I want an apple


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I want an apple

  1. 1. FOOD<br />The Environment and Us!<br />
  2. 2. Please Keep in <br />Trash/waste from Karen<br />Oil from Maggie<br />Pesticides from Trish<br />Endangered Species/Wildlife Rehabilitation from Liz<br />Where ‘food’ comes from involves many processes that affect the environment. I would like to share a lunch story with you. <br />What we learned so far… <br />
  3. 3. Time for Lunch!<br />
  4. 4. Downtown Grocery<br />Apple<br />Five Bean Soup<br />Whole Grain Roll<br />
  5. 5. How do I get there?<br />I Bike to the Down Town Grocery<br />Miles- 2.4<br />Environmentally friendly? YES!<br />
  6. 6. What happens when I walk in?<br />Chat with Kevin, Megan or Becca.<br />Pick up an apple.<br />Look at the other goodies.<br />Decide to buy soup, it smells so good!<br />Hmm, wonder what is in this soup? <br />
  7. 7. Five Bean Soup<br />
  8. 8. Apple – all natural<br />
  9. 9. Whole Grain Roll<br />Ingredients:<br />1 1/3 cups warm water (110 degrees F/45 degrees C)<br />1 tablespoon active dry yeast<br />3 tablespoons dry milk powder<br />2 tablespoons vegetable oil<br />2 tablespoons honey<br />2 teaspoons salt<br />1 egg<br />1 cup whole wheat flour<br />2 1/2 cups bread flour<br />3/4 cup 7-grain cereal<br />
  10. 10. I enjoy eating the food<br />I enjoy the company I eat with<br />Sit down at a table or counter to eat<br />R<br />E<br />L<br />A<br />X<br />
  11. 11. FOOD RULES<br />
  12. 12. What do I do with the waste?<br />
  13. 13. EPA-<br />Food garbage is 14.1% of U.S. waste<br />DIVE!<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HlFP-PMW6E<br />L<br />E<br />F<br />T<br />O<br />V<br />E<br />R<br />S<br />COMPOSTCompost can be rich in nutrients. It is used in gardens, landscaping, horticulture and agriculture. The compost itself is beneficial for the land as a soil conditioner, a fertilizer, a natural pesticide for soil. <br />
  14. 14. Down Town Grocery Suppliers<br />MoonShadow Farm<br />Wausau, WI *CSA<br />Downtown Grocery and MoonShadow Farm for transportation<br />
  15. 15. Benefits of sustainable farmingon the environment and for me:<br />Community connections<br />CSA<br />Slow down – Appreciate Time<br />Healthy<br />Rich in nutrients<br />Environmentally friendly<br />Sustainable farming (animal welfare, reduced gas emissions)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGbnG0nH3n4<br />
  16. 16. Food Rules<br />
  17. 17. Lunch Number <br />2<br />
  18. 18. Big Mac, Fries and Apple Slices<br />
  19. 19. Picking on McDonalds for lunch<br />I get in my car.<br />I drive to the drive through.<br />I order through a speaker.<br />
  20. 20. Hmmm?<br />I wonder what was in that…<br />Burger?<br />Fries?<br />Apple slices?<br />
  21. 21. What is on a Big Mac®:<br />100% Angus Beef Patty<br />Big Mac Bun<br />Pasteurized Process American Cheese<br /> Big Mac Sauce<br />Lettuce<br />Pickle Slices<br />Onions<br />
  22. 22. Let us take a closer look at those ingredients<br />
  23. 23. 100% Angus Beef Patty:<br />100% Angus beef.<br />Prepared with Grill Seasoning (salt, black pepper) and Angus Burger Seasoning<br />
  24. 24. Angus Seasoning:<br />Salt, sugar, onion powder, natural (botanical source) and artificial flavors, maltodextrin, natural beef flavor [beef broth, yeast extract, maltodextrin, salt, lactic acid, natural flavor (plant source), beef fat, citric acid], spice, dextrose, autolyzed yeast extract, garlic powder, dried beef extract, sunflower oil, caramel color, worcestershire sauce powder [distilled vinegar, molasses, corn syrup, salt, caramel color, garlic powder, sugar, spices, tamarind, natural flavor (fruit source)], spice extractives, annatto and turmeric (color), calcium silicate and soybean oil added to prevent caking.<br />
  25. 25. Pasteurized Process American Cheese<br />Milk, water, milkfat, cheese culture, sodium citrate, salt, citric acid, sorbic acid (preservative), sodium phosphate, artificial color, lactic acid, acetic acid, enzymes, soy lecithin (added for slice separation).<br />CONTAINS: MILK AND SOY LECITHIN<br />
  26. 26. Big Mac® Sauce:<br />Soybean oil, pickle relish [diced pickles, high fructose corn syrup, sugar, vinegar, corn syrup, salt, calcium chloride, xanthan gum, potassium sorbate (preservative), spice extractives, polysorbate 80], distilled vinegar, water, egg yolks, high fructose corn syrup, onion powder, mustard seed, salt, spices, propylene glycol alginate, sodium benzoate (preservative), mustard bran, sugar, garlic powder, vegetable protein (hydrolyzed corn, soy and wheat), caramel color, extractives of paprika, soy lecithin, turmeric (color), calcium disodium EDTA (protect flavor).<br />
  27. 27. Big Mac® Bun:<br />Enriched flour (bleached wheat flour, malted barley flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid, enzymes), water, high fructose corn syrup, sugar, soybean oil and/or partially hydrogenated soybean oil, contains 2% or less of the following: salt, calcium sulfate, calcium carbonate, wheat gluten, ammonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, dough conditioners (sodium stearoyllactylate, datem, ascorbic acid, azodicarbonamide, mono- and diglycerides, ethoxylatedmonoglycerides, monocalcium phosphate, enzymes, guar gum, calcium peroxide, soy flour), calcium propionate and sodium propionate (preservatives), soy lecithin, sesame seed.<br />CONTAINS: WHEAT AND SOY<br />
  28. 28. French Fries<br />Potatoes, vegetable oil (canola oil, hydrogenated soybean oil, natural beef flavor [wheat and milk derivatives]*, citric acid [preservative]), dextrose, sodium acid pyrophosphate (maintain color), salt. Prepared in vegetable oil (Canola oil, corn oil, soybean oil, hydrogenated soybean oil with TBHQ and citric acid added to preserve freshness). Dimethylpolysiloxane added as an antifoaming agent.<br />CONTAINS: WHEAT AND MILK.<br />*(Natural beef flavor contains hydrolyzed wheat and hydrolyzed milk as starting ingredients).<br />
  29. 29. Liquid Margarine<br />Liquid soybean oil and hydrogenated cottonseed and soybean oils, water, partially hydrogenated soybean oil, salt, soy lecithin, mono-and diglycerides, sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate (preservatives), artificial flavor, citric acid, vitamin A palmitate, beta carotene (color).<br />
  30. 30. Diced Apples<br />Low Fat Caramel Dip:<br />Corn syrup, sweetened condensed milk (milk, sugar), high fructose corn syrup, water, butter (cream, salt), sugar, salt, disodium phosphate, artificial flavors (vanillin, ethyl vanillin), caramel color, pectin, potassium sorbate (preservative).<br />Apples<br />Calcium ascorbate (a blend of calcium and vitamin C to maintain color).<br />
  31. 31. Washed and left alone:<br />Lettuce<br />Pickle Slices<br />Onions<br />
  32. 32. What did I do with my waste?<br />Packaging<br />Recyclables<br />Food waste<br />
  33. 33. benefits<br />Instant gratification<br />Accessibility<br />What do you think?<br />
  34. 34. Food Rules<br />
  35. 35. Where do McDonalds products come from? <br />
  36. 36. McDonalds Suppliers<br />Gaviña Gourmet Coffee<br />LOCATION??????<br />Keystone Foods<br />West Conshohocken, PA<br /> 100 Circle Farms<br />The potatoes for our World Famous Fries are grown with efficiency, precision - and heart. <br /> Lopez Foods<br />McDonald’s 100% pure beef patties are produced to the highest quality standards. <br />Oklahoma City <br />
  37. 37. Carbon Footprint:<br />Most produce in the US is picked 4 to 7 days before being placed on supermarket shelves, and is shipped for an average of 1,500 miles before being sold. <br />The total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person. <br />Transport<br />Land clearance<br />Production and consumption of food<br />Fuels<br />Manufactured goods<br />Materials<br />Roads,<br />Buildings<br />Services<br />
  38. 38. The Food Chain Environmental Cost of Shipping Groceries Around the World<br />“Unfortunately, we’ve educated our customers to expect cheap food, that they can go to the market to get whatever they want, whenever they want it. All year. 24/7.” – Mr. Moorehouse, British Food Consultant. <br />Example: Britain<br />Imports 95% of its fruit and 50% of its vegetables<br />Chicago 1944: Convention on International Civil Aviation<br />Fuel for international travel and transport of goods, including food, is exempt from taxes, unlike trucks, cars and buses. (no tax on ocean freighters)<br />
  39. 39. What are some of those additives?<br />
  40. 40. Benzene – toxic and flammable liquid, causes cancer and other illnesses, linked to bone marrow failure, carcinogenic.<br />Sodium benzonate- food preservative, contains benzene, carciongenic.<br />Carcinogens – substance involved in causing cancer.<br />Caramel color – food coloring, carcinogenic, often mixed with ammonia.<br />Calcium disodium EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) - used to keep ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate from forming a formation of benzene (a carcinogen).<br />
  41. 41. Industrialization of Food<br />Additives<br />Food dyes<br />Loss of nutrients<br />Effects on the environment <br />Packaging<br />
  42. 42. Genetically Engineered<br />
  43. 43. Only in the last three or four years have herbicide- and insect-resistant soybeans and corn been planted on millions of U.S. acres and subsequently used in food processing.<br />Potential problems that might arise as a result of engineering food crops, include:<br />Introduction of new toxins or allergens into previously safe foods.<br />Increased toxins to dangerous levels in foods that typically produce harmless amounts.<br />Diminishing a food's nutritional value. <br />
  44. 44. What about the Farming?<br />
  45. 45. The Dark Side of the Industrialized Food System<br />FOOD INC CLIP<br />http://youtu.be/QqQVll-MP3I<br />We can watch this one later!<br />http://www.themeatrix.com/<br />
  46. 46. Food Recalls<br />
  47. 47. Green 1 - recalled in 1965 – synthetic<br /> liver cancer<br />Red 2 – artificial coloring – 1976 – <br />possible carcinogen synthetic<br />Violet 1 – artificial coloring – synthetic<br />1973 – cancer<br />Cobalt salts – stabilize beer foam –<br />synthetic -1966- toxic effects on heart<br />Coumarin – flavoring - tonka bean - 1970 - liver poison<br />Cyclamate – artificial sweetener - synthetic -1969 - bladder cancer, damage to testes<br />Ethylene glycol - solvent – synthetic - 1996 –<br />kidney damage<br />
  48. 48. E Coli Salmonella<br />Pathogenic E. coli is most commonly found in cows, although chickens, deer, sheep, and pigs have also been known to carry it. <br />Meat contaminated during slaughter, an infected animal intestines or feces comes in contact with the carcass. <br />-Salmonella outbreaks are commonly associated with eggs, meat and poultry, but these bacteria can also contaminate other foods such as fruits and vegetables. <br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Does Our Food System Work?<br />“In the year 2000, the World Watch Institute reported that for the first time in human history there were just as many overfed people on the planet as underfed.”<br />“As societies modernize and become wealthier, people become less physically active and actually need less food. Instead, people are eating more – and getting fat. “<br />
  51. 51. Food Rules<br />
  52. 52. Environmental Effects of Factory Farming<br />
  53. 53. The USDA reports that animals in the US meat industry produce 61 million tons of waste each year, which is 130 times the volume of human waste<br />In the U.S., approximately <br />40% of all chemical <br />fertilizers used eventually<br /> break down into <br />ammonia and <br />are released into the <br />atmosphere. <br />
  54. 54. Antibiotic Use<br />-Fifty million pounds of antibiotics produced in the U.S. each year.<br /> -Twenty million pounds are given to animals. <br /> -80% (16 million pounds) is used on livestock merely to promote more rapid growth. <br /> -The remaining 20% is used to help control the multitude of diseases that occur under such tightly confined conditions, including anemia, influenza, intestinal diseases, mastitis, metritis, orthostasis, and pneumonia. <br />
  55. 55. Food Rules<br />
  56. 56. What is the message we are sending children?<br />“We believe it is okay and natural and healthy to trust our feeling, our intuition, our bodies, ourselves. In fact, re-learning to trust, with the effortlessness of the child we once were, is a doorway to finding fulfillment in so many areas of life.”<br />
  57. 57. What Can We Do?<br />Model<br />Make conscious decisions<br />Support local CSA<br />Eat seasonally<br />Compost<br />Pack environmentally friendly lunches<br />Lower meat consumption is an effective environmental choice because of the land and water use and pollution of the meat industry. <br />
  58. 58. What can kids do?<br />-Garden<br />-Trust themselves/mind /body<br />-Go to the farmers market<br />-Learn to cook<br />
  59. 59. Cheap Food<br />“Cheap food – the apparent triumph of modern agribusiness—is an oxymoron, an illusion created by externalizing food’s true costs. Once you factor in all the fossil fuel consumption, rainforest destruction, soil erosion, pollution, water depletion, carbon emissions, loss of biodiversity, rural depopulation, animal suffering and obesity that result from cheap food, it doesn’t look quite so cheap.”<br />
  60. 60. “Those who think they have no time for bodily exercise (or healthy eating) will sooner or later have to find the time for illness.” <br /> -Edward Stanley (1826 – 1893)<br />Michelle Obama’s Food Plate<br />
  61. 61. Great Sites to Check Out!<br />http://wwwfamsancutary.org/issues/factoryfarming/<br />http://sierraclub.org/<br />National Family Farm Coalition:<br />http://www.nffc.net/<br />Find a CSA near you:<br />http://www.localharvest.org/<br />http://www.sustainabletable.org/home.php<br />National Resources Defense Council:<br />http://www.nrdc.org/default.asp<br />http://www.greenpeople.org/listing/Family-Farm-Defenders-1816cfm<br />
  62. 62. References:<br />Pollan, Michael. Food Rules: an Eater's Manual. Camberwell, Vic.: Penguin, 2010. Print.<br />Pollan, Michael. The Botany of Desire: a Plant's Eye View of the World. New York: Random House, 2001. Print.<br />Food Inc<br />Menzel, Peter, and Faith D'Aluisio. What the World Eats. Berkeley, CA: Tricycle, 2008. Print.<br />http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/ffarms.asp<br />National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, "Antimicrobial Fact Sheet", May 4, 1999<br />http://www.epa.gov/<br />http://www.foodsafety.gov/<br />http://www.odemagazine.com/doc/74/new-food-manifesto/<br />http://www.divethefilm.com/<br />www.mcdonalds.com/us/en/food/food.../nutrition_choices.html<br />
  63. 63. References Continued…<br />Fast food facts - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0GXbm-iV9EA&feature=related<br />Food Inc - http://youtu.be/QqQVll-MP3I<br />Food Inc – raising chickens http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_yu_ovuT2A<br />Food Inc review http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjlpxFOM25E<br />http://www.familyfunshop.com/do-you-clean-your-plate.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_footprint<br />http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/26/business/worldbusiness/26food.html<br />