Chairman mao


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Chairman mao

  2. 2. OUR STARTING POINT<br />On October 1st 1949 Mao Zeedong made two proclaimations:<br /><ul><li> The establishment of the People’s Republic of China
  3. 3. The PRC would be ruled by the Chinese Communist Party</li></li></ul><li>There’s something about China...<br />In China there is a concept that dominates society. One that we don’t appreciate as much.<br />Filial Piety<br />Total respect for ones’ elders<br />QUESTION<br />Who do you think might have had this respect before the revolution?<br />Who do you think might have this respect after the revolution?<br />
  4. 4. Where did the revolution go?<br />By 1965 Mao was worried that a new upper class was growing in China.<br />There were some rich businessmen with lots of power but most were poor.<br />Why might this bother him?<br />
  5. 5. Let 100 flowers bloom!<br />Mao launched the “100 Flowers Bloom and 100 Schools of Thought contend” campaign.<br />People were encouraged to write dazibao (big character posters) which showed their dissatisfaction with the current policies of the government.<br />
  6. 6. What do you think people might have written on their dazibao? <br />
  7. 7. What did people write on their dazibao? <br />
  8. 8. The outcome ? <br />Mao identified people who opposed the regime?<br />He launched the cultural revolution to get the revolution back on track.<br />Look at the picture opposite. What do you notice about the young boy?<br />
  9. 9. Mao used this ‘Red Guard’ help him carry out the Cultural Revolution.<br />
  10. 10. Who were the Red Guard?<br />What did you notice about the Red Guard in the video?<br />Why do you think they were so willing to follow Mao’s orders?<br />
  11. 11. Everything you ever need to know about Revolution<br />Mao armed the Guard with permission to do whatever they wanted, and...<br />The Little Red Book<br />
  12. 12. The Little Red Book OR Quotations from Chairman Mao <br />‘All power comes out of the barrel of a gun’<br />‘Revolution is a war of the masses’<br />‘The world belongs to you. China’s future belongs to you’ <br />
  13. 13. So what did Mao get his Red Guards to do?<br />Mao told his guards to attack the “Four Olds”<br />Who might be the targets of the attacks on these ‘Olds’?<br />
  14. 14. SO WHAT DID THEY DO?<br />What are the men in the centre wearing on their heads?<br />What is going on in this slide?<br />
  15. 15. SO WHAT DID THEY DO?<br />As you can see these men are wearing dunce caps with different Chinese words on their heads, used as a public form of humiliation. <br />These men are in fact school teachers<br />
  16. 16. SO WHAT DID THEY DO?<br />Why does it seem that everyone is looking at these men?<br />What is the purpose of this event?<br />
  17. 17. SO WHAT DID THEY DO?<br />These men are purposely being displayed to a group of normal Chinese citizens for the people to see “what not to do, and its punishments.” <br />Punishments like this (making a public example) were actually considered very light as apposed to many of the others enforced throughout the Cultural Revolution.<br />
  18. 18. SO WHAT DID THEY DO?<br />What are the small group of men behind the dunces doing?<br />These boys were the “Red Guards.” <br />Through actions things like, imprisoning or humiliation (shown-holding dunces out). these young people caused chaos by raiding homes or destroying anything even associated to the “four olds.”<br />
  19. 19. What Else did Mao and the red guard do?<br />Vandalism<br />Destruction of:<br /><ul><li>Antiques
  20. 20. Historical sites
  21. 21. Culture</li></ul>Persecution<br /><ul><li>Imprisonment
  22. 22. Torture
  23. 23. Execution</li></li></ul><li>SO WHAT?<br />Within a few years there was no opposition to the Mao and his supporters<br />The Cultural Revolution only came to an end with the death of Chairman Moa in 1976<br />80,000,000 people were dead<br />