and Communications, was the government authority in charge of the management and operation of Internet number delegations and registrations in Vietnam. At that time, Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group (VNPT) was authorized by DGPT to apply the Internet resource request to APNIC and redelegate to other Vietnamese ISPs. After VNNIC was established on April 28th, 2000, VNNIC took over the function of managing Internet number resources and ASN in Vietnam. On July 31st, 2003, VNNIC was recognized by APNIC as the National Internet Registry (NIR) of Vietnam. NIR, as a special member of APNIC, performes Internet number delegations and registrations in line with APNIC policy, to serve its respective Internet communities in the country. During its history, VNNIC has strengthened the NIR role with the functions of managing, allocating, supervising and promoting the use of Internet numbers in Vietnam, and always served for the interest of the community in Vietnam, which was reøected by the increasing number of addresses and VNNIC members all the time. 1. IPV4 ADDRESS 1.1 IPv4 address growth over the years 18000000 16000000 14000000 12000000 10000000 8000000 6000000 4000000 15,516,416 6,624,000 6,774,272 3,839,232 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) V 64 | Figure 46: IPv4 address growth over year Since VNNIC was established and later became a NIR of Vietnam, the number of IPv4 addresses in Vietnam grew signiöcantly, especially from 2006 to 2010. At the moment VNNIC took over the management of Internet number from VNPT, number of IPv4 addresses was 16.896 addresses. Then, the number of IPv4 addresses reached 1 million addresses in 2007, 10 million addresses in 2010 and approximately 15.5 million addresses when APNIC announced its IPv4 exhaustion in 2011. 1.2 Vietnam's rank of the number of IPv4 addresses in the Asia Region and in the world By October 2014, the number of IPv4 addresses in Vietnam was 15.627.008. Vietnam continued to rank the second in the ASEAN, the 8th in Asia and the 26th in the world in terms of IPv4 addresses. 2000000 0 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 15,587,072 2011 2012 2013 Oct/2013 16,896 456,704 775,680 824,320 12,605,440 15,564,544 15,627,008 No. Economy Number of IPv4 addresses % of IPv4 space /32s per user United States China Japan United Kingdom Germany Korea France Canada Brazin Italy Australia Netherlands Russia India Taiwan Sweden Spain Mexico South Africa Switzerland Poland Argentina Indonesia Colombia Turkey Vietnam 1,597,047,168 331,589,888 202,579,712 123,692,584 119,112,896 112,309,248 96,083,504 81,229,312 80,824,064 53,336,896 48,239,616 45,830,624 45,482,752 36,128,000 35,459,840 29,716,904 28,807,488 28,776,704 26,416,640 21,669,560 20,500,328 18,775,808 17,636,864 17,249,792 16,264,448 15,627,008 37.18% 7.72% 4.72% 2.88% 2.77% 2.61% 2.24% 1.89% 1.88% 1.24% 1.12% 1.07% 1.06% 0.84% 0.83% 0.69% 0.67% 0.67% 0.62% 0.50% 0.48% 0.44% 0.41% 0.40% 0.38% 0.36% 4.94 0.238 1.595 1.945 1.442 2.265 1.484 2.28 0.399 0.872 2.033 2.725 0.319 0.028 1.515 3.079 0.611 0.232 0.496 2.649 0.536 0.448 0.07 0.351 0.214 0.168 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. | 65
  35. 35. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 VNNIC IP members category 9% Education, Training Government authorities Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 15,485,616 13,620,224 12,670,824 12,137,472 No. Country Number of IPv4 0.36% 0.32% 0.30% 0.28% The number of VNNIC members increased signiöcantly, especially from 2008 to now, approximately 24 new members per year. In the örst 10 months of 2014, there were 31 new IP members. The total number of VNNIC IP members reached 186, which showed the high demand for IP addresses despite the IPv4 exhaustion. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) V 66 | addreses 1 2 3 4 5 6 Indonesia Vietnam Thailand Malaysia Singapore Philippines 17,636,864 15,627,008 8,622,336 6,581,504 5,954,816 5,391,872 7 8 9 10 11 Cambodia Brunei Laos Myanmar Timor-Leste 248,576 199,168 60,928 33,792 6,144 1.3 VNNIC IP Members growth Figure 46: Growth of VNNIC IP members (2003 – 2014) 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Oct-2014 6 10 13 18 25 31 54 73 102 127 155 186 VNNIC IP members 1.4 VNNIC IP members by category Figure 48: VNNIC IP Members by category 41% 24% 22% 4% Bank, Finance, Stock Telecommunication companies Others The demand of Internet number resources increased signiöcantly as the Internet expanded. There were more and more organizations with independent networks. In 2014, on the same trend as the previous years, ICT Enterprises members only accounted for 41% of the total number of VNNIC members, but had about 98% of IPv4 addreses in Vietnam. 2. AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) In July, 2014, VNNIC was delegated 40 two-byte ASNs by APNIC. The number of ASNs allocated to Vietnam were 266, including 156 two-byte and 110 four-byte ASNs. As of October, 2014, VNNIC allocated 22 four-byte ASNs and 1 two-byte ASN to its member.The total number of ASNs VNNIC allocated to members reached 181, including 83 4-byte ASNs. No. Country Number of IPv4 addreses | 67 Table 42: Rank of country (economy) for the number of IPv4 in the world (source: http://resources.potaroo.net) 3.032 2.499 2.244 0.561 Norway Finland Denmark Romania 27. 28. 29. 30. Table 43: Rank of country (economy) for the number of IPv4 in ASEAN (source: http://resources.potaroo.net)
  36. 36. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.3 Number of IPv6 addresses in Vietnam over the years 2 2004 2 2 2005 2006 Block/48 23 Block/32 24 4 2007 17 17 18 10 10 2008 2009 12 2010 19 15 2011 21 17 18 2012 2013 30 25 20 15 10 0 20 Jan... Figure 49: Number of IPv6 addresses in Vietnam over the years Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3. IPv6 ADDRESS PROMOTION IN VIETNAM 3.1 IPv6 promotion policies in Vietnam The Government has taken an active role in the promotion activities of IPv6 deployment in Vietnam 3.2 IPv6 promotion events in 2014 Sep 30th 2014 VNNIC and Department of Information and Communications of Can Tho City Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) V 68 | organized a training course on IPv6 to IT officers in Can Tho City. May 30th 2014 May 06th 2014 Mar 21st 2014 Mar 19th 2014 VNIPv6TF delegation visited Japan to attend the training course on the IPv6 Ready Logo Certiöcation Program at the Institute of Japanese Telecommunications Equipment (JATE). VNNIC organized the conference "IPv6 Showcase" on Vietnam IPv6 Day 2014, including a training course on IPv6 programming VNNIC organized the conference "IPv6 Showcase" on Vietnam IPv6 Day 2014, including a training course on IPv6 programming named "Certiöed Network Programmer CNP6” VNNIC coordinated with Quang Trung Software City (QTSC) to organize the conference about IPv6 deployment of software production enterprises VNNIC organized the international conference on promoting and encouraging the deployment of IPv6 for SMEs among ASEAN region In 2004, the örst IPv6 block was allocated by APNIC to Vietnam. There was an explosive increase in the number of IPv6 addresses in 2008 after the Minister of Information and Telecommunications issued Directive No.03/2008/CT-BTTTT on IPv6 deployment and promotion in Vietnam on May 6th, 2008. Number of IPv6 addresses grew stably to reach 20 /32 blocks and 24 /48 blocks as of October, 2014. Almost all major ISPs in Vietnam were allocated IPv6 addresses. 3.4 IPv6 penetration in Vietnam in 2014 In order to measure IPv6 deployment and readiness, there are some basic data, including: IPv6 Preöx in BGP, IPv6 ASN in BGP… and one of the most important data is IPv6 users. | 69 The Minister of Information and Telecommunic ations issued Directive No. 03/2008/CT-BTTTT on IPv6 deployment and promotion in Vietnam 15/07 2013 29/03 2011 19/07 2010 06/01 2009 06/05 2008 The National IPv6 Task Force was established in Vietnam The Prime Minister signed Decision No. 49/2010/QD-TTg to approve the list of high technologies prioritized for development investment and the list of hi-tech products eligible for development promotion, in which IPv6 was indentiöed as a priority. The Minister of Information and Communications issued Vietnam National IPv6 Action Plan The Government issued Decree No.72/2013/ND-CP on the management, provision and use of Internet services and online information, in which IPv6 promotion was concentrated in a dedicated Article. 20/10 2014 The Government issued Decree No.72/2013/ND-CP on the management, provision and use of Internet services and online information, in which IPv6 promotion was concentrated in a dedicated Article.
  37. 37. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Aug-2014 Figure 52: Percent of IPv6 capable combination in 2014 (Source: APNIC IPv6 Lab) 3.60% 5.30% 11.20% 13.45% 17,90% 18.20% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Feb-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Feb-2014 Mar-2014 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Jan-2014 Aug-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Sep-2014 Figure 51: ASN with IPv6 advetisement of Vietnam in 2014 (Source: APNIC) Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn INTERNET ADDRESS (IP) & AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBER (ASN) V 70 | Figure 50: IPv6 preöx in BGP in 2014 (Source: APNIC) Jan-2014 Mar-2014 Apr-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 MY VN TH JP In 2014, the number of IPv6 preöxes of Vietnam in BGP grew slightly and kept stably around 60 preöxes from July to now, which was considered as the initial result of IPv6 deployment promotion in Vietnam. Oct-2014 VN CN MY JP Similarly to the IPv6 preöx, the number of ASN with IPv6 advetisement of Vietnam IPv6 preöxes of Vietnam in BGP grew slightly and kept stably around 20 ASNs. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Mar-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 0 0 VN CN MY JP TH There were positive evidences of the IPv6 deployment in Vietnam via the data of IPv6 preöx and IPv6 ASN in BGP. However, there was not much change about the data of IPv6 users in Vietnam over the years. According to Google statistics, the percentage of users that access Google over IPv6 was approximately 5%. However, for Vietnam, this percentage was unnoticable. According to APNIC Lab statistics, the percentage of IPv6 penetration in Vietnam is about 0.07% during 10 months of 2014, while Japan got (7%), Malaysia (5%), China (2%) and Thailand (0.5%) on October, 2014. Although most Vietnamese ISPs were IPv6-ready in their core networks, IPv6 is not available at access network level. It is important for Vietnam to deploy IPv6, especially promote IPv6 readiness for end users in the future. 20.00% 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 1.25% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 20.00% Figure 53: Number of AAAA (IPv6) record queries through VNNIC's DNS over the years | 71
  38. 38. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 72 | Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn “.VN” DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) | 73
  39. 39. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Oct/... gTLDs 56.66% “.vn”ccTLD 43.34% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 “.VN” DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) The “.vn” DNS includes 07 clusters (05 domestic and 02 oversea) with more than 70 sites all over the world, supporting the latest technologies such as Anycast load balancing, IPv6. “.vn” domain name queries from users all over the world can be served very fast through the nearest DNS server in the system. VNNIC deployed a domestic IPv6 DNS cluster, together with 02 IPv6 oversea clusters, so that Internet users can query “.vn” safely, stably and fast on both IPv4 and IPv6 networks. Furthermore, 02 caching DNS server was implemented to support the Internet access and quality of “.vn” and gTLD services. Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn “.VN” DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) VI 74 | Figure 54: Distribution of “.vn”DNS servers 1. DNSSEC DEPLOYMENT MASTER PLAN FOR ".VN" DNS IN VIETNAM On Oct 23rd 2014, the Minister of Information and Communications signed the Decision No.1524/QD-BTTTT to approve the project of DNSSEC deployment for the “.vn” DNS. The deployment plan for DNSSEC includes 3 phases: Ÿ Phase 1: Preparation (2015): Develop a plan and prepare the necessary conditions for communications, human resources, technical and önancial resources to deploy DNSSEC standards for DNS server at the governmental agencies, organizations and businesses. Ÿ Phase 2: Implementation (2016): Officially implementing DNSSEC speciöcations on the ".vn" DNS in Vietnam; upgrading DNS of ISPs, “.vn” registrars, governmental agencies to test connection to the DNS in Vietnam with DNSSEC. Ÿ Phase 3: Accomplishment (2017): Complete and upgrade the ".vn" DNS in Vietnam and “.vn” management system with DNSSEC standards to meet the needs of Internet development in Vietnam; ISPs, “.vn” registrars, governmental agencies officially implement DNS system with DNSSEC, providing “.vn” query services with DNSSEC speciöcations for Internet users in Vietnam. 2. DNS QUERY STATISTICS 2.1 Number of queries By the end of Oct 2014, the number of queries to the national “.vn” DNS reached 96,220,887,371. Figure 55: Number of queries to the national “.vn” DNS 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Billions 2.2 Number of “.vn” vs international domain name queries Figure 56: ”.vn” vs international domain queries (Oct 2014). | 75
  40. 40. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 2.3 “.vn” queries breakdown by extension: other net name.vn pro.vn biz.vn ac.vn health.vn int.vn Provinces info.vn org.vn net.vn org Info Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn “.VN” DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) VI 76 | Extension Percentage vn 68.65% com.vn 23.33% edu.vn 3.49% gov.vn 1.74% net.vn 1.30% org.vn 0.77% Provinces 0.29% info.vn name.vn pro.vn biz.vn ac.vn health.vn int.vn 0.18% 0.09% 0.06% 0.06% 0.05% 0.01% 0.00% Figure 57: “.vn” queries breakdown by extension 2.4 gTLD queries breakdown by extension Figure 58: gTLD queries breakdown by extension gTLD Percentage 49.14% 20.99% 19.22% 7.78% 2.08% 0.74% 0.06% com other net biz org Info edu com biz edu vn com.vn edu.vn gov.vn VIETNAM NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE – VNIX | 77 Table 44: “.vn” queries breakdown by extension Table 45: gTLD queries breakdown by extension Internet Exchange Point (IX) is a physical infrastructure through which independent networks exchange Internet traffic, and plays a crucial role for the development of Internet. In the early 2000s, the Internet in Vietnam was limited, with high cost and low traffic, low international bandwidth and insufficient direct connections among domestic ISPs. Vietnam National Internet Exchange (VNIX) was established in Nov 2003 to develop, enhance and improve the quality of Internet in Vietnam. Throughout the development, VNIX has been contributing greatly to the growth of Internet in Vietnam, by suppor ting domestic ISPs with multilateral and bilateral connections, reducing cost and operation fees for service providers. On 15th July 2013, the Prime Minister promulgated the Decree No. 72/2013/ND-CP on management, provision and use of Internet services and Internet information, in which VNIX was conörmed with missions of supporting domestic ISPs in providing Internet services; giving convenience for ISPs to participate in interconnection agreements, especially in multilateral agreements and connections to international IXs.
  41. 41. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Table 46: VNIX’s members Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VIETNAM NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE – VNIX VII 1. VNIX EXCHANGE POINT VNIX is deployed at 03 major sites in Hanoi, Danang, and Hochiminh City. There was 41% of total bandwidth via Hanoi IX, 55% via Hochiminh IX and 4% via Danang IX. Figure 59: VNIX Exchange Points in Vietnam 2. VNIX MEMBERS There are 17 members (ISPs) connecting to VNIX points in Hanoi, Danang and Hochiminh city with minimum 1Gbps connection. There are quite many members with 10Gbps ports, for example: VDC - 31 Gbps (three 10Gbps ports and one 1Gbps port), Viettel - 32 Gbps (three 10Gbps ports and two 1Gbps ports). Figure 60: VNIX’s members No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Member VNIX Point Bandwidth VDC FPT Telecom VIETTEL SPT HTC ODS VTC Intecom VinaData GDS NetNam CMC TI NewLife VTN SCTV MOBIFONE Global DTS VNTT Hanoi, Danang, HCM city Hanoi, HCM city Hanoi, Danang, HCM city Hanoi, Danang, HCM city Hanoi, HCM city HCM city Hanoi, HCM city Hanoi, HCM city Hanoi Hanoi, HCM city Hanoi, Danang, HCM city HCM city Hanoi, HCM city HCM city Hanoi, HCM city HCM city HCM city 31 Gbps 2 Gbps 32 Gbps 4 Gbps 2 Gbps 1 Gbps 11 Gbps 11 Gbps 2 Gbps 3 Gbps 21 Gbps 1 Gbps 12 Gbps 2 Gbps 2 Gbps 1 Gbps 1 Gbps 78 | | 79
  42. 42. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3. VNIX GROWTH 3.1 VNIX members 2008 3.2 Connection bandwidth VNIX connection bandwidth increased over the years and reached the highest number of 27,240 Gbps on October 30th 2014. HN HCM ĐN 2012 2013 2014 Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VIETNAM NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE – VNIX VII 80 | Figure 61: Number of VNIX members (2003 – 2014) 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2014 2 4 5 5 6 6 9 13 14 15 16 17 Figure 62: VNIX Maximum bandwidth (2012 – 2014) 500 14470 12520 12270 7430 23.25 6750 5070 3.3 VNIX traffic As of October, 2014, ISPs have connected and exchanged 252,050 TB (Terabyte) via VNIX. In 2014, the weekly average traffic volume was 1,400,000 GB (Gigabyte). Traffic exchanged over VNIX in 2014 increased more than 3.5 times higher than in 2013. Figure 63: IPv4 traffic exchanged over VNIX (GB) In April, 2013, VNIX cooperated with ISPs to connected and exchanged IPv6 traffic through VNIX. From that time on, the IPv4/IPv6 dual stack started to be applied on Vietnam's Internet, after major ISPs were ready for the services and equipment on IPv6 basis. 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 4/2013 2/2014 5/2013 3/2014 6/2013 4/2014 7/2013 5/2014 8/2013 6/2014 9/2013 7/2014 10/2013 8/2014 11/2013 9/2014 12/2013 10/2014 1/2014 250000000 200000000 150000000 100000000 50000000 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Figure 64: VNIX connection bandwidth via IPv6 (GB) | 81
  43. 43. REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 5x1 Gbps Figure 67: VNIX connection ports Percentage of VNIX's members in number of IP advertised (/24 unit for IPv4, /64 unit for IPv6) is as follow: 2.58% 0.18% 0.12%0.04% 0.04% 1.54% 0.10% 18.54% 41.09% 18.04% 12.19% VDC FPT HTC Netnam CMCTI Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn REPORT ON VIETNAM INTERNET RESOURCES 2014 3.4 Inbound/ Outbound traffic There were differences between the volume of download and upload traffic of VNIX members. The Outbound traffic illustrated data download, while the Inbound traffic illustrated.Members with most traffic were ISPs with content services and high volume of customer. 0.00% 1.66% 0.06% 2.70% 0.09% 0.27% 0.73% 12.96% 0.08%3.01% 0.43% 0.00% Copyright by Vietnam Internet Network Information Center | www.vnnic.vn VIETNAM NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE – VNIX VII 82 | Figure 65: VNIX inbound traffic in 2014 Figure 66: VNIX outbound traffic in 2014 3.50% 1.20% 3.53% 0.78% 1.52% 0.35% 12.0% 38.23% 15.26% 2.85% 0.24% 0.46% 1.17% 0.05% 2.64% 0.69% 5.37% 2.95% 0.10% 3.5 Connection bandwidth via port: Since 2008, VNIX has been supporting high-speed Internet connectivity line (10Bbps). ISPs also started to adopt this high connection technology in order to meet the demand for VNIX traffic. Currently, number of high speed connection ( 10Gbps ports) was higher than that of low speed one (1Gbps ports). 5x10 Gbps 6x10 Gbps 7x1 Gbps 15x1 Gbps HN ĐN Tp.HCM 4. Routing on VNIX VNIX supports routing activities and traffic exchanges among Internet service providers in Vietnam. Other organizations with independent networks also can connect to VNIX. The number of /24 IPv4 blocks and /64 IPv6 blocks announced via VNIX of a member depends on their number of addresses and customers. Therefore, number of /24 IPv4 blocks and /64 IPv6 blocks announced via VNIX of a member partially reøects their network's scale. 4.1 Quality of IP advertised via VNIX by members 0.41 0.37% 0.31% 2.88% 1.14% 0.42% Figure 68: Quality of IP advertised via VNIX by members | 83 FPT HTC SPT VIETTEL VNNIC VDC VTC SCTV GDS NETNAM DTS CMCTI VTN NEWLIFE VINADATA ODS VNTT VNPTGlobal FPT HTC SPT VIETTEL VNNIC VDC VTC SCTV GDS NETNAM DTS CMCTI VTN NEWLIFE VINADATA ODS VNTT VNPTGlobal 44.00% 22.19% Viettel VTC VTN Mobifo SPT GDS DTS SCTV ODS Newlife VNTT VinaData

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