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Galaxy 2014 MELA quiz


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Galaxy 2014 MELA quiz

  1. 1. MELA QUIZ ( Ze Boring Title Slide )
  2. 2. This doesn’t imply equal value to the questions or equate their perceived toughness So its really a pointless graph
  3. 3. SOME COMMENTS • Pool with highest cumulative score of both teams wins • Four rounds in total – a differential written round, a LVC and two infinite pounce rounds • Feel free to request for a hint • Quizmaster is God (duh). Any arguing shall encourage the holy fury
  5. 5. Round 1 • 6 Questions • Differential Scoring- – One Team : 30 points – Two Teams: 25 points – Three Teams: 15 points – 4 or 5 Teams : 10 points – More than 5 teams: 5 points • Bonus +20 for getting 5 or more correct in total
  6. 6. 1. Identify the lyricist of this new AR Rahman album
  7. 7. 2. At age 92, _______ is perhaps India's greatest living legend in the field of painting and art. Early in his art career, he was awarded the Prix de la critique in Paris, becoming the first non-French artist to receive the honor. Other list of awards to him include: 1981: Padma Shri; the Government of India 1981: Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi 1981: Kalidas Samman, Government of Madhya Pradesh 2007: Padma Bhushan; the Government of India 2013: Padma Vibhushan; the Government of India He became India's priciest modern artist on 10 June 2010 when his seminal work, 'Saurashtra' sold for INR 16.42 crore ($3,486,965) at a Christie's auction.
  8. 8. 3. These are excerpts from " X Abstracted: Film Experiments in the Cartoons of Shamus Culhane" about the cartoon mini film The Loose Nut: "The Loose Nut (1945) is one of the best and most aggresive X cartoons Culhane directed. It has no musical numbers but Culhane was able to capture the unchecked psychopathic glee of X." "At the end of The Loose Nut, there is another explosion- a fantastical sequence to watch frame-by-frame, a montage of shots that are edited faster than anything by Pudovkin or Tashlin. These are contorted versions of X – first thin and extended, then with swirling eyes seen up close, then grabbing his head, his swollen feet kicking out. It is the convergence of animation and Soviet montage, where the space between each frame is not a continuance of motion but rather an edit between disparate images. And yet the strobing sequence is understood as animation because it portrays the violent interior of a cartoon blast, a place where one can imagine such a fractured temporality." X's character and design would evolve over the years, from an insane bird with an unusually garish design to a more refined looking and acting character in the vein of the later Chuck Jones version of Bugs Bunny. X was originally voiced by prolific voice actor Mel Blanc, who was succeeded by Ben Hardaway and later by Grace Stafford, wife of Walter Lantz.
  9. 9. 4. Several common words have their origins to give almost solely to pop culture. Though Online Etymology Dictionary speculates that the word is an alteration of the 1940s term ______ (meaning "stupid or crazy person"), Seuss’s 1950 children’s book If I Ran the Zoo contains the first printed usage of the word X, as a strange little animal one might like to keep locked up: ”And then, just to show them, I’ll sail to Ka-Troo And Bring Back an It-Kutch a Preep and a Proo A Nerkle a X and a Seersucker, too!” By the 1960s, this word picked up popularity across the USA to being synonymous to a drip or a square as according to Newsweek. However, the mainstream usage of the word must be credited to Happy Days. What’s the word?
  10. 10. 5. According to its introduction on Amazon, ________ is intended as “a propaganda-styled comic series aimed at capturing the main-stream consciousness of China. The stories will reflect and give insight to China’s current political stance, social environment, and cultural differences by blending complex characters, historical information, geographic locations, comic satire, and over-the-top explosive action!” Apparently, in addition to building up a world superpower out of China, Mao also wanted to create China’s own superhero. And…his original name was “The Liberator”. To the dismay of this Mao-era superhero, ____________’s first mission is to protect President Obama during his visit to China. The comic series shares its name with a 1950's mediocre movie starring John Payne and Gail Russell (poster on the right).
  11. 11. 6. The band X emerged out of Richmond as an end result of two separate projects merged into one - the punk band named Death Piggy and the production of the intended space pirate movie "Scumdogs of the Universe". The vocalist and bassist of Death Piggy, _____, had an idea of taking costumes from Scumdogs of the Universe and using it on stage as a get up for Death Piggy opening for itself as a barbaric band from Antarctica. Thus, X was born as a joke group and soon the members of Death Piggy noticed that more and more people came to see X and would leave after X's show ended. They phased out Death Piggy in favour of X. In the coming years, the band saw a consistently changing line-up, increasingly varied historical and sci-fi references and the development of an edgy unique theatrical stage show. Stacey Anderson of The New York Times described the group as “less a band of blood- spewing, priapic demon beasts than a darkly hilarious spoof on death metal — though they are certainly a band of blood-spewing, priapic demon beasts.” Dressed as an intergalactic aliens Oderus, Balsac, Beefcake, Flattus Maximus and Jizmak di Gusha, this band doused audiences with countless amount of fake blood and slime while disembowling, dismembering and mock-murdering celebrities, political figures and tabloid trash played by support crew. This twice Grammy nominated band is also credited for promoting other heavy metal acts through the past 25 years, including fellow Richmond band Lamb of God. Identify X.
  12. 12. 1.Kapil Sibal 2.Syed Haider Raza 3.Woody Woodpecker 4.Nerd 5.Captain China 6.Gwar
  13. 13. Round 2 • 16 Questions • Infinite Pounce – clockwise rotation • +10/0 on the direct • +10/-5 on the pounce • Part points on close enough answers
  14. 14. Identify this guy and give us why he was on the news a while back.
  15. 15. Edgar Martirosyan – The pizza delivery guy from the Oscars
  16. 16. Identify the artist and the inspiration for the paintings
  17. 17. Picasso; Dream of The Fisherman’s Wife
  18. 18. Connect :
  19. 19. Blind Blues Musicians ( “ You gotta be blind to be good at the blues “ )
  20. 20. The Lord of Light is a sci-fi fantasy novel by Roger Zelazny which won the Hugo award for best novel in 1968. The story revolves around a band of men who have become powerful, immortal and rulers of the world as Gods of the Hindu pantheon and how they are opposed by one who was known as Siddhartha and now as Mahasamatman a.k.a 'Sam'. The novel was set to go on to become a film (and much more) but under unfortunate circumstances the development was cancelled. Funnily enough, the under development script, after being rebranded, was an instrumental part of ________. What?
  21. 21. Argo
  22. 22. The Bush-X feud began in 1990 when the First Lady Barbara Bush told reporters the " X is the dumbest thing they have ever seen!". This unprovoked attack did not go unnoticed when a few days later, an angry letter was sent to Mrs. Bush signed by Mrs. X defending herself and the X family. Two weeks later, Mrs. Bush apologized on this matter for her "loose tongue". However, the next shot was fired by her husband, Bush Sr- who demanded in front of delegates at the Republican National Convention that "The next value I speak of must be forever cast in stone. I speak of decency, the moral courage to say what is right and condemn what's wrong, and we need a nation closer to the Waltons than the X. An America that rejects the incivility, the tide of incivility and the tide of intolerance. " X retaliated with a member issuing the statement: 'Hey, we're just like the Waltons. We're praying for an end to the depression too.' Since then, Bush Sr. has been targetted by X on numerous occasions, though teasing other presidents have also been exhibited by X.
  23. 23. Simpsons
  24. 24. Here is Y talking about how he came to the idea of X, which he widely regards as his magnum opus- an unlikely pick amongst other much, much more commercially popular works ( though the series still accounts for more than 30 million copies in total sold ): " JRR Tolkien's Lord of The Rings was madly popular in those days and I suppose I was at least a halfling hippie. The X like most long fantasy tales by men and women of my generation were born out of Tolkien's. Although I read the books in 1967 and 1968, I held off writing. I wanted to write my own kind of story and had I started then I would have written his.“ " Then in an almost empty theatre in 1970 I saw a film directed by Sergio Leone, called The Good The Bad and The Ugly. I realized that I wanted to write a novel which contained Tolkien's sense of quest and magic with Leone's almost absurdly majestic Western backdrop... What I wanted more than the setting was the feeling of the epic, apocalyptic size." Naturally, Y identifies Roland (the main character of series) as being inspired from Clint Eastwood's character. The series was also inspired by the poem " Childe Rolande to the X Came " by Robert Browning. The X series spans 8 books over 30 years in the making and has abundant references in several of Y's other works like characters, locations and philosophies. The challenging proposal of converting it to film has been looming since 2007 with several boards such as Warner Bros passing on the project after spending a year or two on it. Identify the series X and the author Y
  25. 25. The Dark Tower Series; Stephen King
  26. 26. This statue in Oviedo, Spain had been erected in 2002 after filmmaker X was honoured with a Prince of Asturias cultural award in the city in 2002. X didn’t know of its existence until the cast of his next movie discovered it accidentally on their night out after filming in Oviedo. "We went out one night in Oviedo and we ran into this bronze sculpture of X. They love him. We took pictures with the sculpture, hugging it, and gave the photos to X," Contactmusic quoted one of the female stars saying. Thanks to very recent controversy though, the city folk of Oviedo staged a public protest, defacing the statue. Identify X.
  27. 27. Woody Allen
  28. 28. After the partition of India in 1947, _____ returned to his home in Pakistan, but returned to India some time afterward to permanently reside there. When he was about 21 years old, he moved to Benaras where he accompanied a courtesan named Hirabai on the Sarangi and started to perform in public. He did not approve of the partition, saying: “If in every home one child was taught Hindustani classical music this country would never have been partitioned.” The most song where his voice could be heard is on a digitally sampled track for Dilli-6 (under the musical direction of AR Rahman). Identify this Hindustani classical vocalist
  29. 29. Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan
  30. 30. In the corner between Northwest 46th Street and 15th Avenue, in Ballard, Seattle, wedged between a Trader Joe’s and an LA Fitness, lies a little cottage. Surrounded by towering concrete walls on three sides, the hundred-year-old house belonged to late Edith Macefield, a stubborn old woman, who famously turned down $1 million in 2006 refusing to sell her home to make way for a commercial complex. In doing so, she became something of a folk hero cheered by residents who were tired of watching the neighbourhood disappear under condominiums and trendy restaurants. The developers were eventually forced to build the five-storey building around her 108-year-old farmhouse. "I don't want to move. I don't need the money. Money doesn't mean anything," she was quoted saying to the Seattle P-I. What well known motif did this case inspire? (picture on next slide)
  31. 31. This is a eulogy for X written by his Cambridge colleague Paul Neil Johnstone. Identify X X Unravel Your DNA Unravel Your Soul O X- Sweet X- Edulcorated X- Today we celebrate Your Life As we remember Your Death You were A Revolutionary A Rebel A Giant - Both literary and Literally You got into Cambridge because Of an essay that significantly figured the Beatles (There are People who Love you For that) You Redefined a trilogy as A five part Series (There are Even more People who Love you For that) And imagine - If you hadn't been born On that fateful Marchday I wouldn't be as bally famous for my shit poetry that could make that homosexual Jewboy Stephen Fry choke on his fries as I am today
  32. 32. Douglas Adams Paul Neil Johnstone (Paula Neil Jennings) wrote the ‘worst poetry’ in the universe
  33. 33. The construction of __________ began in 1882 with X becoming involved in 1883. His definitive art style shaped the structure's architecture but to much dismay, X died in 1926 - with only one quarter of the project complete. Since then, the construction of ________ progressed slowly, relying on private donations which was interrupted by the events leading upto World War 2. The progress of its completion today is estimated roughly at midpoint, with several architectural challenges still remaining. It is anticipated that _______ will be completed in 2026, on the centenary of X's death. Despite its incomplete status, it is frequented by 2.5 million visitors annually and has gained the pedestal of a UNESCO World Heritage site. Describing _________, art critic Rainer Zerbst said, "It is probably impossible to find a building anything like it in the entire history of art" and Paul Goldberger called it, "The most extraordinary personal interpretation of Gothic architecture since the Middle Ages.“ Id X and fill the blank.
  34. 34. Sagrada Familia (in Barcelona)
  35. 35. This is a very long question ( 3 slides) and is worth two questions, so read this slowly : "Mad about you" is an American sitcom that aired on NBC in 1992 starring Paul Reiser and Helen Hunt as a newly married couple in New York City. The show went on for 7 seasons straight. The funny thing about this TV series is its' notable "crossover paradoxes" with other TV series. The basic premise of these paradoxes usually lies in the fact that because a crossover has occured the two TV series must exist in the same universe. The paradox would then arise in a separate part of one of the TV series by a contradiction of events.
  36. 36. In one episode of Mad About You, Jamie(Hunt) causes a blackout leading to a blackout also being seen in the series X and the short lived Madman of the People- all 3 episodes airing on the same night. A more significant crossover with X lies in the recurring character (both series) U - a flaky waitress (future porn actress and Governor of New York) at Riff's Bar in the series Mad About You, who was seen on in X. This implies a shared universe. The contradiction in this arises when the character of Alan Brady from the Dick Van Dyke shows up on an episode Mad About You. Later, the characters of X are seen watching The Dick Van Dyke show, basically contradicting the shared universe concept.
  37. 37. However the crossover paradox with the series Y is more direct. when Paul signs over the lease of his old bachelor pad to Z, a regular character of Y. This implies the shared universe. However as a running gag in Y, _____ is always severely annoyed by his' fiancee Susan's fondness for watching Mad About You (which meant separate universes). Name the TV series X and Y - and for bonus - the characters Z and U.
  38. 38. X- Friends Y - Seinfeld Z - Kramer U - Ursula Buffay
  39. 39. The Fool is a Dutch art collective which was active in 60s and 70s, made the following psychedelic album cover art for the _______ album. Though the artist/band loved it for the centerfold instead, it was felt that it could simply be another piece of 60s acid art. It was rejected for the more well known cover and centerfold.
  40. 40. The Sergeant Pepper Album Cover
  41. 41. CONNECT
  42. 42. Nicolas Cage
  43. 43. is a website that posts the location of each piece of artist Y, tracks the damage each piece has sustained and encourages people to "get it before MoMA gets it". The headline for the site, "BETTER OURS THAN THEIRS" is a play off of the title of Y's project "BETTER OUT THAN IN", which in turn is a reference to a quote by impressionist Paul Cezanne.
  44. 44. Banksy
  45. 45. Round 3 • Long Visual Connect • Tri-effective scoring scheme : – If your grand connect to be absolutely correct you will be awarded according to the maximum allotted to the question – If your answer to be partly correct, you will be awarded half the maximum points allotted to the question. Completing the answer on a further question will give you subsequently the half of the maximum of that question – Negatives apply ( even after getting it partly correct ) – One guess per question is allowed for ( even after suffering a negative earlier in the round )
  46. 46. +100/-50
  47. 47. +80/-40
  48. 48. +70/-35
  49. 49. +60/-30
  50. 50. +50/-25
  51. 51. +40/-20
  52. 52. +30/-15
  53. 53. +20/-10
  54. 54. +10/-5
  55. 55. +5/0
  56. 56. Title Scene of The Watchmen
  57. 57. Round 4 • 16 Questions • Infinite Pounce – anticlockwise rotation • +10/0 on the direct • +10/-5 on the pounce • Part points on close enough answers
  58. 58. Commercially speaking, Cher's Believe remains as one of the best selling singles of all time, having sold 11 million singles worldwide- making it the best selling single in 1998 and 1999. The success behind the single lay in the efforts of Andy Hildebrand, who not a long while before the singles' release, worked in Exxon as engineer. He was initially designing a software to analyze underground sound waves in an attempt to pinpoint oil reserves as he came upon the idea of ______, as part of a bet. Hildebrand left Exxon and developed _________ further, which producer Mark Taylor used in parts of Cher's song as a mischevious experiment. Taylor said "This was the most nerve-wracking part of the project, because I wasn't sure what Cher would say." But Cher loved it so much that when her record company requested that the oddity in her song should be removed, she replied "Over my dead body." The massive success of Believe would motivate other artists to imitate the technique and this would breifly come into popularity as "Cher's effect". What was the secret behind Cher's breakthrough success?
  59. 59. Autotune
  60. 60. Starlings are small to medium-sized birds considered to be one of the most destructive invasive species in North America. They were introduced to the Americas by wealthy drug manufacturer Eugene Schieffelin in the late 19th century. He acted as a part of the American Acclimatization Society, and released some hundred starlings in New York City’s Central Park in 1890 and 1891. By 1950 starlings could be found coast to coast, north past Hudson Bay and south into Mexico. Their North American numbers today top 200 million. Why is the starling and Eugene's act a part of the MELA quiz?
  61. 61. Released as a part of a flock of all the birds ever referenced in Shakespeare works
  62. 62. On June 11, 2007, World Wrestling Entertainment concluded their weekly television show, Monday Night RAW, with one of their strangest scenes ever. The company’s owner, Vince McMahon, was shown leaving the arena at the end of the live show and climbing into a limousine— which suddenly exploded! For the next two weeks, WWE programming would pretend that McMahon was “dead” and that the FBI was investigating what happened. What followed was even more strange. The plan for the June 25 edition of RAW was to do a fake “tribute show” for Vince McMahon. When viewers tuned into RAW that night, they were surprised to see the supposedly “dead” McMahon standing in the middle of the ring, pretending that the scene with the exploding limousine never happened. What happened earlier that day ie 25th June 2007 that derailed the entire storyline and perhaps led into one of the controversial episodes of RAW- which would later hit the show with outrage from fans?
  63. 63. Chris Beniot murdered his family and commited suicide
  64. 64. An excerpt from the article in the Prescott Courier dated June 25th, 1974 accurately describes the history of X ( a rather unique thing to do ) as a world record: "For years tourists have been trying to get through it as quickly as possible - to see those three things and then to go out shopping again. Before World War II the record for X was 7 min 14 sec. But after the war, as the clothes got lighter and cameras got smaller, people kept cutting down the time. In 1948, a man known as the Swedish Cannonball, paced by his wife, did it in 6m14sec. But on June 18, 1954, Peter Stone under perfect tourist conditions literally flew through [the task of X].... and back out the waiting taxi. President Eisenhower personally sent him a telegram: " I rejoice with all Americans at your amazing feat. Yor're what the United States is all about". " The feat of X was referenced in two separate films - Bande A Part(1964) and Dreamers(2003).
  65. 65. Running through the Louvre
  66. 66. Hatsune Miku is a humanoid persona developed by Crypton Future Media, which possesses Yamaha's Vocaloid singing synthesizer. The persona is portrayed in Japanese media as a 16-year old girl and even performs concerts through holographic projections. On September 12 2007, reported sales of Hatsune Miku totalling 57,500,000 yen, making her the number one selling software of that time. In August 2010, over 22,000 original songs had been written for Hatsune Miku. Later reports confirmed that she had 100,000 songs in 2011 to her name. However, Miku's impact is not just limited to japanese media, thanks to one particular video featuring Miku's onomatopoeic vocal work. What?
  67. 67. Nyan Cat
  68. 68. An interesting tidbit in the movie 'Dedh Ishqiya' has literature aficionados piqued- In the scene where both Naseer and Arshad’s hands are tied and they are watching Madhuri and Huma having fun, getting physical. And then we see just a big shadow on the wall which suggests physical intimacy between Madhuri and Huma’s characters. The suggested homo-eroticism, the shadow play and the background story of Madhuri's character is a tribute to ________, so much so that the movie has even been phrased as a smart adaptation of the short story. The original story, written in 1942 - is much more controversial, as it captures the allusions of homo-erotic acts between Begum and her masseuse through the eyes of a small girl. Identify the story and the author.
  69. 69. Lihaaf - Ismat Chughtai
  70. 70. The X are an invitation-only society who award membership and the accompanying customary "_______ Shilling" to their members, who specialize in a specific scholarly study or are eminent enthusiasts. The group convenes for a fancy dinner once a year in New York, and hosts other "specific" activities open to the public. Here is a brief, incomplete list of members through its history: Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry Truman Anthony Boucher August Derleth Jan Burke Laurie R. King Fletcher Pratt Isaac Asimov Neil Gaiman Red Smith Jean-Pierre Cagnat X was also one of the names (along with Churchill's Secret Army and Ministry of Ungentlemanly Affairs) that was used to refer to the Special Operations Executive, an organization to conduct espionage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe.
  71. 71. Baker Street Irregulars
  72. 72. In ancient times, groups of singers, musicians and painters, called chitrakattis, moved village to village to tell the village dwellers, the great stories of Hindu mythology. Progressively, during the course of history, they illustrated their accounts using large bolts of canvas painted on the spot with rudimentary means and dyes extracted from plants. Thus, the art of _____ was born. As an art form it found its apogee in the wealthy Golconda sultanate, Hyderabad and has suffered a decline since then. It has two distinctive styles named on the basis of region where they emerged from - Srikalahasti and Machilipatnam styles. The name _____ came from Mughals who had travelled down to Coromandel and Golconda and patronized the artisans for the use of fermented jagri-dipped bamboo quills. In modern times the term is also used to refer, incorrectly, to the making of any cotton fabric patterned through the medium of vegetable dyes by free-hand painting and block-printing, produced in many different regions of India.
  73. 73. Kalamkari
  74. 74. X was born in 1840 into a middle class family and had only avergae musical talents while growing up. X called Brahms as a 'giftless self- inflated mediocrity hailed as genius!'. Intriguingly both of them were born on May 7th. X gave up a promising prospect at the civil service to study with composer Rubenstein and soon became the talk around the city. Although gay, X entered into a disastrous marriage of convenience which lasted only 2 months. His three great ballets rank 1st, 2nd and 6th of the top ten most performed ballets ever. Whenever he would perform, this composer would his chin with his left hand, thinking that his head may fall off.
  75. 75. Tchaikovsky
  76. 76. A puzzle and the consequent theorom which inspired mathematicians to look for more such intriguing mind switching mysteries can be stated as: We have a mind switching machine which can swap the minds of two individuals, but the machine has a serious limitation: It will not work more than once on the same pair of bodies. After a group on n-people have indulged in a mind swapping frenzy, is there a way of re-shuffling minds by introducing new bodies? If so, how many bodies would they need? The puzzle was setup and solved by Ken Keeler, a PhD in Mathematics from Harvard and came to be formally known as Keeler's theorom. However, Keeler's work did not win him a fields medal or any great academic distinction but instead a Writers Guild Award and his theorom was more popularly termed as the __________ theorom. What?
  77. 77. Futurama Theorom
  78. 78. The song "________ Man" is a blues standard which was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1984, was given a Grammy Hall of Fame Award in 1998, is a part of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll list and on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest songs of all time. The song was originally written by Willie Dixon and performed by numerous artists since. Dixon told Paul Zollo in a 1988 interview: "People believe in mystic things. Like people today believe in astrology. That's been going on for generations, since biblical days. People all over the world believe in it. Even before Jesus was born, according to the Bible. The wise men saw the stars in the East and were able to predict about things. All of these things are mystic. They say, '_________ people are telling fortunes.' You know, like the wise men of the East. They call them 'voodoo men' or '________ men.' They used to call them 'hoodoo folk' and 'two- head people.' They got many names for everybody." According to Wikipedia, the name of the song comes from a sexually provocative dance ________ becoming wildly popular after the Chicago World Fair in 1893. Since the dance was performed by women, a "__________ man" either watched them or ran the show.
  79. 79. Hoochie Coochie Man
  80. 80. The game XY has the following official message when starting out: A Y is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse, which illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles. It differs from a fable in that fables employ animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature as characters, whereas Y have human characters. The game XY began as a Half-Life 2 mod before expanding to a standalone game. The game pushes into the limited relationship of the game designers and game players- what each's expectations are. The game has been critiques as being everything "from a witty and powerful narrative on games today" to "being too intelligent for its good", this game has more than 18 different endings (mostly involving looping back to the start or getting killed/committing suicide), frequently invoking themes of existentialism, freedom of choice and if there really is any meaning to anything. Quoting the game in its typical sensibility, here is a part of the Confusion ending: "When every path you can walk has been created for you long in advance, death becomes meaningless, making life the same. Don't you see? You were dead the instant you pressed the "play" button."
  81. 81. Stanley’s Parabe
  82. 82. Errol Morris is a director and producer who has helped spur on a rebirth of non-fiction films in the 80s, having won an oscar for his documentary "The Fog of War". But this question is not about him. Errol's association with Y can be first seen in his unfinished Ed Gein project. Morris was researching a serial killer epidemic in the town of Plainfield, and wanted to know if the rumors that Gein had stolen his mothers corpse (as depicted in Psycho) were true. Y offered to dig up the corpse of Gein's mother to check this out, but Morris chickened out. In another instance with Morris, Y had promised to eat his shoe if Morris completed the project "Gates of Heaven" , to challenge and encourage Morris, whom Y perceived as incapable of following up on the projects he conceived. Y cooked it in goose fat and ate his own shoe. Y's eccentricities do not end here- he once hypnotized his entire cast and had them perform their lines for the shooting of "Heart Off Glass (1976)". Other incidents include threatening his actor Klaus with a gun to complete the film, driving a steamboat up a mountain top in a Peruvian forest and releasing 11000 rats in the city of Delf, Germany. American film critic Roger Ebert said that Y "has never created a single film that is compromised, shameful, made for pragmatic reasons or uninteresting. Even his failures are spectacular." Yet Y remains largely unnoticed by mainstream award hours, having but one oscar nomination to his credit.
  83. 83. Werner Herzog
  84. 84. In the early days (around 1850) , if you saw a Y, you would expect him to be a British civil servant or a banker. Y were common in the Victorian era working class as well. The image of Y first appeared in X's painting of 1926 titled Rêveries du promeneur solitaire, in which Y is seen from the back, against a dark evening landscape. Used in several dozens of paintings throughout X's career, the Y appears in various guises. Y is sometimes depicted from the back, sometimes from the front, partly obscured by objects, as a dark contour faintly visible against the night sky, or fossilized into a block of stone. Often Y is no more than a silhouette, providing a frame in which another subject is depicted. What is common to all of them is the fact that Y remains impersonal, an individual transformed into a universal object. As Suzi Gablik described him: "X's Y is more like a figure in a book than a human being, but a figure with all the inessential elements left out... Impassive and aloof Y fixes the world in his gaze, but often his face is turned from view, dislocated, or otherwise concealed or obliterated by objects, as if expressing a universal disinclination, for which there exists no complementary inclination"
  85. 85. X – Rene Magritte Y – Boulder hatted man/men
  86. 86. In 1961, legendary director Billy Wilder directed a comedy called One, Two, Three. The film starred James Cagney as a high-ranking Coca-Cola executive working in Europe who is assigned to watch over his boss’s 17-year-old daughter. He is soon shocked to discover that she has secretly gotten married to a communist. One, Two, Three was meant to be a lighthearted comedy- but due to __________, the entire plot was undermined. As a result, Wilder was forced to add a disclaimer to the beginning of the film which acknowledged these real-life events and made it clear that the _________ until after shooting had already started. The film drew disappointing box office numbers since the audience no longer found the subject matter appropriate, while critics panned Wilder for crassly exploiting real life events. What was the reason behind this epic fail in cinema?
  87. 87. Construction of the Berlin Wall