Implantes dentales


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Implantes dentales

  1. 1. Dental Implants Were Being Used Recordedfirst by the Mayans, the Egyptians andlater. But the modern version we know todaymeat from a Swedish doctor who WAS doingtesting on metal and bone compatibility. NotUntil the Conference in Clinical Dentistry inSeptember 1982 I were the standards for thelarge scale use of titanium posts Being Used asan artificial replacement for a lost tooth or http://inujedroot Injured. In the last thirty years an .org/escuela s/odontologyexplosion Their Has Been of Knowledge and .htmladvanced systems in the field implantDentistry.
  2. 2. A dental implant is a "root" device, usuallymade of titanium, used in dentistry to supportrestorations that resemble a tooth or group ofteeth to replace missing teeth.
  3. 3. A typical implant consists of a titaniumscrew (resembling a tooth root) with aroughened or smooth surface. Themajority of dental implants are madeout of commercially pure titanium,which is available in 4 grades dependingupon the amount of carbon and ironcontained. Grade 5 titanium hasincreased in use. Titanium 6AL-4V(signifying the Titanium alloy containing6% Aluminium and 4% Vanadium alloy)is believed to offersimilar osseointegration levels ascommercially pure titanium. Ti- 6Al-4V offers better tensile strength and resistance. sl=es&tl=en&u=http%3A %2Fwiki%2FImplante_d ental
  4. 4. • The most used is hydroxyapatite , which is used to cover the surface of titanium implants. There are completely manufactured implants with ceramic materials, such as those made ​solely of aluminum oxide single crystal. They are also appearing on the market implants zirconium dioxide(ZrO 2) commonly called http://translate.googl zirconia. Currently it is considered l=es&sl=es&tl=en&u= that this material has great potential http%3A%2F%2Fes.wi for use in modern dentistry. FImplante_dental
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  6. 6. Method Surgery, the surgeon will make an impressionof the jawbone by making a cut through the gumMalthus, revealing the bone. Special equipmentimpression is an impression Used To take of the bone,and the gum is sealed Then up. The impression issubmitted to the laboratory Then Where the dentalimplant will be custom made to fit. After the implantfabricated Has Been, Once Again the surgeon reopensthe gums and positions the implant. Soon after, thegums will be tightly sutured to in order for the gums tohold on firmly to the implant. Once the implant hasfirmly latched Itself to the bone, the crown will now befixed on the top.
  7. 7. Prior to commencement of surgery, careful planningis required and Detailed vital to Identify StructuresSuch As the inferior alveolar nerve or the sinus, aswell as the shape and dimensions of the bone toProperly orient the implants for the MOST predictableoutcome. Two-dimensional radiographs, Such Asorthopantomographs or periapicals are taken prior tothe Often surgery. Sometimes, a CT scan will beObtained Also. le:Implant%C3%A1t3.jpg
  8. 8. 1 Assessment and Planning 2 Preparation of bone cavity3Following placement of titanium andscrew 4 Suture and prosthesis or temporary crown
  9. 9. 5 The mature bone around the new root 6 The implant is uncovered 7 Molding of the gum
  10. 10. 8 Preparation of implant binding 9 Placing a porcelain crown 10Hygienic care and maintenance 11 Checks and maintenance
  11. 11. Cylindrical•FrictionUnthreaded area normally covered bya layer of hydroxyapatite (retentionchemistry), some "models" areperforated so that the bone developsinside and determining (mechanicalretention), the latter are not widelyused because the process is veryslow. Biomechanics is worse than thethreads (a good analogy would be:what is anchored to the wood better anail or a screw?)Threaded•Present aspect of screw with a threadon its surface, which serves to increase contact surface of the implant with as/implantes%204.htmlthe bone
  12. 12. Titanium sheets are perforated to permit bone growththerethrough. They pillars where soldiers can be anchoredprosthesis. They are indicated for patients with alveolar bonewidth is very small to place a cylindrical implant. http://www.periodon /715/778.html
  13. 13. These implants are anchored into the bone as Endosteal implants,given the shape to be mounted on the edge of the residual bone inboth upper and lower jaw. Not regarded as osseointegratedimplants.These implants are used to partially or totally edentulous patientsedentulous. http://www.periodonciaei 8.html
  14. 14. There is the possibility ofreplacing teeth unfiled adjacent partsImprove the appearanceWe are facing a lasting technical http://blanqueamientoei p- content/uploads/2012/0 1/implantes-dentales- 2.jpg
  15. 15. Care must be taken with local orgeneral anesthesia.Long treatment timeThe implant is placed by surgery, and likeany surgery procedure, there may be risks ofinfection and complicationsThe investment of money greaterthan a conventional fixed bridge
  16. 16. Nobel Branemark (Suecia),ITI Straumann (Suiza) y3i (USA).
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