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Breathing and breathing exercise

Breathing and breathing exercise

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Breathing and breathing exercise

  1. 1. 07/21/1507/21/15 11 BREATHING ANDBREATHING AND BREATHINGBREATHING EXERCISEEXERCISE QURATULAIN MUGHALQURATULAIN MUGHAL BATCH 4BATCH 4 ISRA UNIVERSITYISRA UNIVERSITY DOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPYDOCTOR OF PHYSICAL THERAPY
  2. 2. 207/21/15 BREATHINGBREATHING DEFINITION:DEFINITION: ““the process that moves airthe process that moves air in and out of the lungsin and out of the lungs called breathing orcalled breathing or pulmonary ventilation”pulmonary ventilation”
  3. 3. 307/21/15 Organisms with lungs breathing is alsoOrganisms with lungs breathing is also called ventilation which includes bothcalled ventilation which includes both inhalationinhalation (active process) and exhalation(active process) and exhalation (passive process).(passive process). Breathing is only one of the processes thatBreathing is only one of the processes that deliver oxygen to where it is needed in thedeliver oxygen to where it is needed in the body and remove carbon dioxidebody and remove carbon dioxide
  4. 4. 407/21/15 ORGANS THAT INVOLVE INORGANS THAT INVOLVE IN BREATHINGBREATHING NoseNose TracheaTrachea BronchiBronchi BronchiolesBronchioles LungsLungs Muscles along with diaphragmMuscles along with diaphragm
  5. 5. 507/21/15 NOSENOSE the beginning of the respiratory tract.the beginning of the respiratory tract.
  6. 6. 607/21/15 FUNCTION OF NOSEFUNCTION OF NOSE WarmWarm MoistenMoisten Filter fine particlesFilter fine particles
  7. 7. 707/21/15 TRACHEATRACHEA • Tube like structure.Tube like structure.
  8. 8. 807/21/15 FUNCTION OF TRACHAEFUNCTION OF TRACHAE Responsible for transporting air forResponsible for transporting air for respiration from the larynx to the bronchi.respiration from the larynx to the bronchi.
  9. 9. 907/21/15 DIAPHRAGM Is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle.Is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle. It separates the thoracic cavity containingIt separates the thoracic cavity containing heart & lungs , from the abdominal cavityheart & lungs , from the abdominal cavity
  10. 10. 1007/21/15 LUNGSLUNGS The lungs are a pair of spongy, air-filledThe lungs are a pair of spongy, air-filled organs located on either side of the chestorgans located on either side of the chest (thorax)(thorax)
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  12. 12. 1207/21/15 BREATHING PROCESSBREATHING PROCESS Breathing starts at the nose. You inhale airBreathing starts at the nose. You inhale air into your nose, and it travels down theinto your nose, and it travels down the back of your throat and into your windpipe,back of your throat and into your windpipe, or tracheaor trachea trachea then divides into air passagestrachea then divides into air passages called bronchial tubes.called bronchial tubes. Bronchial tubes pass through the lungs,Bronchial tubes pass through the lungs, they divided into smaller air passagesthey divided into smaller air passages called bronchioles or bronchial tree.called bronchioles or bronchial tree.
  13. 13. 1307/21/15
  14. 14. 1407/21/15 The bronchioles end in tiny balloon-like airThe bronchioles end in tiny balloon-like air sacs called alveolisacs called alveoli body has over 300 million alveoli.body has over 300 million alveoli. The alveoli are surrounded by a mesh ofThe alveoli are surrounded by a mesh of tiny blood vessels called capillaries.tiny blood vessels called capillaries.
  15. 15. 1507/21/15
  16. 16. 1607/21/15
  17. 17. 1707/21/15 Here, oxygen from the inhaled air passesHere, oxygen from the inhaled air passes through the alveoli walls and into thethrough the alveoli walls and into the blood.blood. AndAnd carbon dioxidecarbon dioxide passes out of thepasses out of the blood into the air in the alveoli.blood into the air in the alveoli.
  18. 18. 1807/21/15
  19. 19. 1907/21/15 WHEN YOU INHALEWHEN YOU INHALE Nerves from the brain send impulses toNerves from the brain send impulses to the inspiration and expiration muscles tothe inspiration and expiration muscles to contract and relax.contract and relax. the diaphragm contracts downward whichthe diaphragm contracts downward which create vacuum in the lungs by the freshcreate vacuum in the lungs by the fresh air.air. The lungs are covered by a thin tissueThe lungs are covered by a thin tissue layer called the pleuralayer called the pleura
  20. 20. 2007/21/15 CONT…CONT… the thin space between the two pleuralthe thin space between the two pleural layers is known as the pleural cavity andlayers is known as the pleural cavity and normally contains a small amount ofnormally contains a small amount of pleural fluid which allows the lungs to slippleural fluid which allows the lungs to slip smoothly as they expand & contract.smoothly as they expand & contract. The volume of thoracic cavity increases.The volume of thoracic cavity increases.
  21. 21. 2107/21/15
  22. 22. 2207/21/15 MUSCLES OF INSPIRATIONMUSCLES OF INSPIRATION Diaphragm (primary m/s of inhale)Diaphragm (primary m/s of inhale) Scalene (elevates 1Scalene (elevates 1stst two ribs)two ribs) Sternocleidomastoid (elevates sternum)Sternocleidomastoid (elevates sternum) Serratus anterior( supporting m/s)Serratus anterior( supporting m/s) External intercostal( moves upward andExternal intercostal( moves upward and outward)outward)
  23. 23. 2307/21/15
  24. 24. 2407/21/15
  25. 25. 2507/21/15 WHEN YOU EXHALEWHEN YOU EXHALE Relaxation of the muscles of inspiration.Relaxation of the muscles of inspiration. Relaxation of the diaphragm.Relaxation of the diaphragm. Lungs deflation.Lungs deflation. Chest cavity is dec. by upward movt. OfChest cavity is dec. by upward movt. Of diaphragm.diaphragm.
  26. 26. 2607/21/15 MUSCLES OF EXPIRATIONMUSCLES OF EXPIRATION External obliqueExternal oblique RectoabdominalRectoabdominal Internal obliqueInternal oblique Transverse abdominalTransverse abdominal
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  28. 28. 2807/21/15
  29. 29. 2907/21/15 NORMALLYNORMALLY A healthy adult breathes in and out about 12A healthy adult breathes in and out about 12 times per minute (changes with exercise andtimes per minute (changes with exercise and other factors)other factors) Total lung capacity is about 12.5 pints (6 liters).Total lung capacity is about 12.5 pints (6 liters). humans inhale and exhale about one pint (475humans inhale and exhale about one pint (475 milliliters) of air in each cycle, but only aboutmilliliters) of air in each cycle, but only about three-quarters of this air reaches the alveoli.three-quarters of this air reaches the alveoli. the lungs always retain about 2.5 pints (1200the lungs always retain about 2.5 pints (1200 milliliters) of air. This residual air keeps themilliliters) of air. This residual air keeps the alveoli and bronchioles partially filled at all times.alveoli and bronchioles partially filled at all times.
  30. 30. 3007/21/15 NAMES OF BREATHINGNAMES OF BREATHING EXERCISEEXERCISE Abdominal BreathingAbdominal Breathing Pursed-lipPursed-lip Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio)Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio) Anaerobic exerciseAnaerobic exercise Side to SideSide to Side Optimal Energy BreathingOptimal Energy Breathing back breathingback breathing Scarf BreathingScarf Breathing Child’s PoseChild’s Pose Coordinate breathingCoordinate breathing Deep breathingDeep breathing
  31. 31. 3107/21/15 DEEP BREATHINGDEEP BREATHING Adapting a habit of breathing deeply fromAdapting a habit of breathing deeply from your nostril not from your mouth.your nostril not from your mouth.
  32. 32. 3207/21/15 Abdominal BreathingAbdominal Breathing Benefits/Goals:Benefits/Goals: Promotes slower, deeper breathing.Promotes slower, deeper breathing. Finds where you feel more breathing in yourFinds where you feel more breathing in your body.body. Helps to hold increases in breathing.Helps to hold increases in breathing. Helps massage and oxygenate kidneys andHelps massage and oxygenate kidneys and adrenals.adrenals. Reduces the tendency to look for moreReduces the tendency to look for more breathing in the high chest and shoulders.breathing in the high chest and shoulders. Shoulders remain lower.Shoulders remain lower.
  33. 33. 3307/21/15 Side to SideSide to Side Benefits/Purposes/Goals:Benefits/Purposes/Goals: Expands side breathExpands side breath Stretches and tones the Para-spinal musclesStretches and tones the Para-spinal muscles (muscles on either side of your spine) and(muscles on either side of your spine) and intercostals (muscles between your ribs.intercostals (muscles between your ribs. Helps to hold increases in breathing.Helps to hold increases in breathing. Helps open Throat Chakra (speaking your truth)Helps open Throat Chakra (speaking your truth) to better express yourself.to better express yourself. Enhanced internal connection with personalEnhanced internal connection with personal power.power. Mildly efficient aerobic exercise.Mildly efficient aerobic exercise.
  34. 34. 3407/21/15 REFERENCESREFERENCES SlideshareSlideshare http://bcs.whfreeman.comhttp://bcs.whfreeman.com www.teachpe.comwww.teachpe.com www.youtube.comwww.youtube.com
  35. 35. 07/21/1507/21/15 3535 THANKYOUTHANKYOU ANY QUESTIONS?ANY QUESTIONS?

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