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1
ERGONOMICS OF YOUTH
QURATULAIN MUGHAL
BATCH IV
DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY
ISRA UNIVERSITY
2
WHAT IS YOUTH??
 The period between childhood and adult age
3
Youth Are Exposed To Ergonomics
Risk Factors
 Due to the more technology evolvement as
like:
 computers, cell phones, ...
4
The Average Youth Engage In:
 Few active physical activities.
 Sit stationary in mismatched furniture in
school/colleg...
5
ERGONOMICS
“ The ergonomics is most commonly thought of
as designing work, work environment or
conditions to prevent inj...
6
MAJOR CONTROLS
1. Engineering controls:
 Works at the level of :
 Workspace
 Furniture
 Tools used by students
 Red...
7
Continue…
2. Administration controls:
 Are decisions made by occupational:
 Therapist
 School administrations
 Teach...
8
Continue…
3. Work practice control:
 Take by:
 Self-directed
 Self-initiated strategies
• Ensure safe and proper tech...
9
Discussing some areas
1.BACKPACKS:
 Challenges:
 Back pain or back aches
 Back injury
 Awkward postures
10
(a) Engineering controls
 Select backpacks on the basis of the youth’s
size and age.
 Look for wide, padded, adjustab...
11
(b) Administration controls:
 Be attentive to complaints of back pains.
 Monitor the youth’s posture.
 Schedule regu...
12
Continue..
 Provide youths with information on alternate
types of backpacks, such as a with wheels
and back balancer.
...
13
(c) Work practice control
 Position the backpack below the shoulders and
resting on the hips and pelvis.
 Use both st...
14
15
2.SCHOOL/ COLLEGE/ UNI
WORKSPACE
 Challenges:
 The furniture is not designed to facilitate the
2 common postures of a...
16
(a) Engineering controls
 Use multiple size of furniture because of wide
range of body size.
 Use a rolled-up towel o...
17
18
(b) Administration controls
 Ask youth about the comfort of the desk and
chairs.
 Allow youth to choose furniture for...
19
(c) Work practice control
 Use proper body mechanics, such as turning
the body as a whole
 Keep frequently used suppl...
20
3.HAND WRITING
 Challenges:
 Pen grip
 Paper/pen positioning
 Low handwriting
21
(a) Engineering controls
 Use a workstation that allows for proper
positioning and back support so that the
students h...
22
(b) Administration controls
 Encourage teachers to incorporate a 2
minutes breaks every 20-30 minutes.
 Also encourag...
23
(c) Work practice control
 Take 2-minutes stretching breaks every 20-30
minutes while doing handwriting exercise.
24
4.COMPUTER
WORKSTATION
 Challenges:
 M.S injuries
 Discomfort
 Stress
 Strain
 C.T.D
 Eye problem
25
(a) Engineering controls
 Is divided into 5 aspects:
1.Monitor
2.Chair
3.Desk
4.Mouse
5.Keyboard
26
27
(b) Administration controls
 2 minutes breaks every 20-30 minutes.
 Stretch fingers, hands, arms, shoulders,
necks, a...
28
(c) Work practice control
 Set the time limits for daily or weekly use.
 Take regular breaks.
 Tell an adult about a...
29
5. HOME WORK SPACE
 Challenges:
 Discomfort of neck and shoulders.
 M.S problems.
 Visual fatigue
 Eye strain
30
(a) Engineering controls
 Provide a stable study work surface.
 Provide chair that fits the youth.
 Provide proper l...
31
(b) Administration controls
 Monitor the youth’s work practice during
homework time, adhering the to previous
recommen...
32
(c) Work practice control
 Choose adjustable chair
 Proper lightening
 Proper posture
33
6.LAPTOP
 Challenges:
 Discomfort of neck and shoulders.
 M.S problems.
 Visual fatigue
 Eye strain
34
(a) Engineering controls
 Place the monitor at eye level.
 Ensue the use of light weight laptops..
35
(b) Administration controls
 Limit the amount of time the youth uses a
laptop minimum 1 hour per day.
 Encourage yout...
36
(c) Work practice control
 Use your laptops at a study table.
 Don’t carry awkward postures.
 Don’t use more than 1 ...
37
7.VIDEO GAMES AND
TELEVISION
 Challenges:
 M.S problems.
 Obesity
 High blood pressure
 High cholesterol
 Psychos...
38
(a) Engineering control
 Place the television screen at proper eye
level to avoid the neck strain.
 Ensure the proper...
39
(b) Administration controls
 Educate youths on the effects of excessive
video game and television use.
 Involve youth...
40
(c) Work practice control
 Take stretch breaks.
 Maintain good posture.
 Sit far enough from television to prevent e...
41
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Ergonomics of youth

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Ergonomics of youth

  1. 1. 1 ERGONOMICS OF YOUTH QURATULAIN MUGHAL BATCH IV DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY ISRA UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. 2 WHAT IS YOUTH??  The period between childhood and adult age
  3. 3. 3 Youth Are Exposed To Ergonomics Risk Factors  Due to the more technology evolvement as like:  computers, cell phones, personal digital assistant and electronic games.
  4. 4. 4 The Average Youth Engage In:  Few active physical activities.  Sit stationary in mismatched furniture in school/college/uni for hours.  Carry heavy backpacks.
  5. 5. 5 ERGONOMICS “ The ergonomics is most commonly thought of as designing work, work environment or conditions to prevent injury and promote worker health, safety, productivity and comfort”
  6. 6. 6 MAJOR CONTROLS 1. Engineering controls:  Works at the level of :  Workspace  Furniture  Tools used by students  Redesigned by adjusting heights or locations  Also by modified environmental factors.
  7. 7. 7 Continue… 2. Administration controls:  Are decisions made by occupational:  Therapist  School administrations  Teachers  Parents • By set the duration, frequency and severity of exposure to existing hazards.
  8. 8. 8 Continue… 3. Work practice control:  Take by:  Self-directed  Self-initiated strategies • Ensure safe and proper techniques when doing activities.
  9. 9. 9 Discussing some areas 1.BACKPACKS:  Challenges:  Back pain or back aches  Back injury  Awkward postures
  10. 10. 10 (a) Engineering controls  Select backpacks on the basis of the youth’s size and age.  Look for wide, padded, adjustable and shoulder straps.  Choose backpacks with several compartments for better weight distribution.  Or can be with wheels
  11. 11. 11 (b) Administration controls:  Be attentive to complaints of back pains.  Monitor the youth’s posture.  Schedule regular health checkups to identify M.S problems.  Ensure that the youth carry only the items required for that particular day.  Make sure the weight of the backpack does not exceed 15% of the youth’s body weights.
  12. 12. 12 Continue..  Provide youths with information on alternate types of backpacks, such as a with wheels and back balancer.  Provide textbooks in CD.  Use web-based books.  Issue a second set of books for the house.  Purchase books that are bound in sections  Ensure locker space.
  13. 13. 13 (c) Work practice control  Position the backpack below the shoulders and resting on the hips and pelvis.  Use both straps and the chest and hip belts.  Fasten the straps, but not too tightly.  Replace heavier items with lighter one’s (e.g plastic lunch box instead of a metal one)  Stretch your shoulders, arms and neck before carrying backpack.  Stay fit and healthy.
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 2.SCHOOL/ COLLEGE/ UNI WORKSPACE  Challenges:  The furniture is not designed to facilitate the 2 common postures of all youth ages (a) Sitting forward for reading and writing. (b) Sitting back for listening and watching.  excessive forward bending.  strain on the back and neck  Discomfort  Postural problems
  16. 16. 16 (a) Engineering controls  Use multiple size of furniture because of wide range of body size.  Use a rolled-up towel or a small pillow to create a lumbar support with an angle of 100*-110*, which may be effective as a back support.
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 18 (b) Administration controls  Ask youth about the comfort of the desk and chairs.  Allow youth to choose furniture for themselves.  Teach youth the healty and proper body posture.
  19. 19. 19 (c) Work practice control  Use proper body mechanics, such as turning the body as a whole  Keep frequently used supplies within reaching distance.  Take breaks b/w activities and stretching before, during and after an activity.
  20. 20. 20 3.HAND WRITING  Challenges:  Pen grip  Paper/pen positioning  Low handwriting
  21. 21. 21 (a) Engineering controls  Use a workstation that allows for proper positioning and back support so that the students has at least 90* of hip, elbow and knee flexion ,with feet flat on floor.
  22. 22. 22 (b) Administration controls  Encourage teachers to incorporate a 2 minutes breaks every 20-30 minutes.  Also encourage teachers to do warm-up exercise with students before writing activities
  23. 23. 23 (c) Work practice control  Take 2-minutes stretching breaks every 20-30 minutes while doing handwriting exercise.
  24. 24. 24 4.COMPUTER WORKSTATION  Challenges:  M.S injuries  Discomfort  Stress  Strain  C.T.D  Eye problem
  25. 25. 25 (a) Engineering controls  Is divided into 5 aspects: 1.Monitor 2.Chair 3.Desk 4.Mouse 5.Keyboard
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. 27 (b) Administration controls  2 minutes breaks every 20-30 minutes.  Stretch fingers, hands, arms, shoulders, necks, and backs.  Set the time limits for daily or weekly use.
  28. 28. 28 (c) Work practice control  Set the time limits for daily or weekly use.  Take regular breaks.  Tell an adult about any pain or discomfort.
  29. 29. 29 5. HOME WORK SPACE  Challenges:  Discomfort of neck and shoulders.  M.S problems.  Visual fatigue  Eye strain
  30. 30. 30 (a) Engineering controls  Provide a stable study work surface.  Provide chair that fits the youth.  Provide proper lighting.
  31. 31. 31 (b) Administration controls  Monitor the youth’s work practice during homework time, adhering the to previous recommendations.
  32. 32. 32 (c) Work practice control  Choose adjustable chair  Proper lightening  Proper posture
  33. 33. 33 6.LAPTOP  Challenges:  Discomfort of neck and shoulders.  M.S problems.  Visual fatigue  Eye strain
  34. 34. 34 (a) Engineering controls  Place the monitor at eye level.  Ensue the use of light weight laptops..
  35. 35. 35 (b) Administration controls  Limit the amount of time the youth uses a laptop minimum 1 hour per day.  Encourage youths to use their laptops at a stable work surface rather than in awkward postures (e.g. lying in bed, sitting on floor).
  36. 36. 36 (c) Work practice control  Use your laptops at a study table.  Don’t carry awkward postures.  Don’t use more than 1 hour per day.  Take stretch breaks.
  37. 37. 37 7.VIDEO GAMES AND TELEVISION  Challenges:  M.S problems.  Obesity  High blood pressure  High cholesterol  Psychosocial problems  Less physical activity
  38. 38. 38 (a) Engineering control  Place the television screen at proper eye level to avoid the neck strain.  Ensure the proper room lightening.  Proper chairs
  39. 39. 39 (b) Administration controls  Educate youths on the effects of excessive video game and television use.  Involve youths in sports, and volunteer activities which will help them to promote their self-esteem, social interaction and fitness.
  40. 40. 40 (c) Work practice control  Take stretch breaks.  Maintain good posture.  Sit far enough from television to prevent eye strain.
  41. 41. 41

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